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AN ANALYSES THE GROWTH AND ADAPTATION OF MANGROVE SEEDLINGS OF RHIZOPHORACEAE FAMILY ON DIFFERENT LEVEL OF SEAWATER INUNDATION TO SUPPORT MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM RESTORATION PLANNING Analuddin, Analuddin; Septiana, Andi; Jamili, Jamili; Budiatma, Asrun; Musdalifa, Musdalifa; Wiwin, wiwin; Sahidin, Sahidin
Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah Vol 4, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33772/jpw.v4i2.9975

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to know the impact of different level of sea water inundation on the growth capacity and biochemical adaptation of the mangrove Rhizophoraceae family of Rhizophora mucronata and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza seedlings. The propagules of these mangroves were planted with different levels of sea water flooding, namely 90 cm, 60 cm, 45 cm and 30 cm. The growth of height and diameter of these mangrove seedlings were measured at early and termination of treatments, while their biochemical adaptations were analyzed in the Laboratory. The relatively growth rate RGR of high and diameter of these seedlings were analyzed, while statistical test was performed by anova. The RGR of high of the two mangrove seedlings were significantly different (P <0.05), though their RGR of diameter did not differ significantly (P> 0.05). The growth of height of R. mucronata seedlings was fastest at the lower level of inundation (30 cm) and the slowest at the higher level of submergence (90 cm). On the contrary, the height growth of B. gymnorrhiza seedlings was fastest at submergence of 90 cm, and the slowest at submergence of 30 cm. The flavonoids and vitamin C contents in both mangrove seedlings increased significantly (P <0.05) with increased inundation levels. Thus, although biochemical responses tended to be the same for both mangroves, but B. gymnorrhiza seedlings indicate  more able to grow and develop on rising sea levels than R. mucronata seedlings. This study provides important information for revegetation planning of degraded mangrove under a sea level rise scenario.Keywords: Biochemical adaptation, Sea water level, mangrove seedling growth, mangrove revegetation.
PENGARUH LAWATAN SEJARAH TERHADAP KESADARAN SEJARAH PADA SISWA Wiwin, Wiwin
Indonesian Journal of History Education Vol 3 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Semarang State University

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Abstract

Jepara has a museum that can be used as a medium of learning, especially history. The museum is Education is very important in delivering human resources. No other to achieve better education lessons in schools should not only use the methods of teacher centered as well as still found in classes at SMAN 1 Muntilan. The teachers are still using the lecture method is still considered powerful when used in teaching, in curriculum subjects in 2013 with increased time history lecture method will only membuatpeserta students bored, so it needs a new breakthrough in teaching one of them with a tour of the history of which is expected to be able to increase awareness student of history.  Pendidikan sangat berperan penting dalam mengantarkan sumber daya manusia. Tidak lain untuk mencapai tujuan pendidikan yang lebih baik lagi seharusnya pembelajaran di sekolah tidak hanya menggunakan metode teacher centered seperti halnya yang masih ditemukan pada kelas-kelas di SMA Negeri 1 Muntilan. Para pengajar masih menggunakan metode ceramah yang masih dianggap ampuh saat digunakan dalam mengajar, di dalam kurikulum 2013 dengan mata pelajaran sejarah waktunya bertambah metode ceramah hanya akan membuatpeserta didik bosan, sehingga perlu trobosan baru dalam mengajar salah satunya dengan lawatan sejarah yang diharapkan akan mampu menambah kesadaran siswa terhadap sejarah.  
Pengembangan Hukum Wasiat Wajibah Terhadap Anak Tiri (Studi Analisis Putusan MA No:554 K/AG/2011 tgl 19 maret 2012) Wiwin, Wiwin
MAQASID Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

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Abstract

Islam merupakan agama rachmatanlilalaminyang berusaha mengatur umatnya agar tercipta rasa keadilan, kesejahteraan, kedamaian dalam melakukan hubungan social antara manusia satu dengan yang lainnya, khususnya di dalam hubungan satu keluarga dengan melaksanakan norma-norma hukum yang sudah diatur dalam Al-Quran dan Hadits. Salah satu hubungan dalam kekeluaragaan adalah menyangkut masalah kewarisan.Naluri manusia yang menyukai harta benda tidak jarang memotivasi seseorang untuk menghalalkan berbagai cara untuk memperoleh harta warisan. Akibat motivasi tersebut sering terjadi perkara gugat waris di pengadilan- pengadilan khususnya di Pengadilan Agama. Seiring dengan banyak macam dan variasi perkara yang masuk ke Pengadilan Agama tidak menutup kemungkinan hakim sesuai kewenangannya dapat menciptakan dan membuat terobosan hukum atas perkara yang belum ada peraturan hukumnya.Salah satu kasus gugat waris yang terjadi di Pengadilan Agama Ternate yang oleh Mahkamah Agung dibakukan menjadi bentuk hukum baru dalam Putusan Mahkamah Agung tertanggal 19 Maret 2012 dalamperkara No. 554 K/AG/2011 jisPutusan Pengadilan Tinggi Maluku UtaraNo. 1/Pdt.G/2011/PT.MU jis Putusan Pengadilan Agama Ternate No. 238/Pdt.G/PAT tesangat menarik untuk dianalisis. Putusan Mahkamah Agung yang memberi hak anak tiri melalui instrument wasiyat wajibah sangat progresif dalam pengembangan hukum positif di Indonesia khususnya tentang wasiyat wajibah sebab instrument hukum tersebut selama ini hanya sebatas untuk anak angkat dan ahli waris yang menganut agama yang berbeda, Dasar perlindungan hukum anak tiri seandainya terjadi gugatan pembagian harta warisan adalah pemberian wasiat wajibah berdasarkan Alquran Surat Al Baqarah Ayat 180 yang dalam sebagian terjemahan dari ayat tersebut bersifat diwajibkan, sebagaimana didukung oleh Putusan Mahkamah Agung atas perkara No. 554 K/AG/2011 tertanggal 19Maret 2012.Lahirnya yurisprudensi atas perkara No. 554 K/AG/2011tertanggal 19Maret 2012 untuk sementara ini belum bisa dikatakan telah menjadi stare dicisis sebab kurang memenuhi syarat dan kedudukannya belum terlalu kuat jika dipakai sebagai dasar gugatan pembagian harta warisan anak tiri, untuk itu perlu kasus-kasus yang sama bentuknya dan Yurisprudensi yang telah ada dipakai referensi oleh hakim lain nya untuk memutus kasus sejenis. Kata Kunci :Wasiyat Wajibah Untuk Anak Tiri.
Modification of (Dioscorea alata l) starch with propylene oxide to make edible film Miksusanti, Miksusanti; Herlina, Herlina; Wiwin, Wiwin
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 2 No 4 (2017): October
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2267.759 KB) | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2017.2.4.96-101

Abstract

The research about modification uwi starch (Dioscorea alata L) by using propylene oxide has been done. Concentration of propylene oxide were 6%(v/w), 8%(v/w), and 10%(v/w). The amilograf parameter after modification were characteristic breakdown viscosity 43 BU and setback viscosity 975 BU. The modification starch has edible properties according to FDA (food and drug administration) which have degree of modification &lt; 7%, degree of substitution &lt; 0,1 and propylene oxide concentration &lt; 10%(v/w). The best propylene oxide in making of edible film was 8 %( v/w). The starch control can be made into edible film with thickness 0,136 mm, tensile strength 20,4605 MPa and elongation 22%. Modification starch of uwi can be made into edible film with thickness 0,146 mm, tensile strength 25, 3521 Mpa, elongation 30% and water vapor transmission 7, 2651 g/m2/24 hours. FTIR characterization of uwi starch showed the occurrence of hydroxypropylation. The peak spectrum at 2900 cm-1 showed bonding of C-H from methyl group, which is characteristic for modification starch with hydroxypropyl. Characterization with scanning electron microscopy showed that modification of uwi starch has turned the granule of starch to be fully swallon.
PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KREATIF SISWA KELAS III SDN SUKARAJA II PADA MATERI PELESTARIAN LINGKUNGAN Wiwin, Wiwin; Sujana, Atep; Julia, Julia
Jurnal Pena Ilmiah Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Pena Ilmiah
Publisher : Jurnal Pena Ilmiah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/jpi.v2i1.10669

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Creative thinking skills need to be applied to students, both in the home, school, and community. One way that can be done to develop and improve creative thinking skills is to apply problem-based learning. This study aimed to find out the improvement and difference in the improvement of creative thinking skill in high, medium, and low group students after being treated in the form of problem based learning. The method in this research is pre-experimental method with one-group pretest-posttest design. The samples are students grade III SDN Sukaraja II. Instruments used in this study is test and non-test. The results of this study showed that of the Paired sample t-test of the three groups and one-way anova had P-value of 0.000, this means there is a significant increase and difference in the increase in the creative thinking skills of high, medium, and low group students. 
A "Not able to live anymore": Reaction of the grieving process of the elderly dealing with chronic disease Bahtiar, Bahtiar; Sahar, Sahar; Junaiti, Junaiti; Wiarsih, Wiarsih; Wiwin, Wiwin
International Journal of Nursing and Health Services (IJNHS) Vol 1 No 1 (2018): International Journal of Nursing and Health Services
Publisher : International Journal of Nursing and Health Services

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (214.485 KB) | DOI: 10.35654/ijnhs.v1i1.6

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Background: Psychological problems have an impact on the elderly with chronic diseases thus affecting health status. Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the response of the elderly in dealing with chronic diseases. Methods: This study uses a descriptive phenomenology method. The population in this study were elderly who lived in Makassar City and had a chronic disease. This study illustrates the experience of 13 older adults aged 60-78 years who experience chronic disease. Results: A response felt by the elderly with chronic diseases for years, a series of grieving processes. The grieving process felt by the elderly is a psychological reaction from the suffering experienced due to symptoms and complaints of chronic illness. The series of grieving process reactions that are displayed are denial, anger, bargaining, despair, and resignation. Conclusion: The old experience with denial, anger, bargaining during chronic illness is normal. Also, the elderly could experience a desperate reaction during chronic illness due to the prolonged treatment process, and resignation reaction was a sign that the elderly were aware of the disease condition which they experienced. Recommendation: nursing intervention is needed related to grieving issues that include aspects of self, physical, social and spiritual for elderly with chronic illness. Keyword: grieving, chronic illness, elderly, family
Tinjauan Hukum Islam Terhadap Praktek Bagi Hasil Muzara’ah Pada Masyarakat Petani Penggarap dan Pemilik Lahan Pertanian Wiwin, Wiwin
Jurnal Justisia Ekonomika: Magister Hukum Ekonomi Syariah Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30651/justeko.v3i1.2926

Abstract

Dalam Tinjauan Hukum Islam akad Muzara?ah idealnya menguntungkan bagi kedua belah pihak, namun yang terjadi di Desa Doho justru sebaliknya, yaitu merugikan salah satu pihak. Penduduk Desa Doho sebagian besar berprofesi sebagai petani, yaitu Penggarap dan Pemilik Lahan dan mempunyai hubungan kerjasama bagi hasil (paroan) atau Muzara?ah. Rumusan Masalah dari Penelitian Tesis ini adalah : Pertama, Bagaimana Pelaksanaan Sistem Muzara?ah di Desa Doho, Kecamatan Dolopo, Kabupaten Madiun. Kedua, Bagaimana tinjauan Hukum Islam terhadap pelaksanaan Sistem Muzara?ah di Desa Doho, Kecamatan Dolopo, Kabupaten Madiun. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode qualitative karena data yang dikumpulkan adalah data realitas sebagaimana adanya. Jenis penelitian ini adalah developmental research, yakni studi deskriptif analisis dengan ragam penelitian kasuistik. Adapun hasil penelitian yang akan dikembangkan dalam penelitian ini adalah penelitian tentang perjanjian Muzara?ah, khususnya antara penggarap dengan pemilik lahan. Obyek penelitian ini adalah petani penggarap dan pemilik lahan di Desa Doho yang melakukan akad Muzara?ah. Teknik pengumpulan data yang akan digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah observasi dan wawancara. Dari hasil penelitian ini disimpulkan bahwa sistem Muzara?ah yang diterapkan oleh petani di Desa Doho telah sesuai dengan hukum Islam karena pelaksanaan sistem Muzara?ah sepenuhnya diserahkan kepada masing-masing pihak yang membuat perjanjian. Muzara?ah lahan pertanian di Desa Doho tidak menimbulkan gurur karena dengan pembagian 30% penggarap dan 70% pemilik lahan menganggap hal tersebut cukup adil sebab besar hak dan kewajiban masing-masing juga berbeda jauh. Jika terjadi permasalahan antara keduanya dalam menyelesaikannya menggunakan musyawarah mufakat.  Kata Kunci: Hukum Islam, Muzara?ah, Penggarap dan Pemilik Lahan.