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GENDER BIAS CONSTRUCTED IN FREUD’S CONCEPT ON HUMAN PSYCHO-SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT (An Analyctical Study based on Islamic Psychological Analysis) Gumiandari, Septi; Nafi’a, Ilman
PALASTREN Jurnal Studi Gender Vol 12, No 1 (2019): PALASTREN
Publisher : STAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/palastren.v12i1.3315

Abstract

Ilmu pengetahuan adalah hasil konstruksi manusia yang sangat bergantung pada siapa yang menciptanya. Ia bukanlah tidak berjenis kelamin. Ia melayani dan menguatkan nilai-nilai sosial dan konsep-konsep yang dibuat oleh penciptanya sendiri. Ketika ia tergenggam erat di tangan laki-laki, maka bias dipastikan pengalaman perempuan tidak akan menjadi sumber pengetahuan. Perempuan hanya akan menjadi objek telaah penelitian, termasuk dalam konteks ini, ilmu Psikologi. Penelitian ini akan menelaah secara kritis konsep Penis Envy Sigmund Freud yang ditenggarai memiliki pola pandang yang miring dalam melihat keberadaan organ seksualitas perempuan, disamping menunjukan posisi perempuan sebagai the second sex (makhluk kedua) dalam pranata sosial masyarakat. Penelitian ini menggunakan metodologi kualitatif dengan pendekatan literatur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada beberapa bias gender yang dibangun dalam konsep Freud tentang Perkembangan Psiko-Seksual manusia seperti (1) Anatomi adalah takdir; (2) Superego laki-laki berkembang lebih baik daripada perempuan; (3) Perempuan lebih mudah menjadi neurotik daripada laki-laki; (4) beberapa strereotip perempuan sebagai efek residu dari Kecemburuan pada Penis; dan (5) teori Oedipus dan Electra Complex. Penelitian ini penting untuk mengatasi mengatasi persoalan androsentrisme dan representasi perempuan dalam ilmu Psikologi, mengakui perbedaan cara berpikir dan berpengetahuan perempuan dan laki-laki, dan mempertimbangkan pengalaman hidup mereka melalui perspektif Psikologi Islam. 
Komitmen Pimpinan dalam Pelaksanaan Penjaminan Mutu Perguruan Tinggi (Studi Kasus IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon) GUMIANDARI, SEPTI
Holistik Vol 14, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.995 KB)

Abstract

Dalam implementasi Sistem Penjaminan Mutu di Perguruan Tinggi hambatan terbesar bukan pada konsep yang akan diimplementasikan, karena kemungkinan konsep dapat mengadopsi dari perguruan tinggi lain atau dengan sitem eksternal, ISO misalnya. Justeru yang terpenting adalah komitmen. Komitmen merupakan syarat utama yang harus ada. Komitmen di sini meliputi komitmen semua pihak, baik pimpinan, tenaga edukatif, tenaga non edukatif, atau pun tenaga penunjang, dengan kata lain seluruh civitas academica. Tetapi yang terpenting adalah komitmen pimpinan, karena untuk mengubah paradigma dan sikap mental, serta pengorganisasian penjaminan mutu yang baik dibutuhkan komitmen pimpinan. Tanpa komitmen pimpinan semua hal yang sudah dirancang tidak akan ada gunanya. Dalam penelitian ini, peneliti ingin lebih jauh mengupas bagaimana komitmen pimpinan IAIN Syekh Nurdjati dalam implementasi Sistem Penjaminan Mutu Perguruan Tinggi dijalankan.
KEPRIBADIAN MANUSIA DALAM PERSPEKTIF PSIKOLOGI ISLAM (Telaah Kritis atas Psikologi Kepribadian Modern) Gumiandari, Septi
Holistik Vol 12, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon

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Abstract

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CRITICIZING MONTESSORI’S METHOD OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION USING ISLAMIC PSYCHOLOGY PERSPECTIVE Gumiandari, Septi; Nafi'a, Ilman; Jamaluddin, Dindin
Jurnal Pendidikan Islam Vol 5, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Pendidikan Islam
Publisher : The Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training associated with ASPII

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/jpi.v5i2.5835

Abstract

This study examined critically Montessori?s concepts on early childhood education through Islamic Psychology perspective. This research used qualitative methodology with a literature approach. The results showed that (1) Montessori?s method pays more attention to the cognitive aspect of children development while children potential doesn?t only consist of cognitive, affective, and psycho-motoric aspects, but also spiritual one; (2) Reinforcement are not needed in Montessori?s method, while in Islamic Psychology, rewards can increase children's learning and punishment is needed to make children become disciplined in carrying out the rules; (3) Learning environment should be structured, in order, realistic and natural. This concept is suitable for upper class educational institutions but it would be difficult for middle-low income groups since the materials required by Montessori?s method is expensive enough. (4) Parents and teachers are required to become observers and interpreters. This role may pose problem on the part of parents and teachers since not all parents and teachers have criteria to act as is it expected by Montessori?s method.
The role of Cirebon Women Ulama in Countering Religious Radicalism Gumiandari, Septi; Nafi'a, Ilman
QIJIS Vol 8, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : IAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/qijis.v8i1.6430

Abstract

The trend in terrorist acts nowadays is using women as perpetrators with a feminine approach. To respond to the condition, the figure of the Cirebon women ulama takes a very significant role. When women could be recruited as terrorists, it should be easier too to get them back to become agents of peace. This study originally attempts to describe the experiences and efforts of Cirebon women ulama in the process of socio-religious transformation in the Cirebon society towards a better direction, namely counteracting religious-based intolerance in Cirebon. This study was conducted through a descriptive qualitative method with a phenomenology approach. Primary data were obtained through documentation study, interviews, and direct observations with Cirebon women activists from various community organizations and non-governmental organizations. The results showed that there are several strategies used by Cirebon women ulama in countering religious radicalism such as (1) developing religious literacy among Cirebon society; (2) shifting communication patterns from monolog to dialog; (3) reviewing curriculum and the process of learning; (4) live-in with other religious communities and beliefs, and (5) establish institutional networking. 
AN ANALYTICAL STUDY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONCEPT OF INTEGRATION OF SCIENCE AND ISLAM IN IAIN SYEKH NURJATI CIREBON Gumiandari, Septi; Nafi'a, Ilman; Asmuni, Ahmad
Jurnal Hikmatuna Vol 6 No 1 (2020): HIKMATUNA: Journal for Integrative Islamic Studies, Juni 2020
Publisher : Postgraduate Program Islamic State Institute of Pekalongan for Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1173.443 KB) | DOI: 10.28918/hikmatuna.v6i1.2436

Abstract

The extensive mandate of the ministry of religious affaires to manage various non-religious majors has demanded Islamic higher educations to have each distinctive scientific building in the process of formulating the integration of science and religion. This study aims to analyze the development of the concept of integration of science and Islam that has been formulated in the IAIN Cirebon. Qualitative research with literature study showed the existence of the Muhsin Sejati concept was taken as a scientific integration icon, along with several other derived concepts, such as Jembatan Ilmu, the complementary inclusive paradigm, mata ilmu and blended theory. Unfortunately, the theorization of the concept of integration did not develop significantly, stagged in 2015. This was because the concept of Muhsin Sejati and its derivatives had not been legally ratified formally in Rector?s policy, nor was it followed up on the cabinet leadership policy afterwards. Besides scientific exclusivity, thought, personal background and primordialism still dominate in the campus atmosphere.