Eko Suhartoyo, Eko
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THE EFFECT OF TOULMIN’S MODEL OF ARGUMENTATION WITHIN TWPS STRATEGY ON STUDENTS’ CRITICAL THINKING ON ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY Suhartoyo, Eko; Mukminatien, Nur; Laksmi, Ekaning Dewanti
Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora Vol 3, No 2: Juni 2015
Publisher : Pascasarjana UM

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Abstract

Abstract: This research aimed at investigating the effectiveness of Toulmin?s model of argumentation within TWPS strategy on undergraduate students? critical thinking on argumentative essay. A quasi-experimental design with a pretest-posttest and nonrandomized control group design was used. The subjects were 38 fourth semester students in English Department of Universitas Negeri Malang.The experimental group was treated by using Toulmin?s model of argumentation within TWPS strategy while the control group was treated without TWPS strategy. Students? critical thinking ability was measured by using argumentative essay test. ANCOVA was used to test the hypotheses. Findings showed there was not significant difference on the students? critical thinking ability. However, Toulmin?s model of argumentation within TWPS strategy proved to improve the students? critical thinking as shown by the improvement of the experimental group?s mean score.   Key Words: critical thinking, Toulmin?s model of argumentation, argumentative essay, Think-Write-Pair-Share strategyAbstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menyelidiki efektivitas model argumentasi Toulmin dalam strategi TWPS pada kemampuan berpikir kritis esai argumentative mahasiswa. Desain kuasi-eksperi-mental digunakan dengan pretest-posttest dan nonrandomized control group. Subjek dari penelitian ini adalah 38 mahasiswa semester IV di Jurusan Bahasa Inggris Universitas Negeri Malang. Kelompok eksperimen diteliti dengan menggunakan model argumentasi dalam strategi TWPS sedangkan kelom-pok kontrol diteliti tanpa strategi TWPS. Kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa diukur dengan menggunakan uji esai argumentatif. ANCOVA digunakan untuk menguji hipotesis. Temuan menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan pada kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. Namun, model argumentasi Toulmin dalam strategi TWPS terbukti meningkatkan berpikir kritis siswa seperti yang ditunjukkan oleh nilai rata-rata. Kata kunci: berpikir kritis, model argumentasi toulmin, esai argumentatif, Think-Pair-Share Write- strategy
INTEGRATING TMA WITHIN “CLAIM AND SUPPORT” STRATEGY ON STUDENTS’ CRITICAL THINKING ON ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY Suhartoyo, Eko; Ni'mah, Dzurriyyatun
JEELL (Journal of English Education, Linguistics and Literature) English Department of STKIP PGRI Jombang Vol 6, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Jombang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32682/jeell.v6i2.1393

Abstract

Based on the previous research, it was found that the Think Write Pair Share technique was ineffective in improving students? critical thinking skill, and due to the fact that during the process of learning to write argumentative essay, student commonly encounters various obstacles at determining the opinion of a topic which should be supported by logical reasons and appropriate evidences in the form of facts, then this research aimed at investigating the effectiveness of Toulmin?s model of argumentation within ?Claim and Support? strategy on undergraduate students? critical thinking ability on argumentative essay. Thus, this current research employed a quasi-experimental design with a pretest-posttest and nonrandomized control group design. Students? critical thinking ability was measured by a writing test in the form of argumentative essay test. The data analysis in this research employed analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). This research revealed that Toulmin's model of argumentation within ?Claim and Support? strategy was ineffective to improve students' critical thinking in their argumentative essay.