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High toluene exposure risk increases risk of olfactory dysfunction in furniture workers Wartono, Magdalena; Herkutanto, Herkutanto; Lestari, Niken
Universa Medicina Vol 34, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2015.v34.68-76

Abstract

BACKGROUNDFew studies have investigated the impact on olfactory functioning ofoccupational exposure to toluene, an industrial solvent used in paints andcleaning fluids. The estimated olfactory dysfunction prevalence is 0.5–5%. Patients frequently do not complain about olfactory dysfunction.However, occupational exposure to chemicals may affect workers’ healthand safety, because of their continuous inhalation. This study aimed toexamine the relationship between toluene exposure and olfactorydysfunction in furniture workers.METHODSThis was a cross-sectional study involving 65 workers. Data collectionwas by observation and interview on demographic characteristics, historyof habits, and symptoms of chronic rhinitis. Risk of exposure scores wereevaluated from potential hazard, exposure level, duration of employment,type of work, use of masks, ventilation of work space, and education andtraining. Olfactory function was tested using Sniffin’ Sticks, anddetermination of environmental toluene level was by personal sampling.The odds ratio was used to test correlations between variables.RESULTSOnly 44 subjects could be analyzed, 37 (84.1%) of whom had olfactorydysfunction. Workers with high toluene exposure had a significantly 12.5-fold risk of olfactory dysfunction in comparison with those with lowexposure (OR=12.5; CI 95% 1.35 – 115.79).CONCLUSIONSToluene exposure increases risk of olfactory dysfunction in furnitureworkers. Olfactory function testing should be considered for initialscreening or periodic testing of furniture workers. Low toluene levels witha high proportion of olfactory dysfunction indicate that olfactory dysfunctionis an early negative impact of chemical inhalation.
PENGARUH PROFIL PETANI PENGELOLA AGROWISATA TERHADAP KAPASITAS PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI KOMUNIKASI DIGITAL DI KABUPATEN BOJONEGORO DAN MALANG, PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR Lestari, Niken; Amanah, Siti; Muljono, Pudji; Susanto, Djoko
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 5, No 1: January-June 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/5176

Abstract

Digital communication technology provides wider opportunities for agritourism farmers to reach local and national markets. Agritourism as a diversification of agricultural business encourages farmers to have the capacity to utilize digital communication technology. This study aims to (1) identify the profile of farmers who managing agritourism and (2) analyze the influence of farmer profiles on the level of capacity to use digital communication technology. The profile of agrotourism farmers influences their capacity to use digital communication technology in response to economic changes. The study was conducted in Bojonegoro and Malang Regencies, East Java in September and October 2018. Data collection was conducted through interviews using questionnaires on 215 farmers. Data analysis was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result of the study showed that the farmer profile which includes age, the level of formal education and the assessment of digital technology functions were categorized as high. Business motivation was in medium category while nonformal education, length of business, types of agritourism products and cosmopolitan level were in low category. The types of agritourism services was in very low category. The result of analysis showed the profile of agritourism farmer that has a very significant effect to increase the capacity of farmers to utilize digital communication technology were age, formal education, assessment of digital communication technology functions, and business motivation, while having a significant effect are non-formal education, length of business, and agritourism products.