Pontisomaya Parami, Pontisomaya
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Department, Udayana University, Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Published : 12 Documents
Articles

Found 12 Documents
Search

Effectiveness of Infusion Warmer Use to Prevent the Occurrence of Hypothermia and Shivering After General Anesthesia Action in General Hospital Center Sanglah Denpasar Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Budiarta, I Gede; Agung Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde; Widnyana, Made; Aryabiantara, I Wayan; Utara Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede; Parami, Pontisomaya; Kusuma Wijaya, Andi; Putra Pradhana, Adinda
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i1.3

Abstract

Introduction: Shivering and hypothermia after general anesthesia is a common complication in the recovery room. Heating methods and drugs  widely used, but not yet effective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of using the infusion warmer in maintaining normal core temperature and prevent shivering. Materials and Methods: The study was a non blindnes randomized control trial study. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of the use of infusion warmer in preventing the incidence of hypothermia and shivering after general anesthesia. Research conducted at the Sanglah Hospital in October 2016, with sample calculations 58 people who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Both were divided into 2 groups, 29 groups of infusion warmer and 29 people without the infusion warmer Recording the results of assessing multiple parameters vital signs, hemodynamic, aldrette score, body temperature, and shivering from the beginning, after induction, and minutes to 5, 15, 30 , 60 in the recovery room. The data obtained were analyzed with SPSS software with a significance level of p <0.005 expressed significantly, with a relative risk <1 as a preventive. Results: From a comparative picture of events shivering and hypothermia in minutes to 5, 15, 30, 60 in the recovery room seen that the treatment group based on the group lower warmer than in the non warmer. This shows that the use of warmer can prevent the incidence of shivering and hypothermia in patients after general anesthesia. In test statistically significant with p <0.05. Conclusions: The use of infusion warmer can help reduce the incidence of hypothermia and shivering after general anesthesia action.
Low Dose Ketamin Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Budiarta, I Gede; Agung Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde; Widnyana, Made; Aryabiantara, I Wayan; Utara Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede; Parami, Pontisomaya; Novita Pradnyani, Ni Putu; Putra Pradhana, Adinda
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i1.4

Abstract

Ketamine binds non-competitive against a phencyclidine receptors bound N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), a receptor that is involved in the pathophysiology of acute pain. Ketamine has been used as an intravenous anesthesia, analgesia for acute and chronic pain at a dose of subanaesthetic. Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic produces a state with a characteristic strong analgesia, amnesia, and catalepsy. Dissociative components resulting from the effect on the limbic system and talamoneokortikal. Low-dose ketamine as known as analgesia dose ketamine or subanestesia dose is 0.2 to 0.75 mg / kg IV. At low doses, ketamine does not increase the effect psikomimetik like dissociation or deep sedation. The combination with midazolam provides satisfactory sedation, amnesia and analgesia without significant cardiovascular depression.
The effectiveness of Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA) morphine-ketamine compared to Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA) morphine to reduce total dose of morphine and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) in postoperative laparotomy surgery Mahaalit Aribawa, I Gusti Ngurah; Agung Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde; Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Budiarta, I Gede; Gede Widnyana, I Made; Aryabiantara, I Wayan; Parami, Pontisomaya; Nyoman Kurniasari, Pande; Putra Pradhana, Adinda
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i2.11

Abstract

Background: Laparotomy may cause moderate to severe after surgery pain, thus adequate pain management is needed. The addition of ketamine in patient controlled analgesia (PCA) morphine after surgery can be the option. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of PCA morphine-ketamine compared to PCA morphine in patient postoperative laparotomy surgery to reduce total dose of morphine requirement and pain intensity evaluated with visual analog scale (VAS). Methods: This study was a double-blind RCT in 58 patients of ASA I and II, age 18-64 years, underwent an elective laparotomy at Sanglah General Hospital. Patients were divided into 2 groups. Group A, got addition of ketamine (1mg/ml) in PCA morphine (1mg/ml) and patients in group B received morphine (1mg/ml) by PCA. Prior to surgical incision both group were given a bolus ketamine 0,15mg/ kg and ketorolac 0,5mg/kg. The total dose of morphine and VAS were measured at 6, 12, and 24 hours postoperatively. Result: Total dose of morphine in the first 24 hours postoperatively at morphine-ketamine group (5,1±0,8mg) is lower than morphine only group (6,5±0,9mg) p<0,001. VAS (resting) 6 and 12 hour postoperative in morphine-ketamine group (13,4±4,8 mm) and (10,7±2,6 mm) are lower than morphine (17,9±4,1mm) p≤0,05 and (12,8±5,3mm) p≤0,05. VAS (moving) 6, 12, and 24 hour postoperative morphineketamine group (24,8±5,1mm), (18±5,6mm) and (9±5,6mm) are lower than morphine (28,7±5,2mm) p≤0,05, (23,1±6,0mm) p≤0,05, and (12,8±5,3mm) p≤0,05. Conclusions: Addition of ketamine in PCA morphine for postoperative laparotomy surgery reduces total morphine requirements in 24 hours compared to PCA morphine alone.
SPONTANEOUS RUPTURE OF ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATION: ICU BASED BRAIN RESUSCITATION Panji, Putu Agus Surya; Aryabiantara, I Wayan; Suranadi, I Wayan; Parami, Pontisomaya; Wibisana Kurniajaya, I Gusti Agung Made
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i3.25

Abstract

Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) is a relatively rare intracranial abnormality. Generally, it caused by congenital abnormalities that recognized after the bleeding started. Spontaneous intracranial bleeding after AVM rupture is an emergency condition and require immediate treatment to reduce mortality rate. After stabilization of intracranial bleeding due to AVM rupture, secondary injury may occur hours or even days after the inciting traumatic event. The injury may result from impairment or local declines in cerebral blood flow (CBF) after brain injury. The decrease in CBF is the result of local edema, hemorrhage, or increased intracranial pressure (ICP). An adequate brain resuscitation is needed to decrease brain edema and intracranial pressure by achieving several targets and avoid things that can interfere with CBF. A recovery phase should be given to the patient with rupture of AVM before going to definitive therapy.
Non-Convulsive Status Epilepticus (NCSE) in ICU Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Aryabiantara, I Wayan; GdeAgung Senapathi, Tjokorda; Gede Widnyana, I Made; Utara Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede; Parami, Pontisomaya; Ryalino, Christopher; Putra Pradhana, Adinda
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i1.5

Abstract

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent epileptic seizures. Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is defined as a persistent change in mental status as opposed to the previous conditions, lasted at least 30 minutes long,  associated with continuous spike wave epileptiform EEG changes. Clinical manifestation of NCSE can present as confusion, personality changes, psychosis, and coma. Indeed NCSE prognosis is dependent on the underlying etiology of persistent EEG changes of. Preferred medication is focus on improving its fundamental pathological changes, such as metabolic disorders, infection, drugs toxicity, and immediate pharmacological treatment. Intravenous benzodiazepine is recommended asthe first drug of choice for NCSE and early recognition of treatment response can help to establish the diagnosis.  This patient has a good outcome which was influenced with short ictal period from the first episode upon arrival on reffered hospital, good initial response and management on emergency department, a conduct and thorough ICU monitoring, as well as the effective treatment response.
Anesthesia on Pediatric Laproscopy Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Kurniyanta, Putu; GdeAgung Senapathi, Tjokorda; Gede Widnyana, I Made; Utara Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede; Parami, Pontisomaya; Darma Junaedi, I Made; Putra Pradhana, Adinda
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i1.1

Abstract

Laparoscopic surgery has several advantages compared to a regular surgical procedures. This technique can reduce the stress of surgery, reduce the need for postoperative analgesia, decreased respiratory and wound complications, lowering long hospitalization, including in the intensive therapy, and the patient can go back to eat quickly. The magnitude of changes in vital signs that occur will be influenced by the patients age, cardiovascular function, and anesthetic agents are used. Physiological changes in pediatric laparoscopic surgery were similar to adults. Children have a higher vagal tone and sometimes a stimulus to the peritoneum by insufflation gas or penetration laparoscopic and trocar can lead to bradycardia and asystole. Intra-abdominal pressure is an important determinant for maintaining cardiovascular stability during laparoscopy. Adequate relaxation needed during the duration of the surgery.
Supraspinal Modulation : Something to be Remembered Parami, Pontisomaya; Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde Agung; Suarjaya, I Putu Pramana; Lolobali, Marilaeta Cindryani
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v2i2.57

Abstract

Pain had always been a challenging issue in patients with acute and chronic condition.  Pain results from activation of sensory receptors specialized to detect actual or impending tissue damage. However, a direct correlation between activation and nociceptors and the sensory experience of pain is not always apparent. Emotional state, the degree of anxiety, attention and distraction, past experiences, memories, and many other factors can either enhance or diminish the pain experience.Many active agents are used to block and alleviate pain sensation in acute and chronic settings. When an inadequate treatment for acute pain and neuralgia occurred, it would induce complex processes involving both central and peripheral sensitization contributing to persistent post-surgical pain and worsening neuralgia that would lead to chronic pain issue.The important thing to be considered is that this pain process is an intertwined and interconnecting and sustainable process that could not be cut abruptly. Our aim is to remind us to accept that pain pathway is merely not one straight way but still a convoluting idea which could still revolve and expand. Imagining areas could be defined surely one day through high technology advances and would lead us into defining the depth of this beautiful yet complex pathway.
Central Venous Pressure Correlates with Inferior Vena Cava Collapsibility Index in Patient Treated in Intensive Care Unit Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Aryabiantara, I Wayan; GdeAgung Senapathi, Tjokorda; Gede Widnyana, I Made; Mahaalit Aribawa, I Gusti Ngurah; Gede Utara Hartawan, I Gusti Agung; Parami, Pontisomaya; Perangin Angin, Emkel
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i1.2

Abstract

Background: Intravascular volume status is an important parameter in monitoring the patients treated at intensive care unit (ICU), so accuracy and strict monitoring of fluid volume is one factor that influence patient’s health status. Amongst others, two ways to monitor body fluid volume status is central venous pressure (CVP) and collapsibility index of inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter. The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation between CVP with the IVC collapsibility index in patients treated in ICU Sanglah Hospital in Denpasar. Method: Seventy patients treated at Sanglah Hospital ICU with already inserted CVC for appropriate indication, were measured for CVP, then followed by examination the diameter of IVC with ultrasound to measure the maximum and minimum collapsibility index. Spearman’s correlation coefficients was used to assess the correlation between CVP and collapsibility index of the IVC. Results: In 70 patients, we found a very strong negative correlation between CVP and IVC’s collapsibility index (Spearmans rho = -0.854; p <0.001). Conclusion: This study found that there is a very strong negative correlation between CVP and collapsibility index of IVC. This finding indicates that the collapsibility index of the IVC may substitute CVP in determining the status of the intravascular volume.
PERIOPERATIVE EFFECTS OF CO-ADMINISTRATION OF TCI PROPOFOL COMBINED WITH CLONIDINE AND KETAMINE Aryabiantara, I Wayan; Sinardja, I Ketut; Sutawan, Ida Bagus Krisna Jaya; Sinardja, Cynthia Dewi; Parami, Pontisomaya; Ryalino, Christopher; Junaedi, Made Darma
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 2, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (371.815 KB) | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v2i3.69

Abstract

Background: Propofol is often used in Total Intravenous Anesthesia (TIVA). Studies found that adding clonidine and ketamine can increase the potential to achieve an adequate level of anesthesia while reducing inflammation and post-operative pain. The goal of this study is to see if the combination of Target Controlled Infusion (TCI) propofol plus clonidine and ketamine is more effective in reducing the IL-6 level, maintaining intraoperative stability, and reducing postoperative pain and morphine consumption.Methods: Forty patients planned for major oncology surgery were divided into two groups. The treatment group (Group T) received pre-medication with clonidine, induction with TCI propofol, and intraoperative ketamine. The control group (Group C) received normal saline solution.Results: The difference of IL-6 level increase between the two groups was not statistically significant (13.6 vs. 16.6 pg/mL, p>0.05). Mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in group T were higher in 5 and 10 minutes after incision, but lower in minutes 30, 60, and 120 (p <0.05). Heart rate in group T was higher in minutes 5, 10, 15, 30, 60, and 120. Visual analog scale (VAS) in 4, 8, 12, and 24 hours post-surgery were lower in group T compared to group C. And post-operative morphine consumptions in group T were also lower. (3.6 ± 1.5 vs 9.9 ± 3.3, p <0.05).Conclusion: TIVA using TCI propofol combined with preoperative clonidine and intraoperative ketamine is effective in maintaining hemodynamic stability, reducing post-operative and reducing morphine consumption compared to TCI propofol alone.
COST MINIMIZATION ANALYSIS OF HYPNOTIC DRUG: TARGET CONTROLLED INHALATION ANESTHESIA (TCIA) SEVOFLURANE AND TARGET CONTROLLED INFUSION (TCI) PROPOFOL Wiryana, Made; Aribawa, I Gusti Ngurah Mahaalit; Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde Agung; Widnyana, I Made Gede; Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede Utara; Sucandra, Made Agus Kresna; Parami, Pontisomaya; Putra, Kadek Agus Heryana; Sutawan, IB Krisna Jaya; Arimbawa, IGNA Putra; Jaya, Ketut Semara; Semarawima, Gede
BALI MEDICAL JOURNAL Vol 5 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : BALI MEDICAL JOURNAL

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Cost minimization analysis is a pharmaco-economic study used to compare two or more health interventions that have been shown to have the same effect, similar or equivalent. With limited health insurance budget from the Indonesian National Social Security System implementation in 2015, the quality control and the drug cost are two important things that need to be focused. The application of pharmaco-economic study results in the selection and use of drugs more effectively and efficiently. Objective: To determine cost minimization analysis of hypnotic drug between a target controlled inhalation anesthesia (TCIA) sevoflurane and a target controlled infusion (TCI) propofol in patients underwent a major oncologic surgery in Sanglah General Hospital. Methods: Sixty ASA physical status I-II patients underwent major oncologic surgery were divided into two groups. Group A was using TCIA sevoflurane and group B using TCI propofol. Bispectral index monitor (BIS index) was used to evaluate the depth of anesthesia. The statistical tests used are the Shapiro-Wilk test, Lavene test, Mann- Whitney U test and unpaired t-test (? = 0.05). The data analysis used the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows. Results: In this study, the rate of drug used per unit time in group A was 0.12 ml sevoflurane per minute (± 0.03) and the group B was 7.25 mg propofol per minute (±0.98). Total cost of hypnotic drug in group A was IDR598.43 (IQR 112.47) per minute, in group B was IDR703.27 (IQR 156.73) per minute (p>0.05). Conclusions: There was no statistically significant difference from the analysis of the drug cost minimization hypnotic drug in a major oncologic surgery using TCIA sevoflurane and TCI propofol.