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PENGARUH KADAR ASPERGILLUS NIGER TERHADAP PRODUKSI BIOETANOL DARI BONGGOL PISANG KEPOK ( MUSA PARADISIACA L) Junaini, Junaini; Elvinawati, Elvinawati; Sumpono, Sumpono
Alotrop Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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This study aims to determine the effect of Aspergillus niger levels on bioethanol production in banana cobs using Saccharfication Simultation Fermentation (SSF) method. This research uses banana kepok (Musa paradisiaca L.) obtained from Enggano Island of Bengkulu Province. Enggano Island is one of the outermost islands of Bengkulu Province which has a coordinate point of 5023'25,000 '' LS - 102014'16,000 '' BT. Samples of banana done preparation before the hydrolysis and fermentation process by smoothing the banana cobs using a blender until it becomes mush. Samples in the form of slurry were then added by Aspergillus niger and Sccharomyces cerevisiae. Hydrolysis performed for 72 hours which then continued with the fermentation process for 5 days. In the study there were 5 treatments: addition of Aspergillus niger 107 CFU/mL, addition of 10 mL Saccharomyces cerevisiae, addition of 10 mL Saccharomyces cerevisiae + Aspergillus niger 106 CFU/mL, 10 mL Saccharomyces cerevisiae + Aspergillus niger 107CFU/mL and 10 mL Saccharomyces cerevisiae + Aspergillus niger 108CFU/mL. The fermentation results were distilled and then measured the ethanol content by the specific gravity method. Ethanol content obtained from each treatment were 3.995%, 6.218%, 6.825%, 9.065%, and 12.348%, respectively. From one-way analysis test can be obtained the value of Fcount and Ftabel respectively are 25.73 and 5.19, so the value of Ftable< Fcount which means each treatment has a different result significantly.
PERBANDINGAN HASIL DAN MINAT BELAJAR KIMIA SISWA KELAS X IPA MENGGUNAKAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF SNOWBALL THROWING DAN TALKING STICK PADA KURIKULUM-2013 DI SMAN 10 KOTABENGKULU Saputri, Rika Juwita; Sumpono, Sumpono; Elvia, Rina
Alotrop Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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The purpose of this research to determine the difference in learning outcome and interest of students on chemistry learning between class which applied snowball throwing and class which applied talking stick learning model on nomenclatur of  chemical compounds material in curriculum-2013 of  grade X IPA in  SMA Negeri 10 Bengkulu City. Research conducted is a research with the type of quasi experiment. Analysis of the data used are mean values, normality test, homogeneity test, and t-test. Chemistry learning outcome data obtained pretest and posttest value where average improvement value of cognitive learning result for snowball throwing class and talking stick class are 56,970 and 45,606. While the interest of students learning of  both experiment classes procure percentage are 81,567% and 75,373%. The result of t test with significant level (? = 0,05), then got value for tcount   >ttable is 4,734 > 1,669 for learning result and 3,596 > 1,669  for interest learning. The results showed that there were significant differences in learning outcomes and learning interest between classes that applied snowball throwing learning and classes that applied the talking stick learning model.
STUDI KOMPARASI MOTIVASI BELAJAR KIMIA SISWA KELAS X PROGRAM PEMINATAN DAN LINTAS MINAT DI MAN 2 KOTA BENGKULU Haster, Elinge; Rohiat, Salastri; Sumpono, Sumpono
Alotrop Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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The purpose of this research was to measure differences chemistry learning motivation of tenth grade students class at major (MIPA) and cross-major (IPS) courses in MAN 2 Bengkulu city. The population in this research is 260 students from 8 classes consisting of four MIPA classes and four IPS classes and also become sample in this research. The type of this research is quantitative descriptive that aims to provide a description of the variables of learning chemistry motivation in the class of major (MIPA) and cross-major (IPS) and emphasize the analysis on data figures obtained by statistical methods. Chemical learning motivation data obtained from the results of a questionnaire motivation to learn chemistry. Questionnaire of motivation to learn chemistry consists of 61 items that validity tested by using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) program to obtain 54 valid items and 7 invalid items and tested reliability with Cronbach's Alpha value of 0.897 and this questionnaire is stated reliable. The research questionnaires were analyzed using normality test, homogeneity test and hypothesis test. The average value of students' learning motivation of major (MIPA) and cross-major (IPS) in chemistry subjects was 197.19 and 189.71 in the good category. The hypothesis testing by using the test T 0.05 at significant level, then it was gained value namely 2.8027 > 1.6508. The results showed that there is a significant difference between major courses and cross-major courses in the chemistry learning motivation of tenth grade students. Motivation to learn chemistry in the major courses better than cross-major courses.
PERBANDINGAN PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE STRUCTURED NUMBERED HEADS (SNH) DAN NUMBERED HEAD TOGETHER (NHT) TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KREATIF SISWA KELAS X MIPA SMAN 6 KOTA BENGKULU Elyani, Evi; Sumpono, Sumpono; Amir, Hermansyah
Alotrop Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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The purpose of this research is to measuring the comparison of students creative thinking ability between cooperative learning model type Stuctured Numbered Heads (SNH) and Numbered Head Together (NHT) on nomenclatur of chemical compounds material in curriculum 2013 of grade X MIPA SMA Negeri 6 Bengkulu city school year 2017/2018. This research is a quasi-experimental research with total population 118 students and sample 57 students with class X MIPA D as experiment class I that apply cooperative learning model type SNH and class X MIPA B as experiment class II applying cooperative learning model type NHT. Analysis of the data used are mean values, Percentage Indicator, normality test, homogeneity test, and hypothesis test (t test). The students' creative thinking ability in this study is seen from the difference between pretest and posttest. In the experimental class I, the average value of students creative thinking ability was 51,851 while the experimental class II was 46,916. The result of t test (? = 0,05) obtained tcount> ttable is 2,645> 2,0040 indicates the accepted hypothesis  means that there is a significant difference between students' creative thinking ability using cooperative learning model type SNH and NHT, where the model of cooperative learning type SNH is more influential on students? creative thinking ability compared with cooperative learning type model NHT. 
STUDI PERBANDINGAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA MENGGUNAKAN MODEL KOOPERATIF TIPE TAKE AND GIVE DAN THINK PAIR SQUARE DI KELAS XI IPA SMA NEGERI 1 REJANG LEBONG Amalia, Windy Novita; Amir, Hermansyah; Sumpono, Sumpono
Alotrop Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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The purpose of this research is to measure the difference of improvement of students' critical thinking ability by applying the cooperative model Take and give type with Think Pair Square type on salt hydrolysis material in grade XI IPA SMA Negeri 1 Rejang Lebong academic year 2017 / 2018. This study was conducted with a population of 201 students from 6 IPA classes and a sample of 68 students from 2 classes it class XI IPA 1 as experiment 1 and XI IPA 5 as experiment 2 which can be from normality and homogeneity test. The research is a kind of quasi experiment. Data analysis used is normality test, homogeneity test and hypothesis test. The students' critical thinking ability data is obtained from the pretest and posttest values at the beginning of the meeting and at the end of the meeting. This critical thinking skills test consists of 15 essay questions. The average increase in critical thinking skills for Take and give classes with Think Pair Square class is 44,757 and 51,683. By testing the hypothesis using t test with a significant level of 0.05, then obtained the value for t hitung> t table is 3.081> 1.668. The results showed that students' critical thinking skills  with the classes that apply the Think Pair Square learning model is better than the class that applied the Take and give learning model.
AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN METABOLIT SEKUNDER BAKTERI ENDOFIT AKAR TANAMAN MORINGA OLEIFERA L (KELOR) Kuntari, Zeta; Sumpono, Sumpono; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah
Alotrop Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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[ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF SECONDARY METABOLITE FROM ENDOFIT BACTERIA OF  Moringa oleifera L (KELOR) ROOTS]  The purpose of this research was aims to isolate and measure the ability of antioxidant activity from secondary metabolites produced by endophytic bacteria that grow in the live tissue root  of Moringa oleifera L. (kelor). Endophytic bacteria were purified and cultured using a solid  Murashige-skoog (MS)  medium for 3 days at room temperature. Secondary metabolites were obtained by centrifugation process at a rate of 3000 rpm for 20 minutes. The bacterial fermentation process  using  Nutrient Broth  (NB) medium for 72 hours with a shaker speed at 170 rpm . The suspension supernatant was extracted with a maceration method using 86% ethyl acetate, followed by vacuum rotary evaporator concentration at 40 ° C. The extract antioxidant activity test  was performed using the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) method using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer at 517 nm wavelength and ascorbic acid as standard. The result of DPPH test showed that the antioxidant activity of ethyl acetate extract of endophytic bacterial from root of M. oleifera L root has IC50 value at  315, 396 ppm.  Based on these results, it can be concluded that the secondary metabolite extract of endophytic bacterial from M. oleifera L root classified as weak antioxidant (IC50> 250 ppm).
UJI EFEKTIFITAS ASAP CAIR CANGKANG BUAH KARET (HEVEA BRAZILIENSIS) SEBAGAI ANTIBAKTERI BACILLUS SUBTILIS Sari, Lia Retno; Sumpono, Sumpono; Elvinawati, Elvinawati
Alotrop Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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The purpose of this research was know the effectiveness quid smoke the liquid smoke of the rubber (Hevea braziliensis)  shell.The manifacture and purification of liquid smoke is carried out by 4 stages: pyrolysis, sedimentation, distillation, redestilate. The first of the research is calculating phenol levels, total acid, pH, and type weights The results showed that the feeding of rubber  (Hevea braziliensis) shell liquid Smoke proved to inhibit the growth of bacteria Bacillus subtilis where the higher the concentration of liquid smoke, the greater the resistance. The phenol levels contained in the liquid smoke of the rubber shells were obtained at 0.84% with a total acid rate of 4.725%, and a  pH at  2.548 and a density at 1.004. Antibacterial test using disc paper with see diameter clear zone. Bacterial using is pure cultur Bacillus subtiis bacteria. The concentration liquid smoke to antibacteral test is 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25%. Of the five treatment obtained KHM 20% with diameter clear zone is 5,21 mm. Analysis results using One Way ANOVA obtained F hitung ? f tabel then there Significant differences Against the resulting clear zone.
UJI EFEKTIVITAS ASAP CAIR CANGKANG BUAH Hevea braziliensis TERHADAP AKTIVITAS BAKTERI Escherichia coli Oktarina, Dinda; Sumpono, Sumpono; Elvia, Rina
Alotrop Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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This research purpose to determine the effectiveness of the liquid smoke of the Hevea braziliensis  fruit shell  against the activity of Escherichia coli bacteria. The preparation and purification of liquid smoke is carried out by 4 stages: pyrolysis , sedimentation, stage 1 and stage  2  distillation. This research was started with total acidity test, phenol level, pH and density with result of measurement 4,725% total acid content, 0,84% phenol content, 2,548 pH and 1,004 in density . An antibacterial test  using disc diffusion method by looking at the diameter of the clear zone. There are six concentrations of liquid smoke of  H.braziliensis  rubber shell used, negative control using aquades and positive control using ciprofloxacin . An  effective concentration was found in inhibiting E.coli is 100% concentration with a clear zone diameter of 11.3 mm. The result of analysis using One Way ANOVA showed F count (4.42)&gt; F table (3,23), then H0 rejected, meaning there is a significant difference of influence of concentration to the diameter of clear zone produced.
AKTIVITAS ASAP CAIR CANGKANG BUAH Hevea braziliensis SEBAGAI ANTI BAKTERI Staphylacoccus aureus Agustina, Widiya; Sumpono, Sumpono; Elvia, Rina
Alotrop Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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The aims of this research is to know the activity of liquid smoke Hevea braziliensis  Seed Shell as antibacterial of Staphylacoccus aureus. The synthesis of  liquid smoke on this research through some process such as pyrolysis, sedimentation, filtration, distillation and redistillation. H.braziliensis Seed Shell liquid smoke  obtained phenol levels 0.84% and pH  2.548. Antibacterial activity tested by hollow difusion methode with variations concentration of liquid smoke .at 5%, , 10 , 25 , 50, 75, and 100 % v/v. The effective concentration H.braziliensis  liquid smoke in inhibiting the growth of S. aureus bacteria is 75% v/v with strong antibacterial level that showed by an inhibition zone at 10,6 mm. On this research One Way ANOVA test showing the Fcount   ? F table, which means there is a significant difference between the diameter of the inhibition zone on various concentrations of H.braziliensis seed shell.iquid smoke..
MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA INTERNET DOCS.GOOGLE PADA POKOK BAHASAN REAKSI REDOKS KELAS X IPA DI SMAN 4 KOTA BENGKULU Parade, Aang; Handayani, Dewi; Sumpono, Sumpono
Alotrop Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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[USING THE DOCS. GOOGLE INTERNET MEDIA ON THE REDOX REACTION  SUBJECT IN CLASS X IPA SMAN 4 BENGKULU CITY  ] This research aims to know the results of learning: students in the class who are not given the preparation of learning at home, knowing the results of the teaching of students in a given grade of preparatory study at home using internet media, knowing the Docs. Google the difference in the results of student learning in the classroom are not given preparation home study with the results of a survey of students in a provided a homework preparatory sign Docs. Google internet media. The methods used in this research was quasi-experimental research is the entire population with grade X IPA SMAN 4 city of Bengkulu, Sample research, i.e., class experiments and classroom control. The results of the study in this research result of students pretest and posttest. Based on the results of the research conducted in mind that there is a significant difference between the results from student learning in the classroom are not given preparation home study with the results of a survey of students in a given a homework preparation home study using internet media Docs. Google via t-tests using SPSS 16 program. The learning outcomes of students in a given grade of preparatory education at home using Google Docs. Indicates the average rating of 77.0 while learning results of students in the class who are not given a homework preliminary with the average value of 68.6. Student Learning Outcomes in a given class homework preparation using Docs. Google may provide better results on the subject of redox reactions.