Articles

Found 11 Documents
Search

Perubahan Sistem Perkawianan Masyarakat Besemah di Pagar Alam Provinsi Sumatera Selatan Nurhayati, Elta Dewi; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah; Yanti, Mery
Jurnal Empirika Vol 1, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The title of this research is the Change of Marriage System at Besemah Society in Pagar Alam Province of south Sumatra. The problems investigated in this research were related to the causes of changes in the marriage system and the impact of changes towards the ancestry, the settle tradition after marriage, and the right to inheritance. This research aimed at understanding towards the changing in society marriage system. This research was a qualitative descriptive. In this research, purposive technique was used in order to determine the participants of the research: 13 participants were involved in this study which consisted of 2 traditional leaders, two people who expert about the tradition of Besemah, and 9 people who applied the same endean marriage system. The data were collected by using: in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation. Collected data is processed and analyzed. Taxonomy and triangulation techniques were used for analyzing data. The results of this study showed that there has been a change in society marriage system of Besemah from Kule berete to endean same, meanwhile the sources of change was reduced depend to their parents, job and the economy. The lineage society of Besemah was applied the marriage system same endean was patrilineal, and settle tradition after marriage is patrilocal, and the right to inheritance is based on the Islamic Sharia, an inheritance was a collective property, a son who becomes heir, all biological children as a heir but son got inherit more than girl, the distribution of the inheritance when the heir passed away.
Legitimasi Kekuasaan Juraytuwe Di Desa Talang Sejemput Kecamatan Pulau Pinang Kabupaten Lahat Prabudiani, Wiwin; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah; Warsito, Happy
Jurnal Empirika Vol 1, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study aims to understand Juray tuwe legitimacy his power in Talang Sejemput Village. Specifically this study detailing the sources of power, mechanisms of using and maintaining sources of power, to explain social relations and political Juray Tuwe with rural communities, and explain the implications of power Juray Tuwe on politics and government, social and economic, as well as security and order in the village. This study used a qualitative design with intrinsic case study strategy. This research paradigm critism and approach is poststructuralism Michael Focault. Collecting data using the technique of participant observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation of literature. The results showed the legitimacy of power is very closely related to the sources of power, which is used as a reference in the mechanism of arranging the order of village and as a guide in making decisions on the behavior of the rural communities that are considered contrary to customary law. Maintenance of power sources is realized through  a variety of actions, activities, and special ritual, so that its implementation can be accepted, recognized, and implemented in rural communities. The pattern of the relationship between Juray Tuwe by the village elite shows the mutual support ang complement, although the implementation of customs rules more dominant. Juray Tuwe’s power implications in the lives of rural communities capable of promoting the values of social cohesion and sustainable use of natural resources based on the needs of life.
Proses Sosialisasi Antara Ani-Ani dan Mbuk Dalam Komunitas Waria di Palembang: Perspektif Interaksionisme Simbolik Yuliani, Ira Hairida; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah; naini, Yus
Jurnal Empirika Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The research aims to observe the exchange of experience between the  young transgender and the transgender community. This is a qualitative research which adopts the ethnographic approach. Qualitative data were extracted from primary source;  obtained  using  participative  field  observations,  interviews  and  focus group discussions. The data were analyzed using Spradley’s taxonomic analysis. The field observations were conducted in the beauty salons and red light zones. The researcher interviewed the informants, ‘ani-ani’ (the young transgenders) and ‘mbuk‟ (senior transgenders) and conducted the focus group discussions with senior transgenders.The result shows that the socialization process between ani- ani and mbuk is an anticipatory socialization process where the ani-ani comes into the transgender community voluntarily. This thesis also discovers that the socialization process is not a one-way process, on the contrary it is a dynamic process in which the self adjust the information they receive with their own values and needs. In the socialization process, each individual would adjust themselves with transgender community, thus although each experienced the same socialization process, the result of self-concept would be differ from one another.
Identification of Land Adequacy for Green Open Space Development area of Tanjung Barangan on the condition of land properties in Palembang Utami, Linda; Priatna, Satria Jaya; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah
Indonesian Journal of Environmental Management and Sustainability Vol 2 No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (597.781 KB) | DOI: 10.26554/ijems.2018.2.3.94-97

Abstract

The city of Palembang is one of the cities that experienced rapid development and became the center of human activity. So that the expansion of the city to the periphery causes green open space reduction. The reduction of green open space inflicted the disruption of the balance between nature and human systems. Retention ponds include reduction of green open space border that serves as a drainage system so as to prevent flooding during the rainy season and maintain groundwater reserves during the dry season. This study aims to: 1) identify and evaluate the existing condition of soil properties (physical and chemical) in the green open space development area of Tanjung Barangan retention pond in plan area that will be functioned as a retention pond of Palembang City; 2) to see the relation between the physical and chemical of soil condition with the type of vegetation that will be developed in the area of green open space development plan; 3) recommend the appropriate vegetation types to be developed in the green open space development plan, retention pond area in Palembang City. This research used descriptive normative method and sampling was done by sample purposive sampling. The research was conducted in the administrative area of Palembang City, the sampling point was in the green open space development area of Tanjung Barangan retention pond in Bukit Baru Village, Ilir Barat 1 Subdistrict of Palembang City, there were 4 (four) research sample points. It can be concluded that based on the results of laboratory analysis and direct observation in the field, the condition of soil properties of green open space development plan area of Tanjung Barangan retention pond physically and chemically that was: average effective depth value belong to deep (> 100 cm); soil texture of clay loam, clay and loam; platy and granular soil structures; soil color gray, yellowish brown to black; moderate to moderately rapid soil permeability; soil pH strongly acidic N-total low to moderate; Soil P2O5 is very low; K2O is very high; and C-organic is low to very high. Based on the results of the analysis, the recommendation of vegetation type from the Minister of Public Works Regulation No. 5 of 2008 showed that The Tanjung Barangan retention ponds contain 3 (three) types of vegetation recommended namely casuarina (Casuarina equisetifolia), coconut (Cocos nucifera) and fern tree (Filicium decipiens). While there were 4 (four) types of vegetation can be recommended with the condition of the soil management by calcification using agricultural lime, such as lime tohor (CaO), calcite (CaCO3) or dolomite (CaMg (CO3)2) which is munding rubber vegetation (Ficus elastica), mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana), bungur (Lagerstroemia speciosa) and resin (Agathis loranthifolia).
PEMANFAATAN LINGKUNGAN OLEH MASYARAKAT PENDUKUNG SITUS DI BELITUNG BAGIAN SELATAN Novita, Aryandini; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah
Siddhayatra Vol 24, No 1 (2019): JURNAL ARKEOLOGI SIDDHAYATRA
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Selatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1752.499 KB) | DOI: 10.24832/siddhayatra.v24i1.145

Abstract

Tulisan ini membahas tentang hubungan masyarakat pendukung situs dengan lingkungannya di wilayah Belitung bagian selatan berdasarkan hasil penelitian Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Selatan pada tahun 2018. Dalam upaya mencapai tujuan tulisan, penulis menggunakan pendekatan lanskap budaya maritim di mana pengetahuan sejarah dan etnografi diintegrasikan dengan tinggalan-tingalan arkeologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan interaksi masyarakat di lokasi penelitian dengan lingkungannya dilakukan dengan cara memanfaatkan sumber daya yang berasal dari dua lingkungan yang berbeda, yaitu laut dan darat. Sumberdaya alam yang tersedia di lokasi penelitian utamanya dimanfaatkan untuk subsistensi dan kelebihan pasokan akan dijual yang hasil penjualan tersebut digunakan untuk membeli barang-barang yang tidak diproduksi oleh masyarakat setempat.
RELATIONSHIPS OF EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING IN SOCIOCULTURAL PERSPECTIVE IN PALEMBANG Fajar, Nur Alam; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah; Destriatania, Suci; Ningsih, Nurna
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (503.764 KB)

Abstract

Background: Nationally, exclusive breastfeeding in 2010 to 2012 only reached 33,6-35% that was caused by interactions of several social factors, demographic condition, biological issues, pre- and postnatal problems, and psychological issues. Despite that many studies have shown that exclusive breastfeeding  will give a lot of health benefits to babies and moms, this has not always resulted the expected outcome. Advances in this modern era might also become one of the contributing factors to social, cultural and economic changes, thus causing the decline in supports to breastfeeding moms. The data taken from the Survey on Indonesian Health Demography in 2007 shows that exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia had declined as much as 30,2% and increase in formula as much as 11% in 2013. This study aimed to explain the relationships of exclusive breastfeeding seen from sociocultural perspectives in Palembang.Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design to analyze the behavior of Early Initiation of Breastfeeding and Exclusive Breastfeeding for mothers whose her children aged 6-26 months in several communities in Palembang.Results: Based on bivariate analysis was this study are 220 respondents. The analysis found that the number of children (0,003 < 0,05), supports from mother or mother in law (0,001 < 0,05), and ignorance (0,020 < 0,05) are correlated to exclusive breastfeeding, while families that keep themselves informed since pregnancy and postnatal period do not show significant relationships (0, 253 > 0,05) with exclusive breastfeeding. Conclusion: The results of the relationship analysis showed that respondents who had a number of children ≤2 people, husband support and in-laws support were significantly related to exclusive breastfeeding to infants. While mothers who did not seek information, the level of knowledge of mothers, the type of work of the mother and the attitude of the mother did not show a relationship to exclusive breastfeeding in infants.Keywords: Exclusive breastfeeding, socio-cultural perspective
Identifikasi dan Evaluasi Kawasan Ruang Terbuka Hijau (RTH) Berdasarkan Kondisi Sifat Tanah di Wilayah Kota Palembang Provinsi Sumatera Selatan Utami, Linda; Priatna, Satria Jaya; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah
Jurnal Penelitian Sains Vol 19, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Mathtmatics and Natural Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (429.866 KB)

Abstract

Kota Palembang merupakan salah satu kota yang mengalami perkembangan pesat dalam pembangu-nan dan menjadi pusat aktivitas manusia sehingga menyebabkan adanya ketidakseimbangan antara demand dan supply lahan dan adanya perluasan kota ke daerah pinggirannya sehingga mengurangi ruang terbuka hi-jau (RTH). Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 26 Tahun 2007 tentang Tata Ruang, bahwa setiap Kota dan Kabupaten yang ada di Indonesia memiliki RTH minimal 30% dari luas kota. RTH memiliki banyak fungsi, salah satunya sebagai pengendali pencemaran dan kerusakan tanah. Pada penelitian ini akan dilakukan identifikasi dan evaluasi kondisi eksisting sifat tanah (fisik dan kimia) pada kawasan rencana pengembangan RTH yang akan difungsikan sebagai taman kota dan taman pemakaman umum (TPU) di Kota Palembang dan keterkai-tannya dengan tanaman (vegetasi) yang sesuai untuk lokasi tersebut. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada Bulan Mei sampai dengan Agustus 2017, dengan menggunakan metode survey deskriptif, dan metode pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara sample survey method detail. Kondisi sifat tanah kawasan rencana pengembangan RTH taman kota lapangan hatta secara fisika dan kimia yaitu nilai rata-rata kedalaman efektif ±100 cm terge-nang, tekstur tanah lempung berliat, permeabilitas tanah 2,09 cm/jam (sedang), pH tanah 6,17 (mendekati ne-tral), N-total 0,18% (rendah), C/N tanah 9,03 (rendah), P2O5 tanah 7,42 ppm (rendah), K2O 106,81 ppm (san-gat tinggi), dan c-organik 1,77% (rendah). Jenis vegetasi yang sesuai berupa rumput jepang (Zoysia japonica), rumput gajah mini (Pennisetum purpureum schamach), pohon palm raja (Roystonea regia), bunga sepatu (Hi-biscus rosa sinensi L.), pohon angsana (Pterocarpus indicus Wild.), dan pohon akasia (Acacia auriculiformis). Sedangkan untuk kondisi sifat tanah kawasan rencana pengembangan RTH taman pemakaman umum (TPU) Borang Sako secara fisika dan kimia yaitu nilai rata-rata kedalaman efektif ±50cm tergenang, tekstur tanah lempung, permeabilitas tanah 1,53 cm/jam (agak lambat), pH tanah 3,46 (sangat masam), N-total 0,19% (ren-dah), C/N tanah 16,66 (tinggi), P2O5 tanah 6,55 ppm (sangat rendah), K2O 60,80 ppm (sangat tinggi), dan c-organik 2,97% (sedang). Jenis vegetasi yang sesuai yaitu Bougenvil (Bougenvilia sp), kamboja putih (Plumeria alba), Tanjung (Mimosups elengi), Dadap (Erythrina varigata), Kembang Merak (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) dan sebagainya.
Makna Bimbingan Belajar bagi Orangtua Siswa di Indralaya Kabupaten Ogan Ilir Syafe`i, Akhmad; Suleman, Zulfikri; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah
Jurnal Empirika Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fisip Unsri

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study aims to explain the meaning of tutoring center for parents in Indralaya, Ogan Ilir Regency, using qualitative descriptive research, based on transcendental phenomenology theory by Edmund Husserl who reviewed and revealed the meaning of consciousness, purpose, and intersubjectivity of the parents?s experience who involving their children in the tutoring center in Indralaya, Ogan Ilir Regency, and the linkage between the meaning of consciousness, pupose and intersubjectivity of the experience itself, where the data obtained through interviewing 18 (eightteen) parents who involving their children in tutoring center, 4 (four) tutoring staff and 3 (three) students who joining tutoring center in Indralaya, Ogan Ilir Regency. This research result shows that awareness of parents to involve their children in the tutoring center because parents see the will of their children and realize the competition which is increasing from time to time, as for the purpose of the parents because their children need more to mastery the material and strong desire to pass the next level of education, then the meaning of (intersubjectivity) experience of involving children in the tutoring center as a supporter of formal education as well as education costs. The relation between consciousness, purpose and intersubjectivity (experience) lies in a sequential process that starts from the parents?s awareness, after that there are purpose that appears, then the intersubjectivity process in the form of parents?s experience, so that the meaning of tutoring center for parents is as supporter of formal education and as a high-cost education/ expensive. 
Identitas Kelompok Pecinta Mobil Daihatsu Ayla Palembang Noverina, Veven Mira; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah; Nomaini, Faisal
Jurnal Empirika Vol 4, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fisip Unsri

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This research discussed about ?The Identity Of Daihatsu Ayla Lovers in Palembang?. The problem of this research is the existence of Daihatsu Ayla lovers in Palembang which is in Low-Cost Green Car (LCGC) category that is different with other general car?s lovely which have fancy and unique car represents identity as higher class and prestige. The method of research in verificative qualitative. Data collecting technics are observation, interview, and documentation. This research uses social identity theory by Tajfel and Turner. The result of the study is that Daihatsu Ayla lovers in Palembang manifested from the connection in sign, which showed by attributes or ornaments in their activities that contain the same valves so that it creates an in-group feeling as professional, loyal, and simple car lovers. This identity comes from the process in social identity creating, which begins with a social orientation of the member toward Daihatsu Ayla lovers in Palembang. Then, the second process is social identification, that is every member should adapt with the identity that has been categorised. The last method is a social comparison, where Daihatsu Ayla lovers do some comparison in group and out-group or Ayla Indonesia Club (CAI). Next, the identity which possessed by Daihatsu Ayla shows their identity as car?s lovers which prefer family sense and low profile
Pengembangan Kapasitas Mantan Pekerja Seks Komersial Dalam Peningkatan Fungsi Sosial Oleh Lembaga Kharisma Palembang Wahidin, Wahidin; Mulyanto, Mulyanto; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah
Jurnal Empirika Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fisip Unsri

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The purpose of this Research was to analyze three aspects of capacity building of former commercial sex workers in improving social function by charisma institutions, including capacity building processes, capacity building forms and capacity building strategies. In general, capacity building is a learning in enhancing capability, skills and increasing mastery possessed by an individual, group or organization, carried out by social welfare institutions in organizing various types of activities, especially those directly related to the empowerment of former commercial sex workers. This Research uses a qualitative approach. The object of this case study research is the Kharisma Institute in carrying out capacity building activities for former commercial sex workers. The source of the data in this research came from primary data sources, namely key informants of the kharisma institution, companion, former commercial sex workers, some of social service employees also became supporting informants of this research. Secondary data from various literature departments. Data collection techniques use the method of observation (observation), interviews (interviews), and documentation. The results of the research provide an overview of the aspects of the process, forms and strategies for improving the social function of former commercial sex workers, after participating in activities they have knowledge, high social life, have the ability to be entrepreneurial, confident, and able to build social relations.