Niki Astorina Yunita Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
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ANALISIS RISIKO KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN PAPARAN NITROGEN DIOKSIDA (NO2) PADA PEDAGANG KAKI LIMA DI TERMINAL PULOGADUNG JAKARTA TIMUR Amaliana, Annisa; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Pulogadung bus station is one terminal with a solid transport activity and potentially contribute a lot of air pollution. Motorized transport will produce a variety of gases including NO2 which can cause  bad effect on health for example respiratory problems, throat irritation and eye irritation, especially for street vendors who almost 24 hours in the bus station.The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk of exposure to NO2 in Pulogadung Bus Station to transportation activities. The design study is an cross sectional approach of Environmental Health Risk Assessment (ARKL). The population of subject is140 street vendors in Pulogadung Bus Station and a population of object  is ambient air in Pulogadung Bus Station. Sample subjects were 60 vendors in Pulogadung Terminal and sample objects  the ambient air at four points around the Pulogadung Bus Station. Analysis of data using the steps in ARKL namely hazard identification, dose-response analysis, exposure analysis and risk characteristics.The results showed an average of NO2 concentration measurement results in Pulogadung Terminal in East Jakarta is 0.07141 mg / m3. While the average weight of street vendors in Pulogadung terminal in East Jakarta is 58.32 kg, with an average daily exposure time street vendors is 13 hours per day, the average frequency of exposure per year is 329 days per year and the average duration of exposure street vendors is 15 years old. The conclusion is the concentration of NO2 in Pulogadung Terminal is still below the quality standards established and the average exposure in real time and lifetime of street vendors in Pulogadung Bus Station is still under 1 and otherwise still safe. The calculation of risk estimates in Pulogadung Terminal vendors be at risk of non-cancer due to exposure to NO2 in the next 40 years. The suggestions in this study is street vendor should using PPE when working and reducing working hours.
HUBUNGAN RIWAYAT PAJANAN PESTISIDA DENGAN KEJADIAN DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 PADA PETANI PENYEMPROT DI KECAMATAN NGABLAK KABUPATEN MAGELANG Saputri, Eunike Galuh; Setiani, Onny; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a chronic metabolic disorder disease caused by the pancreas that cannot produce enough insulin hormone or the body cannot use the existing insulin. The presence of endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC), a harmful chemical substance in the environment can cause disease and dysfunction with the natural action hormone in the human body. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Magelang Regency is 7.93% and make it as the highest prevalence in Central Java. This matter can cause exposure of EDC that exist in pesticide used by farmers there. The purpose of this research is to analyze the relation of history of pesticide exposure with mellitus type 2 incidents at sprayer farmer in District Ngablak, Magelang regency. This research conducted with analytical method and case control approach. The subjects were divided into two groups: case and control groups with 32 subjects in each group. The variables studied in this research are pesticide mixture type, pesticide dosage, pesticide spraying frequency, use of PPE (personal protective equipment), pesticide storage location, hand scratching habits, and years of service. The data collection is done by interview, observation, and measurement. The data analysis using univariate and bivariate analysis with chi square. The results showed that the variables associated with the incidence of diabetes mellitus type 2 was the working period, pesticide spraying frequency, use of PPE, and pesticide dosage with p value < 0,05. There is a significant relationship between the work periods, pesticide spraying frequency, use of PPE, and pesticide dosage with the incidence of diabetes mellitus type 2 as the result of the research. Expected for the farmer later when do the agricultural activities, they can use PPE (personal protective equipment) and use pesticides according to the recommended dosage.
KAJIAN TIMBULAN SAMPAH BAHAN BERBAHAYA DAN BERACUN (B3) RUMAH TANGGA DI KELURAHAN SENDANGMULYO KECAMATAN TEMBALANG KOTA SEMARANG Prasetyaningrum, Nenti Diah Kusuma; Joko, Tri; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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The absence of a regulation that specifically regulates household hazardous waste makes its management neglected in the community. Sendangmulyo village is a village with high population and various activities. To find out the characteristics and characteristics of  household hazardous waste in Sendangmulyo Village, the researcher uses observational method with cross sectional approach. The population of this study is all households in TPS Klipang Sendangmulyo with sample 97 KK. The results of this study indicate that the average of household waste generated hazardous is 0.099 kg/o/ h or 0.057 l/o/bln, with a high income level of 0.121 kg/o/ h or 0.066 l/o/ bln, while 0.077 kg/o/ h or 0.051 l/o/ bln, and low 0.071 kg/o/ h or 0.048 l/o/ bln. The characteristics of generated generation are easily explosive (29.15%), corrosive (21.67%), toxic (35.74%), irritating (13.40%) and infectious (0.04%). All of respondents (100%) not already have a good knowledge about household B3 waste and 100% of respondents also have not done household hazardous waste storage in accordance with not sorting with domestic waste and container according to the characteristics. The waste generation of household waste in Sendangmulyo Village is mostly toxic (35.74%).
HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN HYGIENE DENGAN KEBERADAAN ESCHERICHIA COLI PADA JAMU TRADISIONAL (BERAS KENCUR) DI MANGKANG SEMARANG Purnomo, Purnomo; Joko, Tri; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Traditional herbal medicine is one product of home industry, the manufacturing process is often less attention to sanitation and Higiene. Behavior seller and manufacturer of traditional herbal medicine in treating herbal medicine is still less attention to hygiene factors, as the indicator is still the existence of microbial contamination in carrying medicinal. Detection Escherichiacoli in carrying medicinal in 10 (ten) market in Semarang stated that of the 40 (forty) samples carrying medicinal examined 22 (twenty two) samples contaminated with bacteria Escherichia coli, four (4) samples are not contaminated and 14 (fourteen) samples were contaminated with bacteria. To study was to analyze the correlation between knowledge of hygiene and identification of the presence of Escherichia coli, describing the characteristics of the respondent, processing, quality of water, personal hygiene, hygiene knowledge level, identification of Escherichia coli in traditional herbal rice kencur. The method used is observational with cross sectional approach. The results obtained from 20 respondents obtained a good knowledge level results 12 (60%), lack of knowledge 8 (40%), the presence of Escherichia coli positive 8 (40%), negative 12 (60%). The level of knowledge badly contaminated with Escherichia coli as much as 6 samples, while the level of knowledge of both the contaminated Escherichia coli 2 samples. The results of the statistical test using chi square p value of 0.009 means that there is a correlation between the level of hygiene knowledge of traditional herbalist with the presence of Escherichia coli in herbal rice kencur.In conclusion the level of knowledge of good hygiene as many as 12 people (60%), lack of knowledge level of 8 people (40%). A total of 40% of traditional herbal rice kencur experience microbes Escherichia coli contamination. There is a relationship with the level of hygiene knowledge of the existence of Escherichia coli in herbal rice kencur (p value = 0.009)
PERBEDAAN PERILAKU PENJAMAH MAKANAN SEBELUM DAN SESUDAH MENDAPATKAN PENYULUHAN HIGIENE SANITASI MAKANAN PADA WARUNG MAKAN DI TERMINAL TERBOYO SEMARANG Sari, Meidia Atika; Sulistyani, Sulistiyani; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Behaviour improvement was required by food handlers to overcome failure hygiene and food sanitation that produce eligible quality of food consumed by the public. Improved knowledge, attitude and practice is required by food handlers to improve hygiene and sanitation of food. Based on preliminary studies of laboratory test results obtained from six samples of food, there are 4 positive food samples E. coli, so that shows the quality of food at the food stalls in Terminal Teboyo not eligible. The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences in the behavior of food handlers before and after getting counseling hygiene and sanitation of food at the food stalls at Terminal Terboyo Semarang. The method of this research was a Quasi Experiment, with pretest and posttest research design. Sampling was done by total sampling as 35 peoples. The research data were taken using a questionnaire and observation sheet. The statistical test used is non parametric test - McNemar, at the 95% confidence level and borderline significance p <0,05. The results showed that the food handler knowledge?s before counseling were unfavorable 20 (57%) and after counseling were favorable 29 (82,9%), where as food handler attitude?s before counseling were unfavorable 19 (54,3%) and after counseling were favorable 28 (80,0%), then practice before counseling were unfavorable 21 (60.0%) and after counseling were favorable 19 (54,3%). A total of 35 food samples are 23 (65.7%) positive E. coli. There is a difference of knowledge (p = 0.001) and attitude (p = 0.004) before and after counseling, there is no difference before and after the practice of education (p = 0.500). There is no correlation between knowledge (p = 0.151) and attitude (p = 0.670) with the presence of E. coli, there is a connection with the practice of the presence of E. coli (p = 0.03). There is no difference in behavior (practice) before and after counseling. The need for ongoing counseling and oversight of all food vendors in Terminal Terboyo.
STUDI PREVALENSI KERACUNAN PESTISIDA PADA PETANI PENYEMPROT SAYUR DI DESA MENDONGAN KECAMATAN SUMOWONO KABUPATEN SEMARANG Ma'arif, Muhammad Imam; Suhartono, Suhartono; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Mendongan village is one of the producers of vegetables in the use of pesticides are still high, of which 100% of the farmers in the village Mendongan use pesticides to kill pests. Results of preliminary studies, 75% of farmers do not use full protective equipment when spraying vegetables. In Semarang District also has been no monitoring of pesticide poisoning by the District Health Office and there has been no thorough assistance of puskesmas officers related to the use of pesticides by farmers. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of pesticide poisoning in spraying vegetable farmers in the village Mendongan Sumowono District of Semarang District. The research location is in the village Mendongan Sumowono District of Semarang District. This study was observational analytic with cross sectional study design. Samples of this study were 38 respondents. Data analysis using Chi Square. The results showed a 44.7% level of knowledge is not good, the frequency of spraying 5.3% often, completeness APD 31.6% of respondents did not complete, 97.4% of respondents working lives long, long hose down 26.3%> 3 hours a day, spraying 2.6% one time, the dose of pesticides used 28.9% of respondents do not match, the wind direction while spraying 5.3% in the opposite direction, and the amount of pesticides 31.6%> 3 types. Cholinesterase level examination results showed 100% of respondents are still in a state of normal. The result of the relationship of nine independent variables studied there is no meaningful relationship to lower levels of cholinesterase in the blood of farmers, but based on the value of RP (Prevalence Ratio) when spraying (PR = 1.768; 95% CI = 1.330 to 2.334) and wind direction (PR = 1.800; 95% CI = 1.344 to 2.411) are risk factors for low levels of cholinesterase. The conclusion from this study that the prevalence of poisoning in spraying vegetable farmer in the village Mendongan Sumowono District of Semarang District of 0.
KEMAMPUAN KOAGULAN KITOSAN DENGAN VARIASI DOSIS DALAM MENURUNKAN KANDUNGAN COD DAN KEKERUHAN PADA LIMBAH CAIR LAUNDRY (STUDI PADA RAHMA LAUNDRY, KECAMATAN TEMBALANG, KOTA SEMARANG) Putri, Dyah Agustin Catur; Joko, Tri; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Laundry liquid waste contains several chemical substances in detergent raw materials such as phosphate, surfactants, ammonia, and total suspended solids. The existence of detergent in high concentrations and exceeds the quality standards that have been estabilished in a body of water can lead to cases of enviromental pollution in the form of increased turbidity an Chemical Oxygen Demands (COD) levels. Therefore in order to maintain and to ensure the availabillity of water in terms of quality, it requires coagulation-flocculation process to laundry liquid waste before discharging into water bodies. This study aims to determine the decrease of COD levels and turbidity level in laundry liquid waste using chitosan coagulant in Rahma Laundry, Tembalang District, Semarang. The research is a quasi experimental study with pretest-posttest with control group research design with 6 times replication. The total samples are 60 in wich 24 tested for the levels of turbidity and 6 controls. The test results of Kruskal-Wallis with significance p-value < 0,05 indicates that dosage variation (p=0,000) gives different levels of COD and dosage variation (p=0,000) provide 755,97 mg/l and the advantage levels of turbidity before treatment was 516,20 NTU. The optimum dosage of chitosan coagulant is on the dose of 200 mg/l with the effectiveness decrease of COD levels and turbidity levels on 72,67% an 98,67% respectively.
EVALUASI SANITASI DAN KEBERADAAN VEKTOR PADA KAPAL BARANG DAN KAPAL PENUMPANG DI PELABUHAN TANJUNG EMAS SEMARANG Putri, Intan Aulia; Joko, Tri; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Ship sanitation is very important because it can prevent and minimize the presence of vector as the cause of disease transmission like Leptospirosis and Cholera. A proper evaluation by the Port Health Office, especially the Environmental Risk Control Section as the technical implementation of of ship sanitation inspection. This study aims to determine the condition of hygiene, sanitation, and the presence of vector on the cargo and passenger ship in Tanjung Emas Port. This research was an observational study with cross sectional approach. The sample of this research was 16 ship consisting of 12 cargo ship and 4 passenger ship that have an inspection schedule on May 31 ? June 11 2017. The results of this study indicate that there are some variables that unqualified, they are kitchen sanitation (6,25%), kitchen lighting (6,25%), washing facilities in the kitchen (100%), solid waste management (6,25%), and presence of vectors (14,5%). The conclusion of this study are there are ships that have unquilified room sanitation and solid waste management, also be found ships with high risk categories.
ANALISIS PENCEMARAN LOGAM BERAT TIMBAL DI BADAN SUNGAI BABON KECAMATAN GENUK SEMARANG Budiastuti, Putri; Rahadjo, Mursid; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Babon River is a river that flows in the Genuk industries region and has decreased water quality due to contaminated residential waste and industrial waste. The industry includes coal heap, garment industry, leather tanning industry, light brick industry, plastic industry, and industrial ice cubes. This research aims to determine the lead content in the sediments and biota Sulcospira testudinaria along the Babon river from the mouth to the dam of Pucang Gading. This research was a descriptive observational research with quantitative approach. The results of supporting variable are water temperature 260C-280C, water pH 6, dissolved oxygen 2,2 mg/l ? 3,6 mg/l, the salinity of fresh water from 0,20/00 ? 0,60/00, Salinity brackish water 300/00 reseacrh sites. Analysis of water quality data is using Pollution Index. The result of using AAS is obtained levels of lead sediments in Babon river is the highest for 7,256 mg/kg and the lowest is 4,170 mg/kg. Levels of lead heavy metals Sulcospira testudinaria biota is the highest 2,403 mg/kg and the lowest is 1,8 mg/kg. The pollution index was lightly polluted with the amount of 1,96 which was the highest in Penggaron Kidul and the lowest is 1,13 in border between Banjardowo and Trimulyo. It can be concluded lead in sediments does not exceed the quality standards Sediment Quality Guideline 2003, while levels of lead heavy metals Sulcospira testudinaria biota has exceeded food quality standard SNI 7387:2009.
HUBUNGAN MASA KERJA TERHADAP GANGGUAN FUNGSI PARU PADA PETUGAS PENYAPU JALAN DI PROTOKOL 3, 4 DAN 6 KOTA SEMARANG Wulandari, Riska; Setiani, Onny; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): JULI
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Transportation activities contributed significantly to air pollution, one of which was a parameter of dust. Workers were exposed to dust in the work environment can lead to accumulation of dust particles in the lungs. Officers street sweeper was a high-risk workers exposed to dust while working, especially in Protocol 3, 4 and 6 of Semarang where approaching the location of the measurement sample ambient air quality that exceeds the threshold value. The purpose of this study was the relationship working duration against lung function disorder on a street sweeper in Protocol 3, 4 and 6 Semarang. This type of research was observational research with cross sectional approach. The population was Street Sweeper in Protocol 3, 4 and 6 of Semarang, amounting to 61 people with a sample of 38 people with purposive sampling method. Results of univariate analysis found an average of forced vital capacity (FVC%) of 84.515%, the average forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1%) of 82.875% and an average  of 90.230%. Bivariate analysis of the relationship between the working duration and  lung function disorder  used Chi Square test show p-value of  0,034 (PR = 4.371; 95% CI = 1.074 to 17.79). The conclusion was significant association between the work duration and lung function disorder on street sweeper  in a street sweeper in Protocol 3, 4 and 6 Semarang.  The Suggestions in this study is expected to be a consideration for the relevant agencies in general and the Cleanliness and Landscaping Departement can be used as a reference for the implementation of programs related to the effects of exposure to dust on the street sweeper.