Deni Kurniadi Sunjaya, Deni Kurniadi
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

Published : 20 Documents
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Journal : Althea Medical Journal

Existence of Antibiotics in Stalls at Jatiroke Village, Jatinangor Sub District Jaelani, Elan; Istriati, Istriati; Sunjaya, Deni Kurniadi
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (211.764 KB)

Abstract

Background: Improper use of antibiotics can lead to lack of drug efficacy against bacteria, and cause resistance to the antibiotics itself. Antibiotics are classified into prescription drugs that should not be available over the counter because of its dangerous effect. It is important to study the presence of antibiotics in traditional stalls. Objective of this study was to investigate existence of antibiotics in stalls, and to investigate reasons of stall- owners for selling antibiotics.Methods: This study used mixed method design, and sequential explanatory approach, and conducted direct observation, spatial mapping, and interview with stall-owners selling drugs in Jatiroke village, Jatinangor sub district from September to November 2013. Total sampling was conducted in this study.Results: Fifty percent from 24 surveyed stalls sold Antibiotics Amoxicillin. The map showed stalls selling antibiotics at roadside. Amoxicillin sold package with Dexamethasone and Non-Steroid Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAID) was soldby several stalls. Shopkeepers sold antibiotics due to lack of knowledge about thedrug, need for self-medication, demand, and availability of drugs supply.Conclusions: Antibiotics can be found in several stalls in Jatiroke village, and improper of use of this drug can lead to resistance and less efficacy for treating infections. Although the Act for prescription drugs still exists, low of monitoring and enforcement the regulation by the Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan (BPOM) may be one of many factors that influence the existence of antibiotics in the stalls. [AMJ.2016;3(2):239–43]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n2.779
Factors Related to the Intention to Cigarette Smoking among Junior High School Students in Jatinangor Subdistrict, West Java Yee, Ngu Ling; Sunjaya, Deni Kurniadi; Karyono, RM Haryadi
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (535.049 KB)

Abstract

Background: Cigarette smoking is known to harm the health of smokers and causes the death of millions people around the world. Smoking initiation in Indonesia is begun early especially during teenagers year. The aim of the study was to analyze the factors related to the intention to cigarette smoking among Junior High School students in Jatinangor subdistrict.Methods: A quantitative method with cross sectional study was conducted in the junior high school setting during the period of September to November 2013. Inclusion criterias were students aged 13­15 years old and did not smoke. Four factors were measured in this study, which were attitudes toward cigarette smoking, parents who smoke, peers influence and advertisement where each factor had 5 questions with ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ answers. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaire among 226 students using stratified random sampling. Statistical analysis of the variables was using chi square test.Results: As much as 44.25% of the respondents had intention and 55.75% had no intention to cigarette smoking. This study showed significant relation among attitudes, parents who smoke, peers influence and advertisements with the intention to cigarette smoking.Conclusions: Half of the respondents have intention to cigarette smoking and the most factors related to it are peers influence. DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n3.528
Perception of Universitas Padjadjaran Students towards Psychotic Disorders Rusly, Renzavaldy; Pandia, Veranita; Sunjaya, Deni Kurniadi
Althea Medical Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (558.342 KB)

Abstract

Background: Psychotic disorders have a very high incidence in Indonesia and arethe first rank in terms of the global burden of disability. Students are the frontline in the face of society. The formation of stigma and discrimination  is rooted from  bad perceptions. The aim of this study was to determine and measure Universitas Padjadjaran students’ perceptions towards psychotic disorders and find out why these perceptions can be shaped. Methods: The design of study was a sequential explanatory mixed method research. The population of this study is glittering Universitas Padjadjaran students who were in Jatinangor between batches 2011 to 2013. Samples were taken using cluster and stratified random sampling. Quantitative data retrieval was collected by using a self-administered questionnaire. Next, there would be focused group discussions and in-depth interviews which discussed the results of the quantitative data collection then interpreted them qualitatively. Result: The percentage of students at Universitas Padjadjaran with perception of psychotic disorders in good category was 19.04%, 80.96% unfavorable category, and bad 0% (n=126). Besides various relevant opinion found why these perceptions were formed, such as a lack of education on students towards psychotic disorders, the existence of stigma based on life experience of psychotic patients, the lack of social media and physical campaign towards the psychotic disorders.Conclusions: The perception of Universitas Padjadjaran students towards psychotic disorders is still relatively unfavorable, therefore literation towards psychotic disorders should be provided through education, campaigns, social media utilization by psychiatrists and the government.
Perception of Universitas Padjadjaran Students towards Psychotic Disorders Rusly, Renzavaldy; Pandia, Veranita; Sunjaya, Deni Kurniadi
Althea Medical Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (558.342 KB) | DOI: 10.15850/amj.v5n1.1332

Abstract

Background: Psychotic disorders have a very high incidence in Indonesia and arethe first rank in terms of the global burden of disability. Students are the frontline in the face of society. The formation of stigma and discrimination  is rooted from  bad perceptions. The aim of this study was to determine and measure Universitas Padjadjaran students’ perceptions towards psychotic disorders and find out why these perceptions can be shaped. Methods: The design of study was a sequential explanatory mixed method research. The population of this study is glittering Universitas Padjadjaran students who were in Jatinangor between batches 2011 to 2013. Samples were taken using cluster and stratified random sampling. Quantitative data retrieval was collected by using a self-administered questionnaire. Next, there would be focused group discussions and in-depth interviews which discussed the results of the quantitative data collection then interpreted them qualitatively. Result: The percentage of students at Universitas Padjadjaran with perception of psychotic disorders in good category was 19.04%, 80.96% unfavorable category, and bad 0% (n=126). Besides various relevant opinion found why these perceptions were formed, such as a lack of education on students towards psychotic disorders, the existence of stigma based on life experience of psychotic patients, the lack of social media and physical campaign towards the psychotic disorders.Conclusions: The perception of Universitas Padjadjaran students towards psychotic disorders is still relatively unfavorable, therefore literation towards psychotic disorders should be provided through education, campaigns, social media utilization by psychiatrists and the government.
Factors Related to the Intention to Cigarette Smoking among Junior High School Students in Jatinangor Subdistrict, West Java Yee, Ngu Ling; Sunjaya, Deni Kurniadi; Karyono, RM Haryadi
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (535.049 KB)

Abstract

Background: Cigarette smoking is known to harm the health of smokers and causes the death of millions people around the world. Smoking initiation in Indonesia is begun early especially during teenagers year. The aim of the study was to analyze the factors related to the intention to cigarette smoking among Junior High School students in Jatinangor subdistrict.Methods: A quantitative method with cross sectional study was conducted in the junior high school setting during the period of September to November 2013. Inclusion criterias were students aged 13­15 years old and did not smoke. Four factors were measured in this study, which were attitudes toward cigarette smoking, parents who smoke, peers influence and advertisement where each factor had 5 questions with ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ answers. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaire among 226 students using stratified random sampling. Statistical analysis of the variables was using chi square test.Results: As much as 44.25% of the respondents had intention and 55.75% had no intention to cigarette smoking. This study showed significant relation among attitudes, parents who smoke, peers influence and advertisements with the intention to cigarette smoking.Conclusions: Half of the respondents have intention to cigarette smoking and the most factors related to it are peers influence. DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n3.528
Existence of Antibiotics in Stalls at Jatiroke Village, Jatinangor Sub District Jaelani, Elan; Istriati, Istriati; Sunjaya, Deni Kurniadi
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (211.764 KB)

Abstract

Background: Improper use of antibiotics can lead to lack of drug efficacy against bacteria, and cause resistance to the antibiotics itself. Antibiotics are classified into prescription drugs that should not be available over the counter because of its dangerous effect. It is important to study the presence of antibiotics in traditional stalls. Objective of this study was to investigate existence of antibiotics in stalls, and to investigate reasons of stall- owners for selling antibiotics.Methods: This study used mixed method design, and sequential explanatory approach, and conducted direct observation, spatial mapping, and interview with stall-owners selling drugs in Jatiroke village, Jatinangor sub district from September to November 2013. Total sampling was conducted in this study.Results: Fifty percent from 24 surveyed stalls sold Antibiotics Amoxicillin. The map showed stalls selling antibiotics at roadside. Amoxicillin sold package with Dexamethasone and Non-Steroid Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAID) was soldby several stalls. Shopkeepers sold antibiotics due to lack of knowledge about thedrug, need for self-medication, demand, and availability of drugs supply.Conclusions: Antibiotics can be found in several stalls in Jatiroke village, and improper of use of this drug can lead to resistance and less efficacy for treating infections. Although the Act for prescription drugs still exists, low of monitoring and enforcement the regulation by the Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan (BPOM) may be one of many factors that influence the existence of antibiotics in the stalls. [AMJ.2016;3(2):239–43]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n2.779