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ANALISIS TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN MOTIVASI PETERNAK SAPI DALAM ADOPSI TEKNOLOGI INSEMINASI BUATAN DI SUMBAWA BARAT Muhyidin, Muhyidin; Arman, Chairussyuhur; Zaenuri, Lalu Ahmad
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 6, No 3 (2019): JITRO, September
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33772/jitro.v6i3.6529

Abstract

ABSTRAK                                                            Upaya pengembangbiakan sapi melalui penerapan inseminasi buatan (IB) dengan semen beku terbukti berhasil meningkatkan produktivitas sapi potong di Provinsi NTB. Namun tingkat adopsi teknologi IB oleh peternak sapi di Kabupaten Sumbawa Barat selama lebih dari 10 tahun masih rendah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memperoleh hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap dan motivasi peternak sapi dalam adopsi teknologi IB. Penelitian ini adalah deskriptif korelatif dengan metode wawancara tatap muka, rancangan cross sectional dengan bantuan kuesioner terstruktur dari 84 responden. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan Spearman Rho. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 90,5% responden mengetahui manfaat teknologi IB dan hanya 8,4% responden yang tidak mengetahui manfaat teknologi IB. Sebanyak 60-70% responden mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keberhasilan IB dan tanda-tanda estrus yang diketahui dari keluarnya lendir dari vulva, warna merah vagina dan sapi menjadi gelisah. Sekitar 70% responden tidak memahami waktu yang tepat untuk inseminasi serta peralatan yang digunakan untuk IB. Semua responden setuju dengan program IB, namun, tidak ingin memiliki keterampilan dalam melakukan IB. Disimpulkan bahwa tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan motivasi responden secara umum cukup baik dalam upaya untuk mengadopsi teknologi IB dan ada hubungan positip dan signifikan (p<0,05) antara pengetahuan, sikap dan motivasi.Kata Kunci: adopsi, inseminasi buatan, peternak sapi, teknologi ABSTRACTImproving cattle productivity in NTB by breeding using AI technology has been successful. In West Sumbawa District AI has been used for over 10 years, however, the level of its adoption is still low. The study was conducted to obtain the relationships between knowledge, attitude, and motivation of cattle farmers in the adoption of AI technology. A survey approach was used in this study and a questionnaire was developed to gather the data. The sample size for cattle farmers was 84. Data were analyzed using Spearman Rho. About ninety-five respondents apprehended the benefits of AI technology and only 8.4% did not know. Around 60-70% of respondents understood factors that affected the success of AI and recognized signs and characteristics of oestrus. About 70% of respondents did not understand the fixed time for insemination as well as the equipment used for AI. All respondents agreed with the AI program, however, they did not prefer to have skills in carrying out AI. In conclusion, the level of knowledge, attitude and motivation of respondents in general was quite good in the effort to adopt AI technology and there were positive and significant (p<0.05) relationships between knowledge, attitude, and motivations.Keywords: adoption, artificial insemination, cattle farmers, technology
EKSISTENSI DA’I DALAM TILIKAN AL-QUR’AN Zaenuri, Lalu Ahmad
TASAMUH Vol 11, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : FDK IAIN MATARAM

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Abstract

Da’i sekaligus agent of change memberikan dasar filosofi ‘’ek- sistensi diri’’ dalam dimensi individual, keluarga, dan sosio- kultural, sehingga dapat memiliki kesiapan untuk berinteraksi dan menafsirkan kenyataan-kenyataan yang dihadapi secara mendasar dan menyeluruh menurut ajaran Islam. Jadi Islam yang telah internalized menjadi paradigma untuk memberi struktur dan makna terhadap realitas sosial dan fisik serta menjadi kerangka dasar pemecahan masalah. Oleh karena perubahan sosial atau tranformasi sosial menuju pada arah tertentu, maka dakwah Islam berfungsi memberikan arah dan corak ideal tatanan masyarakat baru yang akan datang. Aktualitas dakwah berarti upaya penataan masyarakat terus menerus di tengah-tengah dinamika perubahan sosial seh- ingga tidak ada satu sudut kehidupan pun yang lepas dari perhatian dan penggarapannya. Dengan demikian dakwah Islam senantiasa harus bergumul dengan kenyataan baru yang pemunculannya kadangkala sulit diperhitungkan sebel- umnya, dan yang mampu mengupayakan hal tersebut adalah para da’i. Selain pendekatan dari dalam, pemegang peranan selanjutnya adalah para Da’i. Prinsip uswah hasanah (suri te- ladan) merupakan salah satu ujung pangkal keberhasilan Da’i Ummah yaitu Rasullullah SAW. Kepemimpinan Da’i kharisma- tik tidak selalu hanya dipahami melekat dalam tubuh individu seorang tokoh masyarakat, tetapi juga bisa dipahami sebagai suatu lembaga yang merujuk pada kepemimpinan kolektif. Kajian ini berupaya mencari format ideal da’i yang dikupas tuntas dalam al-Qur’an sehingga ke depan dapat menjadi pe- gangan bagi para pemangku dakwah.
Efektifitas Progesteron Kering dan Basah Sebagai Perangsang Birahi Ternak Kambing Zaenuri, Lalu Ahmad; Rodiah, Rodiah
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology (JITPI)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (61.191 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v2i1.23

Abstract

The study aimed to compare the effectiveness of fresh and dry progesterone to stimulate oestrussynchronizationon does. Ten multiparous non pregnant does (first group) were given 75 mg fresh progesterone/head and thesecond group (n = 10 does) was given 75 mg dry progesterone/head. Progesterone sponges were allowed in thevagina for 12 days. Oestrus detection began 24 hours after spongewithdrawal. Oestrus detectionwas conductedevery 6 hours for three consecutive days. The results show that the retention rate was100% in both treatmentgroups. Seventy percent of does belong to the first group and 60% in the second group clearly showed a variety ofpsychologically oestrussymptoms. Score consistency of the mucus of +3 (range between 0 to +4) was shown by70% does in the first grup and 60% in the second group. The duration of oestrusin both goups was notdifferent(18.03 and 18.27 hours, respectively). In sort, wet or dry form of progesterone have no differenteffectiveness as an oestrusinduction on does.
Persepsi Peternak Terhadap Aspek Reproduksi Ternak Kambing di Kabupaten Lombok Utara Zaenuri, Lalu Ahmad; Rodiah, Rodiah
JURNAL SAINS TEKNOLOGI & LINGKUNGAN Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Sains Teknologi & Lingkungan
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (421.139 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jstl.v4i1.61

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The research conducted in order to know farmer perception on goat reproduction in North Lombok District. Farmer groupswereselected by purposive random sampling. Each group represented by 10 respondents. Collected data then tabulated and quantified, interpreted and presented descriptively. The initial populations in the past 5.6 years were 243 (50 males and 193 females), currently remaining458 (340 females and 118 males) excluding those weresold. 80% of respondents know the age of doe’s at the first mating and 88.8% know oestrus signs. 67% of respondents did not know post kidding open days. 100% doe's were naturally mated. 50% respondents stated mating frequenciesfor optimum fertility rate was 1-2 times, 12% said 3-4 times and the remaining 38% did not know. Only 56.7% of respondents knew doe’slength ofpregnancy. Doe’s with twins of two or morekidding were 59.3% and single kid was 40.70%. Almost 100% of respondents know genetically superior bucks. In conclusion, on one hand the perception of respondent's on goat reproduction is relatively low, but on the other hand the goat production was relatively high. To accelerate the increase in productivity of goats in North Lombok Regency, was recommended that local goats are crossed with superior goats such as Ettawa goats or Boer goats
Prospect Produksi Pra Sapih Anak Kambing Hasil Silang Kambing Pe Dengan Kambing Boer Zaenuri, Lalu Ahmad; HY, Lukman; Yanuarianto, Oscar
JURNAL SAINS TEKNOLOGI & LINGKUNGAN Vol 4, No 2 (2018): JURNAL SAINS TEKNOLOGI & LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (660.168 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jstl.v4i2.90

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The study aims to evaluate the pre-weaning production prospectus kids of PE crossed with Boer buck. Twenty PE does were in the average 39.35 kg body weight and 3 in body condition score. Does were offered single feed sesbandia glandiflora leaves twice a day. All does were synchronized by 2 ml Capriglandin, inseminate fix time at 48-52 hours following Capriglandin injection. If the does were return to estrus following AI, then they were allowed natural mating. Data collected included gestation period, birth weight and average daily gain (ADG), tabulated and calculated for Mean±SD, interpreted and explained descriptively. The number of kid were 34 consisting of 6 singles male (SM), 12 single female (SF), 8 male twin (MT), 2 female twins (FT) and 6 male-female twins (MFT). Gestation period (days) were 152±0.47 and 152±2.00 for SM and MT. Shorten gestation period were noted for SF, FT and MFT (149±3.82; 150±3.94 and 147±2.94, respectively). The highest birth weight (kg) was SM (4.27±0.29) followed by SF (3.52±0.27), MFT (2.97±0.44), FT (2.73±0.23) and MT (2.71±0.54). The highest ADG (gr/day) occurred at 0-30 days was in MT (201.33 g/d) and the lowest was in FT (137.33 g/d). In conclusion, crossbreeding kid of PE VS Boer goat has a high prospectus as dual purpose stockbreeder
METODE PENYERENTAKAN BIRAHI PADA KAMBING Zaenuri, Lalu Ahmad; Rodiah, Rodiah Rodiah; Y, Lukman H; Dradjat, Adji Santoso; Yuliani, Eny
Abdi Insani Vol 5 No 2 (2018): Jurnala Abdi Insani Universitas Mataram
Publisher : Universitas Mataram

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Abstract

Kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat sudah dilaksanakan di desa Aik Mual kecamatan Praya kabupaten Lombok Tengah yang mellibatkan tiga kelompok peternak kambing yaitu ?Harapan Makmur, kelompok Geger Girang dan kelompok Sejahtera Abadi?. Setiap kelompok diwakili oleh 15 orang. Populasi kambing PE diketiga kelompok tersebut kurang lebih 950 ekor yang terdiri dari berbagai tingkatan umur. Kegiatan PPM dilaksanakan dengan metode Innovative Approach yang menekankan pada pendekatan partisipatif. Evaluasi Keberhasilan pelaksanaan PPM dilakukan terhadap dua aspek yaitu respon peserta terhadap topik PPM yang diberikan dievaluasi berdasarkan antusiasme peserta selama penyuluhan yang tercermin dari keaktifan bertanya, diskusi dan tanya jawab. Kedua, evaluasi terhadap kesesuaian materi penyuluhan yang diberikan dengan kebutuhan peserta dievaluasi dengan mengajukan daftar pertanyaan dipandu oleh tim pelaksana. Hasil pelaksanaan, berdasarkan jumlah perserta yang bertanya yaitu 15 orang atau setiap kelompok diwakili oleh 5 orang anggota dapat katakan bahwa meteri PPM mendapat respon yang positipp dari peserta. Topik PPM sangat sesuai dengan keinginan dan kebutuhan peserta, dinyatakan oleh lebih dari 90%&nbsp; peserta.&nbsp; Disarankan, kegiatan PPM yang sudah dilaksanakan agar ditindak lanjuti dengan program pelayanan yaitu pelayanan sinkronisasi birahi dan sekaligus inseminasi kambing menggunakan pejantan unggul, kususnya semen beku kambing PE.
SOSIALISASI TATA CARA SELEKSI CALON PEJANTAN SAPI BALI DI DESA BERIRI JARAK KECAMATAN WANASABE KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMUR Zaenuri, Lalu Ahmad; Dradjat, Adji Santoso; rodiah, rodiah; HY, lukman; Sumadiasa, I Wayan Lanus
Abdi Insani Vol 6 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Abdi Insani Universitas Mataram
Publisher : Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/abdiinsani.v6i2.242

Abstract

Ada beberapa alasan ternak sapi harus ditingkatkan terus populasi dan produktifitasnya. Pertama, ternak sapi merupakan sumber pendapatan yang memberikan kontribusi cukup signifikan dalam struktur pendapatan petani peternak. kedua, sapi Bali adalah ternak yang sudah beradaptasi dengan sangat baik selama ratusan tahun di Nusa Tenggara Barat. Ketiga, pemasarannya mudah terbukti permintaan daging sapi selalu lebih tinggi dari ketersediannya. Terakhir, kualitas genetik sapi Bali ditengarai cendrung menurun dari waktu ke waktu akibat seleksi negatip. oleh karena itu, untuk meningkatkan produktifitas dan peran sapi dalam menyediakan daging dan pendapatan peternak, kualitas genetik sapi Bali harus selalu ditingkatkan. Salah satu caranya adalah melalui seleksi pejantan, sehingga kualitas genetic dan produktifitas anak sapi yang lahir dari bibit sapi jantan terseleksi akan meningkat dan pada akhirnya pendapatan peternak juga akan meningkat. Berdasarkan alasan seperti diuraikan diatas, pengabdian kepada masyarakat dengan topik ?Sosialisasi Tata Cara Seleksi Calon Pejantan Sapi Bali di desa Beririjarak kecamatan Wanasabe kabupaten Lombok Timur? telah dilaksanakan dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan peternak sapi di desa Beririjarak mengenai tata cara seleksi pejantan sapi Bali yang ungul. Hasil pengabdian kepada masyarakat ini menunjukkan bahwa, 100% peserta menyatakan bahwa materi penyuluhan sanngat bermanfaat dan akan diterapkan ketika mereka menseleksi sapi Bali jantan sebagai pejantan. Disarankan supaya materi penyuluhan ini juga perlu disosialisasikan kepada peternak atau kelompok sapi di kecamatan lain atau di Nusa Tenggara Barat pada umumnya.
Additional Freeze Drying Fig Fruit (Ficus Carica L) Filtrate into Tris Egg Yolk Extender and Its Effect on Sperm Membrane Integrity and Acrosome of Kacang Buck Zaenuri, Lalu Ahmad; Lukman, Lukman; Yanuarianto, Oscar; Sumadiasa, I Wayan Lanus; Rodiah, Rodiah
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 19, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (750.432 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.jap.2017.19.3.647

Abstract

A study was designed to determine Kacang buck sperm membrane integrity and acrosome reaction as to the effect of different concentration of freeze drying fig fruit filtrate in tris egg yolk based extender. This study used 5 proven fertility Kacang goats aged 3-4 years, maintained by Faculty of Animal Sciences, Mataram University, Indonesia. Semen was collected by artificial vagina at every five days. The collected semen was divided into four aliquots in accordance to the treatments extender such as Control (0 gr), T1 (0.02 gr), T2 (0.04 gr) and T3 (0.06 gr) freeze drying fig fruit filtrate in tris egg yolk based extender (gr/v), respectively. Plasma membrane integrity and intact acrosome after re-concentration and preserved at 5ºC were assessed visually at 0 and every 24 hours for 5 consecutive days. The statistical significance of the result was evaluated by a one way ANOVA for completely randomized design analysis of variance. Data were presented as Mean±SD. Results suggest that the mean percentages of sperm membrane integrity in T0, T1,T2 and T3 at 96 h post extended and preserve at 5ºC were 34.3±5.3,  40.6±4.7,  44.8±5.4 and  42.1±5,1, respectively. The mean percentages of sperm acrosome intact were 16.4±4.8, 18.5±1.9,  21.6±3.1 and 19.6±2.8, respectively. The results of the study suggested that additional 0.04gr freeze drying fig fruit filtrate into tris egg yolk based extender have a significant preservation effect on both spermatozoa membrane integrity and acrosome intact of kacang buck.