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Plaque index between blind and deaf children after dental health education Carissa, Cynthia; Runkat, Jakobus; Herdiyati, Yetty
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 44, No 1 (2011): (March 2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.413 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v44.i1.p39-42

Abstract

Background: Difficulty in mobility and motor coordination could affect the health at teeth and mouth. Dental health education of the blind and deaf children differs according their limitation. Blind and deaf children need a particular guidance in dental health education to promote oral hygiene as normal children do. Purpose: The objective of this study was to observe the difference of plaque index between blind and deaf children before and after dental health education. Methods: This research used purposive sampling technique. Twenty-three blind children were taken as samples from SLB-A Negeri Bandung and 31 deaf children from SLB-B Cicendo Bandung. The data were then collected through plaque index examination using modified patient hygiene performance (PHP) test. Results: The result descriptively showed that plaque index average value of 23 blind children before dental health education was 3.0725 and after, was 1.7970. On the other hand, the plaque index average of deaf children before dental health education was 2.7474 and after was 1.5. Conclusion: It is concluded that plaque index of deaf children is better than blind children before and after dental health education.Latar belakang: Kesulitan dalam pergerakan dan koordinasi motorik akan memengaruhi kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Pendidikan kesehatan gigi dan mulut anak buta dan tuli akan berbeda tergantung tingkat kekurangan mereka. Anak tunanetra dan anak tunarungu membutuhkan pendidikan khusus berupa pendidikan kesehatan gigi untuk meningkatkan kebersihan gigi dan mulut serupa dengan anak normal. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui perbedaan indeks plak antara anak-anak buta dan tuli sebelum dan sesudah pendidikan kesehatan gigi. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Dua puluh tiga anak tunanetra diambil sebagai sampel dari SLB-A Negeri Bandung dan 31 anak tunarungu dari SLB-B Cicendo Bandung. Data tersebut kemudian dikumpulkan melalui pemeriksaan indeks plak menggunakan indeks patient hygiene performance (PHP) modifikasi. Hasil: Hasil penelitian secara deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa nilai indeks plak rata-rata 23 anak tunanetra sebelum pendidikan kesehatan gigi adalah 3,0725 dan sesudah pendidikan kesehatan gigi adalah 1,7970. Sedangkan, indeks plak rata-rata anak tunarungu sebelum pendidikan kesehatan gigi adalah 2,7474 dan sesudah pendidikan kesehatan gigi adalah 1,5. Kesimpulan: Indeks plak anak tunarungu lebih baik dibandingkan dengan anak tunanetra sebelum dan sesudah pendidikan kesehatan gigi.
The effects of temporo mandibular joint disorder with clicking symptom on children mastication performance in Deutero Malay race children aged 12-15 years Hartman, Henri; Pertiwi, Arlette Suzy Puspa; Runkat, Jakobus; Herdiyati, Yetty; Oewen, Roosje Rosita
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 26, No 3 (2014): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (297.655 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol26no3.14006

Abstract

Temporo Mandibular Joint Disorder (TMD) could be caused by forward head posture. Articular sound/TMJ clicking is the most often sign and symptom for TMD that could happen in human being. The presence of TMD such as TMJ clicking would cause an imbalance masticatory system. The purpose of this research is to investigate TMJ clicking effects to masticatory performance. This research was cross-sectional study with a type of epidemiology survey. Subject were children aged 12-15 years old Deutero-Malay sub-races Live in Bandung and was taken using multi-stage random sampling technique. Subject; consisted of 24 children as control group and 28 children as TMJ clicking group. Both group were then checked for masticatory performance using multiple sieve method and 20x chewing of artificial test food. Mastication performance value represented by median particle size (MPS) particle distribution (b) for each group. MPS from TMJ clicking group (3.0571,SD=0.9990) showed higher value than control group (2.28958,SD=0.66838). Statistic analysis with t-test showed that there’s a significant result in both of group (pvalue=0,0024, α = 0,05). Conclussion, temporo mandibular joint clicking subject has lower masticatory performance.
Pola karies pada anak kembarDental caries patterns in twins Nabhila, Amilia; Hidayat, Syarief; Herdiyati, Yetty
Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran Vol 29, No 1 (2017): April
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (275.049 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkg.v29i1.18606

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Karies merupakan penyakit gigi yang paling banyak dikeluhkan masyarakat. Etiologi karies multifaktorial, antara lain faktor genetik dan lingkungan. Penelitian dengan mempertimbangkan faktor tersebut dapat dilakukan pada anak kembar. Tujuan penelitian untuk memperoleh data mengenai pola karies pada anak kembar yaitu apakah terdapat kemiripan. Metode: Penelitian deskriptif dengan sampel penelitian menggunakan metode accidental sampling sebanyak 30 pasang anak kembar yang tinggal di Kota Bandung. Indikator yang digunakan berdasarkan ICDAS. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pola karies pada anak kembar terdapat 13,33% memiliki pola karies memiliki kemiripan, 13,33% memiliki pola karies dengan banyak kemiripan, 33,33% memiliki pola karies dengan sedikit kemiripan,  sedangkan sisanya 40% memiliki pola karies yang tidak mirip. Simpulan: Pola karies pada anak kembar lebih banyak tidak ada kemiripan dan sedikit kemiripan dibandingkan yang memiliki kemiripan dan banyak kemiripan. ABSTRACTIntroduction: Caries is a dental disease that most people complain about. Etiology of multifactorial caries, including genetic and environmental factors. Research by considering these factors can be done in twins. The research objective was to obtain data regarding caries patterns in twins, namely whether there were similarities. Methods: A descriptive study with a sample of research using the accidental sampling method as many as 30 pairs of twins living in the city of Bandung. Indicators used based on ICDAS. Result: The results showed that caries patterns in twins had 13.33% had a similar caries pattern, 13.33% had a caries pattern with many similarities, 33.33% had a caries pattern with little resemblance, while the remaining 40% had a pattern unequal caries. Conclusion: Caries patterns in twins have no more similarities and less similarities than those who have similarities and many similarities.Keywords: Twins, dental caries patterns.
The effects of temporo mandibular joint disorder with clicking symptom on children mastication performance in Deutero Malay race children aged 12-15 years Hartman, Henri; Pertiwi, Arlette Suzy Puspa; Runkat, Jakobus; Herdiyati, Yetty; Oewen, Roosje Rosita
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 26, No 3 (2014): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (297.655 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol26no3.14006

Abstract

Temporo Mandibular Joint Disorder (TMD) could be caused by forward head posture. Articular sound/TMJ clicking is the most often sign and symptom for TMD that could happen in human being. The presence of TMD such as TMJ clicking would cause an imbalance masticatory system. The purpose of this research is to investigate TMJ clicking effects to masticatory performance. This research was cross-sectional study with a type of epidemiology survey. Subject were children aged 12-15 years old Deutero-Malay sub-races Live in Bandung and was taken using multi-stage random sampling technique. Subject; consisted of 24 children as control group and 28 children as TMJ clicking group. Both group were then checked for masticatory performance using multiple sieve method and 20x chewing of artificial test food. Mastication performance value represented by median particle size (MPS) particle distribution (b) for each group. MPS from TMJ clicking group (3.0571,SD=0.9990) showed higher value than control group (2.28958,SD=0.66838). Statistic analysis with t-test showed that there’s a significant result in both of group (pvalue=0,0024, α = 0,05). Conclussion, temporo mandibular joint clicking subject has lower masticatory performance.
Distribusi frekuensi missing teeth pada anak sindroma DownMissing teeth frequency distribution of Down syndrome children Alwafa, Nadiya Mujaheda; Herdiyati, Yetty; Sasmita, Inne Suherna; Suwondo, Williyanti
Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran Vol 31, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (330.756 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkg.v31i1.21466

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Missing teeth adalah suatu keadaan berupa hilangnya gigi karena adanya kegagalan perkembangan gigi yang dapat menyebabkan berkurangnya fungsi pengunyahan, fonetik, estetika, serta munculnya masalah pada jaringan keras dan lunak di sekitarnya. Gejala missing teeth ditemukan pada anak sindroma Down, yaitu anak yang memiliki kromosom berlebih (trisomi 21), yang mengakibatkan kelainan dan keterlambatan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan baik fisik dan mental. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui distribusi frekuensi missing teeth pada anak sindroma Down di Yayasan POTADS. Metode: Jenis penelitian adalah deskriptif dengan teknik survei. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah penderita sindroma Down anggota Yayasan Persatuan Orang Tua Anak dengan Down Syndrome (POTADS) dan diperiksa di Rumah Sakit Gigi dan Mulut (RSGM) Universitas Padjadjaran (Unpad). Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik total sampling sebanyak 25 orang. Anak dengan sindroma Down berusia lebih dari 5 tahun didapatkan berdasarkan data yang diperoleh dari POTADS. Analisis data dilakukan dengan distribusi frekuensi relatif. Hasil: Sebanyak 48,07% anak sindroma Down yang diperiksa mengalami missing teeth dengan tipe hipodonsia sebesar 88%. Simpulan: Distribusi frekuensi missing teeth terjadi pada hampir setengah populasi anak sindroma Down di Yayasan POTADS.Kata kunci: Missing teeth, hipodonsia, sindroma Down. ABSTRACTIntroduction: Missing teeth is a condition of tooth loss due to developmental failure which can reduce the function of mastication, phonetics, aesthetics, and the problems in the surrounding hard and soft tissues. Missing teeth symptoms are found in Down syndrome children, which is children with excessive chromosomes (trisomy 21), resulting in abnormalities and delays in growth and development both physically and mentally. This study was aimed to determine the missing teeth frequency distribution of Down syndrome children at POTADS Foundation. Methods: The research was descriptive with survey technique. Population in this study were Down syndrome patients who were members of the Association of Parents with Down Syndrome Children (POTADS) Foundation and were examined at Universitas Padjadjaran (Unpad) Dental Hospital (RSGM). Sampling technique was a total sampling resulting 25 people. Children with Down syndrome more than 5 years old were based on data obtained from POTADS Foundation. Data analysis was carried out by relative frequency distribution. Results: A total of 48.07% of Down syndrome children examined had missing teeth with the type of hypodontia by 88%. Conclusion: Missing teeth occur in almost half the population of children with Down syndrome at POTADS Foundation.Keywords: Missing teeth, hypodontia, Down Syndrome.
Pola karies pada anak kembarDental caries patterns in twins Nabhila, Amilia; Hidayat, Syarief; Herdiyati, Yetty
Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran Vol 29, No 1 (2017): April
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (275.049 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkg.v29i1.18606

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Karies merupakan penyakit gigi yang paling banyak dikeluhkan masyarakat. Etiologi karies multifaktorial, antara lain faktor genetik dan lingkungan. Penelitian dengan mempertimbangkan faktor tersebut dapat dilakukan pada anak kembar. Tujuan penelitian untuk memperoleh data mengenai pola karies pada anak kembar yaitu apakah terdapat kemiripan. Metode: Penelitian deskriptif dengan sampel penelitian menggunakan metode accidental sampling sebanyak 30 pasang anak kembar yang tinggal di Kota Bandung. Indikator yang digunakan berdasarkan ICDAS. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pola karies pada anak kembar terdapat 13,33% memiliki pola karies memiliki kemiripan, 13,33% memiliki pola karies dengan banyak kemiripan, 33,33% memiliki pola karies dengan sedikit kemiripan, sedangkan sisanya 40% memiliki pola karies yang tidak mirip. Simpulan: Pola karies pada anak kembar lebih banyak tidak ada kemiripan dan sedikit kemiripan dibandingkan yang memiliki kemiripan dan banyak kemiripan.Kata kunci: Anak kembar, pola karies ABSTRACTIntroduction: Caries is a dental disease that most people complain about. Etiology of multifactorial caries, including genetic and environmental factors. Research by considering these factors can be done in twins. The research objective was to obtain data regarding caries patterns in twins, namely whether there were similarities. Methods: A descriptive study with a sample of research using the accidental sampling method as many as 30 pairs of twins living in the city of Bandung. Indicators used based on ICDAS. Result: The results showed that caries patterns in twins had 13.33% had a similar caries pattern, 13.33% had a caries pattern with many similarities, 33.33% had a caries pattern with little resemblance, while the remaining 40% had a pattern unequal caries. Conclusion: Caries patterns in twins have no more similarities and less similarities than those who have similarities and many similarities.Keywords: Twins, dental caries patterns.
Penggunaan Removable Partial Denture dengan PMMA pada Anak Post-Labiopalatoplasty Pramidi, Mustika; Herdiyati, Yetty
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi Vol 4 No 2 (2015): JMKG Vol 4 No 2 September 2015
Publisher : Ikatan Peminat Ilmu Material dan Alat Kedokteran Gigi (IPAMAGI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (710.733 KB)

Abstract

Children with abnormal cleft lips and palate usually suffer from dento-skeletal disorder. Since childhood, they struggle to undergo the palate corrective surgery (palatoplasty) so that nutrition can be provided at its maximum.  Dental disorders, like caries, starts to show when the teeth begins to erupt. The loss of the deciduous teeth prematurely can lead to the loss of distance within the jaw arch, ?tipping?, over crowding and an impact on the tooth replacement. Removable Partial Denture RPD (removable denture) on kids happens to be one of the tools that are used to maintain space due to premature loss of deciduous teeth and agenesis. During the 1940s, 95% of the bas materials for dentures are made of acrylic resin; it is popular to this day. Acrylic is more known as a polymetil metakrilat of PMMA and still happens to be a material choice when making removable  dentures. to restore the function of chewing and  to explain the advantages of the use of RPD with a PMMA material. Am 8 year old boy with a history of postlabiopalatoplasty came to the Clinic Pediatric Dentistry, Dental Hospital University of Padjadjaran with a complain from loss of his lower left molar and wants to be examined. An RPD case management by making unilateral on the lower left region. RPD with PMMA material has a few advantages; easy manufacturing process, a decent aesthetic, economical, easily repaired and have simple equipment.
Gutta Percha Sebagai Bahan Pengisian pada Perawatan Endodontik Pasien Celah Langit-langit Pratiwi, Sekar; Herdiyati, Yetty
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi Vol 7 No 2 (2018): JMKG Vol 7 No 2 September 2018
Publisher : Ikatan Peminat Ilmu Material dan Alat Kedokteran Gigi (IPAMAGI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.664 KB) | DOI: 10.32793/jmkg.v7i2.369

Abstract

Comprehensive care is needed in patients with cleft lip and palate. Treatments to be performed on patients include corrective surgery and orthodontic treatment. One of the treatments that should be prepared before corrective surgery is the rehabilitation of the oral cavity. A girl aged 15 years came to the Cleft Center RSGM FKG Unpad to get treatment for her cleft palate. The treatment plan will include pre-bone grafting orthodontic treatment, bone grafting, and the post-bone grafting orthodontic treatment. In preparation for that, rehabilitation of the oral cavity need to be done, including root canal treatment for teeth 11, 26 and 46 that was diagnosed with necrotic pulp, and composite restorations to tooth 25. Treatment is done with manual ProTaper system (hand-use) and the filler selected was gutta-percha because the success rate is high. Root canal treatment on the tooth 11, 26, 46 has been done and achieved the expected results. The patient is now on the stage of pre bone grafting orthondontic treatment. Gutta-percha is an option for root canal filling material, made from natural materials, flexible, and adequate in filling root canals together with sealer, and more stable to degradation. One of the keys to success for correction of cleft lip and palate is the free-infection oral environment that were achieved during the rehabilitation of the oral cavity due to support further treatment stage.
INFLUENCE OF SURFACE MODIFICATION TO STAINLESS STEEL ON INITIAL STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS ADHESION AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACIVITY Nurhaerani, Nurhaerani; Oewen, Roosje Rosita; Herdiyati, Yetty
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 22, No 2 (2010): July 2010
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol22no2.26846

Abstract

Introduction: Stainless steel is one of the most frequently used material in pediatric dental clinic for stainless steel crown, bracket, molar band and archwire. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the surface characteristic (chemichal composition, hydrophobicity, fluoride release), antibacterial activity of modified stainless steel and to evaluate the initial adhesion S. mutans on the surface of modified stainless steel. Methods: This study was an experimental laboratory. Sample used in this study was Stainless steel which modified with the plasma based fluorine ion implantation. The stainless steel which was fluorine ion implanted by CF4 gas was washed in a ultrasonic bath containing distilled water for 10 minute. The modified stainless steel materials were washed in an ultrasonic bath containing distilled water for 10 minute. Stainless steel material was incubated at 37°C in 2 ml of BHI broth containing S. mutans with concentration 2x107 CFU/ml. After 48 hours incubation, a 0.5 ml of solution was immediately transferred into 4.5 ml of PBS (-) and diluted. A 100 pi of diluted solution was plated on BHI agar. After 48 hours culture at 37°C, the number of colonies was counted. The numbers of fluorine ion implanted material and fluorine ion non-implanted control were ten, respectively. Results: XPS analysis showed the presence of fluorine and chromic fluoride until second layer. The contact angle of modified stainless steel was significantly increased A small amount of fluorine ion released from surface of modified stainless steel was detected until the second day. Fluorine ion implanted of stainless steel was significantly decreased the initial adhesion and increased the antibacterial activity. Conclusion: The adhesion of S. mutans on the surface of stainless steel for 4 hours incubation is shown in Figure 11. Fluorine ion implanted stainless steel showed less bacterial adhesion than fluorine ion non- implanted control (p<0.001).
THE PREVALENCE OF ENAMEL HYPOPLASIA ON PERMANENT TEETH AMONG CHILDREN AGED 9-12 YEARS BASED ON THE TYPE AND TEETH AFFECTED Sari, Desy Permata; Primarti, Risti Saptarini; Herdiyati, Yetty
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 22, No 3 (2010): November 2010
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol22no3.26895

Abstract

Introduction: Enamel hypoplasia is defect which is an abnormality on the enamel structure. The abnormality causes an aesthetic problems that affects the psycologic of a child, and also makes it easier to form a caries. The purpose of this research was to find the prevalence of enamel hypoplasia on permanent teeth among children ages 9-12 years based on the type and teeth that are affected. Methods: The research was descriptive with survey technique. The samples were taken by purposive sampling technique, which were 96 children. The research were done to erupted permanent teeth. location of research is in dental hospital faculty of dentistry Universitas Padjadajran. Results: The result of this research shows that seven children (7.29%) has enamel hypoplasia on their permanent teeth, the amount of teeth that are affected are 15. Enamel hypoplasia has occurred to one child (1.04%) ages nine, three children (3.13%) ages ten, one child (1.04%) ages 11, and two children (2.08%) ages 12. Conclusion: Prevalence of enamel hypoplasia on permanent teeth among children ages 9-12 years UNPAD was 7.29%. Enamel hypoplasia occurred to 15 teeth, which are six of them (40%) was type III. The most common teeth that are affected is premolar, which are eight teeth (53.33%).