Al Supartinah Santoso, Al Supartinah
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Correlation of predictions to get a new dental caries with residence area and parental socio-economic conditions in adolescents in Sleman DIY Priyono, Bambang; Kusnanto, Hari; Santoso, Al Supartinah; Pramono, Dibyo
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 3 (2016): (September 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.848 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v49.i3.p115-119

Abstract

Background: Adolescence is a period when an individual experiences physical and psychological growth, thus requiring higher energy intake. As a result, they have a high appetite, but at the same time the supervision of parents on their oral hygiene behavior is decreases. They become free to choose their preferred food, sometimes containing high carbohydrates that may increase risks of dental caries and overweight. Sleman is one of districs in Yogyakarta, also considered as an agglomeration area of Yogyakarta town, which still has urban and rural areas. Purpose: This study aimed to examine the correlation between residence area and parental socioeconomic conditions with prediction to get a new dental caries. Method: This study was an analytic survey study conducted on 275 adolescents in Sleman. Samples were selected by using stratified cluster random sampling technique. Prediction to get a new dental caries was measured by using cariogram, involving 10 variables. Residence area was observed based on territorial characteristics, such as urban and rural areas matched to their ID card. Meanwhile, parental socio-economic condition was measured on daily expenses of their parents. A multiple regression analysis with dummy variables was used to analyses the correlation between the independent and dependent variables at a confidence level of 95%. Result: The results showed that the prevalence of caries in those adolescents in urban areas was 70.7%, while 81.95% in rural areas. The DMFT index in urban areas was 2.27, while 2.65 in rural areas. The mean percentage of prediction to get a new dental caries in urban areas was 47.83 ± 23.63, while 53.61 ± 24.68 in rural areas. The results of the statistical analysis then showed that there was no significant correlation of residence area and parental sosio-econimic conditions with prediction to get a new dental caries. Conclusion: In conclusion, residence areas, rural and urban areas, and parental socio-economic conditions, from low to high economic status were not correlated with prediction to get a new dental caries in adolescents.
The density of collagen fiber in alveolus mandibular bone of rabbit after augmentation with powder demineralized bone matrix post incisivus extraction Tandelilin, Regina TC.; M. Sofro, Abdul Salam; Santoso, Al Supartinah; Soesatyo, Marsetyawan HNE; Asmara, Widya
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 2 (2006): (June 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (225.688 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i2.p43-47

Abstract

The bone defect due to tooth extraction contributes the most cases reported in the aspects of oral surgery. The defect can be preventively managed by adding powder bone matrix intended for augmentation which eventually induces the formation of new bones. This hard tissue wound healing is preceded by the presence of collagen fibers. The aim of this study was to determine the density of collagen fiber in the alveolus mandibular bone of rabbit which was augmented using powder demineralized bone matrix (DBM) post incisivus extraction. Twenty four male rabbits aged 2.5–3 months weighed 900–1,100 grams were randomly divided into two groups. The treated rabbits were augmented with DBM after the incisivus extraction on mandible. The mucosa was then sutured. On the other hand, the controlled rabbits received similar treatments with those of the treated rabbits except there was no augmentation of DBM. Decapitation of treated and controlled rabbits was made on day 5, 7, 10, and 14 days post surgery, each with three rabbits. Mandibles were cut, decalcified, and imbedded in paraffin block. The staining was done using Mallory. Significant differences in the density of collagen were noted on day 10 and 14 post surgery, indicating that powder demineralized bone matrix successfully induced the stimulation of collagen.
THE EFFECT OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF Syzygium cumini LEAVES ON THE GROWTH OF Streptococcus mutans: PENGARUH EKSTRAK ETANOLIK DAUN JAMBLANG (Syzygium cumini) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN Streptococcus mutans Sungkar, Suzanna; Haniastuti, Tetiana; Santoso, Al Supartinah; Agustina, Dewi
Dentika Dental Journal Vol. 21 No. 2 (2018): Dentika Dental Journal
Publisher : TALENTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (327.842 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/dentika.v21i2.232

Abstract

Streptococcus mutans plays an important role in the pathogenesis of caries. This bacteria has virulence properties involve in the formation of biofilm on tooth surface. Due to its antibacterial effect, Jamblang leaf may be used as an agent to prevent caries. Objective: This study aimed to elucidate the effects of ethanolic extract of Jamblang leaves on the growth of S. mutans. Methods: Analysis of active compounds was carried out using thin layer chromatography (TLC) and Liquid Chromatograph-Mass Spectrography (LC-MS). Samples of S. mutans were isolated from children’s carious deciduous molar teeth. Growth test was done by dilusion technique. Aquadest was used as a negative control. Results: TLC and LC-MS showed the presence of the flavonoid, tannin, and terpenoid Kruskall-Wallis test showed significant differences (p<0.05) among the groups, indicating that Jamblang leaves ethanolic extract decreased the growth of S.mutans. The higher concentrations of the extract, the less number of S.mutans colonies grown. No colony of S. mutans at 22.5% of extract’s concentration. Conclusion: Jamblang leaves ethanolic extract reduces the growth of S. mutans. Concentration of 22.5%Jamblang leaves ethanolic extracthas bacteriocid effect. Key words: Ethanolic extract of Jamblang (Syzygium cumini) leaves, growth, Streptococcus mutans