Articles

Found 7 Documents
Search

DETERMINAN PARTISIPASI DAN PERAN PETANI MUDA DALAM PENGEMBANGAN PERTANIAN RAMAH LINGKUNGAN DI DESA CISONDARI, KECAMATAN CIWIDEY, KABUPATEN BANDUNG, JAWA BARAT Insani, Fitrah Rahmah; Setiawan, Iwan; Rasiska, Siska
Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis Vol 4, No 2 (2018): Juli 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, University of Galuh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (179.143 KB) | DOI: 10.25157/ma.v4i2.1133

Abstract

Agricultural development since the last two decades has been mainstreamed to a more environmentally friendly perspective. Cisondari is a village known for applying environmentally friendly practices in their agriculture. In this globalization era, urbanization is inevitable, especially for rural youths. This situation has impacted agricultural workforce structure in the rural area, threatening its future agriculture. However, Cisondari shows an anomaly condition. Cisondari’s agricultural development is highly influenced by the active presence of rural youths. This study aims to identify the determinants of the rural youths’ participation in Cisondari’s agricultural development. The study applies quantitative methods through descriptive statistics analysis. Data were gathered by structured interviews to respondents selected by simple random sampling technique. The results show that the determinants of youths staying in the village are motivation, innovation, and environmental factors. The young farmers are involved in environmentally friendly agricultural practices in many phases ranged from planning, conducting, monitoring, to evaluation. Keywords: Eco-friendly Farming, Youth Participation, Farmers Regeneration
KORBAN “TUHAN-TUHAN” DIGITAL: GARAPAN MASA DEPAN PENYULUHAN PEMBANGUNAN 4.0 Setiawan, Iwan; Rasiska, Siska; Supyandi, Dika
Indonesian Journal of Socio Economics Vol 1, No 2 (2019): IJSE : Indonesian Journal of Socio Economics
Publisher : Lampung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The 4.0 Industrial Revolution which was marked by the birth of smart technology and machinery, automation (robotic), artificial intelligence and IoT encouraged disruptive change, which was different from the industrial revolution 1.0-3.0. A critical perspective considers that humans will become highly dependent on smart technology. There are anecdotes, intelligent technology has become a "new religion" and embodies "digital gods". Slowly but surely, human nature as a social creature (zoon politicon) will be replaced by technology (techno politicon). Humans will be more humanizing robots than humans themselves. This paper aims to describe the negative impacts of smart technology, new work on extension 4.0 and the role of development counseling 4.0. For this reason a critical paradigm is used, qualitative design and phenomenological methods based on primary data and literature. The results of the analysis reveal that smart technology has a negative impact on almost all services. Rural communities that do not have access to internet networks (citizens) become the dominant group that is discriminated against. Together with local MSMEs, workers and employees, citizens are the future of development development. Extension and tehnotalent generations act as bridging and bonding community citizens with netizens, both in virtual spaces and real spaces.Keywords: Victims of "digital gods"; arable; development counseling
Efek Limbah Cair Industri Tekstil Pasca IPAL Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Kubis dan Preferensi Oviposisi Imago Plutella xylostella L. Rasiska, Siska; Yasin, Muh.; Hidayat, Syarif; Mulyani, Oviyanti
SoilREns Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (615.929 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/soilrens.v16i2.20851

Abstract

ABSTRACT Treated industrial textile wastewater has organik and heavy metal compound that have toxicity effect on plant and other organism in agroecosystem. This research aimed to study the effect of industrial textile treated wastewater on cabbage growth and oviposition preference of Plutella xylostella L. The research was done at Green House in Ciparanje, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor District, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia on May to June of 2018. Experimental design used was Block Randomized Design with nine treatments of industrial textile treated wastewater in various concentrations: 0%, 12,5%, 25%, 37,5%, 50%, 62,5%, 75%, 87,5%, and 100%, and three replications. This research revealted that industrial textile treated wastewater has no effect on growth of cabbage, but has an effect on oviposition of Plutella xylostella L. Keyword: industrial textile treated wastewater, growth of cabbage, preference oviposition, Plutella xylostella L.
Pengujian Filter Fisik (Slow Sand Filter) Untuk Menurunkan Kadar Pestisida Golongan Organoklorin Rasiska, Siska; Pratama, Aditya Bintan; Widiantini, Fitri
SoilREns Vol 15, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (526.229 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/soilrens.v15i1.13339

Abstract

Organochlorine pesticide is one of the pesticide that has high persistency and toxic. One of the attempt to degrade organochlorine pesticide using cheaper and easier way is using the slow sand filter technology. The research aimed to test the slow sand filter and to obtain the best filter media combination for degrading organochlorine pesticide. The experiment was conducted at the Laboratory of Pesticide and Toxicology, Laboratory of Plant Protection Biotechnology and Laboratory of Chemical and Soil Fertility, Faculty of Agriculutre, Padjadjaran Univeristy from December 2016 – May 2017. The experimental design used the observative and descriptive design with 8 treatments and repeated twice. P1 (activated carbon and gravel), P2 (sand and gravel), P3 (silica sand and gravel), P4 (activated carbon and zeolite), P5 (sand and zeolite), P6 (silica sand and zeolite), P7 (activated carbon, silica sand and zeolite), P8 (activated carbon, sand and gravel). The result showed that all treatments of slow sand filter were able to degrade organochlorine pesticide and the best filter media combination was from P7 with ability to degrade the pesticide level by 82,86%.Key words: slow sand filter, activated carbon, silica sand, sand, gravel, zeolite
POTENSI AIR SULINGAN BEBERAPA BAGIAN TANAMAN KOPI SEBAGAI ATRAKTAN TERHADAP HAMA PENGGEREK BUAH KOPI (HYPOTHENEMUS HAMPEII FERR.) DI LABORATORIUM Rasiska, SIska; Ariyono, Deni; Widiantini, Fitri
Agrikultura Vol 27, No 2 (2016): Agustus, 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/agrikultura.v27i2.11203

Abstract

ABSTRACT Potency of Distilled Water of Several Parts of Coffee Plant as Attractant of Coffee Berry Borer (Hypothenemus hampeii Ferr.) in Laboratory Coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampeii Ferr.) is one of coffee plant pests, causing fruit damage up to 50 percent. One of control technicques to eliminate the adult female is the use of attractants obtained from parts of coffee plant. The aim of this research was to know the potency of distilled water of parts of coffee plant as attractant to control coffee berry borer. Research was done in the Laboratory of Entomology, Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, from February to July 2015. Experiment was conducted in a Randomized Block Design. The treatments were control without distilled water (P0), coffee exocarp distilled water (P1), coffee berry distilled water (P2), coffee leaves distilled water (P3), and coffee branch distilled water (P4). Each treatment was replicated five times. The result showed that distilled water of coffee plant had a potency as attractant of coffee berry borer. Distilled water of coffee bean at the concentration of 4% had the strongest effect, attracting coffee berry borer of 8.8 female adult. The effectiveness of coffee plant distilled water in attracting coffee berry borer lasted three days. Keyword: Distilled water, Attractant, Coffee berry borer ABSTRAK Penggerek buah kopi (PBKo, Hypothenemus hampei Ferr.) merupakan hama utama tanaman kopi yang dapat menyebabkan kerusakan hingga 50%. Salah satu teknik pengendalian imago betina PBKo yang dapat dilakukan adalah dengan menggunakan senyawa atraktan yang terkandung di dalam bagian tanaman kopi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui potensi air sulingan bagian tanaman kopi sebagai atraktan terhadap hama PBKo. Percobaan dilakukan di Laboratorium Entomologi, Departemen Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Padjadjaran pada bulan Februari 2015 sampai dengan Juli 2015. Metode yang digunakan adalah eksperimen dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok dengan perlakuan yaitu tanpa pemberian air sulingan (P0); air sulingan kulit buah kopi (P1), biji kopi (P2), daun kopi (P3), dan ranting kopi (P4) dengan konsentrasi masing-masing sebesar 2%, 4% dan 6%. Masing-masing perlakuan diulang sebanyak lima kali. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan air sulingan bagian tanaman kopi berpotensi sebagai atraktan terhadap hama PBKo. Rata-rata jumlah imago betina PBKo terbanyak yang tertarik yaitu pada air sulingan biji kopi pada konsentrasi 4% sebanyak 8,8 ekor betina. Masa aktif dari semua air sulingan yang berperan sebagai atraktan dalam menarik imago betina PBKo yaitu selama 3 hari. Kata kunci: Air sulingan, Aatraktan, Penggerek buah kopi
Keragaman dan kelimpahan arthropoda pada tajuk tanaman cabai merah keriting (Capsicum annuum L.) varietas TM 999 yang diberi aplikasi insektisida klorantraniliprol 35% Sudarjat, Sudarjat; Handayani, Annisa; Rasiska, Siska; Kurniawan, Wawan
Kultivasi Vol 18, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian UNPAD

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (760.075 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/kltv.v18i2.22149

Abstract

Sari. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keragaman dan kelimpahan arthropoda yang terdapat pada tajuk tanaman cabai yang diberi aplikasi insektisida klorantraniliprol 35%.  Metode yang digunakan adalah metode eksperimen dengan rancangan acak kelompok dengan enam perlakuan dosis insektisida klorantraniliprol 35%.  Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah didapatkan keragaman pada pengamatan langsung sebanyak 5 ordo, 7 famili dan 7 spesies untuk herbivor, 3 ordo, 4 famili dan 4 spesies untuk predator, serta 1 ordo, 1 famili dan 1 spesies untuk serangga netral. Keragaman yang didapatkan pada pemasangan perangkap kuning yaitu 4 ordo, 4 famili dan 4 spesies untuk herbivor, untuk serangga netral terdiri dari 1 ordo, 2 famili dan 2 spesies, predator terdiri dari 2 ordo, 2 famili, dan 1 spesies, sedangkan untuk parasitoid terdiri dari 1 ordo, 2 famili dan 1 spesies.  Kelimpahan pada pengamatan langsung tertinggi terdapat pada kontrol, sedangkan pada perangkap kuning jumlah tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan B (Klorantraniliprol 35% dosis 100g/ha).  Aplikasi Insektisida klorantraniliprol 35% pada tanaman cabai dapat menurunkan keragaman herbivor serta predator tetapi pada dosis yang rendah keragaman predator tidak menurun, sedangkan pada serangga netral tidak berpengaruh sama sekali. Aplikasi insektisida klorantraniliprol 35% berpengaruh terhadap kelimpahan herbivor, namun tidak berpengaruh terhadap kelimpahan parasitoid, predator dan serangga netral. Insektisida klorantraniliprol yang diuji aman terhadap lingkungan khususnya bagi serangga dan arthropoda nontarget (parasitoid, predator dan serangga netral) yang hidup pada pertanaman cabai.Kata Kunci: kelimpahan, arthropoda, tajuk, cabai, insektisida, klorantraniliprol  Abstract. The aim of this present study was to determine the diversity and abundance of arthropods found in chili plant canopy treated with klorantraniliprol 35% insecticide. An experimental method with a Randomized Block Design with six treatments of Klorantraniliprol 35% insecticide doses was used. The results of this study discovered the diversity of 5 orders, 7 families and 7 species of herbivores; 3 orders, 4 families and 4 species of predators; and 1 order, 1 family and 1 species of neutral insect species through direct observation. Meanwhile, the diversity through the application of yellow trap verified 4 orders, 4 families and 4 species of herbivores, consisted of 1 order, 2 families and 2 species of neutral insect species, predators made up of 2 orders, 2 families and 1 species, while parasitoid consisted of 1 order, 2 families and 1 species. The highest arthropod?s abundance was found in controls on the direct observation, while application of 100 g/ha of Klorantraniliprol 35% resulted in the highest number of arthropods catch on yellow trap. The application of klorantraniliprol 35% insecticide reduced herbivore and predator diversity but did not decrease the diversity of predators at low doses and no effect on the neutral insect species. Furthermore, the application of klorantraniliprol 35% insecticide affected the abundance of herbivores, but no effect on the abundance of parasitoids, predators and neutral insect species. The tested klorantraniliprol insecticide was safe for the environment, especially for non-target insects and arthropods (parasitoids, predators, neutral insect species) living on chili plant canopy.Keywords: abundance, arthropods, chili, Insecticides, klorantraniliprol
EFEK TIGA JENIS POHON PENAUNG TERHADAP KERAGAMAN SERANGGA PADA PERTANAMAN KOPI DI PERKEBUNAN RAKYAT MANGLAYANG, KECAMATAN CILENGKRANG, KABUPATEN BANDUNG Rasiska, Siska; Khairullah, Abdirrassyiddin
Agrikultura Vol 28, No 3 (2017): Desember, 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/agrikultura.v28i3.15750

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe Effects of Three Types of Shade Trees on the Diversity of Insects in Coffee PlantationArabican coffee (Coffea arabica) is one of the plantation commodities that has economic, social, and ecological value in Indonesia. Commonly, coffee is grown in a shaded condition that will affect the diversity of insects. This research was aimed to study the effects of three types of shade trees on the diversity of insects in coffee plants. This research was conducted at Manglayang Peasant Coffee Plantation, Cipulus Village, Cilengkrang Subdistrict, Bandung Regency and the Entomology Laboratory, Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran. The method used was descriptive survey through observation with systematic diagonal method in selected locations based on three types of shade trees, namely suren (Toona sureni Merr), white teak (Gmelina arborea Roxb), and pine (Pinus merkusii Jungh). The results showed that diversity index of the insects of coffee plants in suren shade trees was low to medium, and the highest percentage of abundance was Empoasca sp. Coffee plant diversity index of the insects with white teak shade trees were medium with highest percentage abundance in the Agromyzidae family and Emposca sp. Coffee plant diversity index of the insect with pine shading trees was low to moderate with the highest abundance of Empoasca sp. and Agromyzidae family.Keywords: Shade tree, Diversity, Insect, Coffee plantABSTRAKKopi arabika (Coffea arabica) merupakan salah satu komoditas perkebunan yang memiliki nilai ekonomi, sosial, dan ekologis bagi masyarakat Indonesia. Pada umumnya, kopi ditanam pada kondisi ternaungi sehingga akan berpengaruh terhadap keragaman serangga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji efek dari tiga jenis pohon penaung terhadap keragaman serangga pada pertanaman kopi. Penelitian dilakukan di Perkebunan Kopi Rakyat Manglayang, Desa Cipulus, Kecamatan Cilengkrang, Kabupaten Bandung dan Laboratorium Entomologi, Departemen Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Padjadjaran. Metode yang digunakan adalah survei deskriptif dengan cara observasi dengan metode diagonal sistematis pada beberapa lokasi yang dipilih berdasarkan tiga jenis pohon penaung, yaitu suren (Toona sureni Merr), jati putih (Gmelina arborea Roxb), dan pinus (Pinus merkusii Jungh). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa serangga tanaman kopi pada tanaman penaung suren indeks keragamannya rendah sampai sedang, dan persentase kelimpahan tertingginya adalah Empoasca sp. Serangga tanaman kopi dengan pohon penaung jati putih indeks keragamannya sedang dengan persentase kelimpahan tertinggi pada family Agromyzidae dan Emposca sp. Serangga tanaman kopi dengan pohon penaung pinus indeks keragamannya rendah hingga sedang dengan kelimpahan tertinggi Empoasca sp. dan famili Agromyzidae.Kata Kunci: Pohon penaung, Keragaman, Serangga, Tanaman kopi