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THE EFFECT OF ANTENATAL VISITS TO THE OCCURANCE OF MATERNAL NEAR MISS IN INDONESIA (ADVANCED ANALYSIS IDHS 2012) Susanti, Deni; Sitorus, Rico Januar; Yeni, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 6, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background: Health services especially for pregnant women in Indonesia is manifested in the form of antenatal care done at least four times during pregnancy. This study aims to determine the effect of antenatal visits is one protective factor for the occurrence of maternal near miss or close to death in Indonesia. Method: This study used cross sectional design study and used secondary data from the Demographic and Health Survey 2012. The study population in this study were women 15 to 49 years who were interviewed is 45.607 people. The sample was women aged 15-49 years who had pregnancy / childbirth in the time between 2008-2012 in Indonesia and answered questions about the complications of pregnancy and childbirth. Data analysis was performed using univariate, bivariate and multivariate risk factor model. Result: The prevalence of maternal near miss in Indonesia is 2,9% or 29 per 1000 live births. The results of the bivariate analysis showed that no significant relationship between antenatal visits (RP: 0.591 95% CI: 0.411 to 0,851) and the type of delivery (RP:2,010; 95% CI: 1,381 to 2.926) with the incidence maternal near miss. Multivariate results indicate there is an influence antenatal visits on maternal near miss after controled by the type of birth (RP: 0,612; 95% CI: 0,423 to 2.847). Conclusion: Antenatal visit has the effect for events MNM after controlling for the type of birth. For the improvement of the quality of antenatal care is very good for preventing any cases of maternal near miss. Keywords: Antenatal visits, maternal near miss
BIOACTIVE CONSTITUENTS FROM THE LEAVES OF MELASTOMA MALABATHRICUM L. Susanti, Deni; Sirat, Hasnah M.; Ahmad, Farediah; Ali, Rasadah Mat
Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi Vol 5, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

ABSTRACTPhytochemical and bioactivity studies of the leaves of Melastoma malabathricum L.(Melastomataceae) have been investigated. The n-hexane extract yielded -amyrin, patriscabatrineand auranamide, ethyl acetate extract gave quercetin and quercitrin, and methanol extract gavequercitrin and kaempferol-3-O-(2”,6”-di-O-p-trans-coumaroyl)glucoside. The crude extracts andisolated compounds were screened for their antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. The antioxidantassay was carried out by FTC and DPPH radical scavenging method. Kaempferol-3-O-(2”,6”-di-Op-trans-coumaroyl)-glucoside, quercetin and quercitrin showed strong activities with inhibition morethan 90% in the FTC method. Quercetin was found to be the most active as radical scavenger inDPPH method with IC50 of 0.69 M. -Amyrin and kaempferol-3-O-(2”,6”-di-O-p-transcoumaroyl)glucoside demonstrated the strongest activities in the anti-inflammatory assay of TPAmouse ear oedema with IC50 of 0.11 and 0.34 mM/ear, respectively.Keywords: Antiinflammatory, Antioxidant, Flavonoids, Melastomataceae, Melastomamalabathricum, Terpenoid