Muhammad Fawaiq, Muhammad
Pusat Kebijakan Kerjasama Perdagangan Internasional, Kementerian Perdagangan Indonesia

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LIBERALISASI JASA DISTRIBUSI, MASUKNYA MODAL ASING DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN MODAL DOMESTIK INDONESIA Fawaiq, Muhammad
EKUITAS (Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan) Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Indonesia (STIESIA) Surabaya(STIESIA) Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.057 KB) | DOI: 10.24034/j25485024.y2018.v2.i2.3939

Abstract

The aims of this study are to determine the level of liberalization of the services sector and to analyze a causal relationship between Foreign Direct Investment/FDI (as a result of the liberalization of the distribution service) and Domestic Investment/DI in the sector. The method used in this research are descriptive analysis and Panel-VECM-Granger. The results showed that the degree of liberalization of distribution services, especially related to FEP has not met the target of liberalization of MEA 2015. Hypothesis testing results show that there is a unidirectional Granger-Causality relationship in short-term and long-term between FDI and DI. That relationship is FDI strongly influencing DI in the Indonesian distribution services sector. ECT value of the independent variable of FDI is -1.0, which means that the speed of change in the value of DI that caused by the changes of FDI to achieve a equilibrium is 100 percent per year. Thus it is known that the entry of FDI encourage domestic investment activity in the Indonesian distribution services sector. The results of this study need to be considered in terms of improvement FEP in the distribution services sector. FEP improvement policy will encourage the entry of FDI and indirectly encourages DI.
Liberarisasi Jasa Telekomunikasi Indonesia, Masuknya FDI dan Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja Domestik Fawaiq, Muhammad
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi dan Keuangan Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Badan kebijakan Fiskal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31685/kek.v1i2.244

Abstract

AbstractThe research’s purposes is to analyze Causality between FDI in telecommunication service sector and the empolyment in that sector. The method used are the descriptive and the linear regression through PVECM estimation. The results showed that the FDI in telecommunication service sector in the period of 2000-2016, only concentrated in Java and Bali with an average contribution of 98 percent per year. The PVECM estimation showed that the FDI has a strong two-way relationship with the employment. This means that FDI significantly encourages labor and vice versa. The ECT coefficient showed that the change in FDI due to changes in employment to achieve equilibrium is 89 percent and the change of employment due to changes in FDI  by 10 percent per year. Thus, the FDI provides benefits for the employment absorption and the availability of emploment is also an important consideration for investors to invest in Indonesia's telecommunications sector.
Analisis Dampak Implementasi Komitmen Indonesia di Sektor Jasa Konstruksi dalam Kerangka AFAS Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Puspitawati, Eka; Fawaiq, Muhammad
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 15 No 1 (2014): Juli
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEB UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21002/jepi.v15i1.446

Abstract

The implication of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015 is free mobilization of goods, services, labours, and capital among the member countries. This encourages Indonesia to strengthen its commitments on the construction service sector. This study aims to map Indonesia's commitments in the construction service sector under the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services (AFAS) with Hoekman Index and investigates the impacts on the macroeconomic and sector performances. The GTAP model analysis shows that Indonesia does not gain from the service liberalization, there is only slight increase of macroeconomic and sector performance. A 50% or full liberalization cause few increase on the real GDP. Positive impact of liberalization is only seen in the construction sector itself.AbstrakImplikasi terbentuknya Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN tahun 2015 adalah kawasan ASEAN akan menjadi suatu kawasan bebas mobilisasi barang, jasa, investasi, tenaga kerja, dan arus modal. Kondisi ini mendorong peningkatan komitmen Indonesia, salah satunya di sektor jasa konstruksi. Studi ini bertujuan memetakan posisi komitmen sektor jasa konstruksi Indonesia di AFAS berdasarkan indeks Hoekman dan menganalisis dampak peningkatan komitmen tersebut. Hasil analisis GTAP menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia belum memperoleh manfaat dari adanya implementasi komitmen tersebut. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan peningkatan yang relatif kecil terhadap indikator ekonomi makro dan sektoral Indonesia. Liberalisasi 50% maupun penuh hanya menyebabkan peningkatan PDB riil yang kecil. Dampak sektoral hanya tampak pada peningkatan di sektor konstruksi sendiri.