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PENGARUH DERAJAT KEASAMAN (PH) DALAM PROSES PRESIPITASI HIDROKSIDA SELEKTIF ION LOGAM DARI LARUTAN EKSTRAK SPENT CATALYST Wanta, Kevin Cleary; Putra, Federick Dwi; Susanti, Ratna Frida; Gemilar, Gelar Panji; Astuti, Widi; Virdhian, Shinta; Petrus, Himawan Tri Bayu Murti
Jurnal Rekayasa Proses Vol 13, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Departemen Teknik Kimia Fakultas Teknik Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (642.593 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jrekpros.44007

Abstract

A B S T R A C TNickel hydroxide [Ni(OH)2] is an important compound in producing rechargeable batteries. The synthesis of Ni(OH)2 can be carried out using a hydroxide precipitation method from a solution containing nickel (II) (Ni2+) ions. In this study, the synthesis of Ni(OH)2 was investigated from the solution of extracted spent catalyst using sulfuric acid (H2SO4) solution. The selective precipitation was conducted using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution and the degree of acidity (pH) was varied in the range of 4?14. The operating temperature was kept constant at 30oC. The experimental results showed that the optimum precipitation conditions of Al3+ and Ni2+ ions were obtained at different pH where the optimum pH values were 6 and 10, respectively. Precipitate samples were characterized and the results showed that the purity of Ni(OH)2 in those samples was 13.1%. The XRD results indicated that the structure of precipitate still contains other impurities, such as Na2SO4, Al(OH)3 and those compounds were mutually agglomerate.A B S T R A KNikel hidroksida [Ni(OH)2] merupakan senyawa penting dalam produksi baterai yang dapat didaur ulang. Sintesis senyawa Ni(OH)2 dapat dilakukan melalui metode presipitasi hidroksida dari suatu larutan yang mengandung ion nikel (II) (Ni2+). Pada studi ini, sintesis Ni(OH)2 dilakukan dari larutan induk hasil ekstraksi spent catalyst dengan menggunakan larutan asam sulfat (H2SO4). Proses presipitasi selektif dilakukan dengan menggunakan larutan natrium hidroksida (NaOH) dan derajat keasaman (pH) divariasikan pada kisaran 4 hingga 14. Temperatur operasi dijaga konstan pada 30 oC. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa proses presipitasi ion Al3+ dan ion Ni2+ mencapai keadaan optimum pada pH yang berbeda dengan nilai pH optimumnya adalah 6 dan 10, secara berurutan. Hasil karakterisasi sampel menunjukkan bahwa kemurnian Ni(OH)2 dalam sampel sebesar 13,1%. Hasil pengujian XRD mengindikasikan bahwa struktur presipitat yang terbentuk masih mengandung senyawa pengotor lain, seperti senyawa Na2SO4, Al(OH)3 dan senyawa?senyawa tersebut saling mengaglomerasi. 
STUDI KINETIKA PROSES ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE ACID LEACHING BIJIH LATERIT LIMONIT MENGGUNAKAN LARUTAN ASAM NITRAT KONSENTRASI RENDAH Wanta, Kevin Cleary; Tanujaya, Felisha Hapsari; Susanti, Ratna Frida; Petrus, Himawan Tri Bayu Murti; Perdana, Indra; Astuti, Widi
Jurnal Rekayasa Proses Vol 12, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Departemen Teknik Kimia Fakultas Teknik Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (671.213 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jrekpros.35644

Abstract

A B S T R A C TKinetics study of atmospheric pressure acid leaching (APAL) process is indispensable for extractor design in an industrial scale. So far, the kinetic model used for this process is the shrinking core model. In this study, the shrinking core model was evaluated against experimental data for laterite leaching process using a solution of low concentration nitric acid (0.1 M). Variations in temperature and particle size were carried out at 303?358 K and <75?250 microns. Other operating conditions, such as pulp density, stirring speed, and time were kept at 20% w/v, 200 rpm, and 120 minutes, respectively. The model evaluation results showed that the shrinking core model was not suitable for this process because the process controlling stage is not just one stage only.Keywords: kinetics; laterite; leaching; shrinking core.A B S T R A KStudi terkait kinetika proses atmospheric pressure acid leaching (APAL) sangat diperlukan untuk proses perancangan ekstraktor dalam skala industri. Selama ini, model kinetika yang digunakan untuk proses tersebut adalah model shrinking core. Dalam studi ini, model shrinking core dievaluasi terhadap data percobaan proses leaching bijih laterit dengan menggunakan larutan asam nitrat konsentrasi rendah, 0,1 M. Variasi suhu dan ukuran partikel dilakukan pada 303?358 K dan <75?250 mikron. Kondisi operasi lainnya, seperti densitas pulp, kecepatan pengadukan, dan lama proses dijaga tetap pada 20%b/v, 200 rpm, dan 120 menit, secara berurutan. Hasil evaluasi model menunjukkan bahwa model shrinking core tidak cocok untuk proses ini karena tahapan pengendali proses tidak hanya satu tahapan saja.Kata kunci: kinetika; laterit; leaching; shrinking core
SI DOEL (Donat Tiwoel): Inovasi Pengenalan dan Pengembangan Tiwul Sebagai Makanan Pokok Khas Yogyakarta Atmaja, Althea Farina; Priyawan, Adha; Fardani, Nadya; Zaqina, Radinda Bian; Kusumaningrum, Mita; Petrus, Himawan Tri Bayu Murti
Program Kreativitas Mahasiswa - Kewirausahaan PKM-K 2014
Publisher : Ditlitabmas, Ditjen DIKTI, Kemdikbud RI

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Abstract

The doel (Doenat Tiwoel) is a Tiwul processed products innovation in the form of donuts with different flavors at a price of Rp2000.00. Tiwul was chosen as the raw material because it has a higher carbohydrate content than rice, and safe for people with diabetes (Verawati and friends, 2011). Unfortunately Tiwul still not well liked by the society, where Tiwul is currently hard to find. Therefore, the Doel will introduce back Tiwul to the society. Si Doel production process consists of three phases: preparation, sales, and evaluation of the certification. The Doel products is packaged in plastic wrap and also attached a gold laced and a paper filled with the brand, Tiwul facts, and the number of calories in order to attract Doel and can educate consumers. The distribution of Doel is small shops, campus cafeteria, and special ordering from students and public consumers.This business will continue, for proof, in August , Doel has made an agreement with the owner of food carts and food shops. Keywords : Donut, Tiwul, Packaging, Distribution
Valuable Metals Extraction From Hydrocracking Spent Catalyst Using Citric Acid Sari, Dewi Purnama; Tawfiequrahman, Ahmad; Petrus, Himawan Tri Bayu Murti; Mufakir, Fika Rofiek; Astuti, Widi; Iskandar, Y; Bratakusuma, D
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia "Kejuangan" 2018: PROSIDING SNTKK 2018
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia "Kejuangan"

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Abstract

Hydrocracking spent catalyst is a hazardous residue produced in large quantities in petroleum refining industries, it contains non metals or metals  which are important components for advanced material. Leaching is a hydrometallurgical process which is an effective technology for metal extraction from low grade metal sources with appropriate solvent, low processing cost and relatively low pollutant. The waluable metals extraction was conducted using both organic and anorganic acids. Temperature (90 ̊C) and pH (1,5, 2) were varied to observed the performance of both acid with solid ratio of 1:20 in the atmosphere condition. Sample were analice using x-ray flourescence (XRF) before exraction and after extraction. From the result, it can be conducted which citric acid process ability to extract valuable metals as high as organic acid. 
Pelindian Nikel dari Bijih LimonitLow-Grade Pomalaa Menggunakan Pelarut Asam Asetat Eka Ayu Agustina, Himmah Sekar; Bendiyasa, I MAde; Petrus, Himawan Tri Bayu Murti; Mufakir, Fika Rofiek; Astuti, Widi
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia "Kejuangan" 2018: PROSIDING SNTKK 2018
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia "Kejuangan"

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Abstract

Nickel is a strategic metal in many modern industrial and metallurgical application. Indonesia processes nickel laterite ore of about 15% of total world reserves. This research work deals with the extraction of nickel from a low grade limonitic ore, taken from a deposit located in Pomalaa (Sulawesi), through agitation leaching at atmospheric pressure. Ore characterisation was performed by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and x-ray fluorescence (XRF). Showing that 2,651% nickel that geothite are the main mineral. The metal extraction from low-grade limonitic ore is affected by the mineralization of the ore in addition operating condition are also varied in this study including temperature (30oC,60oC,90oC), acid concentration (25%,50%,75%) and particle size (-70+100 mesh, -100+200 mesh, -200 mesh) to investigated the leaching performance. In comparison to that of inorganic acid (HCl) used in this study, acetic acid provide a potential to be applied in the extraction of metals from low grade limonitic ore.
Studi Kinetika Proses Atmospheric Pressure Acid Leaching Bijih Laterit Limonit Menggunakan Larutan Asam Nitrat Konsentrasi Rendah Wanta, Kevin Cleary; Tanujaya, Felisha Hapsari; Susanti, Ratna Frida; Petrus, Himawan Tri Bayu Murti; Perdana, Indra; Astuti, Widi
Jurnal Rekayasa Proses Vol 12, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Departemen Teknik Kimia Fakultas Teknik Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (671.213 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jrekpros.35644

Abstract

A B S T R A C TKinetics study of atmospheric pressure acid leaching (APAL) process is indispensable for extractor design in an industrial scale. So far, the kinetic model used for this process is the shrinking core model. In this study, the shrinking core model was evaluated against experimental data for laterite leaching process using a solution of low concentration nitric acid (0.1 M). Variations in temperature and particle size were carried out at 303–358 K and <75–250 microns. Other operating conditions, such as pulp density, stirring speed, and time were kept at 20% w/v, 200 rpm, and 120 minutes, respectively. The model evaluation results showed that the shrinking core model was not suitable for this process because the process controlling stage is not just one stage only.Keywords: kinetics; laterite; leaching; shrinking core.A B S T R A KStudi terkait kinetika proses atmospheric pressure acid leaching (APAL) sangat diperlukan untuk proses perancangan ekstraktor dalam skala industri. Selama ini, model kinetika yang digunakan untuk proses tersebut adalah model shrinking core. Dalam studi ini, model shrinking core dievaluasi terhadap data percobaan proses leaching bijih laterit dengan menggunakan larutan asam nitrat konsentrasi rendah, 0,1 M. Variasi suhu dan ukuran partikel dilakukan pada 303–358 K dan <75–250 mikron. Kondisi operasi lainnya, seperti densitas pulp, kecepatan pengadukan, dan lama proses dijaga tetap pada 20%b/v, 200 rpm, dan 120 menit, secara berurutan. Hasil evaluasi model menunjukkan bahwa model shrinking core tidak cocok untuk proses ini karena tahapan pengendali proses tidak hanya satu tahapan saja.Kata kunci: kinetika; laterit; leaching; shrinking core
Lanthanum and Nickel Recovery from Spent Catalyst using Citric Acid: Quantitative Performance Assessment using Response Surface Method Petrus, Himawan Tri Bayu Murti; Wijaya, Ardyanto; Iskandar, Yusuf; Bratakusuma, Danu; Setiawan, Hendrik; Wiratni, Wiratni; Astuti, Widi
Metalurgi Vol 33, No 2 (2018): Metalurgi Vol. 33 No. 2 Agustus 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Metalurgi dan Material - LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (523.642 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/metalurgi.v33i2.437

Abstract

Heavy metals and Rare earth elements (REEs) are nowadays being used widely in many industries from electronics to petroleum industries as catalysts. However, their disposal caused serious problems to the environment. With the sharp growth in its usage, there is a better way to use and utilize valuable metals from secondary sources such as their disposal rather than using new raw materials. The aim of this work is to study the potential of citric acid as a leaching agent to extract lanthanum and nickel in various acid concentration and leaching temperature. The raw material used in this work is spent catalyst from Pertamina Refinery Unit VI, Balongan, Indonesia. The spent catalyst is decarbonized with a heat treatment at 725°C for 10 minutes before the leaching process. The leaching process used 0.1; 1; and 2 M of citric acid with a varied temperature of 30, 60, and 80°C. The lanthanum recovery was calculated by comparing the mass percentage of lanthanum before leaching process and after leaching process using Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDX). The results were analyzed by response surface methodology (RSM) and are proved to be a reliable method to depict and analyze the leaching characteristics. The molarity of the citric acid is the most significant independent variables used in the research for lanthanum recovery response. However, based on the Pareto analysis result there are no significant variables that affect the recovery of nickel. The second order polynomial fitting model is also proved to be compatible with the response of lanthanum recovery but is less compatible with nickel recovery.
Pengaruh Derajat Keasaman (pH) dalam Proses Presipitasi Hidroksida Selektif Ion Logam dari Larutan Ekstrak Spent Catalyst Wanta, Kevin Cleary; Putra, Federick Dwi; Susanti, Ratna Frida; Gemilar, Gelar Panji; Astuti, Widi; Vidhian, Shinta; Petrus, Himawan Tri Bayu Murti
Jurnal Rekayasa Proses ONLINE FIRST ARTICLES
Publisher : Departemen Teknik Kimia Fakultas Teknik Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (642.593 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jrekpros.44007

Abstract

A B S T R A C TNickel hydroxide [Ni(OH)2] is an important compound in producing rechargeable batteries. The synthesis of Ni(OH)2 can be carried out using a hydroxide precipitation method from a solution containing nickel (II) (Ni2+) ions. In this study, the synthesis of Ni(OH)2 was investigated from the solution of extracted spent catalyst using sulfuric acid (H2SO4) solution. The selective precipitation was conducted using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution and the degree of acidity (pH) was varied in the range of 4?14. The operating temperature was kept constant at 30oC. The experimental results showed that the optimum precipitation conditions of Al3+ and Ni2+ ions were obtained at different pH where the optimum pH values were 6 and 10, respectively. Precipitate samples were characterized and the results showed that the purity of Ni(OH)2 in those samples was 13.1%. The XRD results indicated that the structure of precipitate still contains other impurities, such as Na2SO4, Al(OH)3 and those compounds were mutually agglomerate.A B S T R A KNikel hidroksida [Ni(OH)2] merupakan senyawa penting dalam produksi baterai yang dapat didaur ulang. Sintesis senyawa Ni(OH)2 dapat dilakukan melalui metode presipitasi hidroksida dari suatu larutan yang mengandung ion nikel (II) (Ni2+). Pada studi ini, sintesis Ni(OH)2 dilakukan dari larutan induk hasil ekstraksi spent catalyst dengan menggunakan larutan asam sulfat (H2SO4). Proses presipitasi selektif dilakukan dengan menggunakan larutan natrium hidroksida (NaOH) dan derajat keasaman (pH) divariasikan pada kisaran 4 hingga 14. Temperatur operasi dijaga konstan pada 30 oC. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa proses presipitasi ion Al3+ dan ion Ni2+ mencapai keadaan optimum pada pH yang berbeda dengan nilai pH optimumnya adalah 6 dan 10, secara berurutan. Hasil karakterisasi sampel menunjukkan bahwa kemurnian Ni(OH)2 dalam sampel sebesar 13,1%. Hasil pengujian XRD mengindikasikan bahwa struktur presipitat yang terbentuk masih mengandung senyawa pengotor lain, seperti senyawa Na2SO4, Al(OH)3 dan senyawa?senyawa tersebut saling mengaglomerasi.Kata kunci: nikel hidroksida; presipitasi selektif; spent catalyst 
MINERALOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY OF GOLD ORE LOW SULFIDATION -EPITHERMAL AT LAMUNTET, BRANG REA, WEST SUMBAWA DISTRICT, WEST NUSA TENGGARA PROVINCE Ernawati, Rika; Idrus, Arifudin; Petrus, Himawan Tri Bayu Murti
Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology Vol. 4 No. 3 (2019): JGEET Vol 04 No 03 : September (2019)
Publisher : UIR PRESS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1337.001 KB) | DOI: 10.25299/jgeet.2019.4.3.1653

Abstract

There are two Artisanal Small scale Gold Mining (ASGM) location in Lamuntet, Brang Rea Subdistrict, West Nusa Tenggara Regency, namely Nglampar and Song location. Nglampar and Song location are included in the low sulfidation epithermal gold deposit system. The research purposes to analyze mineralogy and geochemistry of gold vein deposits and determine system of low sulfidation gold ore in Nglampar, Lamuntet Village. The methods used to determine the mineralogy of gold vein deposits are petrography, mineragraphy and X-ray diffractometer (XRD) analysis, while geochemical analysis using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS), Fire Assay (FA) and Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS). The results showed that the minerals contained were quartz (Qz), sericite (Ser), Chalcedon (Chc), chlorite (Chl), pyrite (Py), sphalerite (Sph), galena (Gn) , gold (Au), chalcopyrite (Cp), argentite (Ag), arsenopyrite (Apy), Azurit (Az), Malakit (Mal) and bornite (Bn). Abundant mineral availability such as sphalerite, galena, chalcopyrite and arsenopyrite are characterized by high levels of Zn, Pb, Cu and As the metal in vein deposits. This can be seen on the chemical content of ore in gold vein deposits ie Au 0.1 ppm -27.8 ppm, Ag 3 ppm-185 ppm, Pb 101 ppm - 35,800 ppm, Zn 73 ppm-60,200 ppm, Cu 26 ppm - 1,740 ppm, and As 150 ppm - 6,530 ppm. Based on the results of SEM-EDS analysis shows that the type of gold mineral is the electrum because of the content of Ag&gt; 20%.&nbsp; Based on those characteristics of the mineralogy and geochemistry in this study showed that low sulfidation gold ore in this area is categorized as polymetallic gold-silver system.&nbsp;
PENGARUH REAGEN PELINDIAN PADA SINTESIS ZNO DARI DEBU TUNGKU BUSUR LISTRIK Astuti, Widi; Haerudin, Agus; Eskani, Istihanah Nurul; Tri Yuda, Aulia Pertiwi; Nurjaman, Fajar; Setiawan, Joni; Lestari, Dwi Wiji; Petrus, Himawan Tri Bayu Murti
Jurnal Rekayasa Proses Vol 14, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Departemen Teknik Kimia Fakultas Teknik Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (411.553 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jrekpros.50739

Abstract

ZnO nanoparticle was synthesized by a simple hydrometallurgical method using raw material of electric arc furnace dust (EAFD),which is a solid waste in the stainless steel industry. Electric arc furnace dust contains 68.81% Zn in the form of zincite (ZnO) and simonkolleite (H10Cl2O9Zn5). The synthesis was carried out in two main steps, i.e., leaching and alkaline precipitation. In this study, the effect of leaching reagent, leaching temperature, and leaching reagent concentration on the percent extraction of Zn in the leaching process from electric arc furnace dust and the characteristics of the resulting ZnO product were studied. The experimental results showed that leaching reagent of acetic acid gives the highest percent extraction of Zn. The results also showed that the increase of temperature and acid concentration could improve the Zn extraction percentage. At 2M acid concentration, Zn extraction percentage already achieved 100%; hence the process is independent of temperature. The ZnO product has a purity of 96%. The XRD data confirmed the nano sizes of the ZnO product. A B S T R A KZnO nanopartikel disintesis dengan metode hidrometalurgi sederhana menggunakan bahan baku berupa debu tungku busur listrik yang merupakan limbah padat industri baja tahan karat. Debu busur listrik mengandung 68,81% Zn dalam bentuk zincite (ZnO) dan simonkolleite (H10Cl2O9Zn5). Proses sintesis dilakukan dalam dua tahap utama yaitu pelindian dan pengendapan alkali. Pada penelitian ini dipelajari pengaruh reagen pelindian, suhu pelindian, dan konsentrasi reagen pelindian pada proses pelindian terhadap persen ekstraksi Zn dari debu tungku busur listrik dan karakteristik produk ZnO yang dihasilkan. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa asam asetat adalah reagen pelindian yang memberikan persen ekstraksi Zn tertinggi. Hasil percobaan juga menunjukkan bahwa semakin tinggi suhu dan konsentrasi asam yang digunakan, maka semakin meningkat persen ekstraksi Zn yang diperoleh. Tetapi pada konsentrasi asam 2M, suhu pelindian tidak terlalu berpengaruh karena dengan konsentrasi asam asetat 2M pada semua kondisi suhu pelindian, persen ekstraksi Zn yang diperoleh adalah 100%. Hasil pelindian menggunakan asam asetat pada kondisi optimum menghasilkan produk ZnO dengan kemurnian sekitar 96%. Data XRD juga menunjukkan bahwa ZnO yang terbentuk memiliki ukuran nano.