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SEAWEED EXTRACT OF GRACILARIA VERRUCOSA AS AN ANTIBACTERIAL AND TREATMENT AGAINST VIBRIO HARVEYI INFECTION OF LITOPENAEUS VANNAMEI Rudi, Mad; Sukenda, Sukenda; Wahjuningrum, Dinamella; Pasaribu, Wesly; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 18 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3576.505 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.18.2.11-20

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were to investigate the antibacterial activity of G. verrucosa extract in test inhibitory zone with different concentrations (500, 1000, 1500, and 2000 mg/L) and  to examine G. verrucosa extract with different dosage (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 g/kg) in feed on immune responses (total hemocytes count, phagocytic activity, phenoloxidase activity, respiratory burst) and survival rate in the Litopenaeus vannamei against the pathogenic Vibrio harveyi. Pacific white shrimp with an initial body weight of 5.25±0.55 g was reared in the aquarium (60×30×30 cm3) with a density of 10 shrimp/aquarium. Pacific white shrimp had been fed three times a day as much as 3% in at satiation for 14 days after challenged with V. harveyi. The first results of the inhibitory test showed that all the concentration of G. verrucosa extract was able to inhibit the growth of V. harveyi and the second result showed that the extract of G. verrucosa can increase the immune responses of shrimp. In the result of survival showed that shrimp fed with 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 g/kg has 80, 73, 70, and 70%, respectively. In conclusion, the seaweed extract of G. verrucosa has antibacterial activity and can induce the immune responses and resistance of Pacific white shrimp against V. harveyi infection.Keywords: Gracilaria verrucosa, seaweed, Vibrio harveyi, vibriosis,  Litopenaeus vannamei ABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji aktivitas antibakteri ekstrak G. verrucosa dalam uji zona hambat dengan konsentrasi yang berbeda (yaitu 500, 1000, 1500, dan 2000 mg/L) dan studi perlakuan pengobatan untuk menguji ekstrak G. verrucosa pada pakan dengan dosis yang berbeda (yaitu 0,5; 1,0; 1,5; dan 2,0 g/kg) pada respons imun (yaitu jumlah total hemosit, aktivitas fagositik, aktivitas fenoloksidase, respiratory burst) dan tingkat kelangsungan hidup pada udang vaname terhadap bakteri patogen Vibrio harveyi. Udang vaname dengan berat badan awal 5,25 ± 0,55 g dipelihara di akuarium (60 × 30 × 30 cm3) dengan kepadatan 10 udang/akuarium. Udang vaname  pasifik diberi makan tiga kali sehari 3% at satiation selama 14 hari setelah di uji tantang V. harveyi. Hasil pertama dari uji zona hambat menunjukkan bahwa semua konsentrasi ekstrak G. verrucosa mampu menghambat pertumbuhan V. harveyi dan hasil kedua menunjukkan bahwa pemberian ektrak G. verrucosa dapat meningkatkan respon imun udang. Hasil tingkat kelangsungan hidup menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan pakan udang dengan dosis 0,5; 1,0; 1,5; dan 2,0 g/kg memiliki tingkat kelangsungan hidup masing-masing 80, 73, 70, dan 70%. Kesimpulannya, ekstrak rumput laut G. verrucosa memiliki aktivitas antibakteri dan dapat menginduksi respons imun & ketahanan udang terhadap infeksi V. harveyi.Kata kunci: Gracilaria verrucosa, rumput laut, Vibrio harveyi, vibriosis, udang vaname 
THE USE OF IMMUNOSTIMULANT FROM PHYCOCYANIN OF SPIRULINA PLATENSIS TO CONTROL MOTILE AEROMONAD SEPTICAEMIA (MAS) DISEASE IN COMMON CARP CYPRINUS CARPIO Muchtar, Muthahharah; Sukenda, Sukenda; Nuryati, Sri; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 18 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3473.183 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.18.1.101-109

Abstract

                                                                  ABSTRAK         Motile aeromonad septicaemia (MAS) adalah penyakit yang sering menyerang ikan mas Cyprinus carpio yang disebabkan oleh bakteri Aeromonas hydrophila. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji kinerja imunostimulan fikosianin dari Spirulina platensis dalam mengatasi penyakit MAS pada ikan mas. Penelitian ini terdiri atas dua tahap, pertama, pakan ikan dengan penambahan fikosianin 150 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg, dan 350 mg/kg pakan serta kontrol tanpa penambahan fikosianin. Setelah 14 hari, ikan diuji tantang dengan A.hydrophila. Tahap kedua, dosis terbaik dari penelitian pertama digunakan untuk pakan ikan masing-masing selama satu minggu/bulan, dua minggu/bulan, tiga minggu/bulan, dan dua minggu/bulan dengan interval satu minggu. Setelah 28 hari, ikan diuji tantang dengan A. hydrophila. Hasil penelitian pertama menunjukkan bahwa kelangsungan hidup relatif (RPS) ikan yang diberi pakan fikosianin 150 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg, dan 350 mg/kg pakan adalah 87,50%; 81,25%; dan 75,00%. Total eritrosit, hemoglobin, total leukosit, aktivitas fagositik, dan respiratory burst menunjukkan hasil yang lebih tinggi daripada kontrol untuk semua perlakuan pemberian fikosianin. Penelitian kedua menunjukkan bahwa nilai RPS ikan diberi pakan selama satu minggu/bulan, dua minggu/bulan, tiga minggu/bulan, dan dua minggu/bulan dengan interval satu minggu yaitu 65,38%; 69,23%; 76,92%; dan 69,23%. Respons imun ikan yang diberi fikosianin lebih tinggi daripada kontrol serta mampu menekan jumlah bakteri A. hydrophila di hati, ginjal, dan usus. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini bahwa pemberian fikosianin sebanyak 150 mg/kg pakan selama tiga minggu/bulan memiliki nilai RPS tertinggi. Kata kunci: fikosianin, Spirulina platensis, Aeromonas hydrophila, Cyprinus carpio  ABSTRACT Motile aeromonad septicaemia (MAS) is a major disease in common carp Cyprinus carpio caused by Aeromonas hydrophila. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of phycocyanin imunostimulant extracted from Spirulina platensis to control MAS disease in common carp. This study was conducted into two phases. First phase was conducted by adding 150 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg, 350 mg/kg feed phycocyanin dose, and 0 mg/kg feed phycocyanin dose as control treatment. Fish was challenged with pathogenic A.hydrophila after 14 days rearing. Second phase was conducted by applying the best dose obtained from the first phase added in the feed for feeding the fish in one week/month, two weeks/month, three weeks /month, and two weeks/month with one week interval. Fish was challenged with pathogenic A.hydrophila after 28 days rearing. First phase study result showed that the relative percent survival (RPS) for fish fed 150 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg, and 350 mg/kg phycocyanin dose were 87.50%, 81.25%, and 75.00% respectively. Total erythrocytes, hemoglobin, total leucocytes, phagocytic activity, and respiratory burst showed higher results than control treatment on all treated fish. The second phase study showed that fish fed one week/month, two weeks/month, three weeks/month, and two weeks/month with one week interval had RPS value 65.38%, 69.23%, 76.92%, and 69.23% respectively. The immune responses of treated fish were higher than control treatment, as well as the number of pathogenic A. hydrophila in the liver, kidney, and intestine. Fish fed with phycoyanin dose 150 mg/kg feed and three weeks/month administration had the highest RPS value. Keywords: Phycocyanin, Spirulina platensis, Aeromonas hydrophila, Cyprinus carpio 
KINERJA PROBIOTIK BACILLUS SP. PADA PENDEDERAN BENIH IKAN LELE CLARIAS SP. YANG DIINFEKSI AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA Sukenda, ,; Rafsyanzani, Muhammad Mufthi; Rahman, ,; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3230.037 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.15.2.162-170

Abstract

ABSTRACT This experiment was conducted to assess performance of Bacillus sp. probiotic on catfish juvenile Clarias sp. infected by Aeromonas hydrophila. The probiotic content in the diets were 0% (K+ and K-), 1%, and 2% in duplicates. This experiment used randomized design with four treatments and two replications. Juveniles with average body weight of 3.22±0.15 g/fish were reared in the 1.5×2.8×0.5 m3 pond with density of 800 fish/pond. Fish were reared for 30 days and fed three times a day at rate 8% of  total body weight. At day 31, catfish were challenged by A. hydrophila 0.1 mL (106 cfu/mL). Post infection observation was carried out ten days with density 10 fish/aquaria. The result showed that fish fed diet containing 2% probiotic gave the best probiotic performance with survival rate of catfish 83.33% after challenged, spesific growth rate 5.40%, and 0,75 of feed conversion ratio. The results of the blood profile showed significantly better results in the treatment of probiotics compared to the positive control after challenge test A. hydrophila. Probiotic Bacillus sp. has given as much as 2% on feed provides better performance on catfish juvenile. Keywords: probiotic, Bacillus sp., A. hydrophila, catfish juvenille, growth  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji kinerja probiotik Bacillus sp. dalam pakan pada pendederan benih ikan lele Clarias sp. yang diinfeksi bakteri Aeromonas hydrophila. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan empat perlakuan yaitu kandungan probiotik dalam pakan perlakuan yaitu 0% (K+ dan K-), 1%,  dan 2%, masing-masing dengan dua ulangan. Ikan lele yang digunakan memiliki bobot rata-rata 3,22±0,15 g/ekor, dipelihara dalam kolam terpal berukuran 1,5×2,8×0,5 m3 dengan kepadatan 800 ekor/kolam. Ikan dipelihara selama 30 hari dengan frekuensi pemberian pakan tiga kali sehari sebanyak 8% dari bobot tubuh ikan. Hari ke-31 benih lele diinjeksi bakteri A. hydrophila dosis 0,1 mL/ekor dengan kepadatan bakteri 106 cfu/mL. Pemeliharaan setelah diinfeksi dilakukan selama sepuluh hari dengan kepadatan 10 ekor/akuarium. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ikan yang diberi probiotik 2% memperlihatkan kinerja probiotik terbaik dengan tingkat kelangsungan hidup ikan lele sebesar 83,33% setelah diinfeksi dengan A. hydrophila; laju pertumbuhan harian sebesar 5,40%; dan konversi pakan 0,75. Hasil gambaran darah menunjukkan hasil yang signifikan lebih baik pada perlakuan pemberian probiotik dibandingkan kontrol positif pascauji tantang A. hydrophila. Probiotik Bacillus sp. yang diberikan sebanyak 2% pada pakan memberikan kinerja lebih baik pada pendederan benih ikan lele. Kata kunci: probiotik, Bacillus sp., A. hydrophila, benih lele, pertumbuhan 
EFFICACY OF STREPTOCOCCUS AGALACTIAE VACCINE STRAINS N3M AND N4M IN FRY TILAPIA INFECTED BY DIFFERENT STRAINS OF S. AGALACTIAE Sukenda, Sukenda,; Firmansyah, Arif Lukman; Rahman, Rahman,; Nuryati, Sri; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 17 No. 2 (2018): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3658.23 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.17.2.168-180

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ABSTRACT    Streptococcus agalactiae is a major bacterial streptococcosis disease that infects tilapia. This study aimed to analyze a specific and nonspecific immune system in fry tilapia that has been given with S. agalactiae vaccine from N3M and N4M strain and examine the protective immunity against S. agalactiae N3M, N4M, N17O, NK1,  and N14G strains infection. Fry tilapia used in this study has the weight of 7.086±0.948 g and length of 7.443±0.353 cm. The S. agalactiae strains that used were N3M, N4M, N17O, NK1,and N14G. Fry tilapia was vaccinated through intraperitoneal injection method with 0.1 mL per fish of N3M and N4M vaccines. Fish reared in aquarium sizing of 60×30×50 cm3 with a density of 10 fishes aquarium-1. Two weeks after vaccination, fry tilapia was tested with 0.1 mL fish-1 of each N3M, N4M, N17O, NK1, and N14G strains through intraperitoneal injection method. Antibody level measured with indirect enzym-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. The result of antibody level in vaccinated fish after vaccination of N3M, N4M vaccine, N3M and N4M control were 0.767; 0.743; 0.587; and 0.544, respectively. Relative percent survival in N3M vaccinated fish after challenged with N3M and N4M was 87.50% dan 64.70%, respectively, otherwise in N4M vaccinated fish was 62.50% dan 76.47%, respectively. N3M and N4M vaccine strain have better protection as only if it tested with similar bacteria strain. Keywords: formalin-killed cell, tilapia, protection, Streptococcus agalactiae, strains  ABSTRAK Streptococcus agalactiae merupakan bakteri utama penyakit streptococcosis yang menginfeksi ikan nila. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis sistem imun spesifik dan nonspesifik pada benih ikan nila yang diberi vaksin S. agalactiae strain N3M dan N4M serta mengkaji imunitas protektif terhadap infeksi S. agalactiae strain N3M, N4M, N17O, NK1, dan N14G. Benih ikan nila yang digunakan memiliki bobot 7,086±0,948 g dan panjang 7,443±0,353 cm. Bakteri yang digunakan adalah S. agalactiae strain N3M, N4M, N17O, NK1,danN14G. Benih ikan nila divaksinasi menggunakan metode injeksi pada bagian intraperitoneal sebanyak 0,1 mL ekor-1 vaksin N3M dan N4M. Pemeliharaan dilakukan pada akuarium berukuran 60×30×50 cm3 dengan kepadatan 10 ekor akuarium-1. Dua minggu setelah vaksinasi benih ikan diuji tantang dengan strain bakteri N3M, N4M, N17O, NK1,  danN14G menggunakan metode injeksi pada bagian intraperitoneal dengan dosis 0,1 mL ekor-1. Level antibodi diukur dengan metode indirect enzym-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Hasil menunjukkan level antibodi ikan setelah vaksinasi pada perlakuan vaksin N3M, N4M, kontrol N3M, dan kontrol N4M berturut-turut 0,767; 0,743; 0,587; dan 0,544. Kelangsungan hidup relatif ikan yang divaksin N3M setelah diuji tantang dengan strain N3M dan N4M berturut-turut 87,50% dan 64,70%, sedangkan pada ikan yang divaksin N4M berturut-turut 62,50% dan 76,47%. Vaksin strain N3M dan N4M memiliki proteksi lebih baik jika diuji tantang dengan strain bakteri yang sama. Kata kunci: formalin-killed cell, Streptococcus agalactiae, strain, proteksi, nila  
INFEKTIVITAS PARASIT ICHTYOPHTHIRIUS MULTIFILIIS YANG DISIMPAN PADA SUHU RENDAH Rahman, ,; Sukenda, ,; Nuryati, Sri; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3250.442 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.15.93-98

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ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate infectivity of Ichtyophthirius multifiliis which caused white spot disease maintained at low temperature without its host. Briefly, the trophont stage of parasites were subjected at control (28 °C) and lower temperature (9 °C) for 14 consecutive days of observation. The rate of survival, and excystment of descendants were examined descriptively at the last day of observation. Here, the infectivity of parasite then performed by means infecting the model fish Poecilia sphenops (black moly) with escaping theronts. The results revealed that the survival rate and excystment  rate of parasite were decreased as maintaining period increased. The final rate of survival, and excystment of parasite were 35% and 33,3% respectively. Additionally, the descendants came out with high abnormality which recognized by weak mobility and lower infectivity (50%) compared to the control (80%). Then, it is concluded that, maintaining I. multifiliis at low temperature without its host for 14 consecutive days will decreased the infectivity. Keywords: white spot, obligat parasite, excystment, infectivity  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi infektivitas parasit Ichtyophthirius multifiliis penyebab penyakit bintik putih (white spot) yang dipelihara tanpa inang pada suhu rendah. Parasit dengan stadia trophont dipelihara pada suhu ruang (28 °C) dan suhu rendah (9 °C) selama 14 hari. Selama masa pemeliharaan tersebut tingkat kelulusan hidup, dan tingkat eksismen parasit diukur dan dibandingkan secara deskriptif. Hari terakhir pemeliharaan dilakukan uji tantang pada ikan black moly Poecilia sphenops untuk menilai infektivitas parasit. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa tingkat kelulusan hidup dan eksismen parasit semakin menurun dengan bertambahnya masa pemeliharaan. Akhir pengamatan  kelangsungan hidup, dan nilai eksismen tersebut berturut-turut adalah 35% dan 33%. Parasit yang disimpan pada suhu rendah selama 14 hari memperlihatkan infektivitas yang lebih rendah (50%) dibandingkan dengan perlakuan kontrol (80%). Kesimpulannya, penyimpanan parasit I. multifiliis pada suhu rendah selama 14 hari dapat menurunkan infektivitas parasit pada inang. Kata kunci: bintik putih, parasit obligat, eksismen, infektivitas
THE PROTECTIVE DURATION OF STREPTOCOCCUS AGALACTIAE VACCINE IN NILE TILAPIA FOR THE PREVENTION OF STREPTOCOCCOSIS Sukenda, ,; Rusli, ,; Nuryati, Sri; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 14 No. 2 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3075.762 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.14.192-201

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ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to assess the protective duration of Streptococcus agalactiae vaccine against streptococcosis in Nile tilapia. Fish were treated by the whole cell vaccine, ECP vaccine and mixture of whole cell and ECP vaccine. After 14, 28, 42, and 52 day post-vaccination (DPV), the fish were intraperitoneally challenged with 104  cfu/mL S. agalactiae. The results showed mortality rate of whole-cell vaccine (A), ECP vaccine (B) and mix vaccine (C) up to day 42 was significantly (P<0.05) lower than the control treatment, namely 73.33%; 80%; and 76%, respectively. The mortality rate of vaccine treatments A, B, and C on day 56 had no significant difference (P>0.05) with the control. The value of antibody titer vaccine treatments A, B, and C indicate that antigen-antibody reaction on day 28 after the vaccination was significantly (P <0.05) higher than the control that were 3.67; 3.33; and 3.67. Antigen-antibody reaction on day 42 after the vaccination was founded, but did not different significantly (P>0.05) with the control. Bacterial population in treatment A, B, and C in the organs of the fish until the 28th day was still under the control of 104  cfu/mL. S. agalactiae vaccine protection duration is 42 days after the vaccination. Keywords : nile tilapia, Streptococcus agalactiae, duration, vaccine, streptococcosis  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis durasi proteksi dari vaksin Streptococcus agalactiae sebagai pencegahan terhadap streptococcosis pada ikan nila. Ikan divaksinasi dengan vaksin sel utuh, ECP dan gabungan sel utuh dan ECP dari S. agalactiae yang diinjeksi secara intrapetorineal. Ikan diuji tantang S. agalactiae 104  cfu/mL pada hari ke-14, ke-28, ke-42, dan ke-56 pascavaksinasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat mortalitas perlakuan vaksin sel utuh (A), vaksin ECP (B), dan gabungan vaksin sel utuh dengan ECP (C) hingga hari ke-42 masih signifikan (P<0,05) lebih rendah dari perlakuan kontrol yaitu 73,33%; 80%; dan 76%. Tingkat mortalitas perlakuan vaksin A, B, dan C pada hari ke-56 sudah tidak berbeda signifikan (P>0,05) dengan kontrol. Nilai titer antibodi perlakuan vaksin A, B, dan C menunjukkan bahwa reaksi antigen antibodi pada hari ke-28 pascavaksinasi masih signifikan (P<0,05) lebih tinggi dibandingkan kontrol  yaitu 3,67; 3,33; dan 3,67. Reaksi antigen antibodi pada hari ke-42 pascavaksinasi masih ditemukan, namun tidak berbeda signifikan (P>0,05) dengan kontrol. Populasi bakteri pada perlakuan A, B, dan C di organ ikan hingga hari ke-28 masih di bawah kontrol 104  cfu/mL. Durasi proteksi vaksin S. agalactiae adalah 42 hari pascavaksinasi. Kata kunci: ikan nila, Streptococcus agalactiae, durasi, vaksin, streptococcosis
EFFICACY OF WHOLE CELL VACCINE AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA ON CATFISH BROODSTOCK AND IT’S OFFSPRING RESISTANCE AGAINT MOTILE AEROMONAD SEPTICEMIA (MAS) Sukenda, ,; Pratiwi, Kiki Amalia; Rahman, ,; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 1 (2017): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3146.796 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.16.1.92-100

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ABSTRACT  Transfer of maternal immunity by mean of passive immunization is a way to provide protection and durability of antibodies on the offspring. The purpose of this research was to analize effication of Aeromonas hydrophila vaccine on the catfish broodstock to maternal transfer of immunity, and offspring resistance. The average body weight of broodstock used in this study were 650±50 g were kept in pool tarps sized 2×1×0.5 m3. This study used a randomized complete design with two treatments and three replications. Female broodstock were vaccinated using intraperitonial injections at a dose 0.4 mL/kg and control fish were injected with phospate buffered saline (PBS). The observed parameters include hematology of broodstock, mortality, the relative survival rate, and antibody titers. Antibody titer measurements on broodstock, eggs, and offspring. Vaccination on broodstock catfish delivers a significant antibody level (P<0.05) on offspring compared to control catfish with relative survival rate of offspring at 5, 10, and 15 days after hatching were 67.76%, 82.66%, and 71.66% respectively. Keywords: catfish, Aeromonas hydrophila, vaccination, antibody transfer  ABSTRAK  Transfer kekebalan dari induk kepada benih melalui imunisasi pasif merupakan salah satu cara untuk memberikan proteksi pada benih. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menguji efikasi vaksin sel utuh Aeromonas hydrophila pada induk ikan nila dalam mentransfer kekebalan spesifik ke benih dan menguji ketahanan benih hasil pemijahan induk yang divaksin. Induk lele yang digunakan pada penelitian ini memiliki bobot rata-rata 650±50 g dipelihara di kolam terpal berukuran 2×1×0,5 m3. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan dua perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Induk betina lele divaksinasi secara intraperitonial dengan dosis 0,4 mL/kg ikan dan induk lele kontrol disuntik dengan phospate buffer saline (PBS). Parameter yang diamati meliputi hematologi induk, mortalitas, tingkat kelangsungan hidup relatif benih, dan titer antibodi. Vaksinasi induk lele memberikan hasil level antibodi yang signifikan (P<0,05) pada induk, telur, dan benih lele dibandingkan perlakuan kontrol dengan tingkat kelangsungan hidup relatif benih umur 5, 10, dan 15 hari pacatetas masing-masing sebesar 67,76; 82,66%; dan 71,66%. Kata kunci: ikan lele, Aeromonas hydrophila, vaksinasi, transfer antibodi
GENETIC VARIABILITY AND PERFORMANCE OF ASIAN SWAMP EEL MONOPTERUS ALBUS (ZUIEW, 1793) FROM WEST JAVA CULTURED IN SALINE WATER MEDIUM Soelistyowati, Dinar Tri; Syarif, Ahmad Fahrul; Affandi, Ridwan; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 1 (2017): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3267.682 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.16.1.33-40

Abstract

ABSTRACT  Asian swamp eel Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793) is freshwater fish species which is prospective for domestic and export markets. The production is limited depend on the catches of natural population. The cultivation of eel has been carried out to increase the production for sustainability. This study was conducted to evaluate the genetic variability and performance of Asian swamp eel from West Java and its potential cultivation in water based media with salinity. Three populations from West Java were collected of different altitudes from Sukabumi (673 m asl), Cianjur (429 m asl), Karawang (51 m asl) sized 19?26.5 cm and weighed 4.95?11.4 g. The cultivation was performed during 30 days in water media without substrate at salinity 6 ppt with density of 1 kg/m2 and maintenance at container 50×30×30 cm completed with shelter pipe of ¾ inches diameter and 20 cm length, height of water 10 cm and water exchange 100% every day, fed at satiation using Tubificidae once a day. Genetically, all of the populations showed low heterozygosity at 1.19?1.23% and genetic distance 0.01?0.04. Asian swamp eel adapted better at water salinity 6 ppt which indicated by low mesure of osmotic gradient and blood glucose. Asian swamp eel from Karawang showed superior at survival rate (90%) and daily growth rate (1.42/day). Keywords: Asian swamp eel, Monopterus albus, cultivation, genetic variability, salinity  ABSTRAK  Belut sawah Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793) merupakan komoditas ikan air tawar potensial di pasar domestik maupun ekspor, namun produksinya masih mengandalkan hasil tangkapan dari alam karena budidaya belum berkembang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi keragaman genetik dan keragaan belut sawah asal Jawa Barat dan potensinya untuk dikembangkan dengan teknik budidaya di air bersalinitas tanpa lumpur. Tiga populasi belut sawah dikoleksi dari lokasi di Jawa Barat dengan ketinggian berbeda yaitu Sukabumi (673 m dpl), Cianjur (429 m dpl), Karawang (51 m dpl). Sumber genetik belut berukuran 19?26,5 cm dan bobot berkisar 4,95?11,4 g dipelihara selama 30 hari dalam media air tanpa substrat bersalinitas 6 ppt. Wadah pemeliharaan berukuran 50×30×30 cm dilengkapi shelter pipa paralon diameter ¾ inci dan panjang 20 cm serta ketinggian air 10 cm. Padat penebaran ikan 1 kg/m2 (20 ekor/wadah), serta pergantian air 100% dilakukan setiap hari dan pemberian pakan berupa Tubificidae secara at satiation satu kali sehari. Secara genetik ketiga populasi menunjukkan tingkat heterosigositas yang rendah yaitu berkisar 0,19?0,23 % dan jarak genetik 0,01?0,04. Belut sawah menunjukkan respons adaptasi yang baik dalam media air tanpa substrat pada salinitas 6 ppt berdasarkan indikator beban osmotik dan kadar glukosa yang rendah. Belut sawah asal Karawang unggul pada laju pertumbuhan harian (1,42/hari) dan kelangsungan hidup (90 %). Kata kunci: belut sawah Monopterus albus, budidaya, keragaman genetik, salinitas
Specific Immune Response Kinetics and Mortality Patterns of Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus on Post-Cocktail Vaccination Period against the Infection of Aeromonas hydrophila and Streptococcus agalactiae Sukenda, Sukenda; Sumiati, Tuti; Nuryati, Sri; Lusiastuti, Angela Mariana; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Journal Omni-Akuatika Vol 13, No 2 (2017): Omni-Akuatika November
Publisher : Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (214.583 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.oa.2017.13.2.279

Abstract

ABSTRACTFish vaccination aims to induce a specific immune response indicated by an increase of antibodies in vaccinated fish. However, in accordance with time the presence of antibodies will continue to decline. The purpose of this study was to determine the kinetics of specifik immune response and trend mortality against Aeromonas hydrophila and Streptococcus agalactiae on tilapia following vaccination with cocktail vaccine. Fish vaccinated through immersion for 30 minutes in a solution of diluted vaccine. Challenge test was performed for three periods, on day 22, 50, and 78 post-vaccination, fish were challenged with single infection of A. hydrophila 108 cfu. mL-1 and S. agalactiae 104 cfu. mL-1 and co-infection of both bacteria by intraperitoneal. During rearing, the blood fish were taken for determining of serum antibodies, and its  measured by ELISA. The results showed that the concentration of specific antibodies vaccinated fish were significantly higher than the control. The basal antibody levels of A. hydrophila before vaccination were higher than S. agalactiae with OD of 0.104 and 0.069 respectively. The maximum  antibody  response  was  reached  within  70  days  of  the  A. hydrophila OD= 0.264 and 56 days against S. agalactiae OD= 0.188. The mortality rate in the control group was significantly higher than vaccinated on all types and each challenge test period. The trend of mortality due to a single infection of A. hydrophila and co-infections occur more quickly than by S. agalactiae. Lowest mortality occurred in the vaccinated group at 50 day tested challenge.Keywords: kinetics antibody, Aeromnas hydrophila, Streptococcus agalactiae, Oreochromis niloticus
VACCINATION IN NILE TILAPIA BROODSTOCK WITH WHOLE CELL VACCINE AND DISEASE RESISTANCE IN ITS FRY AGAINST AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA Sukenda, Sukenda; Carman, Odang; Rahman, Rahman; Hidayatullah, Dendi; Yumaidawati, Nurfitriani Siti
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 2 (2017): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3317.974 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.16.2.268-276

Abstract

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to analyze the effectivity of vaccination in Nile tilapia broodstock with whole cell vaccine and disease resistance in fry tilapia against Aeromonas hydrophila. Tilapia Nirwana strain that used for this had average body weight of 185±13.23 g and were maintained in ponds sizing of (2.5×2.5×1 m3). Vaccinations that has been done through intraperitoneal injection using dose of 0.1 mL/fish, meanwhile the fish for control was injected by phosphate buffered saline (PBS). This study used complete randomized design with two treatments and three replications. Antibody level was measured by using indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method in the broodstock, egg, and fry.  Challenge test in fry tilapia performed at the age of 5, 10, and 15 days. The results showed that vaccination in tilapia broodstock delivered a significant antibody level in broodstock, eggs, and fry (P<0.05) compared to the control. Relative percent survival of offspring at 5, 10, and 15 days were 78.26%, 70.59%, and 65.52%, respectively.  As a conclusion, vaccination in tilapia broodstock was effective to improve specific and non-specific immunity, and protect fry tilapia from A. hydrophila infection through maternal immunity. Keywords: vaccination, antibody, maternal immunity, tilapia, Aeromonas hydrophila  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis efikasi vaksinasi pada induk nila dengan vaksin sel utuh dan ketahanan benih yang dihasilkan terhadap Aeromonas hydrophila. Ikan nila stain Nirwana yang digunakan dalam penelitian memiliki bobot rata-rata 185±13,23 g dan ikan dipelihara dalam kolam (2,5×2,5×1 m3). vaksinasi dilakukan melalui penyuntikan intraperitoneal dengan dosis 0,1 mL/ikan, sementara itu ikan kontrol disuntik dengan phosphate buffered saline (PBS). Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan dua perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Tingkat antibodi diukur dengan menggunakan metode indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) pada induk, telur dan benih. Uji tantang pada benih dilakukan pada umur 5, 10, dan 15 hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa vaksinasi pada induk nila secara signifikan dapat meningkatkan level antibodi pada induk, telur, dan benih (P<0,05) dibandingkan dengan kontrol. Kelangsungan hidup relatif pada benih berumur 5, 10, dan 15 hari masing-masing adalah 78,26%; 70,59%; dan 65,52%. Sebagai kesimpulan vaksinasi pada induk nila efektif dalam memperbaiki imunitas spesifik dan non spesifik serta melindungi benih dari infeksi A. hydrophila melalui imunitas maternal. Kata kunci: vaksinasi, antibodi, imunitas maternal, ikan nila, Aeromonas hydrophila