Indra Bramanti, Indra
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Efektifitas siwak (Salvadora persica) dan pasta gigi siwak terhadap akumulasi plak gigi pada anak-anak (Effectiveness of Siwak (Salvadora persica) and siwak toothpaste on dental plaque accumulation in children) Bramanti, Indra; RS, Iwa Sutardjo; Ula, Navilatul; Isa, Muhammad
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 47, No 3 (2014): (September 2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (217.144 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v47.i3.p153-157

Abstract

Background: siwak contain of salvadorine with an antiseptic effect. There were many reports about antibacterial effect of siwak on the cariogenic bacterial, pathogen periodontal, and dental plaque accumulation. Purpose: The study was aimed to determine the effect of siwak and siwak toothpaste on accumulated dental plaque in children. Methods: The subjects were 39 teenage children in range of age 12-15 years old, and were divided on 3 groups. Each subject group was asked to brush their teeth 3 times a day using siwak; siwak toothpaste; and toothpaste with no additional substance as control, respectively. After brushing for a week, plaque scoring was performing using Modified Personal Hygiene Performance Index (PHP-M). Data were analysed using one way Anova. Results: The plaque score on siwak group lower significantly than control group, but there was no significant difference between siwak group and siwak toothpaste group. Conclusion: The study suggested that siwak and siwak toothpaste had the same effect on decreasing plaque accumulation in children.Latar belakang: siwak mengandung salvadorine yang berefek sebagai antiseptik. siwak juga dilaporkan memiliki efek antibakteri terhadap bakteri kariogenik dan pathogen periodontal, dan menghambat pembentukan plak. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji efek siwak dan pasta gigi siwak terhadap akumulasi plak pada anak. Metode: subyek penelitian adalah 39 anak remaja berusia 12-15 tahun yang dibagi dalam 3 kelompok. setiap subyek dalam kelompok yang sama diminta untuk menyikat gigi sehari 3 kali dengan menggunakan siwak; pasta gigi siwak; dan pasta gigi murni tanpa tambahan bahan sebagai control. setelah selama seminggu menyikat gigi, dilakukan pengukuran skor plak menggunakan indeks PHP-M. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan Anova satu jalur. Hasil: skor plak kelompok siwak lebih rendah secara signifikan dibanding kelompok pasta gigi murni, namun antara kelompok siwak dan pasta gigi siwak tidak terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna. Simpulan: studi ini menunjukkan bahwa siwak dan pasta gigi siwak memiliki efek yang sama dalam menurunkan akumulasi plak pada anak.
The acceleration of garlic (Allium sativum L) ethanolic extract on gingival wound healing process in Wistar rats Bramanti, Indra; Ngatidjan, .; Purwono, Setyo
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 45, No 02 (2013)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5016.517 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedScie004502201301

Abstract

Garlic (Allium sativum L) is a medicinal plant traditionally used to relieve pain. Garlic’s active constituents, allicin and triacremonone, have been proven to have antibacterial and antiinflammatory activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of garlic ethanolic extract gel in gingival wound healing process of rats. Thirty male Wistar rats aged 10 weeks with with body weight 200-250 g were subjected in this study. Rats were divided randomly into five groups with six rats in each group. Group I as negative control was given sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Na CMC) base gel. Group II as positive control was given Benzydamine® gel and Group IV-V were given garlic ethanolic extract gel at dose of 20, 40 and 80%, respectively. Each group was subdivided into two sub groups of three rats according to the decapitation period which were 5th (D-5) and 7th (D-7) day after the garlic extract gel application. Excisional wounds using punch biopsy, 2.5 mm in diameter, were created at the mandibular labial gingiva between right and left incisor teeth of the rats. The garlic extract gel of each preparation dose was then applied on the wound three times a day, starting at 0 day until 7th day. The decapitation was conducted on the D-5 and D-7. Histological slides of wounded tissue were prepared. Epithelial thickness, new blood vessel, and number of fibroblast were examined. The results showed that the epithelial thickness of garlic ethanolic extract gel groups was significantly higher than control group (p<0.05), especially after 5thday application. However, the number of new blood vessels and the amount of fibroblast of those groups were not significantly higher than control group (p>0.05). In conclusion, topical application of garlic ethanolic extract gel accelerates the gingival wound healing process in rats by increasing epithelial thickness.