Elvinawati Elvinawati, Elvinawati
University of Bengkulu

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ANALISIS HG2+ DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN NANOPARTIKEL PERAK (NPP) SEBAGAI INDIKATOR KOLORIMETRI DENGAN METODE SPEKTROFOTOMETRI Adriansyah, Renaldi; Firdaus, M. Lutfi; Elvinawati, Elvinawati
Alotrop Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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[ANALYSIS OF Hg2+ USING NANOPARTIKEL METAL (NPP) AS A COLORIMETRY INDICATOR WITH SPECTRUMFOTOMETRY METHOD]. Mercury (Hg) is heavy metal with high toxicity that often pollutes the aquatic environment. Concentration of Hg (II) ions is usually determined by using ICP-MS and AAS but because its price relatively expensive an alternative is needed to determine concentration of Hg. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to conduct synthesis of silver nanoparticles (NPP) by utilizing extract of Phyllanthus acidus ceremin fruit as a colorimetric indicator for alternative analysis concentration of Hg metal in digital image. Bio NPP used as a colorimetric indikator of Hg metal in this study was synthesized at optimum condition. The optimum condition of Bio NPP synthesis was obtained on the ratio of extract volume of P. acidus  fruit and AgNO3 1: 1 and the duration of exposure to sunlight for 1 hour.The formed Bio NPP knew to be selective against Hg (II) metal ions characterized by the change of Bio NPP color from brownish yellow to clear. In addition, the Bio NPP that has been synthesized  in this study can be used as a colorimetric indicator of Hg metal analysis using spectrofotometer uv-vis with detection limit  7.56 ppb.  
PENGARUH KADAR ASPERGILLUS NIGER TERHADAP PRODUKSI BIOETANOL DARI BONGGOL PISANG KEPOK ( MUSA PARADISIACA L) Junaini, Junaini; Elvinawati, Elvinawati; Sumpono, Sumpono
Alotrop Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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This study aims to determine the effect of Aspergillus niger levels on bioethanol production in banana cobs using Saccharfication Simultation Fermentation (SSF) method. This research uses banana kepok (Musa paradisiaca L.) obtained from Enggano Island of Bengkulu Province. Enggano Island is one of the outermost islands of Bengkulu Province which has a coordinate point of 5023'25,000 '' LS - 102014'16,000 '' BT. Samples of banana done preparation before the hydrolysis and fermentation process by smoothing the banana cobs using a blender until it becomes mush. Samples in the form of slurry were then added by Aspergillus niger and Sccharomyces cerevisiae. Hydrolysis performed for 72 hours which then continued with the fermentation process for 5 days. In the study there were 5 treatments: addition of Aspergillus niger 107 CFU/mL, addition of 10 mL Saccharomyces cerevisiae, addition of 10 mL Saccharomyces cerevisiae + Aspergillus niger 106 CFU/mL, 10 mL Saccharomyces cerevisiae + Aspergillus niger 107CFU/mL and 10 mL Saccharomyces cerevisiae + Aspergillus niger 108CFU/mL. The fermentation results were distilled and then measured the ethanol content by the specific gravity method. Ethanol content obtained from each treatment were 3.995%, 6.218%, 6.825%, 9.065%, and 12.348%, respectively. From one-way analysis test can be obtained the value of Fcount and Ftabel respectively are 25.73 and 5.19, so the value of Ftable< Fcount which means each treatment has a different result significantly.
PERBANDINGAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA MENGGUNAKAN PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE TEAM GAMES TOURNAMENT (TGT) DENGAN MEDIA ULAR TANGGA DAN MEDIA PUZZLE DI KELAS XI SMA NEGERI 01 BENGKULU TENGAH Syafitri, Aisha; Amir, Hermansyah; Elvinawati, Elvinawati
Alotrop Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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This study aims to determine the comparison of student learning outcomes using cooperative learning type Teams Games Tournament (TGT) with media snake ladder and media puzzle in class XI SMA Negeri 01 Bengkulu Tengah Year 2017/2018 on the subject of colloidal system. This research is a quasi experimental research with the population of all students of class XI SMA Negeri 01 Bengkulu Tengah and the sample is XI MIPA 3 experiment I applying Snake Ladder media and XI MIPA 4 as experiment class II which apply puzzle media. Student learning outcomes in this study is seen from the difference between pretest and posttest values. In the experimental class I which uses snake ladder media, the average value of the increase in students' cognitive learning outcomes is 43.30. Whereas in the experimental class II that uses media puzzle, the average value of the increase in students' cognitive learning outcomes is 35.97. From a series of statistical tests conducted hypothesis testing using t-test with a significant level of 0.01 obtained tHitung> tTable (2.42> 2.39). The results showed that there was a significant difference between the learning outcomes of students who were taught by cooperative learning using Snake Media Appliance and Puzzle media. The result of this research can be concluded that  in general the result of student learning by applying cooperative learning model of Team Games Tournament (TGT) type with snake ladder media is higher than with puzzle media on colloidal system subject.
PERBANDINGAN SENSITIVITAS NANOPARTIKEL PERAK DENGAN REDUKTOR ALBUMIN DARI TELUR AYAM DAN BEBEK UNTUK ANALISIS MERKURI Azhar, Fikri Fadillah; Elvinawati, Elvinawati; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah
Alotrop Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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The aims of this study were determine the protein level of chicken egg albumin (Gallus Sp.) And duck egg albumin (Anas domestica) also optimum conditions, sensitivity, and LOD values of silver nanoparticles (NPP) synthesized using bioreductors of chicken (Gallus Sp.) egg albumin and duck (Anas domestica) egg albumin for analysis of mercury ions (II). This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Chemistry FKIP UNIB on April - July 2019. Protein levels of chicken egg albumin and duck egg albumin were obtained in the amount of 0.210 gr / 100 ml and 0.234 gr / 100ml, respectively. The NPP synthesized in this study was carried out by mixing silver precursors derived from 10 mM AgNO3 solution and 1% albumin solution as bioreductors of each chicken egg albumin solution and duck egg albumin. The optimum condition of NPP synthesized using chicken egg albumin bioreductor and duck egg albumin was the same, with the number of comparisons between AgNO3 and albumin solutions namely 1: 2 and stirring time of 30 minutes. The results showed that NPP synthesized using chicken egg albumin and egg albumin ducks had good sensitivity to Hg metal with the addition of Hg metal concentrations above 50 ppm that be marked with significant color changes from brownish yellow to clear. LOD values in each NPP synthesized using bioreductors of chicken egg albumin and duck egg albumin were 3334 ppm and 2,238 ppm, so that NPP synthesized using bioreductor of duck egg albumin was more sensitive than NPP synthesized using bioreductor of chicken egg albumin for mercury metal analysis. This is influenced by the differences of protein levels of chicken egg albumin and duck egg albumin where the protein level of duck egg was higher than the protein level of chicken egg.
ANALISIS KEMAMPUAN TANAH DI DAERAH PEMUKIMAN KOTA BENGKULU DALAM MENJERAP ALKYL BENZENE SULPHONATE (ABS) DAN LINEAR ALKYLBENZENE SULPHONATE (LAS) Ananda, Fikri; Candra, I Nyoman; Elvinawati, Elvinawati
Alotrop Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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This research aims to know the ability of land in a residential area of the city of Bengkulu in adsorbed Alkyl Benzene Sulphonate  (ABS) and Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulphonate (LAS). Soil samples were taken at five-point i.e. the backyard of Balai Buntar,   Fatmawati  Airport, Beringin Raya , Pematang Gubernur and Simpang Nakau  with a drill ground at a depth of 20 cm and cleaned from garbage impurity. Then the soil characterized include moisture content, pH, texture and the organic content  and ABS and ALS adsorbsition measured using UV-vis spectrophotometers att 222-223 nm wavelengths. In this research tested the influence of pH, pulp and optimum contact time contacts from soil sample at in ABS and ALS adsorbsition The adsorbtion pattern is known as the Freundlich and Langmuir parameters. Based on research, generally, it can be concluded that the land in the residential area of Bengkulu city has characteristic average water content ? average 23%, pH average ? average 5.35 and it's Turn dusty clay. The optimum condition from soil in adsorbs from Alkyl Benzene Sulphonate (ABS) occurs at pH 3, a mass of 1 g and 2 hours of contact time with the adsorption capacity of 0.874 mg/g, while for Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulphonate (LAS)  adsorption  the optimum soil conditions occur at pH 2, mass 0.5 g and 1-hour contact time with the adsorption capacity of 1.607 mg/g.  The pattern of soil adsorption against ABS tends to follow the Langmuir equation whereas against LAS tend to follow the Freundlich equation. Adsorpstion of soil samples in Bengkulu City against ABS belongs to low and adsorpstion against LAS belongs to very low
HUBUNGAN ANTARA SARANA LABORATORIUM TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS SISWA KELAS XI MIPA 5 DI SMA NEGERI 3 KOTA BENGKULU Simanjuntak, Nola Desti Pratiwi; Rohiat, Salastri; Elvinawati, Elvinawati
Alotrop Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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[RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LABORATORY FACILITIES AND  STUDENT PROCESS SKILLS AT CLASS XI MIPA 5 IN SMA NEGERI 3 KOTA BENGKULU] The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of laboratory facilities to students' science process skills in the laboratory. This research is a correlational research. The population in this study is all students of class XI MIPA 5 academic year 2016/2017 in SMA Negeri 3 Kota Bengkulu. This research uses total sampling technique so that the entire population is used as research sample. The independent variable (x) in this research is chemical laboratory equipment and dependent variable (y) is the science process skill of students in laboratory of SMA Negeri 3 Kota Bengkulu.. Data collection in this research using questionnaire instrument with 30 items and observation sheet with 15 items . Technique of data analysis using expert validity test, questionnaire analysis, observation analysis of science process skill, normality test, linearity test, correlation analysis and hypothesis test. Data analysis using the help of SPSS 16 program. The results of data processing correlation coefficient (r) obtained that is equal to 0.387 at 5% significance level. . The result of hypothesis test shows that Ha is accepted which means there is a significant correlation between laboratory facilities and science process skill of students in laboratory on chemistry learning of students of class XI MIPA 5 SMA Negeri 3 Kota Bengkulu academic year 2016/2017
HUBUNGAN IMPLEMENTASI CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING (CTL) DENGAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA MATA PELAJARAN KIMIA DI KELAS X MIA SMA NEGERI 8 KOTA BENGKULU Andiko, Pebri Tri; Rohiat, Salastri; Elvinawati, Elvinawati
Alotrop Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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This study aims to analyze the relationship of Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) implementation with students' learning outcomes in X class MIA SMA Negeri 8 Kota Bengkulu at 2017/2018 Academic year. This type of research is correlational research. The population in this research is class X MIA SMA Negeri 8 Kota Bengkulu 2017/2018 Academic year and research using total sampling technique where all population used also become sample of research with total 166 students. Data collection techniques in this study using questionnaires, observation sheets and students' chemistry learning results. Data analysis using Pearson correlational analysis and validation test, reliability, normality, linearity (with F test) , and hypothesis test. Based on the results of data analysis that has been done, obtained general conclusion of a positive relationship between the application of Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) with the results of students learningoutcomes in X class MIA SMA Negeri 8 Kota Bengkulu at 2017/2018 Academic year, indicated by the value rhitung obtained greater than the value of tabell r (0.704> 0.1281) with the level of correlation into the category of strong / high, it means there is a positive and strong relationship between the application of Contextual Teaching and Learning with student learning outcomesin X class MIA SMA Negeri 8 Kota Bengkulu at 2017/2018 Academic year.
UPAYA PENINGKATAN SENSITIVITAS NANOPARTIKEL PERAK UNTUK ANALISIS ION MERKURI(II) SECARA CITRA DIGITAL DENGAN PENAMBAHAN NACL Prasetia, Edo; Firdaus, M. Lutfi; Elvinawati, Elvinawati
Alotrop Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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The very small concentration of mercury (Hg) in the environment is difficult to detect, so an accurate and sensitive method is needed in order to detect the concentration. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop an accurate and sensitive method based on the use of digital imaging methods and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as colorimetric sensors for mercury(II) ions (Hg2+) analysis. The process of making AgNPS is done by a bottom up method involving a reduction reaction. The precursor used is 1 mM AgNO3 solution and as bioreductor is an antioxidant compound present in extract of chili pepper (Capsicum frutescens L) with ratio 1: 9. Contact time variation 15, 30, 45, 60 min and 1, 2, 7 days. Addition of NaCl 0.5 and 1 M NaCl were used to increase the sensitivity of AgNPs as colorimetric sensors of Hg2+ ions. Digital Image Method is used to analyze Hg2+ ions at ppb concentration level. The results of the most optimum silver nanoparticles synthesized at the time of solar heating is 60 minutes. The addition of NaCl 0.5 M and 1 M into AgNPs is able to increase the sensitivity of AgNPs. Limit of Detection (LoD) of AgNPs added NaCl 0.5 M and 1 M was able to detect Hg2 + ions by 3.02 ppb and 2.46ppb.
PELATIHAN PEMBUATAN BIOGAS DARI KOTORAN SAPI DI DESA PONDOK KELAPA Candra, I Nyoman; Elvinawati, Elvinawati; Bahar, Amrul
DHARMA RAFLESIA Vol 14, No 1 (2016): JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (249.928 KB) | DOI: 10.33369/dr.v14i1.4287

Abstract

The People of Pondok Kelapa mostly work as farm laborers, fishermen and farmers. People are still using raw wood fuel in cooking that has a negative impact in terms of health. LPG fuel is actually good for cooking, but it is relatively expensive. For that need to look for alternative fuels made from materials that are easy to obtain. This service activities such as training for making biogas from cow dung in the village of Pondok Kelapa. Biogas is a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide gas derived from anaerobic fermentation of organic substrates. In this activity, firstly conducted a survey and preparation. Furthermore held counseling, and the last is a core activities including the tool installation and biogas production. This activity produces biogas which initially resulted in a rather small flame. But after his gas collected, the gas produced is large enough. From these activities, the village of Pondok Kelapa succeeded in making biogas from manure. Keywords: biogas, cow manure, fermentation, anaerobic 
UJI EFEKTIFITAS ASAP CAIR CANGKANG BUAH KARET (HEVEA BRAZILIENSIS) SEBAGAI ANTIBAKTERI BACILLUS SUBTILIS Sari, Lia Retno; Sumpono, Sumpono; Elvinawati, Elvinawati
Alotrop Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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The purpose of this research was know the effectiveness quid smoke the liquid smoke of the rubber (Hevea braziliensis)  shell.The manifacture and purification of liquid smoke is carried out by 4 stages: pyrolysis, sedimentation, distillation, redestilate. The first of the research is calculating phenol levels, total acid, pH, and type weights The results showed that the feeding of rubber  (Hevea braziliensis) shell liquid Smoke proved to inhibit the growth of bacteria Bacillus subtilis where the higher the concentration of liquid smoke, the greater the resistance. The phenol levels contained in the liquid smoke of the rubber shells were obtained at 0.84% with a total acid rate of 4.725%, and a  pH at  2.548 and a density at 1.004. Antibacterial test using disc paper with see diameter clear zone. Bacterial using is pure cultur Bacillus subtiis bacteria. The concentration liquid smoke to antibacteral test is 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25%. Of the five treatment obtained KHM 20% with diameter clear zone is 5,21 mm. Analysis results using One Way ANOVA obtained F hitung ? f tabel then there Significant differences Against the resulting clear zone.