Aditya Kusumawati, Aditya
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BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENERIMAAN IBU TERHADAP IMUNISASI MEASLES RUBELLA PADA ANAK SD DI DESA GUMPANG, KECAMATAN KARTASURA, KABUPATEN SUKOHARJO Prabandari, Gayuh Mustika; BM, Syamsulhuda; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 4 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Measles-Rubella immunization campaign is a government strategy to achieve elimination of measles and rubella by 2020. This imunization is targeting all Indonesian children between the ages of nine months and 15 years and will aim to reach 95% immunisation coverage. The fact is that not all parents receive this immunization program. Gumpang village is one of the villages with high immunization rejection.Thisstudy isaimed toanalyzethe factorsassociatedwith mother?s acception of measles-rubella imunization at Gumpang, Sukoharjo.This research is a quantitative study with descriptive-analytics method. This research uses  simple random sampling techniques  and  the  data  are  collected  using questionnaire with interview method. Data analysis procedure of this research uses univariate and bivariate with chi-square test.The result shows that 27,7% respondents did not receive measles-rubella immunization. The result of chi-square test shows that knowledge abaout measles-rubella imunization (p= 0,006), perceived severity (p= 0,012), perceived benefit (p= 0,004) and perceived barriers (0,000) are significantly associated with the acceptance of measles-rubella imunization. While age variable (p=1,288), job status (p= 0,702), education level (p= 0,533), perceived susceptibility  (p=  0,145), family support (p=  0,464) and environmental support (p= 0,408) are  not  significantly associated with the acceptance of measles-rubella imunization.Suggestion from this research is the need to give more education about the importance of measles-rubella imunization from related parties to the parents, especially for mother, to improve their awareness to join measles and rubella imunization.
GAMBARAN PERILAKU PASIEN SEMBUH TB MDR DI KOTA SEMARANG Sari, Feby Kumala; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Tuberculosis is still a health problem that causes death. MDR TB in Central Java Province Semarang City from 2014 to 2016 decreased to 16 cases and the last 3 years there are data of patients already recovering from MDR TB. This shows the better handling of MDR TB cases in Semarang city because they are able to get case data and able to accompany the patient from the beginning of the illness until healed. Thexpurpose of this research is to know the picture of patient behavior of MDR TB recovered in Semarang City.Thisxqualitative research uses descriptive approach. By purposive sampling technique got 7 research subject which is patient recovered MDR TB. dataxcollection was done by in-depth interview to 7 research subjects. Validation of data is done by triangulation of source to 16 people. Thexresults of the study indicate that the behavior of patients recovered MDR TB in Semarang City because of routine medication, get attention, and motivation both from within themselves and from the surrounding environment. Have good knowledge and attitude with obedience to take medication accompanied by officer Aisyiyah and health officer. Getting good service facilities and support from families, health workers and Aisyiyah officers greatly affect the patient's behavior to recover from MDR TB.
FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK IBU DALAM MELINDUNGI KELUARGA DARI PAPARAN ASAP ROKOK Sitorus, Rahayu; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Background: Exposure from cigarette smoke is dangerous because it can cause lung cancer and cardiovascular damage, and can damage lung and respiratory health in children. The purpose of this study was to analyze factors related to maternal practice in an effort to protect families from exposure to cigarette smoke. Methods:  This type of research is descriptive analytic, quantitative approach, cross sectional research design with a sample of 97 respondents (mothers who have children and husbands in Sawah Besar Village, Gayamsari District, Semarang City). the instrument used in the form of a questionnaire with interviews. Data analysis used is univariate and bivariate with chi-square test. Results: The results showed that the respondent's age was dominated by age ? 41 years with the last education graduating from junior high school / equivalent. Respondents did not work at 62.9%. The results showed that the age of the respondent (p = 0.031), knowledge (p = 0.005) and perceived barriers (p = 0.012) were related to the practice of mothers in an effort to protect families from exposure to cigarette smoke. Educational level variables (p = 0.685), employment (p = 0.685), perceptions of vulnerability (p = 0.878) and perceptions of seriousness (p = 0.501) were not related to maternal practices in an effort to protect families from exposure to cigarette smoke.  Conclusion: It is necessary to increase parents' awareness of mothers in particular to the dangers of cigarette smoke to family members and the existence of more supervision on the activities of family members who have the opportunity to be exposed to cigarette smoke.
IDENTIFIKASI FAKTOR PENGHAMBAT PENCAPAIAN KINERJA PETUGAS SURVEILANS KESEHATAN (GASURKES) DALAM UPAYA PENGENDALIAN KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD) DI KECAMATAN TEMBALANG TAHUN 2016 Herdyawati, Anisa Eris; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 3 (2017): MEI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Procurement of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) Gasurkes is an selected alternative to help Semarang government to reduce the number of dengue fever. This was done because the number of health workers in civil servants only focused in dengue fever. Although Gasurkes was started in Semarang since 2015, the number of dengue fever hasn't decline significantly yet. Even the number of dengue fever in 2015 to 2016 was increased from 1737 to 1857 cases.This research was aimed to identify the inhibiting factors for achieving Gasurkes performance in controlling dengue fever in Kecamatan Tembalang in 2016. This qualitative research used descriptive approach. By using purposive sampling, this research taken as many as 10 Gasurkes in Kecamatan Tembalang as subjek penelitiant. Data was collected by indepth interview. Data validity was done by triangulation of source as many as 14 people.The results showed that perceptional speed, ability of deductive thinking, communication skill, dynamic strength and stamina, working experience, education level, demographic factors, and superior support are not inhibiting factors for achieveing Gasurkes performance in controlling dengue fever in Kecamatan Tembalang in 2016. While numeracy skills, memory, family support, residential support, and community support in Gasurkes working area are inhibiting factors for achieveing Gasurkes performance in controlling dengue fever in Kecamatan Tembalang in 2016.
HEALTH RISK BEHAVIORS: SMOKING, ALCOHOL, DRUGS, AND DATING AMONG YOUTHS IN RURAL CENTRAL JAVA Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Musthofa, Syamsulhuda Budi; Indraswari, Ratih; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol 15, No 1 (2020): Volume 15, Issue 1, February 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v15i1.2864

Abstract

Adolescents are more likely to adopt risky health behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol use, and sexual activity. This study examined the links betweensmoking, alcohol use, and risky dating behavior and analyzed how these factors influenced risky dating and other behaviors. It is expected that this studywould be used as a foundation for developing appropriate integrated intervention for multiple risk behaviors among youths. This study was an explanatory research study with a cross-sectional approach. It involved 160 youths aged 15-24 years randomly selected from purposive villages. Participants completedself-administrated questionnaires with an enumerator present. Data were analyzed using univariate, chi-square, and multiple logistic regression. Smoking behavior, leisure activity, and self-efficacy were predictors of risky dating behavior. The self-efficacy variable also influenced multiple risk behaviors. A strong association was found between smoking, risky dating behavior, and alcohol use. One-third of the participants had dated and smoked recently, but only 10% ofthem had experienced high-risk dating activity, including petting and intercourse. Only 5% had experienced alcohol use (in particular, traditional alcohol), andno one admitted being involved with drug abuse.
BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK KADER DALAM PENYULUHAN DI MEJA 4 PADA POSYANDU DI KELURAHAN NGALIYAN, KOTA SEMARANG Pangestuti, Ninda Ayu; BM, Syamsulhuda; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Integrated service post (Posyandu) as one means of basic health services in the community to grow and thrive. Posyanduis one form of Community Based Health Effort (UKBM) carried out by, of and with the community, to empower and provide convenience to the public in order to obtain medical care for mothers, infants and toddlers. The purpose of this study to analyze factors related to the practice of cadres in education at 4 tables on Posyandu in Ngaliyan, Semarang.Types of research with cross-sectional study. Respondents of the study amounted to 76 people. Collecting the information through interviews using a questionnaire. The statistical test used to analyze the relationship between variables using Chi-Square. The results showed 65.8% of health cadres including a category that has a good practice, 92.1% of cadres say there are facilities and supporting infrastructure extension, 82.9% Posyandu cadre say no incentive for Posyandu cadres, 85.5% of cadres say there are guidelines Posyandu, 76.3% said that the training good cadres, cadres 67.1% received support from health agencies and 63.2% posyandu cadre who had the support of the community. There is a relationship between education cadre to cadre practices (p = 0.035), facilities and infrastructure to the practice of cadre (p = 0.008), with the practice of Posyandu cadre training (p = 0.029). There is a significant relationship between cadres education, infrastructure and training of cadres posyandu with practices in education at 4 tables on Posyandu.
ANALISIS PEMANFAATAN PROGRAM DETEKSI DINI KANKER SERVIKS DENGAN IVA OLEH PESERTA JKN-KIS An Nisaa, Nur; Suryoputro, Antono; Kusumawati, Aditya
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 15, No 2: JUNI 2019
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (365.356 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v15i2.5229

Abstract

Program nasional deteksi dini kanker serviks dengan pemeriksaan IVA telah didukung oleh BPJS Kesehatan, tetapi pemanfaatannya tetap rendah. Pada tahun 2017, pemanfaatan pemeriksaan IVA di Kota Semarang hanya sebesar 1,7%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemanfaatan pelayanan pemeriksaan IVA oleh peserta JKN-KIS. Metode penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Lokasi penelitian di Kecamatan Banyumanik, Kota Semarang dengan jumlah responden 100 orang WUS, peserta aktif JKN-KIS yang telah menikah. Analisis data menggunakan uji chi-square dan regresi logistik berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar responden belum memanfaatkan IVA (87%), memiliki pengetahuan kurang (56%), sikap kurang mendukung (57%), akses terjangkau (55%), dukungan sosial kurang (56%), persepsi kerentanan rendah (56%), persepsi keparahan tinggi (52%), persepsi manfaat rendah (58%), dan persepsi hambatan tinggi (61%). Variabel yang memiliki hubungan secara statistik dengan pemanfaatan pemeriksaan IVA oleh peserta JKN-KIS di Kecamatan Banyumanik adalah pengetahuan (p=0,000), sikap (p=0,000), dukungan sosial (p=0,000), persepsi kerentanan (p=0,002), persepsi manfaat (p=0,006), dan persepsi hambatan (p=0,003). Sedangkan faktor yang paling berpengaruh adalah adalah sikap (p=0,04 ; OR=9,872). Sehingga WUS dengan sikap kurang mendukung memiliki peluang 9,872 kali lebih besar untuk tidak melakukan pemeriksaan IVA.
PELATIHAN KADER POSYANDU SEBAGAI UPAYA PENCEGAHAN STUNTING PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS MARGADANA DAN PUSKESMAS TEGAL SELATAN KOTA TEGAL Purnamasari, Heni; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 8, No 3 (2020): MEI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Stunting is a global and Indonesian problem due to inadequate nutritional needs of children during the First 1000 Days of Life (HPK). This research aims to analyze the effect of cadre training on stunting prevention in toddler. This type of research is Quasy-Experimental with unequal control group design. The research sample consisted of 64 posyandu cadres taken using purposive techniques according to inclusion criteria. The training used counseling methods, giving a stunting cadre guidebook, and two weeks of field practice. The result of Wilcoxon test analysis in the experimental group after the training gives differences in knowledge (p=0,000), self-efficacy (p=0.002), and practice (p=0,000). While attitudes do not produce a difference (p=0.182). Although there was no change in attitude, it happened because posyandu cadres showed a positive attitude about stunting before the training was conducted. An increase in knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, and practice after the intervention shows that the stimulus can be received effectively, so that it influences attention, then there is a willingness to act, and forming beliefs in individuals that have an impact on actualizing actions or changing behavior. In the control group there were no differences in knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, and practices in the pre-test and post-test (p>0.05). The Mann Whitney test in the both groups produced differences in knowledge and practice with values (p=0,000). It can be concluded that the training of stunting cadres using the stunting cadre guidebook along with field practice assistance is quite effective in increasing knowledge, self-efficacy, and practices of posyandu cadres in efforts to prevent stunting cases in toddler. Good respondent's self-efficacy needs to be maintained and improved to produce good performance. This research suggests that posyandu cadres can do their duties according to the five main service packages for stunting prevention so that the number of stunting in toddler can be reduced.
ADAPTASI PSIKOLOGI SOSIAL ISTRI KORBAN KEKERASAN DALAM RUMAH TANGGA (KDRT) DI KABUPATEN PATI (STUDI KUALITATIF PADA ISTRI KORBAN KDRT DI KABUPATEN PATI) Amanullah, Fatma Zakiyya; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 4 (2018): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

In Indonesia, 2011 to 2015, cases of violence against women has increased every year. 2014 until July 2016, there were 15 cases domestic violence against the wife in Pati regency. Among the effects of domestic violence against his wife among other psychological effects and physical effects that cause various physical responses, psychological and social victims of domestic violence itself. The purpose of this study was todescribe social psychological adaptation wife of victims of domestic violence in Pati regency.This qualitative study used a descriptive approach. With purposive sampling techniques showed 6 research subjects who are wives of victims of domestic violence. The data collection was done by in-depth interviews to 6 subjects. Data validation is done by triangulation to 12 people.Results from the study showed that the practice of social psychology adaptation wife do victims of domestic violence arising from the interaction between the environment and cognitive victims. Lack of education about the form of domestic violence, a lot of verbal domestic violence victim's wife did not realize that the word rant receipt included in the violence, so consider fair if domestic squabble by using harsh words. It also affects the awareness of domestic violence victims to report verbally to the police. Society gossip wife to victims of domestic violence is still a culture in Pati regency. This opt out of society in reporting the domestic violence problem caused a perception that domestic violence is an internal matter of the family. Self-perception of domestic violence after the study subjects likely to lead to negative actions. Their strong motivation of the subject and its surroundings make the subject was able to regulate and control himself. Emotional support, informative, and appreciation of the family made the subject was able to interact well withfamily. Maintain contact with peers, being one of the alternatives to forget about the problems of domestic violence.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU MEROKOK SHISHA PADA SISWA SMA X DI KOTA SEMARANG Pangestu, Ardy Widya; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Semarang City Health Office, specifically noting that 34.4% of young men and 4% of young women who smoke. Score high shisha smoking behavior in adolescents beginning comes from oneself, others and the environment that may influence smoking behavior itself. X high school students in the city Semaran often smoke shisha at 49.2%. The purpose of this study to analyze the factors related to the behavior of smoking shisha at X high school students in the city of Semarang. This research is quantitative research with cross sectional approach. The population is X high school students in the city of Semarang ever consume shisha is there are 177 high school students. By using the formula of Lemeshow there are samples that are 63 respondents. The sampling technique using random sampling. Analyzed using univariate and bivariate statistical test Chi-Square (significance level 0.05). Most of the respondents were 14-16 years of age (early teens) (54.0%). Gender respondents was (92.1%) were male and knowledge of the respondents in the high category (50.8%). The attitude of the respondents in both categories (52.4%). Support Friends respondents was (61.9%) in both categories and support for families (57.1%) in both categories. The availability of resources in the complete category of (54.0%) and affordability of resources in both categories of (71.4%). Chi-Square test results found no relationship between knowledge, attitudes, peer support, and resource availability. As for age, sex, family support, and affordability of resources no relationship with shisha smoking behavior in high school students X in Semarang.