Jaka Sumarno, Jaka
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PENINGKATAN PRODUKSI DAN EFISIENSI USAHATANI JAGUNG MELALUI PENERAPAN PENGELOLAAN TANAMAN TERPADU (PTT) DI GORONTALO Sumarno, Jaka; Harianto, Harianto; Kusnadi, Nunung
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 12 No. 2 (2015): Vol.12 No. 2, Juli 2015
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (928.987 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.12.2.79

Abstract

Implementation of  Integrated Crop Management (ICM) on maize farming is expected to increase  the productivity and efficiency. This study aims to: 1) analyze the productivity, technical, allocative, and economic efficiency of maize farming with uder ICM implementation program in lowland and highland agroecosystems; 2) identify factors  that  influence the technical inefficiency  of  maize  farming with under ICM  implementation  program. The study was conducted in maize production center at Gorontalo regency. Sampling was done by stratified random sampling method is applied to survey 160 farmers in 2015. The production analysis function is estimated method using Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier; while. Allocative and economic efficiencies were analyzed using  the input side approach with frontier dual cost function. The results showed that the productivity of ICM maize farming 61% higher than the non-ICM in the lowland and 31% higher in the highland. The level of technical efficiency, allocative and economical increased by 4% to 35% higher than the non-ICM in both agroecosystems. Factors causing technical inefficiency were educational level, frequency of extension, participation in farmer groups and credit access. Increasing the efficiency can be done through: increased access to inputs, capital, technology, market and institutional strengthening.Keywords: ICM, productivity, farm efficiency, maize, cobb-douglas stochasticABSTRAKPenerapan Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu (PTT) pada usaha tani jagung diharapkan mampu meningkatkan produktivitas dan efisiensi usaha tani. Penelitian ini bertujuan 1) menganalisis produktivitas, efisiensi teknis, efisiensi alokatif, dan efisiensi ekonomi usaha tani jagung dengan penerapan PTT pada dua agroekosistem berbeda yaitu lahan kering dataran rendah dan lahan kering dataran tinggi; dan 2) mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi inefisiensi teknis usaha tani jagung dengan penerapan PTT. Penelitian dilakukan di sentra produksi jagung Provinsi Gorontalo, yaitu Kabupaten Gorontalo. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan metode stratified random sampling terhadap 160 petani pada tahun 2015. Metode analisis produksi menggunakan fungsi produksi Cobb-Douglas Stochastic Frontier. Efisiensi alokatif dan ekonomis dianalisis menggunakan pendekatan dari sisi input dengan fungsi biaya dual frontier. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produktivitas usaha tani jagung PTT 61% lebih tinggi dibanding non PTT pada dataran rendah dan lebih tinggi 31% pada dataran tinggi. Tingkat efisiensi teknis, alokatif dan ekonomis meningkat sebesar 4% sampai 35% lebih tinggi dibanding non PTT pada kedua agroekosistem. Faktor-faktor penyebab inefisiensi teknis yaitu pendidikan petani, frekuensi penyuluhan, keikutsertaan dalam kelompok tani dan akses kredit. Peningkatan efisiensi usaha tani dapat dilakukan melalui peningkatan akses terhadap input, modal, teknologi, pasar dan penguatan kelembagaan.Kata kunci: PTT, produktivitas, efisiensi usaha tani, jagung, cobb-douglas stochastic
THE ROLE OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION WORKER AND BABINSA TNI ACCORDING TO THE FARMER'S PERSPECTIVE ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF RICE UPSUS PROGRAM IN GORONTALO Sumarno, Jaka; Hipi, Awaludin; Handayani, Ari Widya; Rouf, Ari Abdul
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 15 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences and PAPPI (Perhimpunan Ahli Penyuluh Pertanian Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (171.935 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/15201925412

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the role of Babinsa-TNI and field extension worker (PPL) assistance to the implementation of UPSUS programs and the success of UPSUS targets (increased production). The study was conducted at the UPSUS rice production center in Gorontalo Province, i.e; Bone Bolango District, Gorontalo Regency and North Gorontalo Regency. Sampling was done by simple random sampling method involving 162 respondent farmers during 2017. The measuring method to the role of Babinsa-TNI and field extension worker wasdone by Work Achievement Value Standard. The influence of Babinsa-TNI and field extension workerwas analyzed using the production analysis method usingproduction function of Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier analysis. The results showed that the average Babinsa-TNI and field extension workerhad good performance in terms of high scoring value indicator. The Babinsa-TNI assistance in implementing the UPSUS program has a significant effect on increasing production and technical efficiency of rice production. The assistance of agricultural extension worker also has a positive effect on increasing production and technical efficiency of rice production.