. Nahariah, .
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PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EGG WHITE FLOUR PRODUCT OF FERMENTATION OF SACCHAROMYCES CEREVICEAE AND SUCROSE ADDITION Nahariah, .; Abustam, E.; Malaka, R.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 1, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

A research was conducted to investigate the influence of fermentation dose of Saccharomyces cereviceae and sucrose addition on maintaining the physical properties of egg white flour. One hundred and thirty five fresh hen eggs were used in the research which were randomly arranged in a factorial experiment of 3 x 3 according to completely randomized design with 3 replications for each treatment combination.  The first factor was the level of Saccharomyces cereviceae, i.e. 0%, 0,2% and 0,4% w/w, the second factor was the level of sucrose addition, i.e. 0%, 2 % and 4% w/w. The parameters measured were physical properties (rendemen, water content, pH, reduction sugar and color score). Data analysis indicated that increased level of Saccharomyces cereviceae decreased water content, pH, rendemen, reduction sugar, and color score. Sucrose addition improved yield, sugar reduction, color score, but decreased pH of white egg fluor. Physical chracteristics of egg white flour was similar to those of fresh egg white at all of combination of level Saccharomyces cereviceae and sucrose, but low of reduction sugar content and the best color score was obtained at treatment combination of both high level of Saccharomyces cereviceae and low level of sucrose addition.
GROWTH ABILITY OF LACTOBACILLUS PLANTARUM BACTERIA ON THE CHICKEN EGG WHITE AT DIFFERENT FERMENTATION TIME Nahariah, .; Legowo, A. M.; Abustam, E.; Hintono, A.; Pramono, Y. B.; Yuliati, F. N.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Bacterial decomposition on meat, dairy and fish protein have been carried out extensively but has not been done on egg white.  In order to break the proteins down, the bacteria need to grow well on the medium. This study aims to become preliminary information to determine the growth ability of L. plantarum bacteria in the egg whites with indicators: total bacteria, pH, and, total acids formed by different fermentation treatments. The study was conducted according to completely randomized design using different time of fermentation as treatments (18: 24: 30 hours) on 150 eggs from the same chicken farm, bacteria L. plantarum 0027 FNCC isolated from milk. Replication for each treatment was five. The results showed that fermentation time significantly increased the total bacteria, total acid and decreased pH during the fermentation process.  The difference between total bacteria increase was significant between the 18-hour fermentation time and both the 24 and the 30 h fermentation time, namely 5.884 ± 0.157 log CFU/g, 6.035 ± 0.024 log CFU/g,  and 6.131 ± 0.095 log CFU/g respectively, although the difference between the 24 and 30 h fermentation time was insignificant. The difference of total acid production was significant between the 18 and the 24 and the 30-hour fermentation time, i.e. 0.077±0.014%, 0.014%±0.167 and 0.171 ±0.017% respectively, altohough once again the difference between the 24 and 30 hour fermentation time. pH decrease during the fermentation time process showed a significant difference between the 18-hour fermentation time and the others, namely 7.689±0.035, 6.434±0.501 respectively 6.353±0.65, and again the difference between the 24- and the 30-hour fermentation time was not significant. The 24-hour fermentation time may incrase growth ability ofbacteria L. plantarum on egg white.
FERMENTATION ABILITY OF LACTOBACILLUS PLANTARUM ON THE INFERTILE EGG AT DIFFERENT INCUBATION TIME Mangalisu, A.; Nahariah, .; Hatta, W.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The use of infertile egg can be offset by increasing the quality of product by fermentation to be a highly competitive commodity. Fermented yield can be used as functional food ingredients which are good for health, for facilitating absorption, and for extending the shelf life of the product. The purpose of this research was to determine the fermentation ability of Lactobacillus plantarum on the infertile egg at different incubation time. Infertile egg was broken and sterilized for 15 minutes and then fermented for 0, 2, and 4 days. Parameters measured in this research were the total count of L. plantarum, pH value, lactic acid content, and moisture content. Experimental data were analyzed using analysis of variance of completely randomized design. The results showed that total L. plantarum (Log10 CFU/ml) increased in line with the incubation time, i.e. 8.3, 9.31, 9.73, respectively for day 0, 2, and 4 of the incubation time. The pH decreased as incubation time increased, namely 7.05, 5.67, 5.36, respectively for day 0, 2, and 4. The value of lactic acid content for day 0, 2, and 4 of incubation period was 0.62%, 1.28%, 2.15%, respectively while the water content was 71.3%, 73.21%, and 74.94%, respectively. In conclusion, this research proved the existence of the fermentation ability of L. plantarumtowards the infertile egg which were indicated by the increase of the total count of L. plantarum, lactid acid content and moisture content, even though pH value decreased as the incubation period increased. The optimum time of the incubation period was 4 days.
ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIHYPERTENSIVE ACTIVITY EGG WHITE POWDER PRODUCED BY PAN DRYING AT DIFFERENT TEMPERATURE AND DRYING TIME Nahariah, .; Legowo, A. M.; Abustam, E.; Hintono, A.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Antioxidant and antihypertensive (ACE-Inhibitors) are commonly known as bioactive molecules in foodstuff. Both molecules can be obtained naturally or through processing and preservation of egg white of poultry eggs. One way of preserving the egg white with drying method is by pan drying method. The objective of this study was to determine an appropriate temperature and drying time to produce high yield of antioxidant and antihypertensive activity. The materials used for this study were 900 eggs which were obtained from the same farm. That amount was calculated based on the number of experimental units required to run the experiment with the total number of treatment (3 x 3) with 4 replications for each treatment combination giving 25 chicken eggs for each treatment. The experiment was carried out using a 3x3 factorial arrangement according to completely randomized design. The first factor was drying temperature, i.e. 45oC, 50oC, and 55oC and the second factor was drying time, i.e. 30h, 39h, and 48h. The results showed that high antioxidant activity was found on egg white which was dried at temperature of 45oC for 39 hours which reached 26.85%. However, antihypertensive activity was optimum at 50oC and drying for 48 hours, which was up to 75.06%. Drying the egg white using appropriate temperature and time may improve the antioxidant and antihypertensive activities.