Henry Setyawan Susanto, Henry Setyawan
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HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN KEJADIAN MENARCHE DINI PADA SISWI SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN PATI, KABUPATEN PATI Tyas, Ayu Dya Puspaning; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno; Susanto, Henry Setyawan
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Early menarche is the first menstruation in women in early adolescence that occurs under the age of 12 years. Nutritional status / BMI (Body Mass Index) can affect the occurrence of early menarche through the rate of growth and sexual maturity, which is an indicator of the occurrence of menarche. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship of nutritional status with the incidence of early menarche in elementary school students. This type of study is analytical observational with cross-sectional study design. The sample of this study amounted to 110 elementary school students with early menarche and 110 elementary school students who experienced normal menarche. Data analysis was done by univariate and bivariate using the Spearman rank correlation test. The results of the analysis show that there is a relationship between nutritional status and early menarche incidence in elementary school students (p = 0.001, rs = -0.321). If children have more nutritional status, they will have an age of early menarche. It is hope that respondents who have excess nutritional status, control the consumption of foods containing fat.
BEBERAPA FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN HIPERTIROID PADA WANITA USIA SUBUR DI KABUPATEN MAGELANG “STUDI KASUS DI KLINIK LITBANG BP2GAKI MAGELANG” Sari, Erent Ersantika; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Udiyono, Ari; Suwandono, Agus
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Hyperthyroidism is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormone by thyroid gland which increased the levels of fT4, T4, fT3, and decreased TSH. The results of RISKESDAS showed that the proportion of household iodine suplementation increased to 5% in 2013. This can eventually leads to hyperthyroidism. Last screening by Magelang District Health Department showed that there is 16,67 % cases of Hyperthyroidism in 2013. The purpose of this research is to analyze some risk factors of hyperthyroidism in fertile age women in Magelang District. This research use analytical observation with cross sectional comparative design with 100 sample in endemic area and 54 in non endemic area of GAKI (Iodine deficiency disorders). Logistic Regression was used to analyze data with significance level of 5 %. The results of multivariate analysis showed in endemic GAKI areas, the consumption of iodine capsule (pOR=10,6 p=0,001), stress level (pOR = 8,4 p=0,001), high iodine food (pOR=5,8 p=0,007), iodine salt > 30 ppm (pOR=6,9 p=0,002) and smoke exposure (pOR=4,1 p=0,030) were risk factors of hyperthyroidism. Despite, hormonal contraception (pOR=8,0 p=0,007) was not a risk factor of hyperthyroidism. The results of multivariate analysis showed in non endemic GAKI areas, stress level ( pOR = 11.2 p = 0.002 ) and high iodine food  (pOR = 8.0 , p = 0.007 ) were risk factors of hyperthyroidism. Despite, iodine salt > 30 ppm , hormonal contraception , the consumption of iodine capsule, and smoke exposure have P value ? 0.05 so it was not a risk factors of hyperthyroidism in Magelang District. The results of multivariate analysis showed in Magelang Distric, stress level ( pOR = 41,1  p ? 0,0001 ), high iodine food  (pOR = 11,2 p ? 0.0001), smoke exposure (pOR=3,5 p=0,037) and  the consumption of iodine capsule(pOR =4,97 p=0,016) were risk factors of hyperthyroidism. Despite, iodine salt > 30 ppm and hormonal contraception have P value ? 0.05 so it was not a risk factors of hyperthyroidism in Magelang District.
GAMBARAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT PERIODONTAL PADA USIA DEWASA MUDA (15-30 TAHUN) DI PUSKESMAS SRONDOL KOTA SEMARANG Tyas, Wahyu Estining; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Periodontal diseases are mainly the results of infections and inflammation of the gums and bone that surround and support the teeth. The prevalence of periodontal disease in the world is more than 82% in young people and more than 50% in adults. The purpose of this study to describe the prevalency periodontal disease in young people (15-30 years). This study was an analytic with cross sectional design. This study is conducted in Srondol Primary Health Center Semarang in June-July 2016. Thereby, the study uses analytic research with cross sectional design conducted in Srondol Primary Health Center Semarang in June-July 2016. The sampling technique is consecutive sampling. Out of the 95 respondents, the study found 45,3% respondents are with periodontal disease. The advice given is to improve education through demonstration and practice about dental and oral disease prevention, especially the quality of the toothbrush in small groups in community organizations.
GAMBARAN SKOR KARIES MENURUT STATUS KEHAMILAN DI PUSKESMAS BAYAT KABUPATEN KLATEN Aini, Anisah Nur; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Yuliawati, Sri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Increasing the incidence of dental caries is a health problem in Indonesia. Based on Riskesdas 2013, caries patients in the women group (70.7%) were higher than the men group (64.8%). Pregnancy is one cause of high dental caries in the group of women. This is caused by physiological and hormonal changes during pregnancy. The prevalence of dental caries in pregnant women in developing countries as much as 60-87%. The purpose of this research to describe differences in a score caries between nonpregnant women and pregnant women at the Bayat Health Center. This research is descriptive research with Cross sectional approach. The population of this study were all women who examined the teeth and mouth in April 2018 with the age of 20-35 years. The sample is taken as many as 50 pregnant women and 50 non-pregnant women was selected based on the consecutive sampling method. Assessment of dental caries using DMF-T index. Data analysis using frequency distribution and Crosstab. The results showed that non-pregnant women had decay teeth (56%) more than non-pregnant women. Pregnant women have missing teeth (18%) more than non-pregnant women. However, pregnant women have a filling tooth (36%) more than non-pregnant women. Pregnant women have higher dental caries more than non-pregnant women (20%). The advice that can be given to pregnant women is expected by pregnant women to keep more dental hygiene and mouth by reducing sweet foods and more often to clean teeth.
GAMBARAN PELAKSANAAN KEGIATAN USAHA KESEHATAN GIGI SEKOLAH (UKGS) DAN SKOR PLAK MURID (STUDI PADA SEKOLAH DASAR DAN SEDERAJAT DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS PADANGSARI KOTA SEMARANG) Pratiwi, Diah Ajeng; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Caries and periodontal disease are among the most prevalent oral health problems. It is caused by plaque. The highest caries prevalence in Central Java is in Semarang City. SDHP in primary school is dental health service program which aims to maintain and improve oral and dental health for students. The SDHP activities amounted to 8 activities, include: Teachers training, little doctor training, oral health education, toothbrushing program, emergency treatment, screening, referral system, and basic dental services. The aim of this research was to obtained an overview of an activities of SDHP and plaque score. The method of this research was cross-sectional study design. The samples 141 students were taken by proportional simple random sampling. The result showed students?s plaque score from schools with 6 activities of SDHP have an average 34,43, students?s plaque score from schools with 7 activities have an average 29,92, and students?s plaque score from schools with 8 activities have an average 29,78. The conclution indicates schools that implement all program of SDHP have a better plaque score.
FAKTOR – FAKTOR INTERNAL KETIDAKPATUHAN PENGOBATAN HIPERTENSI DI PUSKESMAS KEDUNGMUNDU KOTA SEMARANG Pujasari, Ajeng Sri; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Non-compliance is cause of treatment failure. Non-compliance treatment often occurs in patients with chronic diseases for example hypertension. Hypertension is defined as raised systolic or diastolic blood pressure more than 140/90 mmHg. Adherence treatment of hypertension assessed on pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment. Internal factors affecting adherence to treatment include age, sex, level of education, employment, knowledge, duration of sufering, duration of treatment, number of antihypertensive drugs taken, and side effects of drugs. This research aim to know internal factors related with Non-compliance in the treatment of hypertensive patients.This research was observational-analytic with cross-sectional approach. Samples were 128 samples chosed with consecutive sampling. Instrument research was questionnaire. Data was analysed with chi-square for bivariate analysis dan regression logistic for multivariat analysis with 95% CI. Bivariate analysis there were not significant association between age (p=0,811), sex (p=0,396), employment (p=0,248), duration of sufering (p=0,081), number of antihypertensive drugs taken (p=0,467) dan and side effects of drugs (p=0,182), but there were significant association between level of education (p= <0,0001), knowledge (p= < 0,0001; 95% CI=24,21-307,10; POR=86,2) and duration of treatment (p=0,003). Multivariate analysis there were significant association between knowledge (p= < 0,0001) dan duration of treatment (p=0,025; 95% CI=0,04-0,81; POR=0,2). We conclude that significant association between knowledge and duration of treatment with non-compliance in the treatment of hypertensive patients. Suggestions for the officer can increase patient knowledge and treatment of hypertension-related diseases that the patient can undergo treatment for a long period even a lifetime.
Information System Development for Web Based Routine Reporting of Pneumonia in Acute Respiratory Infection Control Program at Semarang District Health Office Dolu, Yohanes Oktavianus; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Mawarni, Atik
Jurnal Manajemen Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2015): Agustus 2015
Publisher : S2 IKM FKM UNDIP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (763.179 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jmki3210446

Abstract

Evaluation activities for a program of Acute Respiratory Tract Infection Disease Control at SemarangDistrict Health Office were not optimal because required information from a routine report couldnot be used to support evaluation activities. Some problems existing on current information systemof pneumonia routine reporting were as follows: an officer had a difficulty to change or re-access pneumonia information, resulted information was incomplete and unclear, and submission of areport was not timely. This research aimed to develop information system of Pneumonia routinereporting based on web on the program of Acute Respiratory Tract Infection Disease Control atSemarang District Health Office.Design of this research was pre-experiment with one group pretest-posttest approach. In addition,development of the system used the methods of Framework for the Application of System Techniques(FAST). Subjects consisted of a system user at District Health Office and four pilot health centers.Data were collected using methods of observation, indepth interview, and a closed-endedquestionnaire. Furthermore, data were analyzed using content analysis and Wilcoxon test.This research resulted information system of Pneumonia routine reporting based on web on theprogram of Acute Respiratory Tract Infection Disease Control to solve problems happened in theold system. The result of Wilcoxon test revealed that there were any quality differences of informationin terms of the aspect of easiness (p=0.0001), the aspect of completeness (p=0.0001), the aspect ofclarity (p=0.0001), and the aspect of timeliness (p=0.0001) before and after developing theinformation system.As a suggestion, Semarang District Health Office needs to have commitment to optimally operatethe new system. Additionally, data reported from health centers to District Health Office must beaccurate in accordance with reality in the fields.
PERBEDAAN SKOR PLAK GIGI, PH SALIVA, DAN STATUS ORAL HYGIENE PADA PEMAKAI DAN BUKAN PEMAKAI ALAT ORTODONTI CEKAT Marlisa, Wahid; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Adi, M. Sakundarno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Orthodontic appliances can have the effect of changing the environment of oral cavity and composition of oral flora, changes in the amount of plaque, pH of salivary and oral hygiene which can cause dental and oral diseases such as dental caries and periodontal disease. The aim of this studyis to know the difference of dental plaquescore, salivary pH,and oral hygiene status between users and non users of fixed orthodonticappliance. This type of research is an observational analytic with cross sectional design. Subjects in this study amounted to 100 respondents consisting of two groups of users and non users of fixed appliance orthodontic. The technique sampling is proportional stratified random sampling. Identification of dental plaquewere measured by disclosing solution, salivary pH were measuredby Universal CG and oral hygiene status were measured by summing debris score and calculus score from each subject. The result showed that the difference of plaque scores between the users and non users of fixed appliance orthodontic with p = 0,769, the difference of saliva pH between users and non users of fixed appliance orthodontic with p = 0,264, and the difference of oral hygiene status between users and non users of fixed appliance orthodontic with p = 0.397. Conclusion: there was no significant difference of dental plaquescore, salivary pH,and oral hygiene status between users and non users of fixed orthodonticapplianceof students of Economics and Business Diponegoro University.
GAMBARAN BEBERAPA FAKTOR KEJADIAN KARIES GIGI PADA SISWA TUNAGRAHITA DI SLB C, KOTA SEMARANG Permatasari, Diajeng Sri Andriani; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Udiyono, Ari; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Caries is a disease of dental hard tissue, email, dentin and cementum, which is caused by the activity of a microorganism in a carbohydrate that can be fermented. Children with intellectual development disorders have a below average intellegence. The prevalence of caries in Indonesian children aged 12 years is 98%. The purpose of this study is to describe factor of dental caries in caries in students with intellectual development disorder in SLB C, Semarang. The population of this study are 123 students.The samples are part of the population who have the inclusion criteria. This research uses descriptive method with cross-sectional design. The results showed 66.3% of respondents are male, 83.2% of children with intellectual development disorders have dental caries, Average DMF-T index is 3.94 which according to WHO criteria in middle category, 44.6% of respondents have a relatively acidic pH of saliva, 52.5% higher cariogenic consumption, 16.8% of respondents oral hygiene medium category, 80.2% income parents than average, 53.5% of women respondents have good knowledge, 4% of respondents have a bad plaque, and 61.4% practice toothbrush is a good category.
GAMBARAN FAKTOR RISIKO PENYAKIT HIPERTENSI PADA WARGA BINAAN PEMASYARAKATAN (STUDI DI LAPAS KLAS IIA WANITA KOTA SEMARANG) Putra, Moch Ardyan Pratama; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Hypertension is a health problem that occurs in Prison Class IIA Women Semarang with the prevalence in 2015 of about 28.6%. The purpose is to identify risk factors of hypertension on inmates. The design study is observational a cross sectional study approach at 100 inmates and statistical test with Chi-Square. The result obtained is an increased proportion of hypertension (43%), patients with hypertension more at age ?40 years (53.8%); have a family history of disease associated with hypertension; have a history of smoking (52.9%); have a history of alcohol consumption (52.4%); the status of obesity (51.4%); as illicit drug users (51.7%); experiencing stress (48.1%); has long incarceration >1 year (44.8%); lack of family support (45.2%); lack of physical activity (45.1%); and used to consume salty (57.7%). Inmates need to replace smoking with eating fruits and vegetables to avoid overweight/obesity, and following rehabilitation in prisons in order to reduce the effects of illicit drugs and reduce the risk of hypertension.