Dante Saksono Harbuwono, Dante Saksono
Division of Metabolic and Endocrine, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General National Hospital, Jakarta

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Pengaruh suplementasi serat Psyllium husk dan diet rendah kalori seimbang terhadap berat badan, kadar kolesterol high-density lipoprotein, dan trigliserida serum pada obes I Rasyid, Irnawaty; Soegih, Rachmad; Harbuwono, Dante Saksono
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2014): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, FK-KMK UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (236.95 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18878

Abstract

Background: The increased prevalence of obesity will bring a great impact in the health sector, due to the effect of the influence of organ in the body such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Reduced energy diet and exercise are effective for management weight loss. During the restriction diet, an obese person should increase the amount of dietary fiber up to 20−35 g/day, specifically of soluble fiber, to more effective fat loss and improve serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglyceride (TG) cholesterol concentration. Psyllium husk (PH) is a source of natural soluble fiber obtained from Plantago ovate Forssk seed.Objective: The aim of the study have investigated the change of body weight, serum HDL cholesterol, and TG concentration in obese I after supplemented PH 8.4 g/day and balanced deficit calories diet (BDCD) for 4 weeks.Method: The survey used double-blind randomized clinical trial with parallel design. Subjects were randomly divided into two groups; treatment (T) group and placebo (P) group. The T subjects received psyllium husk (PH) 8.4 g/day and BDCD 1200 kcal/day and the P subjects received placebo and BDCD 1200 kcal/day. The analyzed used independent t-test and Mann-Whitney.Results: A total 28 subjects (14 subjects in each group) had completed the intervention. There were no serious adverse effects reported during the intervention. Intake of dietary fiber in T group was 17.2 ± 2.8 g/day had significantly higher than P group 8.6 (5.2−15.2) g/day, although supplemented with PH didn’t meet the recommendation of fiber intake (20-35 g/day). Decrease of body weight was -1,8 ± 0,8 kg and triglyceride level was -1,5 (-416−77) in T group that statistically insignificant difference (p=0,39 and p=0,84) with P group -1,6 ± 0,9 kg and -10,0 ± 31,3. Soluble supplementation (P group) increased serum HDL cholesterol concentration was 0,0 ± 4,3 mg/dL that statistically insignificant difference (p=0,86) with T group -0,4 ± 5,9.Conclusion: PH supplementation 8.4 g/day and BDCD 1200 kcal/day in obese I can not reduce body weight, serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride concentration level in 4 weeks.
The Difference of Gastric pH in Dyspepsia Patients With or Without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Anam, Ilum; Syam, Ari Fahrial; Harbuwono, Dante Saksono
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 16, No 1 (2015): VOLUME 16, NUMBER 1, April 2015
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.929 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/16120157-12

Abstract

Background: Dyspepsia syndrome often experienced by patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Gastric acid is one of the aggressive factors of syndrome dyspepsia and peptic ulcers. This study aims to find the difference of gastric pH in dyspepsia patients with DM and without DM, and also to determine whether there is any correlation between gastric pH with proteinuria and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c).Method: Two groups of patients consisted of 30 patients with DM and 30 patients without DM. Basal gastric pH of each group counted. Basal gastric pH was measured by inserting electrode catheter into the stomach for 30 minutes and then recorded on PH Metri brand Digitrapper pH-Z. Complication of DM was measured by microalbuminuria, while blood sugar control was measured by HbA1c. Chi-square test was done to look for difference of gastric pH between the diabetic patients group and non-diabetic patients group, by first determining the point of intersection with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Correlation test between basal gastric pH with microalbuminuria and HbA1c were done.Results: Basal gastric pH in dyspepsia patients with DM vs. dyspepsia patients without DM was 2.30 ± 0.83 vs. 2.19 ± 0.52. With the Chi-square test, there is a significant difference between the diabetic patients group and non-diabetic patients group. With the correlation test between gastric pH and microalbuminuria was found r = 0.47 and p < 0.05, whereas the correlation test between gastric pH and HbA1c was found r = 0.59 and p > 0.05.Conclusion: There is a significant difference between basal gastric pH in diabetic dyspepsia patients and non-diabetic dyspepsia patients. There is a correlation between basal gastric pH and microalbuminuria, whereas there is no correlation between basal gastric pH and HbA1c.
Pengaruh suplementasi serat Psyllium husk dan diet rendah kalori seimbang terhadap berat badan, kadar kolesterol high-density lipoprotein, dan trigliserida serum pada obes I Rasyid, Irnawaty; Soegih, Rachmad; Harbuwono, Dante Saksono
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2014): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18878

Abstract

Background: The increased prevalence of obesity will bring a great impact in the health sector, due to the effect of the influence of organ in the body such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Reduced energy diet and exercise are effective for management weight loss. During the restriction diet, an obese person should increase the amount of dietary fiber up to 20−35 g/day, specifically of soluble fiber, to more effective fat loss and improve serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglyceride (TG) cholesterol concentration. Psyllium husk (PH) is a source of natural soluble fiber obtained from Plantago ovate Forssk seed.Objective: The aim of the study have investigated the change of body weight, serum HDL cholesterol, and TG concentration in obese I after supplemented PH 8.4 g/day and balanced deficit calories diet (BDCD) for 4 weeks.Method: The survey used double-blind randomized clinical trial with parallel design. Subjects were randomly divided into two groups; treatment (T) group and placebo (P) group. The T subjects received psyllium husk (PH) 8.4 g/day and BDCD 1200 kcal/day and the P subjects received placebo and BDCD 1200 kcal/day. The analyzed used independent t-test and Mann-Whitney.Results: A total 28 subjects (14 subjects in each group) had completed the intervention. There were no serious adverse effects reported during the intervention. Intake of dietary fiber in T group was 17.2 ± 2.8 g/day had significantly higher than P group 8.6 (5.2−15.2) g/day, although supplemented with PH didn’t meet the recommendation of fiber intake (20-35 g/day). Decrease of body weight was -1,8 ± 0,8 kg and triglyceride level was -1,5 (-416−77) in T group that statistically insignificant difference (p=0,39 and p=0,84) with P group -1,6 ± 0,9 kg and -10,0 ± 31,3. Soluble supplementation (P group) increased serum HDL cholesterol concentration was 0,0 ± 4,3 mg/dL that statistically insignificant difference (p=0,86) with T group -0,4 ± 5,9.Conclusion: PH supplementation 8.4 g/day and BDCD 1200 kcal/day in obese I can not reduce body weight, serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride concentration level in 4 weeks.
The Difference of Gastric pH in Dyspepsia Patients With or Without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Anam, Ilum; Syam, Ari Fahrial; Harbuwono, Dante Saksono
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 16, No 1 (2015): VOLUME 16, NUMBER 1, April 2015
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.929 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/16120157-12

Abstract

Background: Dyspepsia syndrome often experienced by patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Gastric acid is one of the aggressive factors of syndrome dyspepsia and peptic ulcers. This study aims to find the difference of gastric pH in dyspepsia patients with DM and without DM, and also to determine whether there is any correlation between gastric pH with proteinuria and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c).Method: Two groups of patients consisted of 30 patients with DM and 30 patients without DM. Basal gastric pH of each group counted. Basal gastric pH was measured by inserting electrode catheter into the stomach for 30 minutes and then recorded on PH Metri brand Digitrapper pH-Z. Complication of DM was measured by microalbuminuria, while blood sugar control was measured by HbA1c. Chi-square test was done to look for difference of gastric pH between the diabetic patients group and non-diabetic patients group, by first determining the point of intersection with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Correlation test between basal gastric pH with microalbuminuria and HbA1c were done.Results: Basal gastric pH in dyspepsia patients with DM vs. dyspepsia patients without DM was 2.30 ± 0.83 vs. 2.19 ± 0.52. With the Chi-square test, there is a significant difference between the diabetic patients group and non-diabetic patients group. With the correlation test between gastric pH and microalbuminuria was found r = 0.47 and p < 0.05, whereas the correlation test between gastric pH and HbA1c was found r = 0.59 and p > 0.05.Conclusion: There is a significant difference between basal gastric pH in diabetic dyspepsia patients and non-diabetic dyspepsia patients. There is a correlation between basal gastric pH and microalbuminuria, whereas there is no correlation between basal gastric pH and HbA1c.