I Gusti Agung Gede Utara Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede Utara
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Department, Udayana University, Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

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COST MINIMIZATION ANALYSIS OF HYPNOTIC DRUG: TARGET CONTROLLED INHALATION ANESTHESIA (TCIA) SEVOFLURANE AND TARGET CONTROLLED INFUSION (TCI) PROPOFOL Wiryana, Made; Aribawa, I Gusti Ngurah Mahaalit; Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde Agung; Widnyana, I Made Gede; Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede Utara; Sucandra, Made Agus Kresna; Parami, Pontisomaya; Putra, Kadek Agus Heryana; Sutawan, IB Krisna Jaya; Arimbawa, IGNA Putra; Jaya, Ketut Semara; Semarawima, Gede
BALI MEDICAL JOURNAL Vol 5 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : BALI MEDICAL JOURNAL

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Abstract

Background: Cost minimization analysis is a pharmaco-economic study used to compare two or more health interventions that have been shown to have the same effect, similar or equivalent. With limited health insurance budget from the Indonesian National Social Security System implementation in 2015, the quality control and the drug cost are two important things that need to be focused. The application of pharmaco-economic study results in the selection and use of drugs more effectively and efficiently. Objective: To determine cost minimization analysis of hypnotic drug between a target controlled inhalation anesthesia (TCIA) sevoflurane and a target controlled infusion (TCI) propofol in patients underwent a major oncologic surgery in Sanglah General Hospital. Methods: Sixty ASA physical status I-II patients underwent major oncologic surgery were divided into two groups. Group A was using TCIA sevoflurane and group B using TCI propofol. Bispectral index monitor (BIS index) was used to evaluate the depth of anesthesia. The statistical tests used are the Shapiro-Wilk test, Lavene test, Mann- Whitney U test and unpaired t-test (? = 0.05). The data analysis used the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows. Results: In this study, the rate of drug used per unit time in group A was 0.12 ml sevoflurane per minute (± 0.03) and the group B was 7.25 mg propofol per minute (±0.98). Total cost of hypnotic drug in group A was IDR598.43 (IQR 112.47) per minute, in group B was IDR703.27 (IQR 156.73) per minute (p>0.05). Conclusions: There was no statistically significant difference from the analysis of the drug cost minimization hypnotic drug in a major oncologic surgery using TCIA sevoflurane and TCI propofol.
The correlation between the depth extent of Tuohy epidural needle with body mass index (BMI) to achieve loss of resistance in patients undergoing epidural anesthesia Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede Utara; Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde Agung; Aribawa, I Gusti Ngurah Mahaalit; Parami, Pontisomaya; Pradhana, Adinda Putra; Syamsuddin, Johanis Bosco Troy
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.208 KB) | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v3i1.119

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Anesthesia management in obesity is quite challenging. Epidural anesthesia become one of the choices. The attention should be addressed in order to prevent the misidentification of epidural space. The estimation of the depth extent of epidural space becomes crucial, especially in obese patients due to an accumulation of subcutaneous and epidural adipose tissue, which consequently complicate the epidural catheter insertion. This study aimed to analyze the correlation of the depth extent of Tuohy epidural needle to achieve loss of resistance between normal-weighted and obese patients.Method: This study was conducted with 56 adult patients aged 17 to 65 years who underwent elective surgery by epidural anesthesia inserted at level L2-L3 or L3-L4 interspace. Subjects are divided into normal and obese groups. Shapiro-Wilk and chi-square tests were used in the normality test. For normally distributed data, an independent t-test was used to test the hypothesis, otherwise, we used Mann-Whitney test  Results: The results showed that the loss of resistance in epidural needle insertion procedures was 60 mm in a patient with BMI more than 30 kg/m2 and 50 mm in those with BMI <30 kg/m2 (p<0.001).Conclusion: The loss of resistance depth in epidural Tuohy needle insertion is significantly determined by BMI.