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URGENSI DIMENSI ETIS PESAN AL-QUR’AN DALAM PENGEMBANGAN HUKUM ISLAM Iswadi, Muhammad
Mazahib Volume 14, Nomor 2, Desember 2015
Publisher : IAIN Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21093/mj.v14i2.346

Abstract

This article tries to reveal the ethical dimension of the urgency message of the Qur'an in the development of Islamic law, especially in relation to dealing with global issues today. Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh), as a discipline of Islamic law must be able to answer the problems of humanity in a "good and proper" manner in order to be relevant. In this regards, understanding of the theory of Islamic law (Usul al-Fiqh), as the methodology of understanding Islamic teachings, must be willing to open up and do not be bound by the classical theory which is exclusive-deductive in nature. It needs to and collaborate with other scientific disciplines, such as sociology, anthropology and so forth. One alternative way is by paying attention to the ethical messages of the Qur'an which are more normative-universal. To find out which messages are normative and the particular historical-technical nature, the method of "double movement" offered by Fazlur Rahman deserves a careful attention.
PENGARUH KOMPETENSI, MOTIVASI DAN DUKUNGAN ORGANISASI TERHADAP KINERJA PEGAWAI BAGIAN KEUANGAN (Studi Pada Organisasi Perangkat Daerah Se-Kabupaten Lombok Timur) Iswadi, Muhammad; surati, surati; hermanto, hermanto
JMM UNRAM - MASTER OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL Vol 6, No 4 (2017): JMM November 2017
Publisher : Master of Management, Mataram University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jmm.v6i4.254

Abstract

This research is aimed at analyzing the effect of competence, motivation and organizational support on the performance of financial officers at the Governmental Organization of East Lombok District. This research is an quantitative associative reseach, using primary and secondary data source. The data were collected through questionnaires, interviews and documentation. The population are all 224 employees of Finance Manager at the collection methodused in this research is census method. The data analysis was using multiple regression.The reseach showed that the competence had positive and significant effect on the performanc , motivation had positive and significant on the performancce, and organizational support had positive and significant on performance. It is suggested that employees improve their competence to be better such as improving the abilityto manage the work to be completed on time and that the organization of the district apparatus in East Lombok continue to provide motivation and passion to the financial officers. In addition, the organizational support provided by the district apparatus organization of East Lombok had been in the category of supporting. Thus each agency that has financial officers needs to maintain such supports as the opportunities for training, the opportunities to be promoted an to keep the work environment of financial officers at the regional apparatus organization in the goverment of East Lombok District. Then it is necessary to improve the performance of employees, to have initiative to finish job without having to wait for command from the boss and to dare to take decisions in accordance with the main tesk and function.Keywords: Competence, Work Motivation, Organizational Support and Performance
PENGEMBANGAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN MENGGUNAKAN AUTOCAD PADA MATA KULIAH GAMBAR TEKNIK DI PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN TEKNIK MESIN UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA Iswadi, Muhammad; Harlin, Harlin; Santosa, Mohammad Amri
JURNAL PENDIDIKAN TEKNIK MESIN Vol 2, No 2 (2015): JURNAL PENDIDIKAN TEKNIK MESIN
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan media AutoCAD berbasis video pembelajaran yang  valid  dan  praktis  yang  digunakan  sebagai  alat  bantu  pembelajaran  gambar  teknik. Lokasi penelitian dilakukan di Pendidikan Teknik Mesin Universitas Sriwijaya. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode pengembangan, dengan desain pengembangan menggunakan metode pengembangan Rowntree, tahap – tahappengembangannya adalah sebagai berikut : (1) tahap pendahuluan , (2) tahap pengembangan, (3) tahap evaluasi. Hasil validasi ahli desain media menunjukkan skor aktual 34 yang termasuk dalam kategori sangat valid dan ahli materi menunjukkan skor aktual 31 yang termasuk dalam kategori valid. Hasil uji coba kelompok kecil  menunjukkan skor angket sebesar 81%, dan pada tahap uji lapangan skor angket sebesar 81%. Rata-rata persentase skor angket yang diperoleh pada tahap kelompok kecil dan uji lapangan adalah sebesar 81%, persentase ini termasuk dalam kategori praktis. Hal ini menunjukkan media AutoCAD berbasis video pembelajaran gambar teknik sudah valid dan praktis.
Pemikiran Quraish Shihab Tentang Ayat-Ayat Ekonomi Iswadi, Muhammad
FENOMENA FENOMENA Vol 5 No 2, 2013
Publisher : LP2M IAIN Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (416.54 KB) | DOI: 10.21093/fj.v5i2.237

Abstract

This study was conducted to examine further the commentary of economy passages Quraish Shihab?s work and the thoughts position of Quraish Shihab among other Islamic economic thoughts. This study outlines two theories, namely, (1) theory of economic study; and (2) paradigms and methods of interpretation. Based on the paradigms and methods of interpretation in a social science, economic passage commentary conducted by Quraish Shihab using maudhu?I method is categorized in the social definition paradigm that means contextual and functional commentary. Generally, Islamic economic thoughts of Quraish Shihab belongs to the Islamic economic study in the normative scope which means to the efforts to explain basic philosophy or normative of an economic study which is based on the Islamic guidance referring to the standard guidelines of Qur?an and Hadith. However, in a certain aspect, Quraish Shihab?s thoughts is different from that of mainstream Islamic economic thoughts particularly related to the interpretation of usury which is related to the interest. Quraish Shihab is inclined to think that interest is not the same as usury. However, Quraish Shihab has almost the same thoughts as the mainstream Islamic economic thoughts in terms of Islam and development issues, poverty, alms and alms amyl.
Beban Ganda Zakat Profesi dan Pajak Penghasilan Pekerja Muslim di Samarinda Nuryadin, Muhammad Birusman; Iswadi, Muhammad
FENOMENA FENOMENA Vol 8 No. 2, 2016
Publisher : LP2M IAIN Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (562.069 KB) | DOI: 10.21093/fj.v8i2.645

Abstract

Zakat is Islam religion obligation charged to every muslim who are capable in economic condition. A Muslim who has been adult and has a work and gets income more than life need cost and zakat limit must perform Islam religion obligation, that is a profession zakat. A Tax is collected by a state according to law against domestic and foreign citizen who live in that state. A nature of tax is a force, therefore if tax is not obeyed and it is not paid, a people who is an object of tax will be punished by the state, that punishment can be in the form of fine, property seizure or jail. The tax charged to every adult who has a work or income is called personal income tax article 21. It can be concluded that every muslim who has been adult and has a work or income more than life need cost and the zakat limit are charged with two burdens, those are personal income tax article 21 and profession zakat. There is a different idea about zakat and tax. Some one says if a person has paid personal income tax sincerely, so his profession zakat has been performed. The other one says that both tax and zakat must be paid together. The law of zakat was made for a solution of the different idea where paying zakat can lessen a calculation of the personal income tax. It is known from a result of research that performing of zakat law could not be done well, this is caused by some constraints. Finally the muslims work in Samarinda city are charged double burdens on their income, those are profession zakat and personal income tax.
Asuransi Islami Dan Pembangunan Ekonomi Umat Iswadi, Muhammad
Al-Tijary Al-Tijary, Vol. 1, No. 1, Desember 2015
Publisher : IAIN Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (400.182 KB) | DOI: 10.21093/at.v1i1.421

Abstract

This paper discusses the debate jurists of insurance, there are some that allow and prohibit, with various arguments. At the next turn spawned Takaful is a concrete solution to address the issue of people who really need insurance. Islamic insurance does have differences in terms of both form and nature with conventional insurance. There are two types of takaful insurance products, namely family takaful and general takaful. This insurance can also increase or help the economic development of the people, with a range of multiplier effect caused
EKONOMI ISLAM: KAJIAN KONSEP DAN MODEL PENDEKATAN Iswadi, Muhammad
Mazahib Jurnal Pemikiran Hukum Islam Volume 4, Nomor 1, Juni 2007
Publisher : IAIN Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21093/mj.v4i1.514

Abstract

This article is to describe Islamic views on economy as they have been enhsrined in the Koran. There are at least three explanations of what constitute Islamic economy: first, the science of Islamic economy; second, the system of Islamic economy, third, the economy of Muslim. The emergence of Islamic economy is very much to do with the doctrine of riba prohibition. In its modern practice, banking interest is deemed to be riba. In addition, the study of Islamic economy in modern time has been undertaken by means of different approaches.
EFEKTIVITAS PROGRAM KLASTER BANK INDONESIA PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR TERHADAP PRODUKTIVITAS UMKM DI KOTA SAMARINDA Hairullah, H; Tikawati, T; Iswadi, Muhammad
ECOPLAN : JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Vol 2 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Lambung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/ecoplan.v2i2.22

Abstract

Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) mempunyai peran penting dan strategis dalam pembangunan ekonomi nasional, pertumbuhan ekonomi dan penyerapan tenaga kerja. Disamping itu, dalam struktur perekonomian, umumnya UMKM merupakan lapisan pelaku usaha yang paling besar, yang sering juga disebut dengan pelaku ekonomi rakyat. Namun, yang jadi persoalan adalah kenyataan bahwa UMKM tidak dibekali dengan kemampuan sumber daya manusia yang kurang berkualitas, keterbatasan akses pada sumber daya produktif, kurangnya informasi yang akurat dan terkini, finansial dan keterbatasan teknologi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana strategi dan efektivitas program klaster Bank Indonesia Provinsi Kalimantan Timur dalam mendukung produktivitas UMKM di Desa Lubuk Sawah, Mugirejo Samarinda. Sedangkan metode yang dipakai dalam penelitian adalah penelitian kualitatif. Untuk mendapatkan berbagai data-data dalam penelitian ini, penulis menggunakan metode wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis yang bersumber dari Miles dan Huberman. Terdiri atas pengumpulan data, reduksi data, model data, serta penarikan kesimpulan atau verifikasi. Pemeriksaan keabsahan data menggunakan teknik triangulasi sumber dat metode.. Hasil yang dapat diperoleh dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa strategi yang digunakan dalam pemberian program Klaster Bank Indonesia Provinsi Kalimantan Timur terhadap produktivitas UMKM di Desa Lubuk Sawah, Mugirejo, Samarinda dengan jenis klaster sapi yaitu memberikan pelatihan tentang peternakan, kelembagaan, pemasaran serta pemberian teknologi, kandang sapi terintegras, ruang pertemuan yang digunakan oleh Kelompok Ternak Sapi Damarwulan. Sehingga Program Klaster Bank Indonesia Provinsi Kalimantan Timur untuk Kelompok Sapi Damarwulan sudah berjalan dan terlaksana dengan efektif, ini diperlihatkan dari ilmu atau keterampilan (skill) mengenai peternakan sapi  dan kelembagaan yang bertambah karena adanya pelatihan dari Bank Indonesia Provinsi Kalimantan Timur, serta jumlah produk sapi yang dijual meningkat, omset penjualan yang juga meningkat karena adanya pelatihan atau pemasaran yang telah diberikan, serta pemerintah pun sangatlah senang karena program 2 juta ekor sapi berjalan dengan lancar dibuktikan dengan makin tahun sapi makin bertambah serta pendapatan dan penjualan makin meningkat setiap tahun. Kata Kunci : Efektivitas, Klaster, Bank Indonesia, UMKM