Sulistijorini Sulistijorini, Sulistijorini
Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

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FLUSHING PADA Amherstia nobilis Wall. DAN Brownea capitella Jacq. DI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR Azhari, Siti Suraehah Tul; Sulistijorini, Sulistijorini; Fijridiyanto, Izu Andry
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 18, No 2 (2015): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 18 (2) July 2015
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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Abstract

Fenologi adalah telaah penampakan periodisitas pada tumbuhan dalam hubungannya dengan iklim, seperti waktu pembungaan dan flushing. Flushing yaitu pertumbuhan tunas/flush secara serempak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengamati pertumbuhan tunas daun dalam merespon intensitas cahaya dengan posisi tumbuh berbeda dan faktor lingkungan yang mempengaruhinya. Metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dengan pengambilan purposive sampling, flush dibedakan posisi tumbuhnya yaitu terminal dan aksilar dalam kondisi terpapar dan ternaungi. Laju tumbuh Amherstia nobilis Wall. dan Brownea capitella Jacq. di daerah terpapar cahaya lebih cepat dibandingkan daerah ternaungi. Laju pertumbuhan diiringi dengan perubahan warna. Perubahan warna pada daun  A. nobilis berlangsung selama dua bulan lebih cepat dari B. capitella. Intensitas cahaya dan posisi tumbuh (terminal dan aksilar) berpengaruh pada pertumbuhan kedua spesies.
FUNGSI LANSKAP PADA ZONA REHABILITASI DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG CIREMAI Adani, Marini; Sulistijorini, Sulistijorini; Putra, Hirmas Fuady
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol. 9 No. 4 (2019): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.9.4.1010-1018

Abstract

Forest rehabilitation on Gunung Ciremai National Park (GCNP) has been carried out since 2008, but it has not yet known the progress of the landscape function of the rehabilitation fields. The progress of landscape function can be evaluated using landscape function analysis method which yields three indexes namely land stability, water infiltration, and land nutrition cycle. This study aims to determine the progress of landscape function in several GCNP rehabilitation zones based on the age of rehabilitation. The research method consist of: (1) determination of research location, (2) microclimate measurement, (3) measurement of soil characteristics, and (4) landscape function analysis (LFA). Land stability in forest and land rehabilitation zones (RHL) were 9, 7, and 5 years old and the natural zones respectively: 57.9%; 54.3%; 48.6%; and 56.1%, respectively. Infiltration in RHL zones aged 9, 7, and 5 years and natural zones respectively: 49%; 39.4%; 31.8%; and 36.2%, respectively. The nutritional cycle in the RHL zone was 9, 7, and 5 years old and the natural zone was 47.9%; 34.6%; 23.4%; and 29.2%. Therefore a rehabilitation zone in GCNP which is seven years or older showed its landscape function has reached even beyond the original landscape function.
Review: Fitokimia genus Baccaurea spp. Gunawan, Gunawan; Chikmawati, Tatik; Sobir, Sobir; Sulistijorini, Sulistijorini
Bioeksperimen: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi Vol 2, No 2: September 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/bioeksperimen.v2i2.2488

Abstract

Genus BaccaureaLour. adalah salah satu anggota dari famili Phyllanthaceae, merupakan genus yang cukup besar dengan anggota mencapai 43 spesies. Pada pengobatan tradisional genus Baccaurea telah dimanfaatkan masyarakat untuk mengobati  sembelit, pembengkakan pada mata, radang sendi, abses, sakit perut, memperlancar haid serta buang air kecil. Beberapa anggota genus Baccaureamemiliki potensi sebagai tumbuhan obat karena mengandung metabolit sekunder seperti alkaloid, flavonoid, karotenoid, antosianin, tanin, asam rosmarinik dan fenolik. Kandungan metabolit sekunder tersebut berpotensi sebagai antioksidan, antikanker, antimikroba, antidiabetes, antiinflamasi, antitripanosoma. B. ramiflora, B. lanceolata, B. macrocarpa, B. angulata, B. motleyana, B. brevipes, B. hookeri, B.recemosa, B. sapida, B. polyneura, B.parviflora dan B.dulcis adalah anggota genus Baccaurea yang berpotensi sebagai tumbuhan obat.
KEANEKARAGAMAN TUMBUHAN PAKU TERESTRIAL DI HUTAN KOTA DKI JAKARTA [Terestrial Ferns Diversity in Urban Forest DKI Jakarta] Andayaningsih, Dwi; Chikmawati, Tatik; Sulistijorini, Sulistijorini
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 12, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (445.69 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v12i3.638

Abstract

Urban forest is one of the green open area consisted of natural forest-like vegetation. It has suitable microclimate for understory habitat, including terrestrial ferns. The diversity of fern in three urban forest in DKI Jakarta is reported, i.e the urban forest at The University of Indonesia (UI) Campus, The Cibubur Arboretum and PT JIEP (Jakarta Industrial Estate Pulogadung). Vegetation analysis was conducted by purposive sampling method with a transect line of 200 m in each location with 15 plots of (3x3) m2 each. Fern determination was done based on herbarium specimens and literatures. Fern diversity was analyzed based on Shannon diversity index, and equality index. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) was performed to determine the correlation between fern diversity and abiotic factors. There were 18 fern species classified into 11 genera and eight families, at the UI urban forest and Cibubur Arboretum, but there was no fern in PT JIEP. Fern with the highest importance value index was Sphaerostephanos sp. (161.33%) in The UI urban forest, and Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R.Br. (71.63%) in Cibubur Arboretum. The CCA result showed that the fern diversity correlated to four abiotic factors i.e temperature,humidity, light intensity and soil pH.
Species Richness and Habitat Suitability of Myrmecophytes in Bengkulu : Host Tree, Coexist Epiphytes and Animals Safniyeti, Safniyeti; Sulistijorini, Sulistijorini; Chikmawati, Tatik
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 10, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v10i1.13025

Abstract

Myrmecophytes or locally known as simbagh utak are common medicinal plants used by locals in Bengkulu, especially in South Bengkulu, for treating various diseases. Despite their potential as medicines, there is no report on biotic factors can be used to indicate of Myrmecophytes species’ richness and habitat suitability. The objectives of this research were to analyze the Myrmecophytes’ species richness and habitat suitability. This study used the purposive sampling method by exploring the area where Myrmecophytes were commonly found. The biotic factors of Myrmecophytes were analyzed by identifying the tree host, the other epiphyte plant grew around them, and animal occupants on the tuber of the Myrmecophytes. The Myrmecophytes distribution was analyzed by using ArcGIS10.1. The results showed that there were two species of Myrmecophytes, namely Hydnophytum formicarum and Myrmecodia tuberosa in the study area. The Myrmecophytes attached and hung in 9 species of host trees. The characteristics of host trees are high trees with large diameter, mostly rough-barked; some were cracked and mossy. The highest frequency of host trees included Hevea brasiliensis and Durio zibethinus. Myrmecophytes coexisted with 12 species of epiphytes. Epiphyte plants like Dendrobium sp. and Drymoglossum piloselloides can be used to indicate the presence of Myrmecophytes. Ants made up the most predominantly animal found living inside the tubers of Myrmecophytes, with some cockroaches and termites found at the tuber of Hydnophytum. Information on species richness and habitat suitability of Myrmecophytes can serve as supporting data for conservation efforts in Bengkulu to prevent the extinction of this species.
Diversity and Distribution of Myrmecophytes in Bengkulu Province Safniyeti, Safniyeti; Sulistijorini, Sulistijorini; Chikmawati, Tatik
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 9, No 2 (2017): August 2017
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v9i2.9285

Abstract

Myrmecophyte is a common medicinal plant used by local people in Indonesia for treating various diseases especially in Papua. Bengkulu province is one of the Myrmecophyte habitats, but there has no report on its identity and distribution. The objectives of this research were to identify the diversity and analyze the Myrmecophytes distribution as well as factor affecting its presence. This study used purposive sampling method by exploring the area where Myrmecophytes commonly found. The Myrmecophyte distribution based on host tree was analyzed using Morishita index and the autecological analysis of abiotic factors was performed using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) generated from Minitab 16. The results of this research showed that there were two species of Myrmecophytes in Bengkulu province, namely Hydnophytum formicarum and Myrmecodia tuberosa, as well as two variants of M. tuberosa i.e. M. tuberosa armata and M. tuberosa siberutensis. The distribution of Myrmecophytes based on host tree was mostly randomly scattered in Central Bengkulu regency, Seluma, North Bengkulu, South Bengkulu, and Kaur. Their distributions were affected by light intensity and temperature. The data of this research can be used as basic information for carried out conservation efforts in Bengkulu province. The abundance of Myrmecophytes is also used as a source of additional income for local people in Bengkulu province.
DISTRIBUTION, MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATION AND NEW VARIETY OF BACCAUREA ANGULATA MERR. (PHYLLANTHACEAE) Gunawan, Gunawan; Chikmawati, Tatik; Sobir, Sobir; Sulistijorini, Sulistijorini
Floribunda Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : PTTI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (547.322 KB) | DOI: 10.32556/floribunda.v6i1.2018.226

Abstract

Gunawan, Tatik Chikmawati, Sobir & Sulistijorini.2018. Distribusi, Variasi Morfologi dan Varietas Baru dari Baccaurea angulata Merr. (Phyllanthaceae). Floribunda 6(1): 1–11. — Baccaurea angulata (belimbing merah) adalah jenis endemik di Kalimantan yang dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan pangan dan obat tradisional, namun sejauh ini informasi distribusi dan variasinya masih sangat terbatas. Penelitian ini bertujuan memetakan lokasi-lokasi tumbuh pohon B. angulata, menggambarkan variasi morfologi, dan analisis fenetik B. angulata yang tumbuh di Kalimantan dan Pulau Natuna. Eksplorasi B. angulata dilakukan di Pulau Natuna dan  empat provinsi di Kalimantan (Barat, Timur, Tengah dan Selatan). Peta persebaran dibuat dengan program ArcGIS versi 10.3. Pola distribusi dianalisis menggunakan indeks Morishita. Data morfologi batang, daun, bunga, dan buah digunakan untuk analisis fenetik belimbing merah berdasarkan koefisien Simple Matching (SM) dengan metode UPGMA. B. angulata tersebar secara acak di Kalimantan Barat, Tengah dan Pulau Natuna, tetapi memiliki pola penyebaran mengelompok di Kalimantan Selatan dan Timur. Penemuan B. angulata di desa Ceruk dan Limau Manis di Pulau Natuna dengan nama lokal belimbing besi merupakan rekaman baru. Peta sebaran B. angulata di Kalimantan dan Pulau Natuna disediakan. Secara morfologi, B. angulata di Kalimantan dan Pulau Natuna bervariasi pada beberapa ciri yaitu tepi stipula, permukaan tangkai daun, warna tangkai perbungaan betina, dan bentuk buah. Analisis fenetik mengelompokkan seluruh sampel ke dalam tiga kelompok B. angulata berdasarkan 20 ciri morfologi dengan nilai keserupaan 53% sesuai dengan bentuk dan rasa buah. B. angulata dengan buah membulat diusulkan sebagai varietas baru dengan nama B. angulata Merr. var. globulus Gunawan.Kata kunci: Baccaurea angulata, Kalimantan, Pulau Natuna, rekaman baru, varietas baru, Phyllanthaceae. Gunawan, Tatik Chikmawati, Sobir & Sulistijorini.2018. Distribution, Morphological Variation and New Variety of Baccaurea angulata Merr. (Phyllanthaceae). Floribunda 6(1): 1–11. — Baccaurea angulata (belimbing merah) is an endemic species of Borneo. Fruits of Baccaurea angulata are usually utilized as food and local medicine, but up to now the information about its distribution and variation is very scarce. The objectives of the research were to map the distribution, describe the morphological variation, and analyze the phenetics of B. angulata in Natuna Island and Indonesian Borneo, Kalimantan. B. angulata was explored in Natuna Island and four  Provinces of Kalimantan (West, East, Central, and South). The distribution was mapped using ArcGIS version 10.3. The distribution pattern was analyzed using the Morishita index. Morphological data of stem, leaves, flower and fruit were used to analyze the phenetics of B. angulata using Simple Matching coefficient, to construct a dendrogram using UPGMA  method. B. angulata is randomly distributed in the West and Central of Kalimantan, also in Natuna, but it has a clumped pattern in South and East Kalimantan. The presence of B. angulata in the Ceruk and Limau Manis villages in Natuna Island with local name belimbing besi is a new record. B. angulata is morphologically variable in several characters, i.e. stipule margin, petiole surface, pistillate peduncle colour, and fruit shape. Phenetic analysis based on 20 characters grouped all individuals into three groups with similarity index of 53% according to the shape and fruit taste. The  individuals of B. angulata with oval fruits are proposed to constitute a new variety, namely B. angulata Merr. var. globulus Gunawan.Key words: Baccaurea angulata, Kalimantan, Natuna Island, new record, new variety, Phyllanthaceae. 
Habitat Suitability for Hoya spp. (Apocynaceae) in The Bodogol Conservation Area, West Java Sulaeman, Masrayani; Sulistijorini, Sulistijorini; Rahayu, Sri
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i1.13021

Abstract

Hoya is a tropical flowering plant that has great potential as an export commodity. It needs to be cultivated to ensure its sustainability in nature. Information about the suitable habitat of Hoya was not widely known yet. This study aimed to compare the habitat characteristics of several species of Hoya. The research was conducted by exploring the sample plots determined by purposive sampling based on the differences of habitat characteristics. The biotic components observed were phorophyte species type and the number of individual of each Hoya species. The abiotic components measured in each plot were altitude and geographical position, air temperature, humidity, light intensity, wind speed, and canopy cover. Hoya ‘s diversity was analyzed using the Shannon Winner Index. Environmental factor data and biotic factors were analyzed with Canoco for Windows 4.5 software. There were 6 species of Hoya namely Hoya multiflora, Hoya imperialis, Hoya vitellinoides, Hoya hasseltii, Hoya campanulata and Hoya lacunosa found in this study. The highest biodiversity index was obtained in an altitude of 700-800 m.a.s.l (H’=1.41) and in hillsides area (H’=1.3). Hoya ‘s most frequent phorophyte was Schima wallichii. Factors affecting the presence of Hoya in the phorophytes were the position of attachment to the main stem and the rough surface characteristics of the tree. Hoya ‘s preference place was on the bark fracture. Abiotic factors that most influencing the existence of Hoya were air humidity and canopy cover. The data of this research can be used as basic information for carried out the conservation efforts and cultivation strategy in the future.
MORFOLOGI SPORA DAN PERKEMBANGAN GAMETOFIT Davallia denticulata dan Davallia trichomanoides Meliza, Rezika; Chikmawati, Tatik; Sulistijorini, Sulistijorini
Jurnal Bioteknologi & Biosains Indonesia (JBBI) Vol 6, No 1 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jbbi.v6i1.2607

Abstract

Spore Morphology and Gametophyte Development of Davallia denticulata and Davallia trichomanoidesABSTRACTDavallia denticulata and D. trichomanoides are two attractive and decorative fern species for ornamental. Spore morphology has an important role in fern taxonomy, while media composition has important role in the growth and development of their gametophytes. Such information on the two fern species was lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to reveal the information of the spore morphology and gametophyte developmental stages of D. denticulata and D. trichomanoides on three different media. The spores were collected from Bogor, West Java. The spores were sown in three sterile media. Spore morphology and gametophyte development were observed under a stereoscopic microscope. Both gametophyte species reached their mature stage at 25 weeks after planting on the different media compositions. D. denticulata showed the best gametophyte development, and formed mature gametophytes on the media of vermiculite, sphagnum moss, and perlite, while D. trichomanoides grew best into maturity stage on the media containing vermiculite, and sphagnum moss. Thus, the presence of sphagnum moss in the media is an important material for the growth and development of Davallia gametophyte.Keywords: Davallia, development, gametophyte, growth, media  ABSTRAKDavallia denticulata dan D. trichomanoides merupakan dua spesies tumbuhan paku yang menarik dan indah untuk tanaman hias. Morfologi spora memiliki arti penting dalam taksonomi tumbuhan paku, sedangkan komposisi media berperan penting untuk pertumbuhan dan perkembangan gametofitnya. Informasi seputar hal ini terkait dua spesies tumbuhan paku tersebut belumlah ada. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap informasi mengenai ciri morfologi spora dan tahapan perkembangan gametofit D. denticulata dan D. trichomanoides pada tiga komposisi media berbeda. Pengambilan spora dilakukan di Bogor, Jawa Barat. Spora ditumbuhkan pada tiga media steril. Morfologi spora dan perkembangan gametofit diamati menggunakan mikroskop stereo. Kedua spesies memiliki waktu perkembangan terbaik untuk mencapai tahap gametofit dewasa yaitu 25 minggu pada komposisi media yang berbeda. D. denticulata berkembang dengan baik, dan membentuk gametofit dewasa pada media vermiculite, lumut sphagnum, dan perlite. D. trichomanoides berkembang hingga tahap gametofit dewasa dengan baik pada media vermiculite, dan lumut sphagnum. Dengan demikian keberadaan lumut sphagnum pada media sangat penting untuk pertumbuhan dan perkembangan gametofit Davallia.Kata Kunci: Davallia, gametofit, media, perkembangan, pertumbuhan
Physiological Response and Photosynthate Distribution of West Indian Arrowroot at Different Altitudes Puspitasari, Laksmi; Triadiati, Triadiati; Sulistijorini, Sulistijorini
AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 41, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture University of Brawijaya in collaboration with PERAGI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v41i1.1261

Abstract

West Indian arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea L.) is a tuber crop that is consumed as an alternative food. ?t can grow in an area with altitudinal range from 0 to 1,000 m asl. This study aimed to analyse physiological response and photosynthate distribution which is related to growth performance and tuber yield of West Indian arrowroot at two different altitudes. Four accessions of West Indian arrowroot i.e. Bantul, Krajan, Kemalang, and Begawat were planted at 250 and 1,100 m asl. This study was conducted using split plot design with altitude as the main plot and the accession of West Indian arrowroot as a subplot. The results showed that altitudes significantly affected physiological response, plant height, leaf area per plant, and tuber yield of West Indian arrowroot. The rate of photosynthesis in the highland tended to be higher than that in the lowland, but plant height and tuber yield were lower in highland. These results suggested that the West Indian arrowroot had different pattern on photosynthate distribution between shoot and tuber at different altitudes because of environmental factors. Bantul accession had the lowest tuber yield compared to the others, and showed the low ability of accession Bantul in distributing photosynthate towards tuber.