VG Tinuk Istiarti, VG Tinuk
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FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK SEKS BERISIKO PENULARAN HIV/AIDS PADA IBU RUMAH TANGGA (STUDI KASUS DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS BANDARHARJO, KECAMATAN SEMARANG UTARA) Rachmawati, Tri Uji; Widagdo, Laksmono; Istiarti, VG Tinuk
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

HIV/AIDS is one of the diseases in the world that has no cure and is always experienced an increase in cases each year. Based on the risk factors for transmission of HIV/AIDS in Semarang, heterosexual transmission ranked first by 79% and according to the type of work in the case of HIV/AIDS, housewife occupies a number of cases occurred in 2015, namely by 19%. Semarang District North ranked first in total cases of HIV / AIDS is the highest in the city of Semarang (2011-2015) amounted to 83 cases. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors associated with risky sexual practices spread of HIV/AIDS among housewives. Using a quantitative approach with cross sectional the type of study design. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire. The population in this study were housewife in Bandarharjo Public Health Center amounted to 17.860 people and a sample of 100 people with non-probability sampling technique sampling is accidental sampling. Analysis of the data Chi-square test was used for bivariate analysis with significance level of 95%. Research of results showed that the factors associated with risky sexual practices spread of HIV / AIDS on Housewife is knowledge (p-value = 0,004), attitude (p-value = 0,001), the availability of health care facilities and infrastructure (p-value = 0,004), media access to information on HIV / AIDS (p-value = 0,001), family support (p-value = 0,048). As for age, education level, husband's occupation, history of STIs, and support health workers no association with risky sex practices spread of HIV / AIDS. Suggestions for this study, Bandarharjo Public Heath Center needs to conduct counseling program in order to providing information about VCT HIV/AIDS in health centers, and Semarang City Health Office should conduct education about HIV / AIDS more than 3 times in a year
FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK MEROKOK PADA MAHASISWI S1 UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO SEMARANG Liviyana, Oktalia; Nugraha P., Priyadi; Istiarti, VG Tinuk
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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According to a report from Riskesdas in 2007, it was known that the prevalence of smoking on women about 5,2% increased to 6,7 % in 2013 and it is believed as a serious problem for threatening woman?s reproduction health. Smoking most occurs among college students (late teens aged 18-24). However, they should not do smoking since they are considered to have a role as the agent of change, social controller, and intellectuals. This research is aimed to find out the factors which are associated to smoking on undergraduate students of Dipenogoro university.This research is analytical descriptive with quantitative approach. There are 100 respondents from FISIP, FH, and FEB at dipenogoro university as the sample by using quota sampling. The data were collected through interview by using questionnaire. Data analysis was done univariately and bivariately. Some respondents are people who are 20 years old (45%), come from outside Semarang (86%), have monthly allowance more than two millions (62%), and have smoked more than 3 years (61%), also Malboro Ice Blast is the most consumed cigarette by the respondents (19%). Almost 74% respondents smoke in high frequency. The related variables to smoking on students are, allowance (p=0,020), smoking period (p=0,000), respondents? attitude (p=0,008), the ease of  getting cigarette (p=0,006), peers? support (p=0,008), and parents? acceptance (p=0,006).This research is expected to be an input to prevent the increasing number of smoking on women particulary college students.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP PRAKTIK SEKS PRANIKAH PADA REMAJA DI SMA DEKAT LOKALISASI DI WILAYAH KABUPATEN MALANG Triningsih, Reni Wahyu; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Istiarti, VG Tinuk
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 10, No. 2, Agustus 2015
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (243.052 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.10.2.160-172

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe Influence of Personal and Environmental Factors towards Premarital Sex Activities of Teenagers in High Schools Near Red-Light-Districts at Malang Regency; Increased levels of towards Premarital Sex Activities in the districts of Malang, From 404 students in Malang Regency, 116 students (29%) have had premarital sex, and 21 % of them involved in affairs without having sexual intercourse. The teenagers who live near the district were exposed to prostitution environment. The purpose of this research is to analyze the influence of personal and environmental factors towards premarital sex activities of teenagers in high schools near red-light-districts. This study used quantitative method to the design of explanatory research with cross sectional approach. Data collection using questionnaires on242 respondents (from 10th and 11th Graders) who were interviewed using structured questioner. The data analysis used univariate, bivariate technique, tested by chi-square test, and multivariate technique tested by logistic regression test. The findings of the research showed about 24 % of the teenagers have had premarital sex. variable towards teenagers? attitudes towards premarital sex was self-esteem with the (OR= 3.695)Keywords: personal and environmental factors, premarital sex
FAKTOR- FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK PENGGUNAAN KONDOM DAN PELICIN PADA KELOMPOK GAY DALAM UPAYA PENCEGAHAN HIV/AIDS DI KOTA SEMARANG Limasale, Yustina Hartiana; Istiarti, VG Tinuk; Musthofa, Syamsulhuda Budi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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In 2015 Central Java was in the 3rd rank of the most HIV/AIDS cases out of 10 province in Indonesia and in the last 3 years, HIV cases in Semarang City tend to increase. Man groups contribute 58% of HIV cases in Semarang.  LSL (man to man sex) is one of the key population and classified as gay, which is someone whose sexual orientation and behavior only with man. A risky sexual intercourse and inconsistency of condom and lubricant usage are the reasons of a high HIV transmission in gay group. The purpose of this research was to analyze the factors related to practice of condom and lubricant use in gay groups in prevention of HIV/AIDS in Semarang City. This was an analytical descriptive research with quantitative and qualitative approach and cross sectional design study. Population of the research was gay in the shelter of PKBI Semarang City with the total of 630 people then 84 samples were taken using accidental sampling when gay was doing VCT test in Health Center and 2 informants with purposive sampling to complete the qualitative data. Data was collected by interviewing with questionnaire and interview guideline. Data analysis was using univariate and bivariate with chi-square test with 95% significance level. The results showed that dependent variable which related to practice of condom and lubricant use were knowledge (p=0,003), attitude (p= 0,001), and support from sexual partner (p= 0,013). Results of the qualitative research indicated that both of the informants were not consistent in using condom and lubricant were because they trusted their sexual partners whether they were permanent or not that they were free from disease.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEPATUHAN KUNJUNGAN ULANG IBU BALITA LAKI – LAKI PNEUMONIA DI KELURAHAN TANDANG SEMARANG Anggrainy, Yeny; Widagdo, Laksmono; Istiarti, VG Tinuk
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Pneumonia in Semarang city was in the 2nd rank in 2016 with 5542 cases, and Kedungmundu Health Center had the highest peneumonia patients which were 509 toddlers male and female. One of the most important management in pneumonia is on the second day when parents and toddlers are required to make a return visit. Return visit is needed to prevent pneumonia severity on toddlers and if not done, will affect on health particularly the increasing case of pneumonia from mild pneumonia to severe pneumonia. Return visit?s coverage in Kedungmundu Health Center was still low which was only 13% from the total of 509 toddlers male and female patients.  The aim of this research was to analyzed factors related to the compliance of return visit in mother of toddlers?s male with pneumonia in Tandang District.This research was a analytical descriptive research with cross sectional approach. Sampling techinique was using total population of the mothers who have toddler?s male with pneumonia in Tandang District. Data was collected using questionnaire. The results showed that most of the respondents were 26-35 years old, have graduated from high school, were housewives and have low income <UMR (Rp 2,125,000). 84.4% of respondents did not do pneumonia?s return visit. The chi-square test showed that age (p=0,046), knowledge of pneumonia and pneumonia?s re-visit (p=0,029), and motivation (p=0,023) were correlate with the compliance of pneumonia?s re-visit. Meanwhile, educational level (p=0,438), occupation (p=0,485), revenue (0,438), attitudes (p=0,063), ease of access (p=0,187), family support (p=0,311), and support of health workers  (p=0,124) were not correlate with the compliance of pneumonia?s re-visit. This research recommended optimization of counseling to mothers of pneumonia?s toddler about the importance of pneumonia?s return visit, especially for toddlers whose condition have improved should keep visiting the health center.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK IBU DALAM MENCEGAH PAPARAN ASAP ROKOK PADA BALITA PEROKOK PASIF Indrajati, Tiara Budi; Istiarti, VG Tinuk; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Cigarettes are cylinders of paper containing tobacco leaves with one of  the side of paper burned so that the smoke can be inhaled through the mouth from the other side (active smokers) and can be inhaled by people around (passive smokers). The remaining smoke exhaled by active smokers is dangerous because it can survive in the air for more than two and a half hours and unconsciously can be inhaled by a toddler unnoticed by their parents. The purpose of this study is to analyze factors related to mother?s practices in preventing exposure to secondhand smoke in toddlers.The type of this research is descriptive analytic with quantitative approach. The research design was cross sectional. Samples taken as many as 95 respondents. (mothers who have children under five age in Pedurungan District, Semarang City). The instrument used in the form of questionnaires with interviews. Data analysis was univariate and bivariate with chi-square test.The results showed that the age of the respondents was dominated by respondents with 30 years old and the last education completed high school or vocational school. The average respondent did not work equal to 54,7%. The results showed that education (p = 0,131), and occupation (p = 0,915) were not related to mother practice in preventing exposure of cigarette smoke. While knowledge (p = 0,004) and attitude (p = 0,013), relate to mother practice in preventing exposure of cigarette smoke.The conclusion of this research is found that factors related to mother practice in preventing exposure of secondhand smoke to passive smoker is knowledge and attitude. The suggestion given by the researcher is needed to giving the material about the exposure of cigarette smoke for the mother of toddler and especially for the person who smoke by giving print out material for easy understood.
FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU PENCEGAHAN PENYAKIT DEGENERATIF PADA PASIEN RAWAT INAP RUMAH SAKIT ISLAM SULTAN AGUNG KOTA SEMARANG Ahlina, Safira; Husodo, Besar Tirto; Istiarti, VG Tinuk
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Rumah Sakit Islam Sultan Agung adalah Rumah Sakit Syariah yang memiliki beberapa program unggulan di bagian Promosi Kesehatan Rumah Sakit. Materi pencegahan penyakit degeneratif merupakan materi rutin yang disampaikan dalam penyuluhan kesehatan masyarakat di Rumah Sakit Islam Sultan Agung Kota Semarang. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisa faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku pencegahan penyakit degeneratif pada pasien rawat inap Rumah Sakit Islam Sultan Agung Kota Semarang. Jenis penelitian deskriptif analitik dengan desain cross sectional study. Sampel penelitian ini  pasien yang sedang melakukan check up di RSI Sultan Agung yang pernah menjalani rawat inap di Rumah Sakit Islam Sultan Agung, menggunakan sampel acak (Random Sampling) sebanyak 96 orang. Pengujian menggunakan uji Chi-Square dengan alpa 0,05. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan variabel yang berhubungan dengan perilaku pencegahan penyakit degeneratif pada pasien rawat inap yaitu jenis kelamin (P=0,005), pendidikan (P=0,025), dan sikap (0,018). Variabel yang tidak berhubungan dengan perilaku pencegahan penyakit degeneratif pada pasien rawat inap adalah usia (P=0,629), pekerjaan (0,778), pengetahuan (P=0,555), metode Dialog Pagi (P=0,834), dan pemilihan waktu Dialog Pagi (P=0,442). Rumah Sakit Islam Sultan Agung perlu melakukan monitoring berkala dan evaluasi terkait program-program yang ada di bagian Promosi Kesehatan Rumah Sakit. Program-program bagian Promosi Kesehatan Rumah Sakit dapat menjadi pertimbangan bagi Dinas Kesehatan sebagai  percontohan program Promosi Kesehatan Rumah Sakit bagi rumah sakit lain.
HUBUNGAN PERINGATAN KESEHATAN BERGAMBAR DI BUNGKUS ROKOK DENGAN PRAKTIK MEROKOK PEROKOK PEMULA PADA SMP X DI KOTA SEMARANG Wulansari, Ririn; Istiarti, VG Tinuk; Cahyo, Kusyogo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Some studies from the International Tobacco Control showed that, the implementation of pictorial health warnings have an impact on smoker to quit smoking. In Indonesia, there is Regulation of Health Minister No. 28/2013 about Implementation of Health Warnings and Health Information on Tobacco Product, which regulate the implementation of pictorial health warnings on tobacco produck. The purpose of this research is to analyze the relationship of pictorial health warning wrap cigarette on the smoking new smokers in SMP X Semarang City. Type of this research is analitycal descriptive with quantitative approach. The population are students in grade 7th and 8th who have characteristics as new smoker and willing to become respondens.The whole question has been tested for validity and reliability. Analysis of data using statistical analysis of Chi Square test (significance level 0.05). The results showed that, most of the respondents were 13-15 years of age, and the grade level of the respondents were in grade 7 and most of respondens including category pocket money low (<Rp 10.000).The variables associated with new smoker smoking behavior, which are :pictorial health warnings on cigarette packs (p= 0.000), reached with pictorial health warning (p=0,021), and peer support (p = 0.009). While variables age (p= 1), pocket money (p=0,438), the grade lavel of respondens (p = 0,223), knowledge about pictorial health warning (p=0.714), the attitude with pictorial health warning (p= 1,000),  teacher?s support (p=0,662) not associated with new smoker smoking behavior. On this research, writter suggests the goverment who concern on healthy should implement of pictorial health warnings more focusing on the picture and information on cigarette packs.