Evriani Mareza, Evriani
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STUDI KOMPARASI FASE VEGETATIF TANAMAN UTAMA VARIETAS PADI BERPOTENSI RATUN TINGGI DI LAHAN PASANG SURUT Kesmayanti, Novisrayani; Mareza, Evriani
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 4, No 2 (2015): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (549.01 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.4.2.2015.164

Abstract

Rice ratoon system is one solution constraints of tidal rice fields, particularly the season and limitations of agricultural inputs. The ratoon?s quality highly dependent on the quality of main crop?s vegetative phase. The main crop with maximum vegetative phase, is predicted to produce high growth of ratoon. This study is the second phase of the three experimental stages of multi-year research of hibah bersaing. The first phase of the experiment (September 2013-May 2014) aims to give the height of singgang?s cutting to increase vigor vegetative and reproductive phase of ratoon in tidal land. This experiment is to obtain adaptive rice varieties with high potentially of ratoon in tidal rice fields. This experiment used a randomized block design factors, namely rice varieties (Sintanur, Margasari, Mekongga and Batanghari), with three replications, ongoing since March 2014-September 2014, located in experimental farm of Faculty of Agriculture, IBA University, in Palembang. Each treatment consists of 18 units of plant, so totaly contained 216 experimental units. Rice plants grown in soil media of tidal rice fields that brought from Telang Sari village, Tanjung Lago district, Banyu Asin regency, South Sumatera. The vegetative parameters consist plant height, panicle height, number of tillers, number of productive tillers, chlorophyl, flag leaf area and leaf area. The results indicate that the vegetative phase of Sintanur is the best, measured by plant height and panicle being, number of tillers and productive tillers highest, and flag leaf area and the largest leaf area. This experimental results imply that the quality of growth and vigor of Sintanur?s ratoon would be better than Margasari, Mekongga and Batanghari.
RICE RATOON YIELD RESPONSE TO MAIN CROPS CUTTING HEIGHT IN TIDAL SWAMP USING DIRECT SEEDING SYSTEM Mareza, Evriani; Djafar, Zainal Ridho; Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Wijaya, Andi
AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 38, No 2 (2016): JUNE
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture University of Brawijaya in collaboration with PERAGI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v38i2.502

Abstract

This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of main crops harvest cutting height on the yield of rice ratoon in the tidal swamp by using direct seeding system. The experiment was conducted in Telang Sari village, District of Tanjung Lago, Banyuasin, South Sumatra Province from November 2013 to April 2014. It measured plots 4 x 5 m through a randomized block design with 5 replications. The treatment was main crops harvest cutting height of 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 cm above the soil surface. The results showed that the effect of cutting height on rice ratoon yield depends on the condition of photosynthetic and the amount of remaining nodes on the main crops stubble as an emergence ratoon shoots. The main crops cutting height of 20-40 cm above the soil surface increased the number of productive tillers, grain weight per hill, yield per plot, ratoon ability to grow per plot, and the rice ratoon/main crops yield ratio in tidal land by using direct seeding system.
MORFOFISIOLOGI RATUN PADI SISTEM TANAM BENIH LANGSUNG DI LAHAN PASANG SURUT Mareza, Evriani; Djafar, Zainal Ridho; Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Wijaya, dan Andi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 44 No. 3 (2016): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (342.004 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v44i3.12908

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe morphophysiology of ratoon is different from the main plant of rice and was influenced by location and cultivation.This research was intended to evaluate morphophysiology characters of rice ratoon planted by direct seeding system in tidal swamp at various stubble cutting height. The experiment was conducted in November 2013-April 2014 at tidal swamp overflow type B in Telang Sari Village, District of Tanjung Lago, Banyuasin, South Sumatra Province. The experiment used randomized block design with 5 replications. Treatment was stubble cutting height 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 cm above the soil surface. Rice was planted at 4 m x 5 m plot, the distance between plot 1 m. Data were analyzed by test of variance and 5% HSD test. Morphophysiological characters of rice ratoon were influenced by stubble cutting height. Cutting height of 20-40 cm above soil surface increased the ratoon number of tillers per hill, leaf area per hill, dry weight per hill, percentage of empty grains per panicle, grain weight per hill and percentage ratoon/main crop production per hill. The higher stubble cutting, the lower the number of leaves per tiller, leaf area per tiller, carbohydrate content, and number of grains per panicle of ratoon, however it accelerated age of flowering and harvesting. Keywords: direct seeding system, ratoon system, rice growth and production, stubble cutting height