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IMPACT OF SEDIMENTATION TO SPONGE ON CORAL REEF ECOSYSTEMS IN HOGA AND SAMPELA ISLAND, WAKATOBI ARCHIPELAGO Sakaria, Fajria Sari; Haris, Abdul; Massinai, Arniati
TORANI: Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science VOLUME 2 NOMOR 1, DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (15.153 KB) | DOI: 10.35911/torani.v2i1.5854

Abstract

Sponge is marine organism from porifera phylum which is a filter feeder (filtering food). Sponge can be degraded by high sediment suspended seawater, which causing a sponge body blockage, which will inhibit the growth of the sponge and even experienced death. This study aims to analyze the sponge coverage, sponge species identification and the relationship between sponge coverage and sedimentation rate. Underwater Photo Transect (UPT) was used in this study at three (3) depths i.e. 3 m, 6 m, and 10 m. The results showed that sponge coverage in high sedimentation rate is lower and there are 17 sponge species were found which were divided in to 14 family. In addition to sedimentation, water quality also greatly affects sponge coverage, such as currents, dissolved organic matter, salinity, and turbidity. One cause of sedimentation comes from the land, such as the transfer of land functions. Sponge's existence will continue to be threatened by physical and chemical pressure, and sedimentation if exploitation cannot be controlled.Keywords: sponge, sedimentation, water quality, land change 
Laju Infeksi Penyakit brown band Disease dan Bakteriasosiasi pada Karang acropora sp. di Pulau Barranglompo, Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan Massinai, Arniati
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE

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Abstract

Coral diseases more commonly found in tropical regions and is one cause of coral mortality . The purpose of this study was to determine the infection rate of brown band disease on the coral Acropora sp and its bacterial associations.The rate of infection is done by marking the light brown band with a cable tie and then measuring the size of colonies already dead . Colony measurements is done every day for one week .Coral-associated bacterial were isolated by taking a sample of coral infected BrB and inoculated in Marine Agar medium with pour plate method, then purified by zigzag scratch method with a 24 hour incubation. Bacterial identification based on biochemistry assay.The area of   coral colonies of Acropora sp who die from the disease BrB were 1.58 to 6.11 cm per day . Coral-associated bacterial identified were Cromobacterium sp, Staphylococcus sp , Flavobacteriun sp and Pseudomonas sp.
BAKTERI ASSOSIASI DI KARANG BATU (Skleractinian) YANG TERINFEKSI PENYAKIT TUMOR (Growth Anomalies) YANG BERASAL DARI PULAU SALEMO KABUPATEN PANGKEP Massinai, Arniati; Tahir, Akbar; Jompa, Jamaluddin; Rantetondok, Alexander
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE

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Abstract

 Coral disease is one of the threats to the health of coral but is not yet widely known. This study was conducted todetermine the types of bacterial associations in hard corals infected with growth anomaly (GA). Coral samplesinfected with GA disease were taken by using SCUBA tool on Salemo Island, Mattiro Bombang Village, PangkepDistrict. Bacterial isolation was performed by removing mucus from corals infected by growth anomaly by 1ml and diluted to dilution 10-3 . Purification of bacteria is done by inoculating the solid medium of Marine Agar.Furthermore, Gram staining and biochemical tests were performed. Bacterial identification was performed basedon colony morphology and biochemical reaction test results. The results showed that GA disease can infectcoral Porites, Acropora digitate, Platygyra and pocillopora . Bacteria are found from the genus Flavobacterium,Acinetobacter  and, Neiseria. Keywords: Bacteria association, coral stone, coral disease, growth anomaly
SHORT-TERM OBSERVATION ON MARINE DEBRIS AT COASTAL AREAS OF TAKALAR DISTRICT AND MAKASSAR CITY, SOUTH SULAWESI-INDONESIA Tahir, Akbar; Werorilangi, Shinta; Isman, Fajar Mulana; Zulkarnaen, Adi; Massinai, Arniati
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE

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Abstract

Marine debris is defined as material that is solid, persistent, manufactured or processed, and deliberately or not-deliberately left in the marine environment. Marine debris comes in many shapes and forms, ranging in size from microscopic microplastics to large vessels. Marine debris is a big and growing global problem, pose threats to marine life sustainability. Plastic is a major component of marine debris, and single use packaging accounts for an increasing part of the global marine debris load. Research on marine debris were conducted on coastal areas and Small Island of South Sulawesi destined for local tourism, i.e. Karama beach, Bodia beach and Mandi beach (Galesong, Takalar District), Tanjung Bayang beach, Akkarena beach and Lae-lae island/also known as Bob beach (Makassar City). This research was aimed at identifying marine debris according to its types, size and mass. Debris were collected in a 25 x 60 m transect with direction 30 m towards land and waters, respectively, with 3 replication transects at every location, whilst collections of debris were conducted during low and high tides. Current (direction and speed) and waves (incoming direction and height) were also measured as supporting parameters. Surrounding sampling location characteristics were also recorded. Result showed that Karama beach is found with highest total marine debris mass in Takalar (36.44 kg), whilst in Makassar the Lae-lae island was found to be the highest with debris mass (43.22 kg). Plastic were predominant debris at all sampling locations with percentages of 62.7 – 86.6%. Lastly, the predominant size was macro-debris (25-100 cm). 
SHORT-TERM OBSERVATION ON MARINE DEBRIS AT COASTAL AREAS OF TAKALAR DISTRICT AND MAKASSAR CITY, SOUTH SULAWESI-INDONESIA Tahir, Akbar; Werorilangi, Shinta; Isman, Fajar Maulana; Zulkarnaen, Adi; Massinai, Arniati; Faizal, Ahmad
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jiks.v4i2.7061

Abstract

Marine debris is defined as material that is solid, persistent, manufactured or processed, and deliberately or not-deliberately left in the marine environment. Marine debris comes in many shapes and forms, ranging in size from microscopic microplastics to large vessels. Marine debris is a big and growing global problem, pose threats to marine life sustainability. Plastic is a major component of marine debris, and single-use packaging accounts for an increasing part of the global marine debris load. Research on marine debris was conducted on coastal areas and Small Island of South Sulawesi destined for local tourism, i.e., Karama beach, Bodia beach and Mandi beach (Galesong, Takalar District), Tanjung Bayang beach, Akkarena beach and Lae-lae island/also known as Bob beach (Makassar City). This research was aimed at identifying marine debris according to its types, size, and mass. Debris was collected in a 25 x 60 m transect with direction 30 m towards land and waters, respectively, with 3 replication transects at every location, whilst collections of debris were conducted during low and high tides. Current (direction and speed) and waves (incoming direction and height) were also measured as supporting parameters. Surrounding sampling location characteristics were also recorded. The result showed that Karama beach is found with highest total marine debris mass in Takalar (36.44 kg), whilst in Makassar, the Lae-lae island was found to be the highest with debris mass (43.22 kg). Plastic was predominant debris at all sampling locations with percentages of 62.7 – 86.6%. Lastly, the predominant size was macro-debris (25-100 cm).
Kepadatan Bakteri Simbion Rumput Laut (Eucheuma spinosum) yang Berasal dari Perairan Puntondo, Kabupaten Takalar, Sulawesi Selatan. S, Rahmayanti; Massinai, Arniati; Mashoreng, Supriadi
Proceeding Simposium Nasional Kelautan dan Perikanan No 6 (2019): PROSIDING SIMPOSIUM NASIONAL VI KELAUTAN DAN PERIKANAN
Publisher : Proceeding Simposium Nasional Kelautan dan Perikanan

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Abstract

Umumnya organisme yang hidup di laut bersimbion dengan bakteri, termasuk rumput lautEucheuma spinosum. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kepadatan bakteri simbionrumput laut Eucheuma spinosum yang dibudidayakan di perairan Puntondo, Kabupaten Takalar.Pengambilan sampel dilakukan pada 5 stasiun disepanjang pantai perairan Puntondo. Inokulsisuspensi bakteri dengan metode tuang, perhitungan jumlah bakteri dengan metode angka lempengtotal. Hasil perhitungan didapatkan kepadatan bakteri simbion rumput laut Eucheuma spinosumsecara berurutan dari jumlah yang tinggi ke rendah stasiun 4 (2,49 x 10 5 cfu/g), stasiun 2 (2,48 x10 5 cfu/g), stasiun 5 (2,34 x 10 5 cfu/g), stasiun 3 (1,62 x 10 5 cfu/g) dan stasiun 1 (1,23 x 10 5 cfu/g).Berdasarkan morfologi koloni yaitu bentuk, elevasi, tepi, tekstur dan warna didapatkan 5 isolatbakteri yang berbeda.Kata kunci: bakteri simbion, rumput laut, Eucheuma spinosum.