I Gede Budiarta, I Gede
Program Studi Ilmu Lingkungan, Universitas Udayana

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KAJIAN PELESTARIAN TRADISI MEGIBUNG DI DESA SERAYA TENGAH, KECAMATAN KARANGASEM, KABUPATEN KARANGASEM (PERSPEKTIF GEOGRAFI BUDAYA) Widiasih, Putu; Wesnawa, I Gede Astra; Budiarta, I Gede
Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi Undiksha Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi Undiksha
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23887/jjpg.v5i3.20666

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan: (1) landasan filosofis tradisi megibung di Desa Seraya Tengah Kecamatan Karangasem, (2) menganalisis nilai-nilai sosial budaya yang mendasari tradisi megibung di Desa Seraya Tengah Kecamatan Karangasem, dan (3) menganalisis pelestarian tradisi megibung di Desa Seraya Tengah Kecamatan Karangasen. Lokasi penelitian ini yaitu di Desa Seraya Tengah, Kecamatan Karangasem, Kabupaten Karangasem. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian populasi dengan objek penelitian pelestarian tradisi megibung di Desa Seraya Tengah Kecamatan Karangasem, sedangkan subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah Bendesa Adat Pakraman Seraya, Kepala Desa yang ada di wilayah Desa Pakraman Seraya, Perangkat Desa Dinas, Perangkat Desa Adat, Tokoh Masyarakat. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan metode wawancara, metode pencatatan dokumen, dan data dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa: (1) tradisi magibung menjadi tradisi bagi masyarakat Karangasem, Khususunya masyarakat Desa Seraya Tengah yang masih tetap dipertahankan hingga saat ini yang lebih penting lagi bahwa megibung mengandung pendidikan moral bernilai tinggi seperti pendidikan etika, tata tertib, sopan santun, kesabaran, memupuk rasa kebersamaan dan kekeluargaan, saling menghargai. (2) di dalam tradisi megibung terdapat tiga nilai-nilai positif yang sangat menonjol, yaitu nilai kekeluargaan, nilai kebersamaan, nilai religius. (3) Sampai saat ini tradisi megibung masih tetap berlangsung dan tetap dipertahankan dari generasi ke generasi, hal tersebut terbukti sampai saat ini tradisi megibung masih tetap dilaksanakan oleh masyarakat Desa Seraya Tengah. Setiap dalam upacara keagamaan seperti upacara dewa yadnya, pitra yadnya, maupun manusia yadnya.
PEMETAAN JALUR WISATA SPIRITUAL DI KECAMATAN NUSA PENIDA Artini, Ni Komang; Budiarta, I Gede
Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi Undiksha Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi Undiksha
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23887/jjpg.v6i1.20682

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) Mengidentifikasi karakteristik wisataspiritual di Nusa Penida dan (2) memetakan jalur wisata spiritual diKecamatan Nusa Penida. Objek penelitiannya adalah tentang karakteristikwisata spiritual dan memetakan jalur wisata spiritual. Subjekpenelitiannya adalah pemangku pada setiap pura, sopir dan kepala desa diNusa Penida. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah metodeobservasi lapangan dan wawancara. Analisis data yang digunakan adalahdeskriptif kualitatif, dengan mempertimbangkan hasil observasi lapangandan wawancara mengenai wisata spiritual yang dikaji dalam penelitian ini.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa : (1) Karakteristik wisata spiritualdi Nusa Penida memiliki yaitu tipologi bangunan, susunan pura, orientasipura, sasaran yang dipuja, penyungsung pura, dan fungsi pura. (2) urutanjalur wisata spiritual dari keempat pura dimulai dari yang pertama sampaiterakhir yaitu Pura Goa Giri Putri, Pura Batu Medau, , Pura Puncak Mundi,dan Pura Goa Giri Putri.
DAMPAK AKTIVITAS PENAMBANGAN PASIR DAN BATU TERHADAP KELESTARIAN GEOPARK DI KALDERA GUNUNG BATUR, KECAMATAN KINTAMANI, KABUPATEN BANGLI Wiguna, I Kadek Alit; Budiarta, I Gede; Citra, I Putu Ananda
Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi Undiksha Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi Undiksha
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23887/jjpg.v5i3.20667

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Kintamani dengan tujuan yaitu: (1) Mendeskripsikan karakteristik aktivitas penambangan pasir dan batu di Kaldera Gunung Batur; (2) Mendeskripsikan pengelolaan aktivitas penambangan pasir dan batu di Kaldera Gunung Batur; (3) Menganalisis dampak aktivitas penambangan pasir dan batu terhadap kelestarian Geopark di Kaldera Gunung Batur. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif, yang menjadi populasi yaitu masyarakat yang bekerja di tambang pasir dan batu sebanyak 336 orang, dengan jumlah sampel 41 0rang. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode observasi, wawancara, dan kuesioner. Metode analisis data yang digunakan yaitu deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa (1) karakteristik penambangan pasir dan batu di Kaldera Gunung Batur tergolong intensif dilakukan, ini dilihat dari intensitas penambangan yang tinggi yaitu 70,73% dimana penambang melakukan kegiatan penambangan hampir setiap hari, pengunaan kedua alat modern dan tradisional 56,10%, lokasi milik sendiri 77,78% dan sisanya menyewa, dan pekerja yang bekerja murni masyarakat setempat. (2) Pengelolaan penambangan pasir dan batu di Kaldera Gunung Batur dilakukan secara berkelompok menggunakan teknik penambangan terbuka dengan penggunaan alat modern dan tradisional dengan harga jual dikisaran Rp. 400.000. (3) Dampak aktivitas penambangan pasir dan batu di Kaldera Gunung Batur banyaknya lubang-lubang bekas tambang yang belum dilakukan penimbunan, rusaknya jalan akibat dari truk pengangkut pasir dan batu, terganggunya kelangsungan hidup flora dan fauna dan memberi peluang kerja masyarakat sekitar lebih luas, sedangakan kelestarian geopark masih dapat dikatakan lestari karena aktivitas penambang diluar kawasan konservasi/lindung
Suitability Evaluation of Land Use as Efforts to Improve Quality of Watershed Budiarta, I Gede
Media Komunikasi Geografi Vol 17, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (773.901 KB) | DOI: 10.23887/mkg.v17i1.8436

Abstract

In general, this paper aims to determine the mechanism for setting land capability and function of the area in a watershed, and to determine the suitability of land use and land cover index in a watershed. The design of writing used is descriptive design with descriptive qualitative data analysis techniques. The results of the research literature review showed that 1) the classification of land capability class in a category is based on the intensity of the inhibiting factors. Land classified into eight classes that are marked with the Roman numerals I to VIII. Increased threat of damage or straight down barriers of class I to class VIII; 2) the type of function of the area was determined based on the value of land ability scores and other special criteria. Area function is determined based on the Minister of Agriculture No. 837 / Kpts / Um / 11/1980 and No. : 683 / Kpts / Um / 8/198; 3) the suitability of land use (KPL) in a river basin is determined based on a formula derived from the Regulation of the Minister of Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia Number: P. 32 / MENHUT-II / 2009; 4) The index of land cover to note because it is an important element in the mechanism of the watershed. The goal is to find a permanent vegetated land area in the watershed. Key words: land capability, land penggulahan, watersheds.
ANALISIS KEMAMPUAN LAHAN UNTUK ARAHAN PENGGUNAAN LAHAN PADA LERENG TIMUR LAUT GUNUNG AGUNG KABUPATEN KARANGASEM-BALI Budiarta, I Gede; Nuarsa, I Wayan; Adhika, I Made
ECOTROPHIC : Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan (Journal of Environmental Science) Vol 9 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Master Program of Environmental Science, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (310.579 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2015.v09.i02.p02

Abstract

This research was conducted in the northeastern slopes of Mount Agung in Karangasem regency, Bali province. The research area is dry land with land use patterns that have not demonstrated compliance with existing land potential. On the other hand, technological advances in the field of agriculture has been growing rapidly, one by analyzing the ability of the land to determine the potential of land resources and minimize the risk of failure of farmers. The results of the analysis of land capability is expected to serve as guidelines in a more optimal use of land in accordance with expectations. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of land and recommends referral based land use conditions existing land capability in the area of research. The design used is descriptive design, with the main objective to provide a picture or description of land use capability and suitability of the study area. Guidelines for land capability analysis in this study refers to Arsyad (2006) and the Regulation of the Minister of Environment No. 17 Year 2009 on Guidelines for Determining Environmental Carrying Capacity in Regional Spatial Planning. The results showed that 1) land capability class research in areas ranging from class III to class VI. Land capability class III is spread on the land unit 1, land unit 2, land unit 3,and land unit 8. Capability class IV land located on land unit 4, land unit 7, land unit 9, land unit 10 and land unit 12.Land capability classes VI located on land unit 5, land unit 6, and land unit 11; 2) land use suitability value obtained was 92.85%. This shows that almost the entire study area (92.85%) is in conformity between the ability of the land and its use. The rest (7.15%) classified as not appropriate. Suitability of the land use study area into the high criteria; 3) Referral land use adapted to the existing conditions of land units. In class III-IV land that does not meet the user or not used optimally, land use options to do that seasonal crops, plantation crops. While on a class VI land use that is not appropriate or not used optimally, land use options to do that forest production and non-agricultural land use.
LOW DOSE SPINAL ANESTHESIA FOR CESAREAN SECTION IN GRAVIDA WITH RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde Agung; Budiarta, I Gede; Astuti, Mira Kusuma
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v2i2.17

Abstract

Cardiac disease in pregnancy remains an important etiology of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.1 Mitral stenosis is the most commonly acquired valve lesion encountered in pregnant women and is almost invariably caused by Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD).1 Pregnancy and peripartum period represent a physiologic burden that may worsen symptoms in even moderate degrees of cardiac disease.1 Consequently, many women are first diagnosed with cardiac disease during pregnancy.1 In this case report, we describe peripartum management of a 38 years old woman with Congestive Heart Failure functional class II, severe Mitral Stenosis, moderate Mitral Regurgitation, moderate Tricuspid Regurgitation because of Rheumatic Heart Disease. She successfully underwent cesarean section in low dose spinal anesthesia using 7 mg hyperbaric bupivacaine intrathecally. This report highlights that low dose spinal anesthesia remains a good option in anesthesia management for cesarean section in gravida with rheumatic heart disease, especially with severe mitral stenosis. 
Efficacy of Subcutaneous Morphine Patient Controlled Analgesia Compared to Intravenous Morphine Patient Controlled Analgesia on Cesarean Section Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Budiarta, I Gede; Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde Agung; Widnyana, I Made Gde; Aribawa, I Gusti Ngurah Mahaalit; Nainggolan, Elisma
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i3.27

Abstract

Background: Cesarean section causes moderate to severe pain in the first 48 hours postoperatively, thus requiring an adequate perioperative pain management, not only so that the mother can be quickly discharged but also to perform daily activities after surgery such as breastfeeding and nurse the baby.Objective: To determine the efficacy of subcutaneous morphine patient controlled analgesia (SC-PCA) in lowering VAS (visual analogue score), total morphine consumption and postoperative side effect on cesarean section compared with intravenous morphine patient controlled analgesia (IV- PCA).Methods: This study is an experimental clinical trial using consecutive sampling technique. Sixty-four subjects were allocated into two groups of PCA morphine subcutaneously (SC-PCA) and the group PCA morphine intravenously (IV-PCA), each consisting of 32 subjects using permuted block randomization. Morphine concentration was 5 mg/ml (group SC-PCA) or the concentration of 1mg/ml (group IV-PCA). Both groups were then analyzed for VAS ratings, total morphine consumption, and adverse effects, post operatively at 4th, 8th, and 24th hour. Statistic analysis using repeated ANOVA test and t-test with p <0.05 onsidered significant.Result: Morphine consumption in IV-PCA group showed lower needs than SC-PCA (9.41 mg vs 4,9mg) p <0.001 24 at 24 hours postoperatively. The VAS at resting at 4th hours statistically significantly lower in IV-PCA group (1.06 ± 0.71 vs 0.81 ± 1.40, p=0.029) and at 8th hours (1.03 ± 0.59 vs 0.94 ± 0,9, p=0.048). The moving VAS at 4th hours statistically significant lower in IV-PCA group (2.31 ± 0.47 vs 1.45 ± 2.06, p=0.019) but the static or VAS at moving are not different clinically. Side effects of nausea and vomiting are more common in IV-PCA group. We conclude that SC-PCA provide analgesia more effective and decreases side effects in patients undergo sectio cesarea with spinal anesthesia.
REGIONAL ANESTHESIA IN MOLAR PREGNANCY WITH THYROTOXICOSIS IN A REMOTE HOSPITAL Ryalino, Christopher; Aryasa, Tjahya; Budiarta, I Gede; Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde Agung
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i3.22

Abstract

Hydatidiform mole or molar pregnancy is a benign Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (GTD) that originates from the placenta. Treatment consists of vacuum evacuation but rarely hysterectomy may be required. One common complication of molar pregnancy is hyperthyroid. Anesthetic management is often complicated by the associated systemic complications. These complications cannot be prevented, but with a better understanding of the disease, some measurements to avoid maternal mortality can be performed.  
The effectiveness of Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA) morphine-ketamine compared to Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA) morphine to reduce total dose of morphine and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) in postoperative laparotomy surgery Mahaalit Aribawa, I Gusti Ngurah; Agung Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde; Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Budiarta, I Gede; Gede Widnyana, I Made; Aryabiantara, I Wayan; Parami, Pontisomaya; Nyoman Kurniasari, Pande; Putra Pradhana, Adinda
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i2.11

Abstract

Background: Laparotomy may cause moderate to severe after surgery pain, thus adequate pain management is needed. The addition of ketamine in patient controlled analgesia (PCA) morphine after surgery can be the option. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of PCA morphine-ketamine compared to PCA morphine in patient postoperative laparotomy surgery to reduce total dose of morphine requirement and pain intensity evaluated with visual analog scale (VAS). Methods: This study was a double-blind RCT in 58 patients of ASA I and II, age 18-64 years, underwent an elective laparotomy at Sanglah General Hospital. Patients were divided into 2 groups. Group A, got addition of ketamine (1mg/ml) in PCA morphine (1mg/ml) and patients in group B received morphine (1mg/ml) by PCA. Prior to surgical incision both group were given a bolus ketamine 0,15mg/ kg and ketorolac 0,5mg/kg. The total dose of morphine and VAS were measured at 6, 12, and 24 hours postoperatively. Result: Total dose of morphine in the first 24 hours postoperatively at morphine-ketamine group (5,1±0,8mg) is lower than morphine only group (6,5±0,9mg) p<0,001. VAS (resting) 6 and 12 hour postoperative in morphine-ketamine group (13,4±4,8 mm) and (10,7±2,6 mm) are lower than morphine (17,9±4,1mm) p≤0,05 and (12,8±5,3mm) p≤0,05. VAS (moving) 6, 12, and 24 hour postoperative morphineketamine group (24,8±5,1mm), (18±5,6mm) and (9±5,6mm) are lower than morphine (28,7±5,2mm) p≤0,05, (23,1±6,0mm) p≤0,05, and (12,8±5,3mm) p≤0,05. Conclusions: Addition of ketamine in PCA morphine for postoperative laparotomy surgery reduces total morphine requirements in 24 hours compared to PCA morphine alone.
Low Dose Ketamin Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Budiarta, I Gede; Agung Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde; Widnyana, Made; Aryabiantara, I Wayan; Utara Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede; Parami, Pontisomaya; Novita Pradnyani, Ni Putu; Putra Pradhana, Adinda
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i1.4

Abstract

Ketamine binds non-competitive against a phencyclidine receptors bound N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), a receptor that is involved in the pathophysiology of acute pain. Ketamine has been used as an intravenous anesthesia, analgesia for acute and chronic pain at a dose of subanaesthetic. Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic produces a state with a characteristic strong analgesia, amnesia, and catalepsy. Dissociative components resulting from the effect on the limbic system and talamoneokortikal. Low-dose ketamine as known as analgesia dose ketamine or subanestesia dose is 0.2 to 0.75 mg / kg IV. At low doses, ketamine does not increase the effect psikomimetik like dissociation or deep sedation. The combination with midazolam provides satisfactory sedation, amnesia and analgesia without significant cardiovascular depression.