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URGENSI IJTIHAD EKONOMI PADA ERA GLOBALISASI Mu'allim, Amir; Syibly, M. Roem
UNISIA No 75: Tahun XXXIII Triwulan VII 2011
Publisher : Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/unisia.vol33.iss75.art2

Abstract

Globalization has changed the fabric of human life and lead to accelerated economic development islam as a religion rahmatan ill alamin is required to always be ready to provide solutions to various issues, because not every economic problem in the modern era has been arranged in al-Quran and al-Hadith, then opened the door of ijtihad. Method of economic ijtihad has very important position, because products of globalization are very fast and diverse. The classical scholars have provided a good example of how diligence in the economic field that should be followed by the scientists of this modern era. In the current era, the most appropriate economic ijtihad is the collective ijtihad as has been done by the DSN-MUI, Bahsul Masail NU, and Majelis Tarjih Muhammadiyah. However, should also noted how economic ijtihad products that now exist can be mutually reinforcing and contribute to the repertoire of minimal economic sciences of Islam, not the other way would lead to disunity.Keywords: Economic Ijtihad, Islamic economics, globalization, maslahah.  
AN OVERVIEW OF ISLAMIC LAW ON ACCOMMODATION LEASING Syibly, M. Roem; Arisman, Dani
Millah: Jurnal Studi Agama Vol. 18, No. 2, Februari 2019 Aktualisasi Mashlahah pada Ranah Domestik, Muamalah, Budaya, dan Dasar
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Agama Islam, Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/millah.vol18.iss2.art6

Abstract

This study focuses on the contract implementation to lease an accommodation according to Islamic law. This study aims to explain the practices in accommodation leasing in Nglanjaran, Sardonoharjo Village, Ngaglik District, Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta and to examine the accommodation leasing practices based on Islamic law. This research used a field research method, with a descriptive analytical approach. The data were collected through observation and interviews. This research shows that the agreement made between the tenant and the accommodation owner was done orally and in writing. This was done in accordance with Islamic law as it fulfills the essential principles and requirements of ijarah. The prices and the period of lease has been determined based on various facilities provided such as physical and non-physical facilities. Meanwhile, disputes that may occur in leasing practices are settled through a negotiation for consensus. To avoid agreement violation, the requirements or any issue related to the lease agreement shall be clearly written to avoid any ambiguity and misunderstanding in the future. In addition, it is suggested that the village apparatus be involved in the arrangement of the lease practice, by way of making general regulations for accommodation leasing in Nglanjaran for community comfort.
PRINSIP KEADILAN DALAM PEMBAGIAN WARIS DAN WASIAT PADA MASYARAKAT MUSLIM YOGYAKARTA Syibly, M. Roem; Tono, Sidik
istinbath Vol 16 No 2 (2017): Desember
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah UIN Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (247.476 KB)

Abstract

Abstrak Peneliti tertarik untuk menganalisa bentuk dan model waris dan wasiat pada masyarakat muslim Jawa yang berprinsip keadilan. Urgensi dari hasil temuan dalam penelitian ini adalah; adanya tawaran reinterpretasi terhadap perluasan sasaran hukum waris dan wasiat Islam, dan  memberikan gambaran tentang model pembagian waris dan wasiat Islam yang berprinsip keadilan yang bermuatan lokal. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di wilayah Sleman, Yogyakarta. Sumber datanya adalah seluruh Kaur Kesra  Desa di wilayah penelitian dan teknik sampel yang digunakan adalah Purposive random sampling. Analisis dengan cara non-statistik yaitu secara kualitatif dengan menggunakan metode “reflektive thinking” dengan pola deduksi-induksi dan tata pikir devergen yaitu tata pikir kreatif inovatif. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa dalam masyarakat manapun agama yang dianut cenderung berpengaruh dalam berbagi aspek kehidupannya sehingga wajar jika hukum Islam sulit dinafikan eksistensinya dikalangan masyarakat Jawa. Oleh karena itu, bagi suku Jawa berjalannya pluralisme hukum antara hukum Islam dan adat sulit dihindari, bahkan pluralisme ini sudah merupakan hal yang diyakini secara umum. Masyarakat yang saat ini menganut agama Islam sudah terbiasa diatur dengan norma hukum adat, sehingga hukum waris Islam dan adat terkadang tidak terhindarkan. Dalam sistem pembagian harta peninggalan, masyarakat muslim Jawa tidak seluruhnya menggunakan sistem pembagian waris dan wasiat Islam, tetapi lebih cenderung dengan sistem adat Jawa, walaupun ada sebagian sistem Islam yang dipergunakan. Abstract This study aims to explain the concept and the method of estate and testament division amongst Javanese Muslim that is based on the principle of justice. This study is hopped to offer reinterpretation of Isamic law of inheritance and give an overview of the distribution of inheritance  and tastement in Selaman, Yogyakarta. The data were collected through observation and interview all the head of welfare affairs in all areas of research. It also used purposive randaom sampling. Analysis is conducted by nonstatistical qualitatively using “reflective thinking”with the pattern of induction and deduction-governance for innovative creative thinking. This study found that in any society the religious affiliation tends to affect the share aspetcs of their life so the influence of Islamic law in inevitable the people of Java. Therefore, for egal pluralism Javanese passage between Islamic law and custom are difficult to avoid, even pluralism is accepted. People that are now converted to Islam have become accustomed to e governed by customary law norms, so that Islamic law and customs are sometimes unavoidable. In the system of the distribution of inheritance, the customary system of Java applies although some Islamic system is also used.