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JARINGAN KOMUNIKASI DALAM PENGELOLAAN PERENCANAAN PROGRAM PENANGGULANGAN KEMISKINAN DI PROVINSI SULAWESI BARAT Rasyid, Erwin; Partini, Partini; Haryadi, Fransiskus Trisakti; Zulfikar, Achmad
Jurnal Kajian Komunikasi Vol 7, No 2 (2019): Accredited by Kemenristekdikti RI SK No. 48a/E/KPT/2017
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/jkk.v7i2.19574

Abstract

Wacana desentralisasi pembangunan berkembang seiring dengan hadirnya Undang-Undang Nomor 22 Tahun 1999 tentang Otonomi Daerah. Fenomena desentralisasi pembangunan yang diwujudkan dengan kebijakan pemekaran wilayah, saat ini masih menyisahkan berbagai macam persoalan. Kemiskinan menjadi persoalan fundamental yang banyak dihadapi oleh beberapa Daerah Otonomi Baru. Sebagai upaya untuk menanggulangi persoalan kemiskinan, Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi Sulawesi Barat merencanakan program strategis yang diberi nama Program Marasa. Perencanaan Program Marasa melibatkan koordinasi lintas sektor, sehingga berdampak pada adanya persoalan ego sektoral antarinstansi dalam upaya komunikasi yang terjadi di antara unsur Organisasi Perangkat Daerah (OPD). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menggambarkan sosiogram atau struktur jaringan komunikasi OPD Pemerintah Provinsi Sulawesi Barat dalam merencanakan Program Marasa. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kuantitatif dengan pendekatan analisis jaringan komunikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat dua titik sentral dalam jaringan komunikasi antar OPD Provinsi Sulawesi Barat, yaitu Badan Perencana Pembangunan Daerah (Bappeda) serta Dinas Pemberdayaan Masyarakat dan Desa (DPMD). Bappeda berperan sebagai opinion leader yang berpengaruh dalam menentukan program yang dapat diintegrasikan ke dalam Desa Marasa. Bappeda juga berperan sebagai broker yang menyampaikan informasi terkait penyusunan Program Marasa ke OPD lainnya. Berbeda dengan Bappeda, DPMD berperan sebagai gate keepers dengan jaringan ego jauh lebih kompleks dibandingkan dengan jaringan ego Bappeda. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pemerintah perlu mendesain strategi komunikasi yang mampu meningkatkan efektivitas proses koordinasi antarlembaga pemerintahan.
EKSISTENSI ORGANISASI ISLAM DI SULAWESI SELATAN: STUDI GERAKAN SOSIAL POLITIK FRONT PEMBELA ISLAM DI KOTA MAKASSAR Nurdiassa, Annisa; Kambo, Gustiana Anwar; Muhammad, Muhammad; Zulfikar, Achmad
JPP (Jurnal Politik Profetik) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Politik Profetik
Publisher : ILMU POLITIK UNIVERSITAS ISLAM NEGERI (UIN) ALAUDDIN MAKASSAR

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (912.541 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/jpp.v7i1.6821

Abstract

The Islamic Defenders Front is an Islamic organization that contributes to the democratic process in Indonesia after the New Order government. FPI was declared on August 17, 1998 by adhering to the principle of its movement, namely Amar Ma'ruf Nahi Munkar. This type of research is qualitative research with a case study approach. This study aims to find out how the typology of the movement of Islamic defenders fronts in Makassar, the theory used is the typology theory of social movements proposed by David Aberle, Cameron and Blumer as well as the theory of social movement by Charles Tilly. The results of the research indicate that the organization of Makassar Islamic Defenders Front viewed from the objectives of the movement and the methods used to achieve the objectives, the dimensions of change (who is changed) and the dimensions of change including typology category of social alternative movement category, and social redemptive movement. This movement also potentially transforms into political movements.
Rasionalitas Ekonomi Politik dalam Ratifikasi Konvensi Internasional Perlindungan Hak Pekerja Migran Tahun 2012 Zulfikar, Achmad
The POLITICS : Jurnal Magister Ilmu Politik Universitas Hasanuddin Volume 1 Number 1, Jan 2015
Publisher : Magister Ilmu Politik Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Abstract : International migration has now become everyday phenomena that attract the attention of many countries in the world, either directly involved as sending countries, transit countries, recipient countries, and the combination of the three or is not directly involved. Indonesia is one of the countries directly involved in international migration issues that need to be addressed tactically and strategically. This study is based on a literature review, and interviews with relevant resource persons, including those directly involved in the ratification process. This research broadly finds that the Indonesian government to ratify the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of Migrant Workers is above the economic interests and political considerations. From the economic aspect, the Indonesian government sought to show its commitment to maintain foreign investment in Indonesia through the protection of foreign workers (TKA) which is driving investment in order to maintain economic growth in Indonesia. As for the political aspect, Indonesia seeks to improve the bargaining position to the countries of destination placement of Indonesian workers (TKI) that these countries provide maximum protection for Indonesian workers overseas.Keywords: Indonesian Government, Indonesian Workers, Foreign Workers, International Convention, Protection of Migrant Workers rights.
THE DYNAMIC OF CLAIM BETWEEN ISRAEL AND UNITED STATES ON JERUSSALEM Zulfikar, Achmad; Rahmadi, Muhammad Akbar; wati, Irma
Dauliyah Journal of Islamic and International Affairs Vol 4, No 1 (2019): DAULIYAH (JOURNAL OF ISLAMIC AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS)
Publisher : UNIDA Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/dauliyah.v4i1.2929

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the dynamic of claim between Israel and United States on Jerussalem from the international law perspective. Al-Quds in Arabic means “The Holy One” which is another name of the city of Jerusalem. In its development Israel received strong support from the United States. This strong support was demonstrated by President Donald Trump in a statement on 6 December 2017 that Jerusalem (Al-Quds) is the capital of Israel. The statement gets the pros and cons of various parties in the world. This paper uses qualitative descriptive method and data collection through literature review. Finally, the study concludes that Israel and the United States based on consensus of UN member states can not make unilateral claims against Jerusalem (Al-Quds), because it is not in line with international law
The Implementation of MDGs Program on Eradication of Extreme Poverty and Hunger in Indonesia (2009-2014) Rahmah, Syifa Zia; Wonoadi, Grace Lestariana; Zulfikar, Achmad
Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional Vol 15, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional
Publisher : Parahyangan Center for International Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1083.281 KB) | DOI: 10.26593/jihi.v15i1.2827.75-88

Abstract

The study of the implementation of Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) program in Indonesia aims to find out the background and significance of the program taken by the government under President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in 2009-2014 on the issue of eradication of extreme poverty and hunger. The problem of extreme poverty and hunger in Indonesia has not been solved comprehensively. Therefore, the government had to provide the right program to end poverty. The research based on the qualitative method, which uses official reports, literature review and news articles as the sources. The result showed that the programs of eradication extreme poverty and hunger in 2009-2014 had been revised became three clusters. The first cluster aims to help and protects the social family guarantee and to assure the basic needs. The second cluster is the eradication of poverty and hunger through the social assistance program. The third cluster was focusing on eradication of poverty and hunger in term of economic matter. The government used the indicators by UNDP, as the base of the decision-making process, but also used the real condition of poor people in Indonesia as the main consideration. 
Rasionalitas Ekonomi Politik dalam Ratifikasi Konvensi Internasional Perlindungan Hak Pekerja Migran Tahun 2012 Zulfikar, Achmad
The POLITICS : Jurnal Magister Ilmu Politik Universitas Hasanuddin Volume 1 Number 1, Jan 2015
Publisher : Magister Ilmu Politik Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Abstract : International migration has now become everyday phenomena that attract the attention of many countries in the world, either directly involved as sending countries, transit countries, recipient countries, and the combination of the three or is not directly involved. Indonesia is one of the countries directly involved in international migration issues that need to be addressed tactically and strategically. This study is based on a literature review, and interviews with relevant resource persons, including those directly involved in the ratification process. This research broadly finds that the Indonesian government to ratify the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of Migrant Workers is above the economic interests and political considerations. From the economic aspect, the Indonesian government sought to show its commitment to maintain foreign investment in Indonesia through the protection of foreign workers (TKA) which is driving investment in order to maintain economic growth in Indonesia. As for the political aspect, Indonesia seeks to improve the bargaining position to the countries of destination placement of Indonesian workers (TKI) that these countries provide maximum protection for Indonesian workers overseas.Keywords: Indonesian Government, Indonesian Workers, Foreign Workers, International Convention, Protection of Migrant Workers rights.
KETERLIBATAN ELIT LOKAL DALAM PENINGKATAN PARTISIPASI POLITIK PADA PEMILIHAN BUPATI DAN WAKIL BUPATI KABUPATEN TORAJA UTARA TAHUN 2015 Fadli, Muhammad; Bailusy, Muh. Kausar; Nas, Jayadi; Zulfikar, Achmad
ARISTO Vol 6, No 2 (2018): July
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (624.973 KB) | DOI: 10.24269/ars.v6i2.1025

Abstract

This research aims to illustrate and analyze the role of local elites in increasing voter participation and impact of local elite involvement in North Toraja District Head Vice Regent and Vice Regent 2015 by using qualitative descriptive method. Data were obtained by using interviews as well as literature and document studies.The results indicate that local elites play a role in increasing participation in Pilkada in North Toraja according to their capacity. Local political elites socialize candidate pairs, become campaign teams and volunteer teams of candidates for regent / vice bupati candidates. Religious figures become part of the election organizers and socialize the implementation of Pilkada through religious activities. Adat leaders play a role by utilizing the charisma owned socialize information Pilkada to the community, build communication with the candidate pair then support it in the elections.The involvement of local elites in the implementation of North Sulawesi District Head Vice Regent and Vice Regent 2015 has a significant impact on the political participation of the community. Increasing the political participation of the people in Pilkada is not solely because of the involvement of local elites in disseminating information on Regional Head Election. However, there are other motivating factors that enable the community to actively participate, namely (1) to be given material rewards (including piloting gambling activities) and (2) the religious sentiments of one of the candidate pairs on religious leaders in worship activities.