Articles

Found 29 Documents
Search

PENGEMBANGAN DESAIN MICRO HOUSE DALAM MENUNJANG PROGRAM NET ZERO ENERGY BUILDINGS (NZE-BS) Permana, Asep Yudi; Wijaya, Karto; Nurrahman, Hafiz; Permana, Aathira Farah Salsabilla
Jurnal Arsitektur ARCADE Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Arsitektur ARCADE Maret 2020
Publisher : Prodi Arsitektur UNIVERSITAS KEBANGSAAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31848/arcade.v4i1.424

Abstract

Abstract: Energy efficiency is a top priority in design, because design errors that result in wasteful energy will impact operational costs as long as the building operates. The opening protection in the facade should be adjusted according to their needs, for optimum use of sky light. Inhibiting the entry of solar heat into the room through the process of radiation, conduction or convection, optimum use of sky light and efforts to use building skin elements for shading are very wise efforts for energy savings. House construction planning must be careful and consider many things, including: physical potential. Physical potential is a consideration of building materials, geological conditions and local climate. Related to the issue of global warming that occurs in modern times, climate is a major consideration that needs to be resolved.The purpose of building design, especially in residential homes aims to create amenities for its inhabitants. Amenities are achieved through physical comfort, be it spatial comfort, thermal comfort, auditory comfort, or visual comfort.Energy waste is also caused by building designs that are not well integrated and even wrong and are not responsive to aspects of function, and climate. This is worsened by the tendency of the designers to prioritize aesthetic aspects (prevailing trends). The issue of green concepts and energy consumption efficiency through the Net Zero-Energy Buildings (NZE-Bs) program from the housing sector as a response to tackling global warming is already familiar in Indonesia, although its application has not yet been found significantly. Green concepts offered by housing developers are often merely marketing tricks and are not realized and grow the responsibility of the residents to look after them. Due to the lack of understanding of the green concept, housing developers tend to offer more a beautiful and green housing environment, not the actual green concept.Keyword: Socio-culture, Energy efficiency, Energy consumption, Environment. The green conceptAbstrak: Efisiensi energi merupakan prioritas utama dalam disain, karena kesalahan disain yang berakibat boros energi akan berdampak terhadap biaya opersional sepanjang bangunan tersebut beroperasi. Pelindung bukaan pada fasade sebaiknya dapat diatur sesuai kebutuhannya, untuk pemanfaatan terang langit seoptimal mungkin. Penghambatan masuknya panas matahari kedalam ruangan baik melalui proses radiasi, konduksi atau konveksi, pemanfaatan terang langit seoptimal mungkin serta upaya pemanfaatan elemen kulit bangunan untuk pembayangan merupakan upaya yang sangat bijaksana bagi penghematan energi. Perencanaan pembangunan rumah harus cermat dan mempertimbangkan banyak hal, antara lain: potensi fisik. Potensi fisik adalah pertimbangan akan bahan bangunan, kondisi geologis dan iklim setempat. Terkait dengan isu pemanasan global yang terjadi pada masa modern ini, iklim menjadi sebuah pertimbangan utama yang perlu diselesaikan.Tujuan desain bangunan khususnya pada rumah tinggal bertujuan menciptakan amenities bagi penghuninya. Amenities dicapai melalui kenyamanan fisik, baik itu spatial comfort, thermal comfort, auditory comfort, maupun visual comfort.Pemborosan energi juga disebabkan oleh desain bangunan yang tidak terintegrasi dengan baik bahkan salah dan tidak tanggap terhadap aspek fungsi, serta iklim. Hal tersebut diperparah yang kecenderungan para perancang lebih mementingkan aspek estetis (tren yang berlaku). Isu konsep hijau dan efisiensi konsumsi energi melalui program Net Zero-Energy Buildings (NZE-Bs) dari sektor perumahan sebagai respon untuk menanggulangi pemanasan global sudah tidak asing di Indonesia, walaupun penerapannya masih belum dapat ditemukan secara signifikan. Konsep hijau yang ditawarkan oleh pengembang perumahan seringkali hanya sebagai trik pemasaran belaka dan tidak diwujudkan serta ditumbuhkan tanggung jawab para penghuni untuk menjaganya. Akibat minimnya pemahaman mengenai konsep hijau tersebut, para pengembang perumahan cenderung lebih banyak menawarkan lingkungan perumahan yang asri dan hijau, bukan konsep hijau yang sebenarnya.Kata Kunci: Sosio-kultur, Efisiensi Energi, Konsumsi energi, Lingkungan, Konsep Hijau
PEMANFAATAN URBAN FARMING MELALUI KONSEP ECO-VILLAGE DI KAMPUNG PARALON BOJONGSOANG KABUPATEN BANDUNG Wijaya, Karto; Permana, Asep Yudi; Hidayat, Syarip; Wibowo, Heru
Jurnal Arsitektur ARCADE Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Arsitektur ARCADE Maret 2020
Publisher : Prodi Arsitektur UNIVERSITAS KEBANGSAAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31848/arcade.v4i1.354

Abstract

Abstract: Bojongsoang Village as one of the areas in Bojongsoang District is a densely populated area, where there is a shift and transfer of green functions to built up land (such as: new housing, industry / factories and others). Land for the green lane has become built up land (built into a house), this makes what should be productive land become unproductive land. In addition, with the increasing pressure of green land into developed land, demanding the community to optimize the land they have as productive land.The understanding of space which is only understood as a horizontal plane as land that can be used as productive land must be changed. Space is not only implemented in the horizontal plane but can also utilize the vertical plane to have high flexibility as land that can be processed as productive land. The urban farming model as an urban agriculture program that has long been developing is a potential activity in supporting the sustainability and survival of a district.The purpose of this study is to determine the Eco Village model in the Paralon village area as an Eco-Architecture concept in supporting the development of Sustainable Cities, as one of the eco-architecture models in urban villages by utilizing their respective land and space.Keyword: Eco-Architecture, Eco Village, Green SettlementAbstrak: Desa Bojongsoang sebagai salah satu wilayah di Kecamatan Bojongsoang merupakan kawasan yang padat penduduk, di mana terdapat pergeseran dan pengalih fungsilahan hijau menjadi lahan terbangun (seperti: perumahan baru, industri/pabrik dan lain-lain). Lahan-lahan untuk jalur hijau menjadi lahan terbangun (dibangun menjadi rumah tinggal), hal inilah menjadikan yang seharusnya menjadi lahan produktif menjadi lahan yang tidak produktif. Di samping itu dengan semakin tertekannya lahan hijau menjadi lahan terbangun, menuntut masyarakat untuk mengoptimalkan lahan yang dimiliki sebagai lahan produktif. Pemahaman ruang yang hanya dipahami sebagai bidang horizontal sebagai lahan yang bisa dimanfaatkan sebagai lahan produktif harus sudah mulai dirubah. Ruang tidak hanya diimplementasikan ke dalam bidang horizontal akan tetapi juga bisa memanfaatkan bidang vertikal menpunyai fleksibilitas yang cukup tinggi sebagai lahan yang bisa diolah sebagai lahan produktif. Model urban farming sebagai salah satu program pertanian perkotaan yang sudah lama berkembang merupakan aktivitas yang cukup potensial dalam menunjang keberlanjutan (sustainable) dan kebertahanan (survival) dari sebuah kabupaten.Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan model Eco Village di wilayah desa Paralon sebagai konsep Eco-Architecture dalam mendukung pengembangan Kota Berkelanjutan, sebagai salah satu model eco-architecture di desa-desa perkotaan dengan memanfaatkan lahan dan ruang masing-masing.Kata Kunci: Arsitektur Ramah Lingkungan, Desa Ramah Lingkungan, Permukiman hijau  
GREAT MOSQUE BANDUNG AS A LANDMARK OF BANDUNG CITY Rustandi, Ecep Herdis; Wijaya, Karto; Setiady, Rochmanijar
Indonesian Journal of Built Environmental and Sustainability Vol 1, No 1 (2019): Indonesia Journal of Built Environmental and Sustainability
Publisher : Universitas Kebangsaan Republik Indonesia [UKRI]

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.272 KB) | DOI: 10.31848/ijobes.v1i1.249

Abstract

ABSTRACT : The city of Bandung is the capital of West Java Province, Bandung City also known as the historic City of Bandung is a witness of historic events from Bandung to the sea of fire until the Asian-African Conference (KAA). The city of Bandung also has historical landmarks of the Dutch colonial era including Gedung Merdeka, Gedung Sate, Savoy Homan Hotel, Pasar Baru, and the Great Mosque of Bandung. Because of the many historic buildings in the city of Bandung, Bandung City is the destination of tourist destinations, both local and foreign tourists, Bandung is also known as Parijs Van Java. The nickname was given because the city of Bandung is located on a plateau surrounded by mountains so that the air or temperature in Bandung is very cool as in Europe. Speaking of historical buildings in this writing, the author will take the title of the Great Mosque as a Landmark of Bandung. The Great Mosque of Bandung Established in the 19th century and is one of the historical buildings in the City of Bandung the Great Mosque Several times experienced transformation of forms or renovations from 1810 - 2001. Bandung Grand Mosque is located in the city square of Bandung or in the center of the city is strategically located making the Bandung Great Mosque a religious tourist attraction in the city of Bandung. Keywords : Mosque, Landmark, Bandung, Colonial, Dutch, Architecture
IDENTIFICATION BUILDINGS FUNCTION OF CENTRAL T-SHIRT INDUSTRY IN SURAPATI STREET CORRIDOR, BANDUNG CITY Wijaya, Karto; Rahmat, Amat; Amalia, Fani Sukma
Indonesian Journal of Built Environmental and Sustainability Vol 1, No 1 (2019): Indonesia Journal of Built Environmental and Sustainability
Publisher : Universitas Kebangsaan Republik Indonesia [UKRI]

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.272 KB) | DOI: 10.31848/ijobes.v1i1.248

Abstract

ABSTRACT : Population growth in the city of Bandung is increasing so that the laha needs especially commercial activities are also increasing both in the city center to the suburbs including Cibeunying Kaler District, Bandung City. The development of this commercial activity also occurs along the Surapati road corridor, especially those in Cibeunying Kaler District. Surapati road corridor is designated as a holy shirt tourism area with the existence of outlets as the main activity. The existence of this corridor also has various supporting activities such as economic/trade, social, health, worship, education and government building activities. With a variety of activities in it, so that it can lead to changes in residential functions into commercial buildings, such as changes in land use from settlements to an outlet area for t-shirts, trade and services for trade and service activities following market guidelines. This study aims to identify the functions of trade buildings along the Surapati road corridor in Bandung City. By using a qualitative descriptive method to determine the effect of any factors that influence changes in function in the corridor of Bandung city, Surapati. While the factors that influence the change are social factors, economic factors, accessibility, factors, and adequate infrastructure facilities around the Surapati road area Keywords : Changes in Land Function, Commercial Activities, Corridors
MORPHOLOGY OF URBAN SPACE: MODEL OF CONFIGURATION USING LOGIC OF SPACE (LOS) THEORY IN DENSELY POPULATED OF BANDUNG CITY Permana, Asep Yudi; Susanti, Indah; Dewi, Nitih Indra Komala; Wijaya, Karto
Journal of Architectural Research and Education Vol 1, No 1 (2019): Journal of Architectural Research and Education April 2019
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/jare.v1i1.15586

Abstract

A city through the years is always growing and developing along with the development of a variety of urban activities. One of the triggers of the development is the city residents. The increase in population resulted in increasingly high demand for settlement. Moreover, the surge in population also occurred in Bandung city, where one of the changes in the use of space is visible in Taman Hewan Balubur-Tamansari. This area is growing and changing from being a compact place to a solid kampong with an extensive use of space. The purpose of this research basically was to reveal the configuration and the visibility of the changes that occurred as well as examine what factors that caused the occurrence of a change in the use of space function in Taman Hewan Balubur-Tamansari in Bandung. Research used a descriptive approach. As for data collection, this study used questionnaire and analysis with LoS (Logic of Space) theory.This study addressed the thought (value system) of the community based on empirical phenomena in the education area of the settlements that are located in the major cities of Indonesia, which was then analyzed in inductive and qualitative ways. Through a qualitative research method using grounded theory, the study was expected to contribute to the vocabulary knowledge of space theory in addressing the urban density of the urban space as the impact of urbanization and student migration. Moreover, research aimed to enrich the theory about the local cultural values settled in the area of education in major cities of Indonesia, where the findings of the local theory eventually provide the realization that the value spaces for people living in the neighborhoods of the city is not only for quantitative aspects, but also for the concept of the basis theory of spaces in the city. All this time, the architectural space theory is always used to the idea of space based on the theory from the West.
FUNCTION OF PUBLIC SPACE IN CIKAPUNDUNG TERRACE AS NATURE TOURISM IN BANDUNG CITY Wijaya, Karto; Syahrizal, Muhammad
Journal of Architectural Research and Education Vol 1, No 1 (2019): Journal of Architectural Research and Education April 2019
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/jare.v1i1.16421

Abstract

Abstract:. The development of public space in urban forest areas as has been done on the Cikapundung Terrace has an influence on the improvement and structuring of the city of Bandung in other regions, as well as a great potential to become a natural tourist attraction. Since the city of Bandung, led by the mayor of Ridwan Kamil, has made rapid progress as a tourist city that has various tourist variants, such as nature tourism, culinary tourism, textile tourism etc., to have more than 100 popular city sights. In this case, the Cikapundung Terrace is one of the benchmarks, as an area within the city that has successfully transformed from a dirty and slum area that pollutes the surrounding environment into a tourist area that is popular and popular with people in and out of the city from various social strata. In the Urban Planning study approach, this phenomenon is a tangible manifestation of the efforts of the City Government to create a public space that is accommodating and well integrated and can be accessed by a large part of the urban community which is then referred to as Urban Space. This is in accordance with the City Government's vision and mission to preserve the environment based on the rules and regulations regarding Open Space.The influence that is felt for the people of Bandung from the revitalization of the Cikapundung river is from the aspect of economic, social and healthy lifestyles, in the economic aspect, regional development such as this has succeeded in providing wider tourism opportunities that can involve local communities to develop independent business activities such as selling around the area, etc., in the social aspect, people interact more with each other in a positive and active communal space, and in the aspect of a healthy lifestyle, the community becomes motivated to contribute to advancing the region by maintaining cleanliness and environmental health. Keyword: Public Space, Urban Space, Open Space Abstract:. The development of public space in urban forest areas as has been done on the Cikapundung Terrace has an influence on the improvement and structuring of the city of Bandung in other regions, as well as a great potential to become a natural tourist attraction. Since the city of Bandung, led by the mayor of Ridwan Kamil, has made rapid progress as a tourist city that has various tourist variants, such as nature tourism, culinary tourism, textile tourism etc., to have more than 100 popular city sights. In this case, the Cikapundung Terrace is one of the benchmarks, as an area within the city that has successfully transformed from a dirty and slum area that pollutes the surrounding environment into a tourist area that is popular and popular with people in and out of the city from various social strata. In the Urban Planning study approach, this phenomenon is a tangible manifestation of the efforts of the City Government to create a public space that is accommodating and well integrated and can be accessed by a large part of the urban community which is then referred to as Urban Space. This is in accordance with the City Government's vision and mission to preserve the environment based on the rules and regulations regarding Open Space.The influence that is felt for the people of Bandung from the revitalization of the Cikapundung river is from the aspect of economic, social and healthy lifestyles, in the economic aspect, regional development such as this has succeeded in providing wider tourism opportunities that can involve local communities to develop independent business activities such as selling around the area, etc., in the social aspect, people interact more with each other in a positive and active communal space, and in the aspect of a healthy lifestyle, the community becomes motivated to contribute to advancing the region by maintaining cleanliness and environmental health. Keyword: Public Space, Urban Space, Open Space w:LsdE
PERUBAHAN FUNGSI LINGKUNGAN TERBANGUN DI KORIDOR JALAN CIGONDEWAH KOTA BANDUNG Wijaya, Karto
Jurnal Arsitektur ARCADE Vol 1, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Arsitektur ARCADE Juli 2017
Publisher : Prodi Arsitektur UNIVERSITAS KEBANGSAAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31848/arcade.v1i1.13

Abstract

Abstract:. Cigondewah road corridor is an area that has wide potential especially in the development of tourism trade of Bandung, especially in the leading product sector of textile industri. Home-based economic activities of the industri that has been done since the 1960s has contributed income, especially for residents of Cigondewah area, because labor comes from the residents of the three villages themselves. In early 1997 the Cigondewah area was able to serve as a fabric trading center. This center serves buyers who come from Bandung and surrounding areas. This area in RTRW Bandung City 2013 is environmentally friendly industrial area. The development of this area provides a wide potential especially in its development as an area that has excellent products within the scope of Bandung tourism development plan. This study aims to provide an overview of the facts and phenomena that occur in the Cigondewah Area Bandung. Thus the research method used is qualitative descriptive research. This research is intended to describe or describe the phenomena that exist in the field such as shape, activity, characteristics, changes, relationships, similarities and differences of phenomena so that in this study is not done manipulation only describe according to reality or an existing condition location.Keyword: The changes of Built Environment Function, Corridor Development, EnvironmentAbstrak: Koridor jalan Cigondewah adalah kawasan yang memiliki potensi yang luas terutama dalam pengembanga pariwisata perdaganagn Kota Bandung khususnya pada sektor produk unggulan industri tekstil. Kegiatan ekonomi berbasis home industri yang telah dilakukan sejak tahun 1960-an ini telah memberikan kontribusi pendapatan khususnya bagi penduduk kawasan Cigondewah, karena tenaga kerja berasal dari penduduk ketiga kelurahan itu sendiri. Pada awal 1997 kawasan Cigondewah mampu berperan sebagai sentra perdagangan kain. Sentra ini melayani pembeli-pembeli yang berasal dari Bandung dan sekitarnya. Kawasan ini dalam RTRW Kota Bandung 2013 adalah kawasan industri berwawasan lingkungan. Perkembangan kawasan ini memberikan potensi yang luas terutama dalam pengembangannya sebagai sebuah kawasan yang memiliki produk unggulan dalam cakupan rencana pengembangan pariwisata Kota Bandung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran mengenai fakta dan fenomena yang terjadi di Kawasan Cigondewah Kota Bandung. Dengan demikian metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian deskriftif kualitatif. Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk mendeskripsikan atau menggambarkan fenomena-fenomena yang ada di lapangan seperti bentuk, aktivitas, karakteristik, perubahan, hubungan, kesamaan dan perbedaan fenomena sehingga dalam penelitian ini tidak dilakukan manipulasi hanya menggambarkan sesuai kenyataan atau suatu kondisi eksisting dilokasi.Kata Kunci: Perubahan fungsi lingkungan terbanguan, Perkembangan Koridor, Lingkungan
Kajian Spasial Penempatan Fasilitas Sosial di Pemukiman Padat Kota Bandung: Analisis Space Syntax Studi Kasus : Wilayah Kelurahan Burangrang, Kecamatan Lengkong, Kota Bandung Ramadhan, Try; Ramadhan, Gema; Wijaya, Karto; Permana, Asep Yudi
Jurnal Arsitektur ARCADE Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Arsitektur ARCADE Juli 2018
Publisher : Prodi Arsitektur UNIVERSITAS KEBANGSAAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31848/arcade.v2i2.58

Abstract

Abstract:. Burangrang Urban Village is one of the densely populated residential areas in the center of Bandung. The density of settlements in the center of the city must be supported by the availability of social facilities to develop the social, economic, and cultural quality of the population. Nevertheless, the residential area still lacks an integrated social facility to accommodate the social activities of the community for the entire settlement. Social facilities have an important role to play in increasing the social values of the population by providing space for interaction. Such social facilities should be located in easily accessible areas to accommodate social interaction for all dispersed community settlements. This paper aims to determine the potential placement of social facilities to strengthen social interaction in the neighborhood of the burangrang urban village. The method used is qualitative method with explorative approach through space syntax analysis, to see the connectivity, integration and level of potential destinations of space that can be achieved by the settlement in the area. The data were taken by non-participant observation and secondary data related to the road network and its achievement from settlement in the area.Keyword: social facilities, housing, space syntax Abstrak: Wilayah Kelurahan Burangrang merupakan salah satu daerah pemukiman padat yang berada di tengah Kota Bandung. Padatnya permukiman di tengah kota tersebut harus didukung oleh ketersediaan fasilitas sosial untuk mengembangkan kualitas sosial, ekonomi, dan budaya penduduk. Meskipun begitu, wilayah pemukiman tersebut masih belum terdapat fasilitas sosial yang terintegrasi untuk mewadahi kegiatan sosial masyarakat untuk seluruh pemukiman tersebut. Fasilitas sosial memiliki peran penting untuk meningkatkan nilai-nilai sosial penduduk dengan menyediakan ruang untuk interaksi. Fasilitas sosial tersebut harus ditempatkan di area yang mudah dijangkau agar dapat mewadahi interaksi sosial untuk semua komunitas di pemukiman yang tersebar. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menentukan potensi penempatan fasilitas sosial untuk memperkuat interaksi sosial di lingkungan wilayah kelurahan burangrang. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan eksploratif melalui analisis space syntax, untuk melihat konektivitas, integrasi dan tingkat potensi destinasi ruang yang dapat digapai oleh pemukiman di area tersebut. Data diambil dengan cara observasi non-partisipan dan data sekunder terkait dengan jaringan jalan dan ketercapaiannya dari permukiman di wilayah tersebut.Kata Kunci: fasilitas sosial, pemukiman, space syntax
KAWASAN BANTARAN SUNGAI CIKAPUNDUNG SEBAGAI PERMUKIMAN MASYARAKAT BERPENGHASILAN RENDAH (MBR) DI KOTA BANDUNG Wijaya, Karto; Permana, Asep Yudi; Swanto, Noor
Jurnal Arsitektur ARCADE Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Arsitektur ARCADE November 2017
Publisher : Prodi Arsitektur UNIVERSITAS KEBANGSAAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31848/arcade.v1i2.7

Abstract

Abstract: The city of Bandung has always been a tourist attraction with various activities every year. Bandung population growth rate in the last 5 years reached 0.89% per year and in the expansion area reached 6.79% per year. With an area of only about 17,000 ha, Bandung is now inhabited by ± 2.481.901 inhabitants. The rate of population growth above the average growth rate of the population of West Java province. No wonder the average population density is 145 people / ha. Though ideally the population density of Bandung is 50-60 people / Ha. There are 657 districts and 57,687 homes that experience environmental degradation and 67 areas identified as urban slums. The implication of the high urbanization of Bandung City in Metropolitan scale to the scale of the region emerged the problem of integration of settlements with surrounding functions. The problem of settlement of Bandung City also includes segmentation of residential objects such as Low Income Community (MBR), non MBR, immigrants, local residents, students and workers of various Sectors. Thus the problems of the settlement of Bandung City include low level of fulfillment of adequate housing needs, limited access of Low Income Community to housing resources, unfinished system of financing and housing market, decreasing the quality of housing and settlement environment and not yet integrated development of area Housing and settlements with the construction of housing and settlement infrastructure, facilities and utilities. This research method to find out how far the level of slum settlement contained in Cihampelas Bandung Settlement and recommendations that can be done for the improvement of the settlement of the kampong. Keyword:Urbanization, Integration, Human settlement, Metropolitan Abstrak: Kota Bandung selalu menjadi daya tarik pendatang dengan berbagai aktivitas setiap tahunnya. Laju pertumbuhan penduduk Kota Bandung dalam 5 tahun terakhir mencapai 0,89% per tahun dan di wilayah perluasan mencapai 6,79% per tahun. Dengan luas wilayah hanya sekitar 17.000 Ha, Bandung kini dihuni oleh ± 2.481.901 jiwa. Laju pertambahan penduduknya diatas laju pertumbuhan rata-rata penduduk provinsi Jawa Barat. Tidak heran jika tingkat kepadatan penduduk rata-rata 145 jiwa/Ha. Padahal idealnya tingkat kepadatan penduduk Kota Bandung adalah 50-60 jiwa/Ha. Terdapat 657 kawasan dan 57.687 rumah yang mengalami penurunan kualitas lingkungan dan 67 kawasan diidentifikasi sebagai kawasan kumuh perkotaan. Impilikasi dari tingginya urbanisasi Kota Bandung dalam skala Metropolitan hingga skala kawasan muncul masalah integrasi permukiman dengan fungsi sekitarnya. Permasalahan permukiman Kota Bandung juga meliputi segmentasi objek hunian seperti masyarakat berpenghasilan rendah (MBR), non MBR, pendatang, penduduk lokal, mahasiswa dan pekerja berbagai sektor. Dengan demikian masalah-masalah yang permukiman Kota Bandung meliputi rendahnya tingkat pemenuhan kebutuhan perumahan yang layak, terbatasnya akses Masyarakat Berpenghasilan Rendah (MBR) terhadap sumber daya perumahan, belum mantapnya sistem pembiayaan dan pasar perumahan, menurunnya kualitas lingkungan perumahan dan permukiman dan belum terintegrasinya pengembangan kawasan perumahan dan permukiman dengan pembangunan prasarana, sarana, dan utilitas perumahan dan permukiman. Metode penelitian ini untuk mengetahui sejauh mana tingkat kekumuhan pemukiman yang terdapat di Permukiman Cihampelas Bandung dan rekomendasi yang dapat dilakukan demi perbaikan pemukiman kampung tersebut. Kata kunci: Urbanisasi, Integrasi, Pemukiman, Metropolitan
KAJIAN OPTIMALISASI FASAD BANGUNAN RUMAH TINGGAL DALAM MENUNJANG PROGRAM NET ZERO ENERGY BUILDINGS (NZE-Bs) Permana, Asep Yudi; Susanti, Indah; Wijaya, Karto
Jurnal Arsitektur ARCADE Vol 1, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Arsitektur ARCADE Juli 2017
Publisher : Prodi Arsitektur UNIVERSITAS KEBANGSAAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31848/arcade.v1i1.11

Abstract

Abstract: The house is one of the primary needs of man, so planning the construction of houses should be careful and consider many things. Some of them, namely the potential physical and socio-cultural potential. Physical potential is considered to be the building materials, the local climate and geological conditions. Mean while, social and cultural potential consists of local architecture and way of life. Related to the issue of global warming that occurred in modern times, the climate becomes a major consideration that needs to be resolved.Energy waste is also caused by the design of the buildings are not well integrated and not even one responsive to aspects of functionality, wet tropical climate of Indonesia. This is compounded designers are more concerned with aesthetic aspects (the prevailing trend). Issues green concept and the efficiency of energy consumption through the program Net-Zero Energy Buildings (NZE-Bs) of the housing sector as respon to tackle global heating-an already familiar in Indonesia, although its application can not be found significantly. Green concept by houses an developers often only as a mere trick and not realized and grown the responsibility of residents. Key word: socio-culture, Net-Zero Energy Buildings, energy consumption. Abstrak: Rumah merupakan salah satu kebutuhan utama manusia, sehingga perencanaan pembangunan rumah harus cermat dan mempertimbangkan banyak hal. Beberapa di antaranya, yaitu potensi fisik dan potensi sosial budaya. Potensi fisik adalah pertimbangan akan bahan bangunan, kondisi geologis dan iklim setempat. Sedangkan, potensi sosial budaya terdiri atas arsitektur lokal dan cara hidup. Terkait dengan isu pemanasan global yang terjadi pada masa modern ini, iklim menjadi sebuah pertimbangan utama yang perlu diselesaikan.Pemborosan energi disebabkan oleh desain bangunan yang tidak terintegrasi dengan baik bahkan salah dan tidak tanggap terhadap aspek fungsi, iklim tropis basah Indonesia. Hal tersebut diperparah kecende­rungan para perancang yang lebih mementingkan aspek estetis (tren yang berlaku). Isu-isu konsep hijau dan efisiensi konsumsi energi melalui program Net Zero-Energy Buildings (NZE-Bs) dari sektor perumahan sebagai res­pon untuk menanggulangi pemanas­an global sudah tidak asing di Indo­nesia, walaupun penerapannya ma­sih belum dapat ditemukan secara signifikan. Konsep hijau yang dita­warkan oleh pengembang perumah­an seringkali hanya sebagai trik pe­masaran belaka dan tidak diwujudkan serta ditumbuhkan tanggung jawab para penghuni untuk menja­ganya. Akibat minimnya pemaham­an mengenai konsep hijau tersebut, para pengembang perumahan cen­derung lebih banyak menawarkan lingkungan perumahan yang asri dan hijau, bukan konsep hijau yang sebenarnya. Kata Kunci: Sosial budaya, Net-Zero Energy Buildings, Konsumsi Energi