Ufafa Anggarini, Ufafa
Department of Chemistry, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology (ITS), Jl. Arief Rahman Hakim, Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111

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OPTIMASI RASIO SI/AL, RASIO PADATAN/CAIRAN, KONSENTRASI NAOH DAN JENIS AGREGAT DALAM SINTESA BETON GEOPOLIMER DENGAN METODE TAGUCHI Anggarini, Ufafa
Indonesian Chemistry and Application Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/icaj.v2n1.p26-32

Abstract

The optimization synthezised of geopolymer based on fly ash materials have been done by using Taguchi method. The experimental design was done with 4 factors and 3 levels, that were the influence of Si/Al ratio, solid/liquid ratio, NaOH and the type of aggregate. Geopolymers were synthesized by sol gel method at room temperature, using fly ash as aluminasilica source and alkaline activator solutions thain consist of NaOH and Na2SiO3. The influence of Si/Al ratio studied at level of 4.00, 4.25, 4,50, solid/liquid ratio at level of 1.50, 2.33, 4.00. NaOH (%wt/%v) of 0.24, 0.40, 0.56, and the type of aggregate of Malang sand, Bojonegoro sand and granite. Based on SNR analysis and the characterization determination of higher is better, the geopolymer optimum composition was Si/Al factor at level of 3 (4.50), solid/liquid ratio level at 2 (2.33), NaOH level at 1 (0.24) and type of aggregate level at 3 (granite). The calculation of compressive strength prediction was determined at 21.01 Mpa, while the optimum compressive strength of the experimental result was found at 21 Mpa. Keywords: Geopolymer, Taguchi Method, Si/Al, Solid/Liquid, NaOH, Type of agreggate
PELATIHAN DAN PENYULUHAN PEMANFAATAN POTENSI IKAN BANDENG DESA GUMENO KABUPATEN GRESIK SEBAGAI PRODUK BERNILAI ABON IKAN BANDENG anggarini, ufafa
Jurnal ABDI: Media Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Vol 5, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/ja.v5n2.p65-70

Abstract

The community service activities have been done in the form of training and extension of milkfish utilization as potential product from Gumeno Village as Abon Ikan Bandeng (Milkfish Abon). Milkfish as the main commodity in Gumeno was sold at low price especially during harvest time, so the profit of fish farmer is very limited. This community service activities is expected to improve the ability and knowledge of the community about how to process milkfish into abon that contain high nutrition, provide knowledge for for the community how to packing product by promoting hygiene and marketing products through social media. The result that obtained in this activity was the achievement of the economic value of Milkfish Abon and the increase of the ability of housewife who joined in PKK organization in processing, packing, and marketing of their product.
Crystal Phase and Surface Morphology of Zeolite-Y Templated Carbon with K2CO3 and ZnCl2 Activation Anggarini, Ufafa; Agustina, Eva; Widiastuti, Nurul
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 15, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (308.369 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijc.21201

Abstract

Zeolite-Y templated carbon (ZTC) has been activated with K2CO3 and ZnCl2. This research aims to compare the characteristics of ZTC with K2CO3 and ZnCl2 activation. ZTC was synthesized via impregnation method followed by carbonization. In this research, activation process was conducted at variation of activator/carbon weight ratio of 1 and 1.50. The activation was carried out by heating up impregnated carbon at 800 °C for 1 h followed by washing to remove inorganic salt. XRD and SEM results indicate that the use of different activator produce ZTC with varied structure and morphology. Diffractogram results showed that the graphitic peak decreased due to K2CO3 activation, whereas graphitic peak increased owing to ZnCl2 activation. Decreasing the graphitic peak indicates that ZTCs have higher pore structure formation. In addition, surface formation of ZTC activated by K2CO3 was higher than by ZnCl2 activation. The higher pore structure formation means the amount of carbon deposited on external surface material was decreased.
Synthesis and Characterization of Reduced Graphene Oxide from Fiber of Borassus Flabelifer by Activation Method Prasetya, Fandi Angga; Anggarini, Ufafa; Mustofa, Salim; Sholihah, Syarifatus; Iqbal, Fathur; Hanafi, Hanafi; Septyano, Dode Bara
Jurnal Fisika FLUX Vol 16, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Fisika Flux Edisi Februari 2019
Publisher : Lambung Mangkurat University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/flux.v16i1.5876

Abstract

Reduced Graphene Oxide (RGO) has been successfully synthesized by calcination process at 4000C for 4 hours followed by activation with NaOH 1 M. Carbonization is the last process with variations in heating at 6500C, 7500C, 8500C, and 9500C for 1 hour (heating rate 100C / minute). DSC-TGA data shows that there is advanced decomposition at high temperatures, this is confirmed by SEM data which shows the amount of porosity which is getting higher with a size that decreases with temperature. XRD data shows phase differences at low temperatures with a trend of higher levels of crystallinity at high temperatures. Raman spectroscopy data showed an ID / IG ratio of 2.607 and 1.007 on Borassus Flabelifer L with carbonization at 6500C and 9500C respectively. The ID / IG value which is getting closer to 1 indicates that the carbon available in Borassus Flabelifer L has undergone phase changes such as Graphene with a little Oxide commonly called RGO
Penerapan Metode Taguchi pada Perancangan Eksperimen Beton Geopolimer Berbasis Abu Layang anggarini, ufafa; Kosada, Claudia; Sukmana, Ndaru Candra
CHEMICA: Jurnal Teknik Kimia Vol 4, No 1 (2017): Juni 2017
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (493.399 KB) | DOI: 10.26555/chemica.v4i1.6776

Abstract

PT Petrokima Gresik produces fly ash from coal burning about 8048,89 tons in 2015. In general, one ton of coal burning can produce around 0.15 to 0.17 tons of fly ash waste. Fly ash waste can be utilized as a mixture where the main elements of fly ash are aluminum and silica, fulfilling criteria as the material having cement and geopolymer properties. Geopolymer preparation can be done by the sol-gel method at low temperature, where the emission of CO2 gas produced is a minimum amount. The problem faced is finding the right composition of geopolymer so that it produces the maximum compressive strength. One way is by designing a Taguchi experiment. The choice of the Taguchi method is based on the advantages of this method that can combine experimental results through controlled factors and optimal levels so it can achieve the maximum compressive strength of geopolymer. This research used 3 levels (-1,0,1) and 4 factors of fly ash, the solid/liquid ratio (SL), the molarity of NaOH (A), Sand/pasta geopolymer ratio (P/PG). Anova test showed significant effect on compressive strength of fly ash, S / L and A with value of 12,27> 2,90; 61,12> 2,90; 19,477> 2,90. While the value for P / PG is 1.92 <2.90 where the value of F-statistic is less than F table which means P / PG does not significantly affect the compressive strength of Geopolymer. With S/N higher is better to know the optimum composition of fly ash, S / L, A and P / PG equal to: 370 gram; 2.33 (70:30); 9 Molar, and 1.5. The prediction of Geopolymer maximum compressive strength with Taguchi method was obtained 18,71 Mpa. Keywords:  Fly ash, Optimation, Taguchi, Geopolymer