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PENGARUH SUBSTITUSI DEDAK DENGAN TEPUNG AMPAS KELAPA TERFERMENTASI TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN EFISIENSI PAKAN IKAN PATIN (PANGASIUS SP.) ., Yespus; Amin, Mohamad; ., Yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 6, No 1 (2018): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (260.622 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v6i1.7150

Abstract

ABSTRACTCoconut dregs is waste from coconut milk production. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of fermented coconut dregs feeding on the growth and efficiency of catfish feed and to know the exact percentage in feed formulation on catfish. This research was conducted from November to December 2017 at Aquaculture Laboratory of Aquaculture Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University. This study used a complete randomized design with 5 treatments and 2 replications. The treatment was used the difference of percentage of the fermented coconut dregs flour in the formulation of 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%. Data to be collected include growth, survival, feed efficiency, formulated analysis of each treatment consisting of water, ash, protein, fat, carbohydrate, and crude fiber and water quality. The result of this research showed that the absolute growth of lengthy P4 is 0.54 cm, the absolute growth of weight P4 is 1.42 g, the best feed consumption in P0 with total feed consumption is 3.43 g.individu-1, feed efficiency P4 is 47.82% and survival rate P4 is 87.50%. Water quality during research were still optimum for catfish with temperature 26.0-29.0oC, pH 6.5-8.1, DO 4.57-8.86 mg.L-1 and ammonia 0.003-0.02 mg.L-1. Keywords: Catfish, Coconut dregs, Feed efficiency, Fermentation, Growth
PEMATANGAN GONAD IKAN GABUS BETINA (CHANNA STRIATA) MENGGUNAKAN HORMON HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN DOSIS BERBEDA ., Zultamin; ., Muslim; ., Yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2014): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (235.511 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v2i2.2101

Abstract

ABSTRACT The aims of this research was to study Gonad Maturity Level (GML), Index Gonado Somatik (IGS), absolute fekundity and egg diameter of Channa striata injected with the Human Chorionic Gonadotropin hormone. The research was conducted in 26th of December 2013 until 26th of January 2014 at the Fish Hatchery Unit (FHU) Batanghari Sembilan, North Indralaya District, Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra. Channa striata which as used had weights 85-105 gram per fish. The experiment was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD), (P0) No injection of HCG, (P1) 200 IU per kg fish, (P2) 250 IU per kg fish, (P3) 300 IU per kg fish. Parameters observed Gonad Maturity Level (GML), Index Gonado Somatik (IGS), absolute fekundity and egg diameter. From the four treatment experiment, P3 treatment produced the highest GML V whose the percentage was 20%, while P0 treatment did not reach GML IV and V, most of the P0 treatment (80%) only reached GML II. Based on further test of Duncan Signipicant Differences with 95% credibility level, the IGS data of Channa striata was significantly different and influential among treatments, the smallest IGS was produced from P0 treatment that is 0.43% while the largest IGS was produced from P3 treatment that is 5.91%. The smallest absolute fecundity was on the P0 treatment which was 582 eggs while the largest was on P3 treatment that is 5,775 eggs. The smallest egg diameter was on the P0 treatment which was 0.35 mm while the largest was on P3 treatment that is 0.93 mm. Hormone HCG injections of 300 IU per kg weight of the fish proved to be finalizing a Channa striata gonad.   Keywords : Channa striata, HCG hormone, GML, IGS, egg diameter
PERTUMBUHAN LARVA IKAN BETOK (ANABAS TESTUDINEUS) YANG DIRENDAM DALAM LARUTAN HORMON TIROKSIN DENGAN KONSENTRASI DAN LAMA WAKTU PERENDAMAN YANG BERBEDA Pebriyanti, Masyita; ., Muslim; ., Yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2015): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.05 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v3i1.4403

Abstract

ABSTRACT The problem of development of climbing perch culture was low in growth rate. The effort to increase growth rate of climbing perch is hormonal treatment, including the hormone thyroxine. The aim of this research was to determine the effective consentration and duration of immertion of thyroxine hormone to increase yolk sack absorbtion and growth rate. This research held in August to September 2014 in Laboratorium Dasar Perikanan, Aquculture Study Departement, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya. This research using factorial completely rondomezed design with two factors, the first was thyroxine consentration with immersion media (K1=0.01 mg.L-1, K2=0.05 mg.L-1, K3=0.1 mg.L-1) and the second was the long immersion (W1=24 hours, W2=48 hours, W3=72 hours) with three replication. The parameters that observed were yolk sack absorption, growth, survival rate and water quality. The result showed that the highest yolk sack absorbtion was K2 (0.05 mg.L-1) and K3 (0.1 mg.L-1). The highest growth was K3W2 (0.1 mg.L-1 of consentration and immersion for 48 hours) with the weight was 316.1 mg and length was 26.56 mm. The best survival rate was 88.67% (K1W1). The value of water quality during larva rearing were temperature 26-28 oC, pH 5.6-6.5, dissolved oxygen 4.43-5.93 mg.L-1 and ammonia 0.00-0.03 mg.L-1   Keywords : Climbing perch larvae, thyroxine hormone, duration of immertion, growth
PERTUMBUHAN DAN EFISIENSI PAKAN BENIH IKAN GABUS (CHANNA STRIATA) YANG DIBERI PAKAN BERPROBIOTIK Zwespana, Anastasya; ., yulisman; Sasanti, Ade Dwi
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (2016): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (218.935 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v4i2.4415

Abstract

ABSTRACT Probiotics are live microorganisms that have a beneficial and be able tosurvive in the digestive tract. The  purpose of this research was to know the effectivity of variant probiotics microbes on feed to increase growth, feed efficiency and survival rate of snakehead fry (Channa striata). The research had been conducted in Laboratorium Dasar Perikanan, Departement of Aquaculture, Agriculture Faculty, Sriwijaya University on January until March 2016. The research method used a Completely Randomized Design with four treatments and three replications. The treatments were P1 : without probiotics (control),   P2 (probiotics A ), P3 (probiotics B) and P4 (probiotics C). Parameters that had been observed   were   survival   rate,   growth,   feed   efficiency,   and   water   quality parameters. The result showed that variant of probiotics on feed gave significant effect of survival rate,growth and feed efficiency of snake head (Channa striata) fry. P3 treatment (probiotic feed consisting of microbes Lactobacillus sp., Streptomyces sp.,  Actinomycetes sp., and yeast) gave the highest of survival rate (95%), growth weight (1.72 g) and growth lenght (1.89 cm), and feed efficiency (34.93%).  During  the  research,  water  quality  were  in  tolerance  range  for Snakehead fry (Channa striata) rearing : temperature was 27 â?? 280C, pH 5.1 â?? 6.8, dissolved oxygen 3.11 â?? 5.96 mg.L-1 and ammonia 0.02 â?? 0.09 mg.L-1.   Key words : Probiotics, Snakehead fry, Fish feed
PERBEDAAN WAKTU PERALIHAN PAKAN PADA PEMELIHARAAN POST LARVA IKAN GABUS (CHANNA STRIATA) Suprayogi, Tara; sasanti, ade dwi; ., yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (2016): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.715 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v4i2.4434

Abstract

ABSTRACT Snakehead culture still has problem in production stage, especially at larvae phase because of high mortality after yolk sac finish period. The aim of this research is to determine the effect of feeding time different to growth and survival rate of Channa striata post larvae. The research was conduct on June until July 2015 in Laboratorium Dasar Perikanan, Department of Budidaya Perairan, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University. The research methods used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with five treatments and three replications, method of changing the feed includes the naupli Artemia sp., Daphnia sp., and silk worm. The parameters of this research are growth of length, weight, survival rate, and water quality. The result of this research showed that feeding snakehead larvae by nauplii Artemia sp. at larvae age 4 â?? 13 days, Daphnia sp. at larvae age 16 â?? 21 days and silk worm at larvae age 24 â?? 33 days was  the best time to result better of Channa stirata spesific growth and survival rate of. Water quality during the research were temperature 26.9 â?? 28.6 oC, pH 6.3 â?? 6.8, dissolved oxygen 3.29 â?? 4.31 mg.L-1,and ammonia 0.09 â?? 0.43 mg.L-1. Key words : nauplii Artemia sp, Daphnia sp, silk worm, Channa striata
KONVERSI PAKAN, LAJU PERTUMBUHAN, KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP DAN POPULASI BAKTERI BENIH IKAN GABUS (CHANNA STRIATA) YANG DIBERI PAKAN DENGAN PENAMBAHAN PROBIOTIK Agustin, Ruli; Sasanti, Ade Dwi; ., Yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (345.481 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v2i1.2049

Abstract

ABSTRACT The aims of this research were to study the effects of probiotics on feed conversion, growth rate, survival rate of snakehead fry, bacterial populations in fish snakehead fry and also to measure the best concentrate of probiotics for growth rate, feed conversion, survival of snakehead fry and bacterial populations on fish snakeheadâ??s intestine. This study use  completely randomized design with different levels of probiotic treatments that consisted of six treatments and three replications. The treatments were P0 (without probiotics), P1 (2.5 ml. Kg-1 feed), P2 (5 ml. Kg-1 feed), P3 (7.5 ml. Kg-1 feed), P4 (10 ml. Kg-1 feed) and P5 (12.5 ml. Kg-1 feed).Base on the research of probiotics EM-4 on the fish snakehead fry, the feed conversion value is not significantly affected by giving probiotik. lowest feed conversion value is 1.11 and the highest feed conversion value of 1.55. Growth rate, of the highest growth rate of 3.71 %/day 2.14 %/day is the lowest weight. The highest growth of length is 1.93 %/day and the lowest is 1.74 %/day.  Meanwhile, Highest survival value by 40% and the lowest was 13.3%. In the bacterial population, there were addition of bacterial population Lactobacillus sp. and  decrease the populations of Aeromonas sp. and Pseudomonas sp.   Keywords: probiotics, feed conversion, population bacteria, growth and survival rate
KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP DAN PERTUMBUHAN BENIH IKAN GABUS (CHANNA STRIATA) YANG DIBERI IKAN RUCAH BERBEDA SEBAGAI PAKAN Kusuma, Muhamad Syarliandi; Sasanti, Ade Dwi; ., Yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2017): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (254.593 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v5i1.5804

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ABSTRACT              Snakehead (Channa striata) is carnivorous fish that requires a source of nutrients from animal. Trash fish is one of alternative feed that can be used to rearing snakehead. This research aims to determine survival rate and growth of snakehead fry feeding by trash fish. This research is conduct on June- July 2016 in the Laboratorium Budidaya Perairan, Aquaculture Study Program. The research is design using Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consist of five treatments that are freshwater trash fish 100% (P1), marine trash fish 100% (P2), freshwater trash fish 75% : marine trash fish 25% (P3), freshwater trash fish 50% : marine trash fish 50% (P4), and freshwater trash fish 25% : marine trash fish 75% (P5). The parameters to be observed were survival rate, growth, feed efficiency and water quality. Based on the research results indicate (P4) the survival rate, growth absolutly length, absolutly weight and feed efficiency are significantly different. (P4) trash fish 50%: marine trash fish 50% diet is show highest value of survival rate, growth absolutly length, absolutly weight and feed efficiency are respectively 83.33%, 1.90 cm, 0.500 g and 71.93%.  Water quality of rearing measurements during the research were temperature 28.8-29.7°C, pH 6.5-7.9, dissolved oxygen 4.50-5.27 mg.L-1 and ammonia 0.09- 0.24 mg.L-1. Water quality parameters were still support for rearing of snakehead fry. Keywords : Snakehead, Freshwater trash fish, Marine trash fish
PERTUMBUHAN POPULASI DAPHNIA SP. YANG DIBERI LARUTAN DEDAK TERFERMENTASI MENGGUNAKAN RAGI TAPE meilisa, riana; ., yulisman; taqwa, ferdinand
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2015): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (194.468 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v3i2.4441

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ABSTRACT The purpose of this study were to know the effect of giving rice bran fermented using tape yeast for population growth of  Daphniasp. and to know the concentration of rice bran to increase populationsof Daphnia sp.. This study was conducted in the Laboratorium Dasar Perikanan, Aquaculture Program Study, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya from July until September 2014. This study used randomized completely design method with five treatments and three replications. The treatment for culturing Daphnia sp. using chicken manure and rice bran fermented as feed. The treatments wereA (0.0005 g chicken manure.mL-1 culture media (control)), B (0.1 g.mL-1 rice bran fermented), C (0.15 g.mL-1 rice bran fermented), D (0.2 g.mL-1 rice bran fermented), E (0.25 g.mL-1 rice bran fermented). The parameters observed were the high population on firstcycle, the population growth, long  time of the peak population Daphniasp. andphysics chemistry water. The result showed that fed rice bran fermented using tape yeast culture of Daphniasp. give effect to density, population growth, reached the long time population of Daphniasp. culture. The highest population density and growth rate in the culture of the Daphnia sp., using concentration 0.1 g.mL-1rice bran fermented. Keywords: Daphnia sp., rice bran, fermented, chicken manure, population growth
PEMANFAATAN TEPUNG KIJING (PILSBRYOCONCHA SP.) SEBAGAI SUBSTITUSI TEPUNG IKAN DALAM FORMULASI PAKAN IKAN PATIN SIAM (PANGASIUS HYPOPTHALMUS) WDP, Gideon; ., Yulisman; Sasanti, Ade Dwi
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2014): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (426.976 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v2i2.2105

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ABSTRACT This aims of this research were to determine the percentage of clam meal in substitute fish meal in feed formulations seen from the value of digestibility, growth and feed efficiency. This study was conducted in July-September 2013 in the Laboratory of Aquaculture, Aquaculture Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, Cr2O3 and proximate analysis test conducted in Bioprocess Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Sriwijaya. The design used was a completely randomized design, using five treatments with three replications. The treatment used is flour substitution of fish meal with a clam on which treatment A (0:100), B (25:75), C (50:50), D (75:25), and E (0:100). In the observed parameters of feed digestibility, growth, feed efficiency, survival, and quality of water. Results showed treatment B (clam meal 25% and 75% fish meal in feed formulation) resulted in a total value of digestibility, protein digestibility of feed, growth and feed efficiency is highest, where the value was 89.51%, 93.23%, 2.07g, 85.72%. Keywords: Clam, feed digestibility, growth, feed efficiency, catfish.
TEPUNG KIAMBANG (SALVINIA MOLESTA) TERFERMENTASI SEBAGAI BAHAN PAKAN IKAN NILA (OREOCHROMIS NILOTICUS) ., Warasto; ., Yulisman; Fitrani, Mirna
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (219.546 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v1i2.1737

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The aims of this research was to examined the effect of fermented giant salvinia meal as feed ingrediant on growth, spesific growth rate, feed efficiency, and survival rate of tilapia. Research used completely randomized design with five treatments and three replications. The treatments were treatment with out used giant salvinia meal, and using 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% fermented giant salvinia meal in feed formulation. Results showed that the using 10% fermented giant salvinia meal in feed formulation provided the best result were weight growth 2.28 g, specific growth rate 1.45%, feed efficiency 69.54%, and survival rate 98.33%. As long the research, water quality was in optimum  range for tilapia were  temperature 25-290C,  dissolved oxygen 5.60- 7.95 mg.L-1, pH 6.6-7.1, and amonia 0.009-0.016 mg.L-1.   Keywords: Giant salvinia, fermentation, feed efficiency, tilapia