Muhadiono Muhadiono, Muhadiono
Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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ECOBIOLOGY TEST OF MANTANGAN SPECIES (MERREMIA PELTATA (L.) MERR.) FROM THE BUKIT BARISAN SELATAN NATIONAL PARK, LAMPUNG Kurniawati, Kurniawati -; Muhadiono, Muhadiono; Hilwan, Iwan
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 9, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

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Abstract

Mantangan (Merremia peltata (L.) Merr.) is a woody liana. Nowadays, it has become invasive in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park. The objectives of this research were to analyze: 1) effect of light intensity on the growth of mantangan in natural and artificial shade, 2) effect of sand addition to the soil media and trimming on the growth rate of mantangan. Forest profile was made at the field in three locations with three light intensity levels: low, moderate, and high. A completely randomized design by three factors: shade, soil media and trimming were used. Parameters measured were stem length, leaf and buds number, fresh and dry weight. Forest profile analysis showed that high light intensity forest was dominated bay mantangan. In contrast, growth of mantangan was inhibited in low light intensity (75% shade), with lower dry weight (1.50 g). Soil media and trimming did not affect significantly on growth of mantangan.
KOMUNIKASI PENDEK ETNOBOTANI DAMAR PADA ORANG RIMBA DI TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT DUABELAS [Ethnobotany of Dammar by Orang Rimba in Bukit Duabelas National Park ] Andhika, Rana Rio; Muhadiono, Muhadiono; Hilwan, Iwan
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 15, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v15i1.2863

Abstract

Orang Rimba have local knowledge about utilization of dammar in Bukit Duabelas National Park .The research was aimed to record the type of dammar and explore local knowledge Orang Rimba utilizing dammar. Data were collected through interviews, participant observation and documentation . Data analysed as qualitative descriptive. There were 15 plant species whose resin were used by Orang Rimba i.e Dipterocarpus baudii, Dipterocarpus hasseltii, Hopea mengarawan, Hopea dryobalanoides, Dacryodes rugosa., Santiria laevigata, Shorea bracteolata, Parashorea aptera, Canarium pilosum, Shorea retinoides, Shorea cf. singkawang, Santiria dacryodifolia, Shorea multiflora dan Sarong (Trigona spp). Dammar were used  as a fuel, medicine, adhesive material and traditional rituals. General use of dammar was for traditional Torch lighting (blebayon).
PENINGKATAN MUTU GULA TUMBU MELALUI METODE SULFITASI DALAM LABORATORIUM A Sutowo, Latief; Rizal, Syarief; Muhadiono, Muhadiono
Gema Teknologi Vol 16, No 1 (2010): April 2010 - October 2010
Publisher : Vocational School Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (145.142 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/gt.v16i1.327

Abstract

A. Sutowo Latief, Rizal Syarief, Bambang Pramudya, Muhadiono, in this paper explain that the reseach was aimed to increase of brown sugarcane (gula tumbu) quality by sulphitation method in laboratory eksperimetal, supposed the result fulfils the first quality according to SNI 1-6237-2000 that is a minimal condition of safety food. The method based on factorial complete random plan thrice reduplications. Initially nira that filtered given lime tohor and heated 50-60oC up to achieve ph 9. The treatment: (1) make nira ph 7 and ph 8 with add sulphite acid, and (2) ripening temperature, that is 70,80,90, and 100oC. Nira that heated up to coagulate and it was poured into moulding and solidification to be brown sugarcane. The testing is done towards sugar quality, it was result with parameter: (1) water contain, (2) sucrose contain, (3) glucose contain, (4) rendemen, (5) colour, (6) taste, (6) smell, and (8) hardness of brown sugarcane that produced fulfil the first quality of SNI 1-6237-2000. The best treatment process heats nira in 100°C, either nira ph 7 and nira ph 8. Keywords: brown sugarcane, quality, sulfitation method.
FOSIL POLEN MANGROVE BERUMUR PLIOSEN DARI FORMASI TAPAK DAERAH KEDUNG RANDU, BANYUMAS Agung Suedy, Sri Widodo; Muhadiono, Muhadiono; Sabiham, Supiandi; Qoyim, Ibnul
Bioma : Berkala Ilmiah Biologi Vol. 14, No.1, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (630.001 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/bioma.14.1.17-24

Abstract

Thirty sediment samples had been taken from the Tapak Formation of Kedung Randu areas, Banyumas, to reconstruct the diversity of mangrove flora from this area the past. This samples were processed for palynological slides used standard palynology preparation method. The microscopic identification of palynomorphs were done to identify taxa of paleoflora. Fifty-six types of pollen and spores fossils had been identified and 22 types were mangrove pollen-spores fossils. This fossils could be grouped into major mangrove (Zonocostites ramonae/Rhizophora type, Spinizonocolpites echinatus/Nypa fruticans, Florschuetzia levipoli/Soneratia caseolaris and Avicennia type); group of minor mangrove (Retitricolporites sp./Excoecaria sp., Discoidites novaguenensis/Brownlowia type, Camptostemon and Acrostichum aureum), and a group of plant associations (Retitricolporites equatoralis/Calophyllum type, Dicolpopollis sp./Calamus type, Racemonocolpites sp./Oncosperma, Marginipollis concinus/Barringtonia, Pandaniidites sp. /Pandanus, Terminalia catappa, Ilexpollenites sp./Ilex, Stellatopollis sp./Croton type, Acanthaceae type, Cyperaceaepollis/Cyperaceae, Podocarpidites/Podocarpus, Aglaia type, Haloragacidites/ Casuarina and Verrucatosporites usmensis/Stenochlaena palustris. Stenochlaeniidites papuanus and Podocarpus imbricatus were found in the samples. Tapak Formation was included in the last section of the Podocarpus imbricatus/Dacrycarpidites australiensis Zone of Java Palynological Zonation, and this formation was in the age of Late Pliocene towards Pleistocene. Key word: Tapak Formation; major-minor-plant associations of mangrove; palynological zonation
Ethnobotanical Study of Rattans on Suku Anak Dalam Community in Bukit Duabelas Nasional Park Mairida, Dwi; Muhadiono, Muhadiono; Hilwan, Iwan
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 8, No 1 (2016): March 2016
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v8i1.5164

Abstract

Suku Anak Dalam (SAD), a tribal in Bukit Duabelas Nasional Park (TNBD) has knowledge for utilizing rattans. This research attempts to investigate the species of rattans utilized and to analyze the local wisdom of Suku Anak Dalam(SAD) community.The data was collected by doing an interview the informants consisting of temenggung (head of the tribe), jenang (the liaison between the villagers and anak dalam), rattans gatherers, induk (mother) and hand maker. Then, the researcher observed active participation (following the SAD activity in utilizing rattans).The interview was conducted based on the appropriate time with qualitative condition and situation. The result showed 12 (twelve) species of rattan utilized by the SAD community, Calamus ornatus (Blume), Calamus caesius( Blume), Calamus flabellatus (Becc.), Calamus manan(Miq.), Calamus csipionum (Lour.), Calamus javensis(Blume), Calamus axilliaris(Becc.), Calamus sp., Daemonorops geniculata (Griff.) Mart., Daemonorops draco(Willd.) Blume, Daemonorops verticiliaris(Griff.) Mart., and Korthalsiaechinometra(Becc.)The eight species were utilized as ambung, penampilan, and tekalo handicraft. One type for rituals, ropes, clotheslines, dye, durian lempok cakes preservatives (Durio spp.),and the species for the food for pregnant mothers (ngidam), and the three species for medicine. The implication of this research gave a documentation for the government to formulate and to make an authority of TNB forest conservation and to protect the culture of SAD community in the form of rattans inventarization and local wisdom of SAD community in utilizing the species of rattans.How to CiteMairida, D., Muhadiono, M., & Hilwan, I. (2016). Etnobotanical Study of Rattans on Suku Anak Dalam Community in Bukit Duabelas Nasional Park. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 8(1) 64-70.
THE STUDY ON MANGROVE LITTERS AS A SOURCE OF NUTRIENTS FOR BLANAKAN MANGROVE POND, SUBANG, WEST JAVA Haryadi, Joni; Basukriadi, Adi; Muhadiono, Muhadiono
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 8, No 1 (2013): (June 2013)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (699.311 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.8.1.2013.55-64

Abstract

Mangrove litters as a source of nutrients for sylvofishery pond (TS), sedimented pond (TT), and conservation pond (TP) was studied at Blanakan mangrove pond during April until June 2008. The variables of study were litter production, litter decomposition, and dissolved nutrients (ammonium, nitrite, nitrate, and phosphate). The obtained data were analyzed using F test and continued using Least Significant Different (LSD). The results showed that litter production at TS, TT, and TP were 19.55±4.34 ton/ha/year, 15.90±1.98 ton/ha/year, and 21.67±1.89 ton/ha/year respectively. The decomposition rate at TS, TT, and TP was 0.051±0.038, 0.051±0.018, and 0.081±0.041, respectively. Mangrove litters were potentially as a source of dissolved nutrients at Blanakan mangrove pond. Increasing both litter production and decomposition rate could increase ammonium, nitrite, and phosphate. Therefore, mangrove litters were play role for determined the fertility at Blanakan mangrove pond.
ETNOBOTANI PANDAN (PANDANACEAE) DI TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT DUABELAS, JAMBI Prasaja, Dimas; Muhadiono, Muhadiono; Hilwan, Iwan
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 14, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v14i2.1816

Abstract

This research was aimed to study ethnobotany and the diversity of Pandanaceae that utilized by the people of Orang Rimba tribe who lives in Bukit Duabelas National Park, Jambi. The results of this study showed there were six species of two genera (Benstonea and Pandanus)that were used for habitual and religion activities of those tribes. Only four species were used for crafts, especially mat and wallets (sumpit):Pandanus furcatus Roxb.; Pandanus labyrinthicus Kurz ex Miq.; Pandanus immersus Ridl.; and Benstonea atrocarpa (Griff.) Callm. & Buerki. Two species were used as a ceremony?s complement materials and tribe?s rituals: Pandanus labyrinthicus Kurz ex Miq. (ritual of marriage), and Benstonea atrocarpa (Griff.) Callm. & Buerki to kiding (the procession before the rice planting season begins).Only one species that was used as a material for the house?s or cottage?s roof, Benstonea kurzii (Merr.) Callm. & Buerki. Leaves were the part of the plant which used for the Orang Rimba daily needs.The skill for making handicraft were obtained iterally from generations. The population of pandan assumed to be decreased without effort for the cultivation and conservation.
ETNOBOTANI DAMAR PADA ORANG RIMBA DI TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT DUABELAS Andhika, Rana Rio; Muhadiono, Muhadiono; Hilwan, Iwan
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 15, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v15i1.2863

Abstract

Orang Rimba have local knowledge about utilization of dammar in Bukit Duabelas National Park .The research was aimed to record the type of dammar and explore local knowledge Orang Rimba utilizing dammar. Data were collected through interviews, participant observation and documentation . Data analysed as qualitative descriptive. There were 15 plant species whose resin were used by Orang Rimba i.e Dipterocarpus baudii, Dipterocarpus hasseltii, Hopea mengarawan, Hopea dryobalanoides, Dacryodes rugosa., Santiria laevigata, Shorea bracteolata, Parashorea aptera, Canarium pilosum, Shorea retinoides, Shorea cf. singkawang, Santiria dacryodifolia, Shorea multiflora dan Sarong (Trigona spp). Dammar were used  as a fuel, medicine, adhesive material and traditional rituals. General use of dammar was for traditional Torch lighting (blebayon).
ETNOBOTANI PANDAN (PANDANACEAE) DI TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT DUABELAS, JAMBI Prasaja, Dimas; Muhadiono, Muhadiono; Hilwan, Iwan
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 14, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v14i2.1816

Abstract

This research was aimed to study ethnobotany and the diversity of Pandanaceae that utilized by the people of Orang Rimba tribe who lives in Bukit Duabelas National Park, Jambi. The results of this study showed there were six species of two genera (Benstonea and Pandanus)that were used for habitual and religion activities of those tribes. Only four species were used for crafts, especially mat and wallets (sumpit):Pandanus furcatus Roxb.; Pandanus labyrinthicus Kurz ex Miq.; Pandanus immersus Ridl.; and Benstonea atrocarpa (Griff.) Callm. & Buerki. Two species were used as a ceremony?s complement materials and tribe?s rituals: Pandanus labyrinthicus Kurz ex Miq. (ritual of marriage), and Benstonea atrocarpa (Griff.) Callm. & Buerki to kiding (the procession before the rice planting season begins).Only one species that was used as a material for the house?s or cottage?s roof, Benstonea kurzii (Merr.) Callm. & Buerki. Leaves were the part of the plant which used for the Orang Rimba daily needs.The skill for making handicraft were obtained iterally from generations. The population of pandan assumed to be decreased without effort for the cultivation and conservation.