Abdul Qoyum, Abdul
Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, State Islamic University, Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta-Indonesia

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The Impact of Good Corporate Governance, Company Size nn Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure: Case Study of Islamic Banking in Indonesia Qoyum, Abdul; Mutmainah, Lu’liyatul; Setyono, Joko; Qizam, Ibnu
IQTISHADIA Vol 10, No 1 (2017): IQTISHADIA
Publisher : Ekonomi Syariah STAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/iqtishadia.v10i1.2549

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Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) disclosure is very important for Islamic banking, especially in the long term. CSR disclosure is expected can improve the reputation of the company, thus the performance of the company can increase. CSR disclosure is very close with the implementation of Good Corporate Governance in the company. The objectives of this research is to analyze the influence of the elements of good corporate governance (GCG) and company size on corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosure by using Islamic Social Reporting (ISR) index. There are 10 Islamic banks in Indonesia as the sample of the research, from 2011 to 2014, then there are 40 annual reports that are determined through purposive sampling.Method of this research uses content analysis to evaluate CSR disclosure by using ISR index, whereaspanel regressionis employed to know the influence the elements of GCG (commissioners’ board, independent commissioners, shariah supervision board, and directors’ board) and company size on the CSR disclosure. The regression analysis suggest that the proportion of independent board of commissioners has negative effect on the CSR disclosure in Islamic banking. This research finding shows that independent commissioner is not able in providing maximum supervision on the company, which is affected by the lack of quality, and the dual job of independent commissioners at another company. While, company size has positive impact on the CSR disclosure, due to the strict regulation and society perception. This research finding may serve as an important input for the regulator to regulate properly related to the number of independent commissioner, its qualification and Islamic Social Reporting as a tool in disclosing their CSR.Pengungkapan Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) sangat penting bagi perbankan syariah, terutama dalam jangka panjang. Pengungkapan CSR diharapkan dapat meningkatkan reputasi perusahaan, sehingga kinerja perusahaan dapat meningkat. Pengungkapan CSR sangat dekat dengan penerapan Good Corporate Governance di perusahaan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh elemen tata kelola perusahaan (GCG) dan ukuran perusahaan terhadap pengungkapan Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) dengan menggunakan indeks Islamic Social Reporting (ISR). Ada 10 bank syariah di Indonesia dari tahun 2011-2014 yang menjadi sampel penelitian, maka ada 40 laporan tahunan yang ditentukan melalui purposive sampling. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan content analysis untuk mengevaluasi pengungkapan CSR dengan menggunakan indeks ISR. Sedangkan regresi panel digunakan untuk mengetahui pengaruh unsur GCG (dewan komisaris, komisaris independen, dewan pengawas syariah, dan dewan direksi) dan ukuran perusahaan terhadap pengungkapan CSR. Analisis regresi menunjukkan bahwa proporsi dewan komisaris independen memiliki pengaruh negatif terhadap pengungkapan CSR di perbankan syariah. Temuan penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa komisaris independen tidak mampu memberikan pengawasan yang maksimal terhadap perusahaan. Hal ini dipengaruhi oleh kurangnya kualitas yang dimiliki, dan rangkap jabatan yang dimiliki oleh komisaris independen di perusahaan lain. Sedangkan, ukuran perusahaan berdampak positif terhadap pengungkapan CSR, karena ketatnya regulasi dan persepsi masyarakat. Temuan penelitian ini dapat menjadi masukan penting bagi regulator untuk mengatur dengan benar terkait dengan jumlah komisaris independen, kualifikasi dan ISR sebagai alat dalam mengungkapkan CSR mereka.
Indonesian Capital Market Efficiency: Islamic vis-a-vis Conventional Qoyum, Abdul; Mardiya, Milzamulhaq; Sakti, Muhammad Rizky Prima
Shirkah: Journal of Economics and Business Vol 2, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (437.989 KB) | DOI: 10.22515/shirkah.v2i3.171

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Capital market efficiency is one of the most important part in finance theory, in which assume the price of stock will fully reflect the information available in the market, hence the price will adjust directly and quickly. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of both Islamic and conventional stock markets, particularly in case of Indonesia. Event study of King Salman Visit in Indonesia was used as testing periods. Abnormal return and average abnormal trading volume activity of 30 companies listed in Jakarta Islamic Index (JII) to represent Islamic capital market and 17 companies listed in LQ45 to represent conventional capital market were employed to explain this issue. The result shows that from abnormal return perspectives both Islamic and conventional capital market are efficient. While from abnormal trading volume activities, shows that during the visit of King Salman, the trading activity in Islamic capital market is increased significantly rather than conventional counterpart. Keywords: Islamic capital market, capital market efficiency, abnormal return and abnormal trading volume activity 
In Search for Islamic Macroprudential Policy in Indonesia: The Case of Financing to Value (FTV) and Property Financing Qoyum, Abdul; Fauziyyah, Neneng Ela
Ihtifaz: Journal of Islamic Economics, Finance, and Banking Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12928/ijiefb.v1i1.275

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This study aims to examine the impact of macroprudential policy particlarly the relaxing of Financing to Value (FTV) on property financing of Islamic bank in case of Indonesia. In addition, this paper also analyzes the impact of macroeconomic variables and specific factors on property financing in Islamic Bank. This paper collects data from the Bank Indonesia website, the Financial Services Authority (FSA) and the Central Statistics Agency (CSA) form January 2010 until April 2016. By employing Vector Error Correction Model (VECM), this study found that inflation and Industry Produce Index (IPI) have been positively influence on the property financing, while the BI rate and financing to deposit ratio (FDR) have been negatively influence on the property financing. While the relaxing of FTV policy also negatively influence on the property financing. Therefore, This study conludes that the policy have not effectived yet.
Determinant of Cash Waqf Nahdatul Ulama (Case of Muslim Students in Indonesia) Dennis, Dede; Qoyum, Abdul; Sakti, Muhammad Prima
MADANIA: JURNAL KAJIAN KEISLAMAN Vol 22, No 1 (2018): JUNE
Publisher : IAIN Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (686.57 KB) | DOI: 10.29300/madania.v22i1.886

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Abstract: Determinant of Cash Waqf Nahdatul Ulama (Case of Muslim Students in Indonesia). Cash waqf is getting popular in some countries because of its flexibility. Due to that, Bank BTN is supporting the cash waqf through releasing an application called “Mobile Wakaf Uang NU BTN” which is able to be downloaded on App Store. This application is in cooperation with LWP-NU. The purpose of this study is to examine the determinant of cash waqf contribution among Muslim students through Mobile Wakaf Uang NU BTN. Attitude, Islamic religiosity, Islamic egalitarianism and perceived are used as independent variable and its intention of Muslim students in Indonesia to contribute to cash-waqf. The sample of this study are 115 Muslim students who applying Mobile Wakaf Uang NU BTN. This study employs Structural Equation Model (SEM) to verify the determinants of cash waqf contribution and the program used is Smart PLS. This study found that religiosity positively influence on attitude, Islamic egalitarianism, and behavioral intention. While, Islamic egalitarianism as a mediating variable positively influence on intention is rejected, because the p-value is more than 5% (0.05). Attitude as a mediating variable has a positive influence on intention and perceived ease of use is accepted and perceived ease of use toward intention has a positive influence. In addition, the interesting result of the study showed that the Islamic egalitarianism does not significantly affect on behavioral intention of Muslim students.
Islam, women labor and economic development Azizah, Siti Nur; Qoyum, Abdul; Prasojo, Prasojo
Proceeding of Conference on Islamic Management, Accounting, and Economics CIMAE Volume 2, 2019
Publisher : Proceeding of Conference on Islamic Management, Accounting, and Economics

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to find out the position of female workers in Islam, and the role of women in building prosperity for themselves, surrounding communities and participating in the nation's economic development. It is undeniable that women in Muslim countries lag behind their counterparts in non-Muslim countries in terms of participation in the workforce. However, a large number of studies show that religion is not the culprit in preventing women from being active in the labor market, but rather the cultural attitude that shapes labor force participation decisions. In the author's view, one way for women to achieve prosperity is to give them the opportunity to work. For women, the goal is to provide opportunities to work not only to increase income but also to manage various social vulnerabilities, especially poverty and domestic violence. Women's access to work also means the opportunity to engage in broader socio-political relations. This means that women can contribute to the development of their environment because they no longer live in the household environment, but have enough time to interact in the public space to transform social capital into economic capital in the form of opportunities to engage in economic activities. However, the effort to convert social capital into economic capital is not easy. There are still unfavourable views on the grounds that women's abilities are not commensurate with men which ultimately limits women from accessing livelihoods. Therefore, it is necessary to find a perspective that places men and women in an equal and fair position, especially in acquiring, utilizing, and developing assets and access to economic resources. It is time for the state to formulate public policies that place women as the main actors and not only as objects or complementary policies. In this paper we conclude that the importance of the role of the government through the integration of formal and Islamic education methods to the rearrangement of the labour market, so that women better understand the market and participatory communities become convinced to support women's labour force participation.The purpose of this paper is to find out the position of female workers in Islam, and the role of women in building prosperity for themselves, surrounding communities and participating in the nation's economic development. It is undeniable that women in Muslim countries lag behind their counterparts in non-Muslim countries in terms of participation in the workforce. However, a large number of studies show that religion is not the culprit in preventing women from being active in the labor market, but rather the cultural attitude that shapes labor force participation decisions. In the author's view, one way for women to achieve prosperity is to give them the opportunity to work. For women, the goal is to provide opportunities to work not only to increase income but also to manage various social vulnerabilities, especially poverty and domestic violence. Women's access to work also means the opportunity to engage in broader socio-political relations. This means that women can contribute to the development of their environment because they no longer live in the household environment, but have enough time to interact in the public space to transform social capital into economic capital in the form of opportunities to engage in economic activities. However, the effort to convert social capital into economic capital is not easy. There are still unfavourable views on the grounds that women's abilities are not commensurate with men which ultimately limits women from accessing livelihoods. Therefore, it is necessary to find a perspective that places men and women in an equal and fair position, especially in acquiring, utilizing, and developing assets and access to economic resources. It is time for the state to formulate public policies that place women as the main actors and not only as objects or complementary policies.In this paper we conclude that the importance of the role of the government through the integration of formal and Islamic education methods to the rearrangement of the labour market, so that women better understand the market and participatory communities become convinced to support women's labour force participation.
THE HALAL ASPECT AND ISLAMIC FINANCING AMONG MICRO, SMALL, AND MEDIUM ENTERPISES (MSMEs) IN YOGYAKARTA: DOES BERKAH MATTER? Qoyum, Abdul; Fauziyyah, Neneng Ela
Journal of Islamic Monetary Economics and Finance Vol 5 No 1 (2019): FEBRUARY
Publisher : Bank Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (430.176 KB) | DOI: 10.21098/jimf.v5i1.1055

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The development of Halal industry points out an amazing result around the world,including Indonesia. Surprisingly, the biggest contributor for its growth is Micro, Smalland Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). In order to improve its significant contribution, thecombination of Halal MSMEs and Islamic financing becomes very crucial. Nevertheless,there is still a lack of awareness of the concept and of intention from MSMEs regardingthe penetration of Islamic financing. Therefore, this study investigates the determinantsaffecting the MSMEs’ desire for utilizing Islamic financing from the Islamic financialinstitution and encouraging Halal MSMEs to adopt Islamic financing in all businessactivities. A survey was conducted on 58 MSMEs in Yogyakarta, Indonesia byemploying self-administered questionnaire as the main approach for data collection.By using Structural Equation Modeling- Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS) analysis, thisstudy reveals that from the variables examined, Cost Benefit and Halal Awareness arethe two factors that have impact on the Use of Islamic Financing. In addition, CostBenefit and Reputation are the two variables that have direct impact on the Attitudeof MSMEs toward Islamic Financing. Interestingly, this research also finds that Berkahas the key component in Islamic financing will be gained by MSMEs when they useIslamic financing instrument, and, thus will encourage Halal MSMEs’ intention to reuseIslamic financing. Moreover, service quality and competitiveness are very crucialto maintain the customer satisfaction. In addition, preaching Berkah as key componentin Muslim life is an important agenda in the future development of Halal Industry,especially in MSMEs sectors.
DETERMINANTS OF CASH WAQF CONTRIBUTION IN KLANG VALLEY AND SELANGOR: A SEM APPROACH Sakti, Muhammad Rizky Prima; bin Mohd Thas Thaker, Hassanuddin; Qoyum, Abdul; Qizam, Ibnu
Journal of Islamic Monetary Economics and Finance Vol 2 No 1 (2016): AUGUST
Publisher : Bank Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5962.801 KB) | DOI: 10.21098/jimf.v2i1.593

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Cash waqf is becoming one of the popular Islamic financial instruments which not only focus on the religiosity but also has significant impact to the ummah development. This waqf scheme does not require richness in wealth, yet everybody in the society can contribute to cash waqf. The importance of cash waqf is getting popular as it has benefited in many ways, for example it can be used to develop assets and abandoned land for business and agricultural purposes. In addition, cash waqf also can be utilized to help institutions who are facing financial problem or liquidity issues. Nonetheless, rarely we found in the literature that empirically examines the cash waqf determinants and contributions. This paper is one of the few empirical studies that investigate the determinants towards the contribution of cash waqf in Malaysia. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the main factors that influence people towards the contribution of cash waqf instruments, special reference to the Klang Valley and Selangor. This paper employs structural equation modeling (SEM) to verify the determinants of cash waqf contribution. In doing so, we use primary data by distributing self-administrated questionnaire constituting a sample of 114 respondents from Klang Valley and Selangor. Our empirical results reveal that the main factors that driven people towards the contribution of cash waqf products are attitude and social influences, however interestingly religion obligation is not influence the contribution of cash waqf.  
What determines corporate sukuk issuance in Indonesia? Qoyum, Abdul; Hendriyani, Rizka; Azizah, Siti Nur; Prasodjo, Prasodjo
Proceeding of Conference on Islamic Management, Accounting, and Economics CIMAE Volume 2, 2019
Publisher : Proceeding of Conference on Islamic Management, Accounting, and Economics

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

We emporically investigates the determinant of corporate sukuk issuance in Indonesia Islamic capital market. For doing so, we include Indonesia Corporate Sukuk Index (ICSIX),Capital Market Index (IHSG),Company Rating, and Financial Distress as the independent variable of this study. By studying 27 corporate sukuk issued by 17 companies between 2010 and 2018 this study finds that ICSIX and financial distress have a positive significant effect on corporate sukuk issuance. While the rest of variables, IHSG and company rating have a negative significant effect on corporate sukuk issuance.
Global Financial Crisis and Islamic Capital Market Integration among 5-ASEAN Countries Qizam, Ibnu; Qoyum, Abdul; Ardiansyah, Misnen
Global Review of Islamic Economics and Business Vol 2, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (797.336 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/grieb.2015.023-04

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Islamic Capital Market is important part of Financial System in ASEAN countries especially in the context of AEC. The objective of this paper is to investigate interconnection long run equilibrium of Islamic Capital Market in ASEAN Countries. Using daily closing price for from September 2007 to October 2012, this study examine five Islamic Capital markets in ASEAN namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. This study examines on Integration among these Islamic Capital markets by relies a simple correlation test, Granger causality test and co-integration test using error correction model. This research documents some interesting finding. First, Using Johansen estimation technique, there is co-integration between the considered Islamic indices namely; Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Second, Since the co-integration exists, granger causality test shows that there is three bi-directional causalities namely; between Malaysia Islamic Capital Market and Singapore Islamic Capital Market; between Thailand Islamic Capital Market and Singapore Islamic Capital Market; and between Singapore Islamic Capital Market and Philippines Islamic Capital Market. However, there is a unidirectional between Indonesia Islamic Market (MCIINA) and Malaysia Islamic Market (MCIMY), MCIINA and Philippines Islamic Market (MCIPhil), MCIINA and Thailand Islamic Market (MCITHAI), it implies that MCIINA affects MCIMY, MCIPhil, and MCIThai but not vice versa. Third, based on VECM suggest that all Islamic indexes are inter-related in the long run that can be explained due to the similarity of structure bring about by its stock as required by shariah in the process stock screening.
Testing The Warrants Mispricing and Their Determinants: The Panel Data Models Sakti, Muhammad Rizky Prima; Qoyum, Abdul
Global Review of Islamic Economics and Business Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (742.061 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/grieb.2017.052-05

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This paper empirically studied the impact of several variables such as moneyness, stock return, maturity, and volatility on the warrant mispricing. We selected 4 companies listed in Bursa Malaysia such as MHC Plantations Bhd, MKH Bhd, YFG Bhd, and UNISEM to investigate the mispricing of warrants. Subsequently, panel time series data employed with daily basis from 30 June 2010 until 30 June 2013. The Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model (BSOPM) used to determine the mispricing of warrant. Several panel data techniques employed in this study such as pooled-OLS, fixed effect model (FEM), and random effect model (REM). In turn, we found that FEM is well explained the determinants of warrant mispricing. Thus, empirical results suggest that moneyness, maturity, and volatility are positively and significantly explained the mispricing of warrant, while stock return does not give an impact toward the warrant mispricing. The BSOPM is consistently mispricing the warrant either in-the-money (ITM) or out-the money (OTM) warrants. The market is not efficient on the warrants traded for four companies observed