Wiwid Widiyatni, Wiwid
Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Jepara

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STUDI KUALITATIF KETERSEDIAAN DAN TINGKAT KONSUMSI GARAM BERIODIUM DI KABUPATEN JEPARA Widiyatni, Wiwid; Subagio, Hertanto Wahyu; -, Suhartono
Jurnal Gizi Vol 5, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Gizi UNIMUS
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.714 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jg.5.2.2016.%p

Abstract

Universal salt iodization (USI) was the main program to overcome iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) in Indonesia. The uneven availability of iodized salt according to IndonesiaNational Standard (SNI) became a problem to reach USI in some part of Indonesia, including in Jepara. Jepara was one of the city in Central java province which produced iodized salt. Unfortunately, most of those salt was sold outside Jepara area while iodized salt needed by Jepara community was supplied from area outside Jepara. The aim of this research was toanalyze the availability and consumption rate of iodized salt in Jepara regency. This research used qualitative method. The main informants consist of five member from IDD prevention team and eleven salt producers. The triangulation informants consist of thirtypregnant women from Pakis Aji. Data collected through observation, in-depth interview, focus group discussion and documents review. Data was analyzed using content analysis method. The Results of this study : 76 iodized salt brands were circulated in jepara, 75% of them contain iodine <30 ppm. Those circulated unstandarized salt was caused by the lack of law enforcement by the Jepara Government. Most of the respondents thought that goiter was the most prevalent from IDD. Iodized salt available in every stores in Jepara, but the quality and taste of those salt became obstacle to consumed iodized salt according to SNI daily. The conclusion of this study : Most of the respondents has already consumed iodized salt but Most of iodized salt circulated in Jepara contain iodine < 30 ppm. Keywords: availability, salt consumption, iodized salt, Jepara
KETERSEDIAAN DAN POLA DISTRIBUSI GARAM BERIODIUM DI KABUPATEN JEPARA Widiyatni, Wiwid; Subagio, Hertanto Wahyu; Suhartono, Suhartono
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.507 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.3.2.80-85

Abstract

Latar belakang : Konsumsi garam beriodium oleh masyarakat atau Universal Salt Iodization (USI) merupakan program utama penanggulangan GAKI di Indonesia. Ketersediaan dan distribusi garam beriodium sesuai SNI yang belum merata menjadi kendala tercapainya USI di beberapa wilayah Indonesia termasuk Jepara. Jepara merupakan salah satu daerah penghasil garam di Jawa Tengah. Sebagian besar garam dijual keluar daerah sedangkan seluruh kebutuhan garam beriodium disuplai dari luar daerah. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menganalisis ketersediaan, pola distribusi dan tingkat konsumsi garam beriodium di Kabupaten Jepara.Metode : Metode kualitatif digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Informan utama terdiri dari 5 orang anggota tim penanggulangan GAKI dan 11 orang pelaku garam. Informan triangulasi terdiri dari 30 orang ibu hamil di wilayah Pakis Aji. Pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara mendalam, Focus Group Discusion dan telaah dokumen. Analisis data menggunakan content analysis.Hasil : Terdapat 76 merk garam beriodium yang beredar di Jepara, 75 %  mengandung iodium  < 30 ppm. Tingginya peredaran garam ini disebabkan oleh lemahnya law enforcement di Jepara. Pola distribusi yang berbeda mengakibatkan ketersediaan garam beriodium di setiap wilayah juga berbeda. Sebagian besar responden telah mengonsumsi garam beriodium. Persepsi responden gondok merupakan dampak utama GAKI. Garam beriodium tersedia di pasar atau warung dengan harga terjangkau, rasa dan kualitas garam menjadi kendala dalam mengonsumsi garam beriodium sesuai SNI setiap hari.Simpulan : Sebagian besar (75%) garam beriodium yang beredar mengandung iodium < 30 ppm. Terdapat 8-14 merk garam serta penjual garam krosok curah dan kemasan di setiap wilayah. Sebagian besar responden telah mengonsumsi garam beriodium.