Endiyono Endiyono, Endiyono
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PELATIHAN SIAGA BENCANA (DISASTER PREPAREDNESS) UNTUK SISWA SMU MUHAMMADIYAH 1 PURWOKERTO Asiandi, Asiandi; Endiyono, Endiyono; Sodikin, Sodikin
medisains Vol 8, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : medisains

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Abstract

Background: Disasters are unexpected events occur and can not be controlled without help from outside, it cause required an understanding, awareness and skills on disaster preparedness. One kinds of realization is important to conduct training programs on disaster prepardness.Objective: The aim of the training is to increase understanding, awareness and skills of Muhammadiyah high school student of Purwokerto on disaster preparedness.Method: The method was lecture training and simulation handling emergencies include cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR), how to stop bleeding, bandage, splint and transportation. Activities held on December 12, 2009 and January 5, 2010with participants were 24 students from student council representative (OSIS), PMR and Pramuka. Each participant got aguideline book for handling emergency patients. Before and after training carried out pre-test and post-test and cardiac pulmonary resuscitation practice exams, to stop the bleeding, bandage, splint and transport of patients with emergencyconditions.Results: The participants have increased of average score from 62.5 (pre-test) to an average of 78.75 (post-test) and allparticipants passed the competency of practice.Conclusion: This training can improve understanding and skills on Muhammadiyah high school student of Purwokertorelated to the theory and practice ofdisaster preparedness.Keywords: Disaster preparedness, senior high school student.
Respiration Status of Asthma Patients Who Get Nebulisation Using Jet Nebulizer Compared to Nebulizer Using Oxygen Santosa, Agus; Endiyono, Endiyono
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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Background: Some of regional hospitals still provide oxygen gas for nebulizer to therapies in astma patiens. The study was aimed to observe the effectiveness of jet nebulizer vs oxygen as a driving gas for nebulizer on respiratory parameters of asthma patients which is breath pattern, respiration rate (RR), breath sound, oxygen saturation (SpO2), peak expiratory flow rate (PEF}. Method: The research was an experimental with a combination design, pre-post test with control group and post test only with control group in RSUD dr. R. Goeteng Taroenadibrata Purbalingga consisted of 60 respondents selected by proportional stratified random sampling. Data analysis used was independent t-test and fisher’r exact test. Result: There was no difference in the respiratory pattern variables between jet nebulizer and oxygen as a driving gas nebulizers (p> 0.05). The jet nebulizer was better in reducing RR in asthma patients than the oxygen as a driving gas nebulizer (p
Gambaran post traumatic stress disorder korban bencana tanah longsor di dusun jemblung kabupaten Banjarnegara Endiyono, Endiyono; Hidayah, Novi Isnaini
MEDISAINS Vol 16, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : MEDISAINS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/medisains.v16i3.3622

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Bencana tanah longsor merupakan bencana alam yang dapat memberikan dampak yang negatif bagi penyintas bencana tanah longsor. Dampak yang ditimbulkan baik berupa dampak fisik, sosial, lingkungan maupun dampak psikologis. Dampak psikologis yang ditimbulkan setelah bencana yaitu Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) yang menunjukkan beberapa gejala berupa Re-experiencing, Avoidance, Negative alteration in mood and cognition, dan Hyperarousal.Tujuan: Mengetahui gambaran Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) pada korban bencana tanah longsor.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan survey. Teknik sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah teknik total sampling, sampel dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 38 responden. Analisa data menggunakan analisis univariat untuk mengetahui karakteristik responden yang meliputi umur, pekerjaan, jenis kelamin, agama, suku, Pendidikan, usia saat terjadi bencana dan gambaran gejala PTSD.Hasil: Responden yang mengalami gejala PTSD sebanyak 30 responden (78,9%), sedangkan responden yang tidak mengalami gejala PTSD sebanyak 8 responden (21,1%).Kesimpulan: Sebagian besar responden mengalami PTSD.
Pendidikan kesehatan pertolongan pertama berpengaruh terhadap tingkat pengetahuan dan praktek guru dalam penanganan cedera pada siswa di sekolah dasar Endiyono, Endiyono; Lutfiasari, Arum
MEDISAINS Vol 14, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : MEDISAINS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/medisains.v14i1.1041

Abstract

Latar belakang : Cedera sering terjadi pada anak usia sekolah, ketika terjadi cedera di sekolah guru adalah orang pertama yang membantu anak dalam melakukan pertolongan pertama. Praktek pertolongan pertama sangat penting untuk mencegah kematian dan keparahan lebih lanjut dengan intervensi yang sederhana. Oleh karena itu, guru harus mengetahui aturan dasar praktek pertolongan pertama dengan melakukan pendidikan kesehatan. Tujuan : Untuk mengetahui pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan pertolongan pertama terhadap tingkat pengetahuan dan praktek guru dalam penanganan cedera pada siswa di Sekolah Dasar Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto. Metode : Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan desain pre experimental with one group pre and posttest without control group design. Populasi dan sampel dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 18 orang dengan teknik total sampling. Analisis data menggunakan uji Paired sample t-test. Hasil : Nilai rata-rata pengetahuan pada guru sebelum diberikan pendidikan kesehatan sebesar 8,56 ± 1,423 sedangkan setelah diberikan pendidikan kesehatan meningkat menjadi 11,83± 1,724. Nilai rata-rata praktek pada guru sebelum diberikan pendidikan kesehatan sebesar 16,28±3,025 sedangkan setelah diberikan pendidikan kesehatan meningkat menjadi 27,39± 2,330. Berdasarkan uji Paired sample t-test didapatkan p value =0,0001 pada pengetahuan dan praktek dengan perbedaan selisih 3,278 ± 1,809 dan 11,111±2,471 Kesimpulan : Terdapat pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan pertolongan pertama terhadap tingkat pengetahuan dan praktek guru dalam penanganan cedera pada siswa di Sekolah Dasar Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto. Kata Kunci : pendidikan kesehatan, pertolongan pertama, tingkat pengetahuan.
HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN SPIRITUAL DAN DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP PASIEN KANKER PAYUDARA DI RSUD PROF. DR. MARGONO SOEKARJO PURWOKERTO Endiyono, Endiyono; Herdiana, Wawan
MEDISAINS Vol 14, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : MEDISAINS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/medisains.v14i2.1051

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Kanker payudara merupakan penyakit kronik dengan mortalitas tinggi, pasien kanker dapat mengalami berbagai masalah diantaranya adalah masalah fisik, psikologi, dan spiritual, seperti stress, sedih, kelelahan fisik dan ketakutan akan masa depan, dan semua hal itu akan mempengaruhi kualitas hidup pasien. Manusia mempunyai sifat holistik yaitu makhluk fisik sekaligus psikologis yang saling mempengaruhi, sehingga apa yang terjadi dengan kondisi fisik akan mempengaruhi psikologisnya, untuk mengatasi hal tersebut salah satu faktor yang dapat dilakukan untuk meningkatkan atau mempengaruhi kualitas hidup pasien kanker payudara adalah dukungan spiritual dan dukungan sosial. Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan dukungan spiritual dan dukungan sosial dengan kualitas hidup pasien kanker payudara. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskripsi korelasi dengan menggunakan pendekatan crossectional menggunakan teknik incidental sampling, jumlah responden sebanyak 42 responden pengumpulan data menggunakan instrument kuesioner, dan analisa data menggunakan uji Chi-square. Hasil: Hasil uji Chi-square didapatkan bahwa ada hubungan yang signifikan antara dukungan spiritual dengan kualitas hidup pasien kanker payudara dengan p value= 0,012 < alpha (0,05). Dan ada hubungan yang signifikan antara dukungan sosial dengan kualitas hidup pasien kanker payudara dengan p value = 0.028
PELATIHAN BANTUAN HIDUP DASAR DENGAN MEDIA PHANTOM RESUSITASI JANTUNG PARU (PREJARU) MENINGKATKAN PENGETAHUAN DAN KETERAMPILAN BANTUAN HIDUP DASAR PADA ORANG AWAM Putri, Runi Pramesti; Safitri, Feni Nofalia; Munir, Sahrul; Hermawan, Ari; Endiyono, Endiyono
Jurnal Gawat Darurat Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Juni 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Gawat Darurat

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Abstract

Kegawatdaruratan&nbsp; merupakan suatu&nbsp; kejadian&nbsp; yang&nbsp; tiba-tiba&nbsp; menuntut tindakan&nbsp; segera&nbsp; yang&nbsp; mungkin&nbsp; karena epidemi,&nbsp; kejadian&nbsp; alam,&nbsp; untuk&nbsp; bencana teknologi,&nbsp; perselisihan&nbsp; atau&nbsp; kejadian yang&nbsp; disebabkan manusia. Penyakit&nbsp; Jantung&nbsp; Koroner&nbsp; di&nbsp; Propinsi&nbsp; Jawa&nbsp; Tengah&nbsp; mengalami peningkatan&nbsp; dari&nbsp; 0,09%&nbsp; pada&nbsp; tahun&nbsp; 2006&nbsp; menjadi&nbsp; 0,10%&nbsp; pada&nbsp; tahun&nbsp; 2007, dan 0,11% pada tahun 2008. Prevalensi sebesar 0,11% berarti setiap 10.000 orang terdapat 11 orang penderita Penyakit Jantung Koroner. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh pelatihan bantuan hidup dasar dengan media phantom resusitasi jantung paru meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan bantuan hidup dasar orang awam. penelitian ini penelitian kuantitatif menggunakan metode pre experimental, design rancangan penelitian menggunakan one group pre-post test design melibatkan responden sebanyak 30 responden. Analisa data yang digunakan adalah uji Wilcoxon. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan paired t-test. nilai rata-rata pengetahuan responden sebelum pelatihan sebesar 4,87±2,129 dan sesudah pelatihan nilai rata-rata meningkat menjadi 7,33±2,090. Nilai rata-rata keterampilan responden&nbsp; sebelum pelatihan sebesar 2,83±0,95 dan sesudah pelatihan nilai rata-rata meningkat menjadi 4,7±0,466. Hasil uji wilcoxon terhadap pengetahuan diperoleh nilai Z sebesar -3,326 dengan nilai p 0,0001 dan pada keterampilan nilai Z sebesar -4,684 dengan p 0,0001. Ada pengaruh pelatihan bantuan hidup dasar dengan media phantom resusitasi jantung paru (PREJARU) meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan bantuan hidup dasar orang awam. &nbsp; Kata kunci: BHD, pengetahuan dan keterampilan, PREJARU &nbsp; TRAINING OF BASIC LIVI SUPPORT WITH THE MEDIA OF PHANTOM RESUSCITATION OF PULSE HEART (PREJARU) IMPROVING BASIC LIFE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS IN THE EARLY PEOPLE &nbsp; ABSTRACT Emergency is a sudden occurrence that demands immediate action that may be due to an epidemic, natural events, for technological disasters, human-caused disputes or events. Coronary Heart Disease in Central Java Province experienced an increase from 0.09% in 2006 to 0.10% in 2007, and 0.11% in 2008. Prevalence of 0.11% means that every 10,000 people there are 11 people suffering from disease Coronary heart. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of basic life support training with phantom cardiac resuscitation media to improve the knowledge and skills of basic life support for lay people. This study used quantitative pre-experimental methode with one group pre-post test design, the sampling technique uses total 30 respondents. Analysis of the data in this study used&nbsp; the Wilcoxon test. Data collection techniques using paired t-test. the average value of respondents' knowledge before training was 4.87 ± 2.129 and after training the average value increased to 7.33 ± 2.090. The average value of respondents' skills before training was 2.83 ± 0.95 and after training the average value increased to 4.7 ± 0.466. The results of the Wilcoxon test on knowledge obtained a Z value of -3,326 with a value of p 0,0001 and a skill Z value of -4,684 with p 0,0001. There is the effect of basic life assistance training with phantom cardiac resuscitation media (PREJARU) to increase the knowledge and basic life support skills of ordinary people. &nbsp; Keyword: Basic Life Support, training and skills, PREJARU
AN INNOVATIVE CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION MANNEQUIN FOR COMMON PEOPLE Putri, Runi Pramesti; Endiyono, Endiyono
MEDISAINS Vol 18, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/medisains.v18i1.7054

Abstract

Background: The success of basic life support is determined by the role of the individual(s) who first encountered a patient with a heart attack, and he will be a helper in the situation. Lack of socialization and training for laypeople makes them unable to implement a right first aid in cases of cardiac arrest. There is a need for innovations in cardiac, pulmonary resuscitation for ordinary people to facilitate them in practicing compression measures.Technique: CPR mannequin is made of a plywood material in the shape of the human body; it is 34 cm long, 34 cm wide, and 6.5 cm high. There are 2 LED lights to detect the accuracy of the compression depth.Conclusion: CPR mannequin can facilitate and improve the skills of laypeople in performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIALYSIS ADEQUACY AND FATIGUE IN PATIENTS ON MAINTENANCE HEMODIALYSIS Suparti, Sri; Sodikin, Sodikin; Endiyono, Endiyono
Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran Vol 8, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/jkp.v8i1.1165

Abstract

Fatigue and inadequacy dialysis are common problem in hemodialysis patients. The dialysis inadequacy can cause an increased progression of impaired renal function, as well as the increased morbidity and mortality, and declining productivity of hemodialysis patients. Fatigue prevalence ranged from 44,7- 97% from mild to severe. Fatigue is a common complaint of hemodialysis patients that can lower physical function and life quality. To determine the correlation between adequacy and the fatigue level of the patients with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis. This study used a descriptive analytic and cross sectional approach involving 75 respondents and the FACIT-G Questionnaire was used to collect the data. The inclusion criteria are male and female patients aged 18 -70, undergoing hemodialysis for more than 3 months with a frequency of 2 times at least 4 hours, composmentis patients. The adequacy hemodialysis was assessed using the Kt/V formula. All data were collected during the session of hemodialysis. Pearson Product moment test wes used to analyze the data. The mean dialysis adequacy was 1.43±0.380, 57(76%) only 13 (17.3%) patients had adequate dialysis (minimum laboratory standard Kt / v = 1.8) and inadequate were 62 (82.7%) patients. The mean of fatigue was 20.07 and 62 (82.7%) respondents experienced severe fatigue. There was no significant correlation between adequacy and the fatigue level of the patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis with p value 0.504 (?> 0.05). Mostly patients had inadequate dialysis, both adequate and inadequate dialysis patients had experience fatigue from mild to severe. Multiple individuale and personnel factors affect dialysis adequacy directly or conversely.