Muhammad Alie Humaedi, Muhammad Alie
Research Center for Society and Culture, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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Relocation Dilemma: Social and Cultural Challenges in the Relocation of the Victims of Mount Rokatenda Disaster Humaedi, Muhammad Alie
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 2 (2016): Komunitas, September 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i2.5461

Abstract

Mount Rokatenda has erupted several times, and brought about impacts on people in Palue Island, Sikka regency, East Nusa Tenggara. Since 1980, various attempts of disaster management through relocation have been carried out by the government, church, and non-governmental organizations. Unfortunately, the efforts to relocate the victims mainly fail because they always return to Palue Island. The threats of Mount Rokatenda and its vulnerability do not seemingly inhibit them to continue their lives there. This is evident in relocation attempt post-eruption in 2012-2013. The question is, how could the social and cultural aspects of Rokatenda victims hinder the relocation program? This ethnographic qualitative research which is done through in-depth interview and observation in April to May 2014 demonstrate that disaster events could also be cultural events. The emic aspect of the victims influence disaster management attempts, especially in the relocation program to the Besar Island. There is a feeling of secure and a sense of security from the ancestors, a view of prosperity for those who stay, and a strong value system that Palue Island is the place of birth, life and death has strongly bound the mythology and cosmology relationship of Palue people with their land. A re-interpretation of emic values through involving local traditional leaders is a strategic step towards the success of Rokatenda relocation program.
Relocation Dilemma: Social and Cultural Challenges in the Relocation of the Victims of Mount Rokatenda Disaster Humaedi, Muhammad Alie
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 2 (2016): Komunitas, September 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i2.5461

Abstract

Mount Rokatenda has erupted several times, and brought about impacts on people in Palue Island, Sikka regency, East Nusa Tenggara. Since 1980, various attempts of disaster management through relocation have been carried out by the government, church, and non-governmental organizations. Unfortunately, the efforts to relocate the victims mainly fail because they always return to Palue Island. The threats of Mount Rokatenda and its vulnerability do not seemingly inhibit them to continue their lives there. This is evident in relocation attempt post-eruption in 2012-2013. The question is, how could the social and cultural aspects of Rokatenda victims hinder the relocation program? This ethnographic qualitative research which is done through in-depth interview and observation in April to May 2014 demonstrate that disaster events could also be cultural events. The emic aspect of the victims influence disaster management attempts, especially in the relocation program to the Besar Island. There is a feeling of secure and a sense of security from the ancestors, a view of prosperity for those who stay, and a strong value system that Palue Island is the place of birth, life and death has strongly bound the mythology and cosmology relationship of Palue people with their land. A re-interpretation of emic values through involving local traditional leaders is a strategic step towards the success of Rokatenda relocation program.
PENELITIAN ETNOGRAFI DIBALIK PENCEGAHAN KONFLIK DAN AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PERLINDUNGAN KEKAYAAN BUDAYA: Memahami Sebuah Hibriditas Kebudayaan Humaedi, Muhammad Alie
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 19, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (393.784 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v19i3.544

Abstract

Konflik suku dan agama menjadi isu hangat dunia penelitian. Beragam pendekatan digunakan untuk memotret masalah, aktor, dan penyebab yang bisa diuraikan untuk meredam konflik. Sayangnya, banyak penelitian yang hanya menampilkan aspek permukaan, sehingga penyelesaiannya bersifat artifisial dan tidak kontekstual. Aspek kebudayaan dan kebahasaan terkait konflik, dan menjadikannya sebagai modal terpenting dalam penyelesaian konflik kurang dilihat komperehensif. Di sisi lain, bahasa dan budaya daerah hanya dimaknai sebagai khazanah kebudayaan yang berorientasi pengembangan pariwisata saja. Belum ada upaya maksimal dalam mendorong budaya dan bahasa beserta proses hibriditasnya sebagai strategi terpenting mitigasi konflik. Penelitian yang mampu mengungkap nilai dan praktik kebudayaan berbagai kelompok sukubangsa belum banyak menjadi media langkah strategis itu. Pertanyaannya, bagaimana penelitian dan perspektif etnografi dapat berperan dalam upaya peredaman konflik dan affirmasi bagi upaya perlindungan kekayaan budaya daerah? Tulisan ini refleksi berbagai penelitian terkait bahasa dan budaya yang dilakukan LIPI dan lembaga lain. Keterlibatan penulis dalam dunia penelitian etnografi bahasa dan budaya menjadi aspek penting refleksinya. Penelitian ini telah menjelaskan perkembangan dan kecenderungan penelitian kebudayaan di LIPI dan lembaga lain. Selain itu, penelitian etnografi budaya dan bahasa tidak hanya berdampak pada upaya perlindungan kekayaan budaya berbagai sukubangsa, tetapi juga menjadi upaya strategis dalam peredaman konflik dan peneguhan kebangsaan. Tribal and religious conflicts are becoming a hot issue of the research world. Various approaches are used to describe problems, actors, and causes that can be deciphered to quell conflicts. Unfortunately, many studies show only surface aspects, so the solution is artificial and non-contextual. The cultural and linguistic aspects of the conflict, the most important capital in conflict resolution, are less than comprehensive. On the other hand, the local language and culture is only interpreted as a cultural treasure for tourism development only. There has been no maximum effort in encouraging culture and language along with its hybridity process as the most important strategy of conflict mitigation. Research which able to reveal the values and cultural practices of various ethnic groups has not been a major medium for the strategic paradigm. The question is, how can ethnographic research and perspectives play a role in the efforts to conflicts mitigation and affirmations for the protection of local cultural wealth? This paper reflects the various researches related to language and culture conducted by LIPI and other institutions. The involvement of writers in the world of ethnographic research of language and culture becomes an important aspect of his reflection. This writing explained the development and tendency of cultural research in LIPI and other institutions. In addition, cultural and linguistic ethnographic research viewed not only affects the protection of cultural wealth of various ethnic groups, but also a strategic effort in the reduction of conflict and affirmation of nationality.
DILEMA PERAN KELOMPOK HAJI DALAM PENGUATAN TRADISI BUDAYA DAN SOSIAL KEAGAMAAN: STUDI KASUS MASYARAKAT SUNGAI NYAMUK SEBATIK Humaedi, Muhammad Alie
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 15, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (128.407 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v15i1.144

Abstract

The Role of Haji Group Dilemma in Cultural Traditions and Social Religious Strengthening: Case Studies of Sungai Nyamuk-Sebatik Community Sebatik East Kalimantan is a variety of ethnic enclaves in Indonesia-Malaysia border. It builts not by an ethnic group, but filled with multiethnic carrying their own religions and values of its own internalization. Unfortunately, to reduce or prevent latent conflict, nullifying the violation of customary and religious can not be prevented by their religious leaders. The Hajj groups role were dysfunctional in people’s real life. This paper questioned the dysfunctional role of the hajj groups in strengthening social and religious traditions in Sungai Nyamuk Sebatik society? What is the motive exactly behind it dysfunctional role of the hajj groups. The answers will reveal to the extent religious values and traditions internalized and implemented in the understanding and practice patterns of life. In addition this writing will also unravel the internalization of religion as well as the real driving integrating motive could encourage the growth of social participation Keywords: Sungai Nyamuk Sebatik, role dysfunction, culture tradition, Hajj Groups