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PEMETAAN DAERAH RAWAN LONGSOR DAS KAPUAS KOTA SEKADAU KABUPATEN SEKADAU Anwar, Rosihan; Priadi, Eka; Faisal, Ahmad
Jurnal Teknik Sipil Vol 16, No 2 (2016): JURNAL TEKNIK SIPIL VOL 16 NO 2 EDISI DESEMBER 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.9 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/jtsft.v16i2.20649

Abstract

Kota Sekadau yang merupakan Ibukota Kabupaten Sekadau adalah kota yang terletak di tepian sungai besar yaitu  Sungai Kapuas dan Sungai Sekadau dimana kondisi hidrologisnya sangat dipengaruhi oleh tofografi kota yang sangat datar di utara dan barat serta bergelombang hingga perbukitan di bagian timur dan selatan. Belasan anak sungai yang mengalir di wilayah Kota Sekadau sebagian besar bermuara ke Sungai Kapuas dimana ditepian sungai tersebut sering terjadi bencana longsor, yang  dapat merusak infrastruktur  seperti jalan, jembatan dan rumah-rumah penduduk. Lokasi Rawan bencana longsor yang akan diteliti hanya pada lima desa di tepian sungai pada DAS Kapuas Kota Sekadau khususnya : Desa Seraras, Desa Merapi , Desa Seberang Kapuas, Desa Tanjung dan Desa Mungguk Kecamatan Sekadau Hilir yang menurut BPBD Kabupaten Sekadau pernah mengalami bencana tanah longsor. Penentuan daerah kerawanan tanah longsor dilakukan berdasarkan beberapa parameter yaitu : kemiringan lereng, penutupan lahan, erodibilitas tanah, curah hujan, lokasi longsor dan faktor keamanan. Masing-masing parameter tersebut dilakukan pembobotan atau pemberian nilai yang mempunyai pengaruh terhadap terjadinya tanah longsor, semakin besar nilai bobot yang diberikan artinya semakin memiliki kepekaan terhadap terjadinya tanah longsor. Berdasarkan pembobotan tersebut lokasi rawan longsor dibagi menjadi empat kategori yaitu ; sangat rawan, rawan, cukup rawan dan tidak rawan. Yang termasuk dalam Lokasi Sangat Rawan (Katagori Pertama ) adalah lokasi pada tepian sungai di  Desa Seraras dengan panjang sekitar 250,877 meter, lokasi pada tepian sungai di Desa Seberang Kapuas dengan panjang sekitar 549,970 meter, lokasi sebagian besar tepian sungai di Desa Mungguk dengan panjang sekitar 1338,920 meter, lokasi pada tepian sungai di Desa Merapi ( Dusun Merapi 1, 2 dan 3) dengan panjang sekitar 2198,09 meter, lokasi sebagian besar tepian sungai di Desa Tanjung dengan panjang sekitar 1765,690 meter. Untuk Lokasi Rawan (Kategori Kedua) adalah lokasi pada tepian sungai di  Desa Seraras dengan panjang sekitar 970,078 meter, lokasi sebagian kecil tepian sungai di Desa Seberang Kapuas dengan panjang sekitar 435,61 meter, lokasi sebagian kecil tepian sungai di Desa Mungguk dengan panjang sekitar 146,34 meter, lokasi pada tepian sungai di Desa Merapi ( Dusun Merapi 1, 2 dan 3) dengan panjang sekitar 1493,49 meter. Yang termasuk dalam Lokasi Cukup Rawan (Kategori Tiga ) adalah lokasi pada tepian sungai di Desa Merapi ( Dusun Merapi  2) dengan panjang sekitar 416,54 meter.   Kata kunci : Pemetaan , kerawanan longsor, kemiringan lereng, penutupan lahan, erodibilitas tanah, curah hujan, lokasi longsor , faktor keamanan
PEMILIHAN CERITA ANAK SEBAGAI BAHAN AJAR MEMBACA DI MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH (MTs) Anwar, Rosihan; Suryaman, Maman
LingTera Vol 2, No 2: Oktober 2015
Publisher : LingTera

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kriteria-kriteria yang digunakan dalam pemilihan cerita anak yang layak sebagai bahan ajar membaca di MTs. Selain itu, penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk menganalisis cerita anak yang layak sebagai bahan ajar membaca di MTs berdasarkan kriteria-kriteria itu.Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Subjek penelitian ini adalah cerita anak yang ada di Buku Sekolah Elektronik, buku bacaan, dan internet. Objek penelitiannya adalah isi cerita. Ada dua puluh cerita anak yang yang dijadikan sampel penelitian. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan membaca dan mencatat. Analisis data dilakukan dengan cara reduksi, penyajian, dan penyimpulan data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) ada tiga kriteria yang digunakan dalam pemilihan cerita anak yang layak sebagai bahan ajar membaca di MTs. Kriteria-kriteria itu adalah kriteria nilai/moral, motivasi, dan kesesuaian jenis sekolah. (2) Dari dua puluh cerita yang dianalisis, sebelas cerita dinyatakan layak dan sembilan cerita dinyatakan tidak layak dijadikan bahan ajar membaca di MTs. Kata kunci: cerita anak, bahan ajar, membaca   THE SELECTION OF CHILDREN STORIES AS READING TEACHING MATERIAL IN MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH (MTS) Abstract The study aims to describe criteria used in the selection proper children stories as reading teaching material in Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTs). In addition, the study also aims to describe proper children stories as reading teaching material in Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTs) based on the criteria.The study is descriptive qualitative research. The subjects of the study are children stories in Buku Sekolah Elektronik (BSE), reading book, and internet. The object of the study is the contents of the stories. There are twenty children stories that the research sample. The sample was taken by purposive sampling technique. The collection of data is done by reading and writing. Data is analyzed by reduction, presentation, and inference.The results of study showed that (1) there are three criteria used in the selection of children stories as reading teaching material in MTs. The criteria are Value/moral, motivation, and relevant of the type of school. (2) Of the twenty stories analyzed, there are eleven proper stories and nine stories are not proper as reading materials in the MTs. Keywords: children stories, teaching material, reading
Oral-dental hygiene and oral microorganisms in children with and without congenital heart disease Panggabean, Erniwaty P; Irsa, Lily; Anwar, Rosihan; Lubis, Munar; Rusdidjas, Rusdidjas; Pasaribu, Syahril
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 45 No 3 (2005): May 2005
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi45.3.2005.127-31

Abstract

Objective This study was done to compare the dental and oralhygiene status of children with and without congenital heart dis-ease (CHD) by investigating oral microorganisms and dental andoral hygiene indices.Methods A cross-sectional study was done on children aged 2 to15 years from April 2002 to December 2003 at the Department ofChild Health, Haji Adam Malik Hospital, Medan. There were twosubject groups, the first consisting of children with CHD and thesecond of those without. The dental and oral hygiene status wasdetermined by determining caries index and oral hygiene index.Swabs from the subjects’ upper first molars were taken and cul-tured to determine the types of microorganisms present. Data wereanalyzed using the chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test, and t-test.Results There was a significant difference in mean oral hygieneindex between children with (mean 2.75; SD 1.85) and without(mean 1.45; SD 0.78) CHD (P<0.001). Positive bacterial cultureswere more frequent in children with CHD than in those without.The proportion of normal anaerobes was significantly higher in chil-dren with CHD (P=0.038). Such a significant difference was notfound for normal aerobes, pathogenic aerobes, and pathogenicanaerobes. In children with CHD, there was no significant asso-ciation between mean caries index and oral hygiene index withculture results. In those without CHD, a significant association wasfound between the caries index components of decayed tooth in-dex (P=0.003) and DMF-T (P=0.022) with culture results.Conclusions Oral-dental hygiene in children with CHD is poorrelative to that in children without CHD. Microorganism growth ap-pears more likely in children with CHD than in those without
PENGARUH MUSYAWARAH GURU MATA PELAJARAN (MGMP) TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PROFESIONALISME DAN KINERJA MENGAJAR GURU SMA NEGERI KOTA TASIKMALAYA Anwar, Rosihan
Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan Vol 13, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan Vol.XIII No.1 April 2011
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

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Abstract

Musyawarah Guru Mata Pelajaran (MGMP) merupakan wadah asosiasi atau perkumpulan bagi para guru mata pelajaran yang berada dtsuatu sanggar, sekolah kabupaten/kota yang berfungsi sebagai sarana untuk saling berkomunikasi, belajar, dan bertukar pikiran dan pengalaman dalam rangka meningkatkan kinerja guru sebagai praktisi/pelaku perubahan reorientasi pembelajaran di kelas, Kenyataan yang ditemui di lapangan, saat ini kiprah MGMP khususnya MGMP tingkat SMA secara umum belum berjalan secara optimal sebagaimana yang diharapkan. Bahkan dibeberapa tempat khususnya pada tingkat Kabupaten/Kota dan Provinsi, hal ini tidak berjalan sama sekali. Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk memperoleh gambaran tentang: Efektifitas pelaksanaan musyawarah guru mata pelajaran/ MGMP yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan peningkatan profesionalisme dan kinerja mengajar guru mara pelajaran, pengaruh musyawarah guru mata pelajaran/MGMP terhadap peningkatan profesionalisme guru, dan pengaruh musyawarah guru mata peiajaran/MGMP terhadap peningkatan kinerja mengajar guru pada tingkat SMA Negeri di Kota Tasikmalaya.
KONSUMSI BUAH DAN SAYUR SERTA KONSUMSI SUSU SEBAGAI FAKTOR RISIKO TERJADINYA HIPERTENSI DI PUSKESMAS S. PARMAN KOTA BANJARMASIN Anwar, Rosihan
Jurnal Skala Kesehatan Vol 5 No 1 (2014): JURNAL SKALA KESEHATAN
Publisher : Politeknik Kementerian Kesehatan Banjarmasin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (118.72 KB) | DOI: 10.31964/jsk.v5i1.11

Abstract

Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) Balitbangkes tahun 2007 prevalensi hipertensi secara nasional mencapai 31,7%. Prevalensi hipertensi berdasarkan pengukuran termasuk kasus yang sedang minum obat, secara nasional adalah 32,2%. Prevalensi tertinggi ditemukan di Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan 39,6% sedangkan terendah di Papua Barat 20,1%. Penyandang hipertensi  essensial yang berobat ke puskesmas adalah 78.805 orang atau sekitar 19,8 % dari penduduk yang berumur 20-75 tahun. Tujuan penelitian mengetahui hubungan konsumsi buah dan sayur serta konsumsi susu dengan kejadian hipertensi di Puskesmas S. Parman. Penelitian analitik dengan rancangan case control  dengan matching variabel umur dan jenis kelamin dengan perbandingan kasus dan kontrol adalah 1:2. Kasus adalah penyandang hipertensi yang baru terdiagnosis sebagai penyandang hipertensi pada saat berobat pertama kali di Puskesmas S. Parman Kota Banjarmasin, sedangkan kontrol adalah penyandang rawat jalan selain hipertensi. Variabel  terikat adalah  kejadian hipertensi sedangkan variabel bebas adalah konsumsi buah dan sayur serta konsumsi susu. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 156 orang yang terdiri kasus 52 orang dan kontrol 2 x 52 yaitu 104 orang. Hasilnya ada hubungan pola makan berdasarkan konsumsi buah dan sayur (p=0,000) serta konsumsi susu (p=0,004) terhadap kejadian hipertensi. Pola makan berdasarkan konsumsi konsumsi buah dan sayur yang cukup (OR=5,30) dan konsumsi susu yang kurang (OR=3,72) merupakan faktor risiko terhadap kejadian hipertensi. Kata Kunci : Hipertensi, konsumsi buah dan sayur, konsumsi susu
Pola Konsumsi Natrium dan Lemak sebagai Faktor Risiko Terjadinya Penyakit Hipertensi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kandangan Kecamatan Kandangan Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Selatan Salman, Yuliana; Anwar, Rosihan; Muhaimin, Ahmad; Husada Borneo, STIKES; Banjarbaru, Poltekes; STIKES Husada Borneo, Alumni
Jurnal Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 5 No 2 (2015): Maret
Publisher : HB PRESS

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Abstract

Hypertension is still a major problem in the world. According to the WHO, hypertension is the number 1 cause of death in the world. The prevalence of people with hypertension in Indonesia reaches 31,7%, while prevalence of people with hypertension in South Borneo reaches 39,6% and in the District of Hulu Sungai Selatan as much as 12.99% . The high hypertension patients in the district Hulu Sungai Selatan due to an unhealthy lifestyle is also encouraged by the consumption pattern of local people, such as food named Ketupat Kandangan, with the sauce or marinade containing moderately high cholesterol. This study aims to determine the pattern of sodium and fat consumption as a factor in the occurrence of hypertension in health care center Kandangan District of Hulu Sungai Selatan. This study uses observations with case control design. The study sample group of 84 respondents, 42 respondents with hypertension (cases) and 42 respondents did not suffer from hypertension (control). Results of statistical tests using chi-square shows, the pattern of consumption of sodium obtained p = 0,000 and fat consumption patterns obtained value of p = 0.016 which means that there is a relationship of sodium and fat consumption patterns with the occurrence of hypertension.
Hubungan Antara Tingkat Konsumsi Energi, Protein dan Daya Beli Makanan dengan Status Gizi pada Remaja di SMP Negeri 2 Banjarbaru Efendi, Rusman; Anwar, Rosihan; Riawu, Sanna; Husada Borneo, STIKES; Kesehatan Banjarbaru, Politeknik
Jurnal Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 4 No 3 (2014): Juli
Publisher : HB PRESS

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Abstract

Adequacy of energy is influenced by several factors: age, gender, body size, physiological status, activity, thermic effect, and climate adaptation. For protein adequacy is influenced by factors age, sex, body size, physiological status, protein quality, energy consumption and adaptation. This study aimed to finding out the relationship of food consumerism and food nutrition status of teens school girl in junior school 2 Banjarbaru Year 2013. This research was an analytical cross sectional population. In this study population were male and female students of class VII and VIII. The sample in this study as many as 85 people. Analyzes performed tested these descriptive and statistical chi-square test. Results obtained no significant relationship between the level of food consumption and purchasing power with energy (p = 0,195). no significant relationship consumerism with protein (p = 0,437) of adolescent boys and girls in Junior High School Banjarbaru State 2. The expectation is to add the knowledge of the true nutritional status and apply it in everyday life, so as to have a good nutritional status.
Hubungan Pola Konsumsi Zat Besi Dan Konsumsi Suplemen Tablet Besi Dengan Status Anemia Pada Siswi Kelas VIII MTS Negeri Model Martapura Di Wilayah Kerja Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Banjar Salman, Yuliana; Anwar, Rosihan; Arifin, Samsul; Husada Borneo, STIKES; Kesehatan Banjarmasin, Politeknik; Pelita Insani Martapura, RS
Jurnal Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 4 No 3 (2014): Juli
Publisher : HB PRESS

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Abstract

Anemia is a condition in which the levels of hemoglobin in the blood is lower than normal according to the threshold values of age and sex. Banjar District Health Office, in January of 2013 doing examination of hemoglobin levels for the second time, from a total of 81 adolescent girls are 22 or 35,8% were affected by anemia and 59 adolescent girls or 64,2% were not anemic. Before examination, adolescent girls given iron suplemen tablet, so many adolescent girls that not anemic. Adolescent girls are prospective students who are candidates for future leaders, prospective workers who will be the backbone of national productivity, as well as the prospective mother will give birth to the next generation and the key to the future care of the child. This study aims to find the relationship of consumption pattern iron and consumption of iron supplements tablet with anemia status at class VIII MTs Negeri Model Martapura working in the District Banjar Health Department. This research uses the analytical method with cross sectional design and was conducted on 81 respondents who had examined levels of hemoglobin by the District Health Office Banjar. Based upon the results of the statistical test using the chi-square indicates that the pattern of consumption of iron obtained p value = 0.04 and consumption of iron supplement tablet obtained p value = 0.00. Its means the relationship between consumption patterns and consumption of iron supplements tablet with anemia status at class VIII MT school girl model work area Martapura in Banjar District Health Department is significant.
Hubungan Perilaku Hidup Bersih Dan Sehat Terhadap Status Gizi Dan Status Kesehatan Anak Sekolah Dasar Negeri Angsau 2 Pelaihari Norhasanah, Norhasanah; Anwar, Rosihan; Ningrum, Antias Eva Puspa
Jurnal Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 7 No 1 (2016): November
Publisher : HB PRESS

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Abstract

The state of health is the health situation experienced by a person and the disease is a factor that is associated with the state of health of a person. The health of a person is said to be good if in a person's body is good nutrition and a maximum satisfied. Meanwhile, nutritional status is a state of the body because of food consumption and utilization of nutrients; health status is affected by the balance between intake and expenditure of nutrients for its use by the body. Nutritional needs that have a role in child development largely covers energy, carbohydrates and proteins, vitamins and minerals are known as elements of nutrition that influence growth and development of children. The nutritional needs of children can be met from the intake of food or beverages consumed at home and consumed outside the home, or often referred to as a street food. In addition to the consumption of food as a major factor affecting the health and nutritional status of a person, there are also other factors that can affect the health of children, behavior of living healthy and clean. Clean and healthy lifestyle behaviors, in essence, is the prevention of human behavior of various diseases. This study aims to determine the relationship of clean and healthy lifestyle behaviors to the health and nutritional status of children SDN Angsau 2 Pelaihari. This research used analytic investigation with the design of the cross section. The study population for all students SDN Angsau 2 samples Pelaihari. total sample of 60 respondents with two criteria for inclusion and exclusion. Based on the results of the statistical tests of Spearman correlation showed there was have association between clean and healthy lifestyle behaviors (p = 0.000) with children’s health status and nutritional status of children SDN Angsau 2 Pelaihari. Keywords : Clean and Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors, Nutritional Status, Children’s Health Status
Hubungan Status Ekonomi dengan Konsumsi Buah, Sayur dan Pengetahuan Gizi Terhadap Status Gizi pada Siswa SMP di Perkotaan dan Pedesaan di Kotamadya Banjarbaru Tahun 2014 Suryani, Nany; Anwar, Rosihan; Wardani, Hesti Kusuma; Husada Borneo, STIKES; STIKES Husada Borneo, Alumni
Jurnal Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 5 No 3 (2015): Juli
Publisher : HB PRESS

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Abstract

Fruits and vegetables have a variety of benefits for the body. Unfortunately it is rarely consumed by the majority people in Indonesia especially adolescents category. According to those cases, the objective of this research is knowing the correlation of economic status with fruit, vegetable consumption and nutrition knowledge toward the nutritional status of students in junior high school of urban and sub-urban at Banjarbaru in the year 2014. This research uses an analytical survey with cross sectional approach. This research takes 135 respondents as the sample. Based on the result of statistics testing (mann-whithney statistics testing) shows that there is difference in economic status in Junior High School of urban and sub-urban (p value =0,025, there is difference in fruit consumption in Junior High School of urban and sub-urban (p value =0,022), there is difference in vegetable consumption in Junior High School of urban and sub-urban (p value =0,028), there is no difference in knowledge in Junior High School of urban and sub-urban (p value =0,059) ), there is no difference in nutrition in Junior High School of urban and sub-urban (p value =0,071). The result of statistic testing by using Chi-Square shows that there is a correlation of economic status and fruit consumption (p value =0,000), correlation of economic status and vegetable consumption (p value =0,000), correlation of economic status and nutritional knowledge (p value =0,000), correlation of fruit consumption and nutrition status (p value =0,000), correlation of vegetable consumption and nutrition status (p value =0,000) and correlation of nutritional knowlledge and nutritional status (p value =0,000).