Prasko Prasko, Prasko
Dental Nursing Department, Polytechnic Health Ministry of Semarang

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Biographical Characteristics, Perception, Motivation and, Job Satisfaction In Lecturer Department Of Dental Nursing Health Polytechnic Of Ministry Of Health Semarang Sutomo, Bambang; Prasko, Prasko; Suwarsono, Suwarsono
Jurnal LINK Vol 10, No 1 (2014): Januari 2014
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of biographical characteristics, perceptions of lecturers functional position, perceptions of the reward system, job motivation rank of career development, and job satisfaction of Lecturer in Dental Nursing Department, Health Polytechnic of Semarang. It is a quantitative research using cross-sectional approach with regression studies. It is a total sampling study where all the population are become the sample. The population and also the sample in this study are 28 lecturers in The Dental Nursing Department Health Polytechnic of Semarang. Correlation analysis was done with Chi Square test (× 2), followed by multiple logistic regression with the method of Backward Stepwise (Likelihood Ratio). Research shows that the majority of lecturers in the category of low satisfaction is 53.8%. Age-related variables are p.value = 0.020, perception allowance p.value = 0.045, perceptions of the reward system p.value = 0.001. Variables that influence the perception of the reward system, p.value = 0.007 and OR (Exp B) = 16.0. It is recommended for the policy makers at the department to plan and implement the reward system to employees.
Effectiveness of Steriliztion Infrared Dry Heat Sterilization and Sterility Of Dentistry Tools Sariyem, Sariyem; Sadimin, Sadimin; Prasko, Prasko
Jurnal LINK Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Januari 2013
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Transmission of infection can be occured  from the use of instruments that are not sterile, to break the chain of transmission of the infection, it is necessary to carry out the sterilization of medical devices with the correct procedures such as sterilization by dry heat or infrared can also with other methods. The purpose of this study to know the number of microorganisms and decrease the effectiveness of both the sterilization sterilize dental instruments.The reacherd was conducted in the laboratory using the method of experimental research, design research is one group pretest-posttest. The data have been acquired and processed statistically tested by Paired T-Test and Independent Test.Based on the results, the data is a decline in the number of bacteria in the infrared sterilization, but still found breeding of bacteria in sterilized tools. Decline in the number of bacteria in dry heat sterilization and no breeding of bacteria in all the tools are sterilized. The results of statistical tests Paired T-Test were both obtained p value = 0.000, so it can be said that the infrared sterilization and dry heat sterilization is effective in reducing the number of bacteria on equipment in dentistry. The statistical result obtained Independent T-Test p value: 0.626, which means there are no significant differences between the infrared sterilization and dry heat sterilization in killing microorganisms.
PERBEDAAN PERUBAHAN PH SALIVA ANTARA BERKUMUR TEH CELUP DAN TEH TUBRUK PADA IBU PKK KELURAHAN MUKTIHARJO KIDUL Mardiati, Erni; Prasko, Prasko
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 4, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v4i2.3203

Abstract

TITLETHE DIFFERENCE OF PH SALIVA IN WOMEN RINSED WITH TEA BAG AND CRUSHED IN PKK KELURAHAN MUKTIHARJO KIDULABSTRACTTea is an herbal product that has the ability to increase salivary pH and has an antibacterial effect. Tea has antibacterial and anticariogenic effects that can decrease saliva and plaque acidity so that it is effective in preventing caries. Almost half of the PKK mothers had moderate tooth decay. Every day they consume tea either tea bag or tea tubruk. The aim of this research is to know the difference of change of mouthwash of tea bag and tea tubruk to saliva pH.Type of research used is Experiment. The research method used in this research is Quasi Eksperiment or often called quasi experiment is a research with the existence of a treatment to the sample group but there is no control group (all groups of samples get treatment). The design of this study using two groups of subjects namely pretest and posttest. Sample used as many as 24 people. Sampling technique that will be used in this research is total sampling that is entire population used as sample. Data analysis used in this research is descriptive quantitative.The results showed changes in salivary pH before and after rinsing tea bags and tea tubruk before rinsing tea showed average salivary pH 6.6, after rinsing tea dye showed average salivary pH 7.6 with difference of 1.0 and before rinsing tea tubruk average saliva pH is 6.8, after rinsing tea tubruk average saliva pH is 7.4 with difference 0,6. From this study it can be concluded that gargling tea can increase saliva pH higher than tubruk tea, so it is advisable to rinse / consume tubruk tea in order to cope with the increase of high salivary pH. Key words : Tea Bag, Tea Tubruk, pH of Saliva
ANALISIS PROGRAM KEGIATAN USAHA KESEHATAN GIGI SEKOLAH (UKGS) DI PUSKESMAS HALMAHERA Yulistianti, Rizka Eman; Prasko, Prasko; Supardan, Iman; Kristiani, Nani
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Juni 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v2i01.1143

Abstract

TITLEThe effect of concentration differences of betel leaf water stew to inhibit the growth of Streptococcus mutansABSTRACTIn the human mouth, there are various kinds of microorganisms. The bacteria that play an important role in the formation of plaque is bacteria that is capable of forming extracellular polysaccharide, that bacteria of the genus Streptococcus. Streptococcus bacteria are found in large quantities in patients with plaque caries is Streptococcus mutans One effort to prevent the occurrence of dental and oral diseases is to inhibit the growth of bacteria in the mouth. Red betel leaf can be used to inhibit the bacteria Streptococcus mutans. Streptococcus mutans is the bacterial pathogen.The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of different concentrations of red betel leaves boiled water as the inhibition of the growth of Streptococcus mutans bacteria.This type of research is a quasi experimental approach to post-test design. The study was conducted at the Laboratory of Microbiology to sample the bacteria Streptococcus mutans and simple random sampling technique. This study uses pure Streptococcus mutans bacteria grown on an agar medium, and the water red betel leaf decoction is used in different concentrations. To measure the inhibition of growth of a bacterium that is using a ruler (mm) by looking at the bright zone (clear zone) as free areas by bacteria. Data analysis method used is descriptive quantitative.The results showed the water decoction of red betel leaf has a concentration of 5% inhibition of 9.2 mm, red betel leaves boiled water with a concentration of 10% has the inhibition of 7.77mm, red betel leaves boiled water with a concentration of 15% has the power inhibition of 7.073mm, red betel leaves boiled water with a concentration of 20% has the inhibition of 10.105mm. The conclusion from this study is the difference in concentration of the cooking water red betel leaf have the effect of inhibition on the growth of Streptococcus mutans bacteria. In this research needs to be done further research in order to benefit from the water red betel leaf has more influence on oral health. Keywords : Concentration Water Stew Red Betel Leaf, growth of Streptococcus mutans Bacteria.
PENYULUHAN METODE AUDIO VISUAL DAN DEMONSTRASI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN MENYIKAT GIGI PADA ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR Prasko, Prasko; Santoso, Bedjo; Sutomo, Bambang
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 3, No 2 (2016): Desember 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v3i2.1784

Abstract

TITLEEducation with audio-visual and modeling methods to tooth brushing education in elementary school childrenABSTRACTThe maintenance of oral health as well as health coaching teeth, especially in children of school groups need special attention because at this age children are undergoing the process of growth and development. Previous dental state will affect the development of dental health in adulthood. Through training programs is expected to increase knowledge and raise awareness of the importance of maintaining oral health and able to participate actively in increasing efforts to maintain self. The purpose of this research was to determine the effectiveness of extension methods and audio visual demonstration of the knowledge brushing teeth.This research uses descriptive quantitative method is a method of research conducted with the main objective to create a picture or a description of a situation in an objective that has to do with the problems examined. The instrument used was the questionnaire.From the results of the study conducted by researchers in the field to the students of class V and VI Elementary School Pedalangan 02 Semarang is known that after counseling with the demonstration of the results obtained knowledge of students of class V in both categories with a score of 7 and after counseling with audio visual results obtained knowledge graders VI enter both categories with a value 6.95. It can be concluded that the extension demonstration and extension with audio visual effective for use in improving the knowledge toothbrushing on elementary school children.Key words : Counseling method of demonstration and audio visual, knowledge of  brushing teeth
EFEKTIVITAS MENGKONSUMSI BUAH NANAS (ANANAS COMOSUS) DAN BUAH BELIMBING (AVERRHOA CARAMBOLA L) TERHADAP SKOR PLAK Wiradona, Irmanita; Prasko, Prasko
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Juni 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v5i1.3595

Abstract

TITLEEFFECTIVENESS CONSUMING PINEAPPLE (ANANAS COMOSUS) AND STAR FRUIT (AVERRHOA CARAMBOLA L) TOWARD PLAQUE SCOREABSTRACTPineapple and Star fruit are one of the fruits that has water content and fiber that many. Pineapple sources of vitamin C and manganese, this fruit also contains substances that can maintain bone strength and help digestion. Fresh fruit contains 10% sugar, half is the remaining sucrose glucose and fructose. Pineapple fruit rich in fiber can reliably increase saliva production (saliva), clean teeth and mouth and strengthen the gums. While starfruit contains epitekin compounds that are bactericidal. Research purposes this is to know the effectiveness of pineapple and star fruit consumption toward  plaque score.This research is an experimental research with the design of  Pre and Post Test Group Design. The sample of this research is MI Darut Taqwa Meteseh, Tembang, Semarang as many as 60 students divided by 4 intervention groups. Interventions taken are consuming star fruit juice, pineapple juice, chewing starfruit and pineapple. Dental plaque scores were measured using the index  PHP. Data analysis using a t-test.The research result from score plaque drink juice star fruit and chew starfruit with p = 0,001 so there is the difference of plaque score between drinking star fruit juice by chewing star fruit. Score plaque group who drank pineapple juice and chewed pineapple with p = 0.017 so there was a difference in plaque score between drinking pineapple juice by chewing pineapple. Consume fruit by chewing more down the plaque score compared to drinking fruit juice. Consume pineapple lower plaque than consuming star fruit. Keywords : starfruit, pineapple fruit, plaque score.___________________________________________________________1,2)  Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang  * : irmanita.wiradona@gmail.com
PERBEDAAN PENGARUH PENYULUHAN MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA VIDEO DAN BONEKA TANGAN TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN KESEHATAN GIGI DAN MULUT PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR Hanif, Fastabiqul; Prasko, Prasko
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v5i2.3854

Abstract

TITLETHE DIFFERENCE OF COUNSELING WITH VIDEO MEDIA AND HAND PUPPETS TO IMPROVING KNOWLEDGE OF DENTAL AND ORAL HEALTH IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTSABSTRACT Knowledge less regarding oral hygiene is one cause of child neglect oral health problems. Knowledge of oral health in children of school groups deserve special attention because at this age children are undergoing the growth process of previous dental situation will influence the development of dental health in adulthood. Through training programs is expected to increase knowledge and raise awareness of the importance of maintaining oral health and able to participate actively in increasing efforts to nurture ourselves.Purpose of this study is to know the difference influence of illumination using video media and a hand puppet to the improvement of oral health.This study is a quasi experimental design with Two Group Design. Samples are students of SD Islam Diponegoro sampling purposive sampling technique. This study using univariate and bivariate data analysis with the Wilcoxon test and Mann-Whitney.This study shows that oral health education using video media and hand puppets influential in promoting oral health knowledge it can be seen from the pre-accession and post-test tet each with a value of p <0.05. But based on the statistical test no significant difference illumination using video media and hand puppets get the value of p = 0.465, which means p> 0.005.Each media effective in improving knowledge but there is no significant difference between the method of video and hand puppets to increased knowledge of elementary school children about oral health.
TANGGUNG JAWAB PERAWAT GIGI TERHADAP TINDAKAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN GIGI YANG SESUAI DAN TIDAK SESUAI KOMPETENSI Prasko, Prasko; Salikun, Salikun; Supardan, Iman
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Juni 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v3i01.1126

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TITLEThe dental nurse responsible to appropriate and incompetent dental servicesABSTRACTAuthority possessed by a dental nurse to perform ministerial duties is the legal authority (rechtsbevoegheid). On the basis of this authority, a health worker is entitled to treatment in accordance with their competence. When the administrative requirements to carry out the profession have been met, then the dental nurse as a profession carrier has obtained the professional authority in the work. However, if a health worker do the job without authority, may be considered to violate one of the professional standards of health workers. The purpose of this study was to determine the responsibility of Dental Nurses implementation of the actions of dental health services in Bergas PHC, Duren PHC and Suruh PHC in district of Semarang. This research is a descriptive study that aims to describe systematically and accurately the facts and characteristics of the population or about a particular field. This study sought to describe a situation or event. The instrument used was the questionnaire.From the results of the study conducted by researchers in the field of the Dental Nurses at Duren PHC, Duren PHC and Suruh PHC in district of Semarang by interview can be seen and showed that the majority of Dental Nurses who work in clinics have been carrying out job responsibilities properly in accordance with the competence of Nurses teeth and is in conformity with the laws and regulations governing dental Nurses. But also the results obtained that a small portion Dental Nurses who perform actions beyond the competence stipulated in the legislation governing the dental nurse. Keywords : Responsibilities of Dental Nurses, Dental Health Care Measures
DAYA HAMBAT DAUN ALPUKAT MUDA TERHADAP BAKTERI MULUT (STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS) Prasko, Prasko; Sutomo, Bambang; Suwarsono, Suwarsono; Supardan, Iman
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Desember 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v2i02.3299

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TITLEInhibitory effect of young-avocado leaf against oral bacteria (Streptococcus mutans)ABSTRACTDental caries is one of the oral health problems that can cause pain and disrupt the activities. Bacteria plays an important role in the process of dental caries. The main bacterial cause of dental caries is Streptococcus mutans producing the glucosyltransferase enzyme. Streptococcus mutans produces a sticky extracellular polysaccharides of carbohydrate foods and able to ferment carbohydrates to acids. Streptococcus viridans is bacteria in the mucosa that synthesize large polysaccharides like dextran and levans of sucrose that are important factor in the formation of dental caries.This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of avocado leaf extract concentration of 60% and 80% to the inhibition of the growth of Streptococcus mutans.Method used was the method of diffusion wells using 2 samples in each treatment group. Sample consisted of 3 treatment groups  avocado young leaf extract concentration of 60%, 80%. This research data analysis method using quantitative descriptive.The results showed that the leaf extract of avocado at all concentrations have antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans. The lowest concentration of 60%,80% inhibition against the bacteria have a strong and increasingly stronger at higher concentrations. The conclusion of this study prove that avocado leaf extract has strong antibacterial activity against the growth of Streptococcus mutans. Key words : Avocado Young Leaf, Streptococcus Mutans
EFEKTIVITAS PENYULUHAN KESEHATAN GIGI DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA BUSY BOOK TERHADAP TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN KESEHATAN GIGI DAN MULUT Husna, Nailul; Prasko, Prasko
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Juni 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v6i1.4408

Abstract

Children are vulnerable to caries and other dental diseases because they still need help from parents and families to guide them in maintaining the cleanliness of their teeth and mouth. One effort to improve dental and oral health is by maintaining dental and oral health. However, people often ignore their dental and oral health problems caused by lack of knowledge of dental and oral health. Insufficient knowledge about dental and oral hygiene is one reason that children ignore dental and oral health problems. One of the ways to improve dental and oral health knowledge is through dental and oral health education. And success in efforts to educate dental health in school children is inseparable from the educational method and the importance of the role of a media because it can support the learning process, facilitate students in understanding learning material. Through the media, the messages delivered can be more interesting and easy to understand. One of the media used is busy book. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the busy book media on the level of dental and oral health knowledge in grade 3 elementary school students. The type of this study was quantitative with a quasi-experimental method with a pretest-posttest group design study design. The sample of this study was grade 3 students of SDN Rowocacing in Pekalongan Regency with 18 students from the busy book group. Data analysis using Wilcoxon test and Mann-Whitney test. The results of the statistical test with the Wilcoxon test showed that there were differences in knowledge between before and after counseling, the value of p-value of busy media book = 0,000 means that there were differences before and after counseling using the busy book media. The Mann-Whitney test showed that there was a significant difference in effectiveness between counseling and the busy book media on increasing dental and oral health knowledge with p-value = 0.02.