Rosmayanti Siregar, Rosmayanti
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WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE, BODY MASS INDEX, AND SKINFOLD THICKNESS AS POTENTIAL RISK FACTORS FOR HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE IN ADOLESCENTS Dewi, Roslina; ramayati, rafita; Rosdiana, Nelly; Ramayani, Oke Rina; Siregar, Rosmayanti; Siregar, Beatrix
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 59 No 2 (2019): March 2019
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (265.132 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi59.2.2019.79-86

Abstract

Background The prevalence of hypertension in children and adolescents has increased with the rising obesity epidemic. Recent studies have found that prevalence of hypertension was higher in obese children or adolescents than in the normal weight ones. Anthropometric measurements such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and skinfold thickness have been used as criteria to determine obesity in children and adolescents. Increased waist circumference has been most closely related to increased blood pressure. Objective To compare waist circumference, BMI, and skinfold thickness as potential risk factors for hypertension in adolescents. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in May 2014 in three senior high schools in Medan, North Sumatera, and included 253 students with normal urinalysis test. All subjects underwent blood pressure, waist circumference, tricep- and subscapular-skinfold thickness (TST and SST), body weight, and body height measurements. The study population was categorized into underweight, normoweight, overweight, and obese, according to four different criteria: waist circumference, BMI, TST, and SST; all variables were analyzed for possible correlations with systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Results There were significant positive correlations between systolic blood pressure and waist circumference (OR 7.933; 95%CI 2.20 to 28.65; P=0.011) as well as BMI (OR 4.137; 95%CI 1.16 to 14.75; P=0.041). There were also significant correlations between diastolic blood pressure and waist circumference (OR 3.17; 95%CI 1.83 to 5.51; P=0.002), BMI (P=0.0001; OR=3.69), TST (OR 4.73; 95%CI 2.31 to 9.69; P=0.0001), and SST (OR 3.74; 95%CI 2.35 to 5.94; P=0.0001). Multivariate analysis showed that waist circumference was a predictive factor for systolic blood pressure (OR 9.667), but not for diastolic blood pressure. Conclusion Waist circumference is the strongest, significant, predictive factor for elevated systolic blood pressure; meanwhile BMI, SST, and TST could be predictive factors for elevated diastolic blood pressure. 
Detecting proteinuria: A comparison of diagnostic tests Mauliddina, Jeanida; Siregar, Rosmayanti; Ramayani, Oke Rina; Ramayati, Rafita; Rusdidjas, Rusdidjas
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 51 No 1 (2011): January 2011
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi51.1.2011.17-21

Abstract

Background Proteinuria is a condition when protein is found in urine, a common symptom in children with renal disorders. Proteinuria can also be found in nonnal children and in those with non-renal disorders. A high sensitivity test is needed to detect proteinuria. Spectrophotometry has been used as a standard to detect proteinuria, however, it is expensive and not readily available in health clinics. We tested the use of20% sulfosalicylic add to detect proteinuria, and compared it to spectrophotometry. The sulfosalicylic add test is inexpensive, rapid, and easily performed in primary community health centers.Objective To compare 2 0 % sulfosalicylic acid test t o spectrophotometry as a diagnostic test for proteinuria.Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study in Adam Malik Hospital from September 2009 until December 2009. Inclusion criteria were children aged 3 to 18 years who experienced kidney disease. We collected 24 hour urine specimens from 55 children by consecutive sampling. Urine specimens were tested for proteinuria by 20% sulfosalicylic acid test and spectrophotometry.Results Sensitivity and specificity of 20% sulfosalicylic acid test compared to spectrophotometry were 88.1 % and 69.2%, respectively, with a positive predictive value and a negative predictive value of 90.2% and 64.3%, respectively.Conclusion The sulfosalicylic acid test had low sensitivity and specificity for detecting proteinuria, but it was more practical and less expensive compared to spectrophotometry.
The relationship between children’s blood pressure and blood pressure of their parents Nasution, Desy Aswira; dr, Rusdidjas; dr, Supriatmo; Ramayati, Rafita; Ramayani, Oke Rina; Siregar, Rosmayanti
Majalah Kedokteran Nusantara The Journal Of Medical School Vol 45, No 2 (2012): The Journal of Medical School
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran USU

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Abstract

Background : Family history of hypertension is a risk factor for hypertension in children. Some studies have reported significant relationship of elevated blood pressure in children with hypertensive parents.Objective : To determine the relationship between blood pressure in children and blood pressure of their parents Methods : A cross sectional study was conducted in 90 children aged 6 until 18 years in Baringin village, Panyabungan on May until June 2010. Sample was collected with consecutive sampling. Classification of hypertension determined by measurement of blood pressure, height, weight based on Fourth Task Force. We used student t-test to analyzed numerical data. Simple linier regression was used to investigate the relationship between blood pressure of children and blood pressure of their parents. Results : Of 90 participants that had been examined, 24 boys and 17 girls have hypertensive parents. The mean systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP) and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) was significantly higher in children with hypertensive parents than normotensive parents (116.7 and 7.07 respectively ; P = 0.0001 for SBP, 77.8 and 8.33 respectively; P = 0.0001 for DBP, 90.7 and 7.41 respectively; P = 0.0001 for MABP). There was a significant relationship between elevated SBP in boys and SBP of his father was indicated by the correlation coefficient (r = 0.806; P = 0.0001).Conclusions: The blood pressure of children was significantly higher in children with hypertensive parents than normotensive parents. There was a strong correlation between SBP in boys with SBP of his father.Keywords : hypertension; blood pressure; parents; children
Kualitas tidur sebagai faktor risiko peningkatan tekanan darah pada remaja Nasution, Arie Taufansyah Putra; Ramayanti, Rafita; Ramayani, Oke Rina; Siregar, Rosmayanti; Siregar, Beatrix
Majalah Kedokteran Nusantara The Journal Of Medical School Vol 47, No 2 (2014): The Journal of Medical School
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran USU

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Abstract

Hypertension in adolescent must be awared, because adolescent with hypertension has higher risk of morbidity and mortality. Hypertension can be influenced by poor sleep quality, so early detection of hypertension and sleep quality in adolescent is needed.Keywords : adolescents; blood pressure; sleep quality
Infeksi nosokomial saluran kemih paska kateterisasi urin pada anak Harahap, Lorinda R.P.; Ramayati, Rafita; dr, Rusdidjas; Ramayani, Oke Rina; Siregar, Rosmayanti; Siregar, Beatrix
Majalah Kedokteran Nusantara The Journal Of Medical School Vol 47, No 1 (2014): The Journal of Medical School
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran USU

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Abstract

Urinary catheters are often used in hospitalized patients and this could be potentially a infection. It is estimated that approximately 80% hospital-acquired urinary tract infection (UTI) associated with catheter use. aim of the study is to determine relationship between use of urinary catheter with nosocomial urinary tract infection in children.Keywords : urinary catheter; nosocomial urinary tract infection; children
Relationship between childhood blood pressure and birth weight Rahayu, Sri; Rusdidjas, Rusdidjas; Ramayati, Rafita; Ramayani, Oke Rina; Siregar, Rosmayanti
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 55 No 2 (2015): March 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.654 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi55.2.2015.117-20

Abstract

cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Some studies havereported a significant relationship between elevated blood pressurein children with low birth weight.Objective To assess blood pressure differences in primary schoolstudents who had low and normal birth weights.Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in 170children aged 6 to 12 years in March 2011 at a Medan primaryschool, North Sumatera. Blood pressure was measured with astandard mercury sphygmomanometer. A parental questionnairewas used to collect information on birth weight. Data wereanalyzed by student’s T-test for numerical data and Spearman’scorrelation test for a relationship between blood pressure andbirth weight.Results The subjects consisted of 85 children with low birth weightand 85 children with normal birth weight. The mean systolic (SBP)and diastolic blood pressures (DBP) were significantly higherin children with low birth weight than those with normal birthweight [SBP: 106.7 vs. 99.8 mmHg, respectively, (P=0.0001); andDBP: 69.2 vs. 63.5 mmHg, respectively, (P=0.0001)]. There wererelationships between elevated SBP and DBP and low birth weight,as indicated by correlation coefficient [r=-0.365 and r=-0.425,respectively, (P=0.0001)].Conclusion Blood pressure is significantly higher in children withlow birth weight than in those with normal birth weight. Birthweight was inversely related both to systolic and diastolic bloodpressure.
Blood pressure and lipid profiles in adolescents with hypertensive parents Fitriany, Julia; Ramayati, Rafita; Supriatmo, Supriatmo; Rusdidjas, Rusdidjas; Rina, Oke; Siregar, Rosmayanti
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 55 No 6 (2015): November 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.196 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi55.6.2015.333-8

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Background Adolescent hypertension is a significant health problem of increasing prevalence and causes high morbidity and mortality. It is found primarily in young males, with a familial history of hypertension and/or cardiovascular disease. Examination of lipid profiles has been used to detect the risk of hypertension in adolescents. Objective To compare blood pressure and lipid profiles in adolescents with and without a parental history of hypertension. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted from January to February 2012 on students from a senior high school in the Toba Samosir District, North Sumatera. Sixty-eight adolescents were included, aged 15 to 18 years. Group I comprised 34 adolescents with hypertensive parents, and group II comprised 34 adolescents with normotensive parents. Subjects were selected based on questionnaires. Subjects’ blood pressures were measured at rest. Three measurements were made in intervals of 10-15 minutes, then averaged for both systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Lipid profiles were measured using the CardioCheck cholesterol test after subjects had fasted for 12 hours. Results The median systolic blood pressures (SBP) in groups I and II were 110 mmHg (range 93.3-123.3) and 106.7 mmHg (range 96.7-123.3), respectively, (P=0.584). The median diastolic blood pressures (DBP) were 73.3 mmHg (range 66.7-83.3) and 71.7 mmHg (range 63.3-80.0), respectively, (P=0.953). Total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in group I were significantly higher than those levels in group II [median total cholesterol: 162.0 (range 158-170) vs. 159.0 (range 150-170), respectively; (P=0.001); and mean LDL-C: 103.5 (SD 3.72) vs. 99.1 (SD 4.63), respectively; (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed a correlation of moderate strength between parental history of hypertension and increased LDL-C (P<0.001) in adolescents. Conclusion Adolescents with and without familial history of hypertension have no significant median blood pressure differences. However, adolescents with hypertensive parents have This study was presented at Pertemuan Ilmiah Tahunan V (PIT V/The 5th Child Health Annual Scientific Meeting) Bandung, October 15–17, 2012. From the Department of Child Health, University of Sumatera Utara Medical School/H. Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia. Reprint requests to: Dr. Julia Fitriany, Department of Child Health, University of North Sumatera Medical School/H. Adam Malik Hospital, Jl. Bunga Lau No.17, Medan 20136. Tel +6261 8361721 – +6261 8365663. Fax. +6261 8361721. E-mail: julia_fitriany@yahoo.com. Adolescent hypertension is an important health problem of increasing prevalence that affects morbidity and mortality.1 The prevalence of hypertension in adolescents has increased due to several factors such as obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, stress, sleep disorders and increased intake of high-calorie foods, sodium, alcohol, and caffeine.2 In the pediatric population, essential hypertension, also known as primary hypertension, mostly afsignificantly higher median total cholesterol and mean LDL-C. Furthermore, we find a correlation between parental history of hypertension and increased LDL-C in adolescents.
Noise exposure at school and blood pressure in adolescents Ihsani, Fadhilah; Ramayati, Rafita; Ali, Muhammad; Djas, Rusdi; Ramayani, Oke Rina; Siregar, Rosmayanti; Siregar, Beatrix
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 56 No 6 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (649.418 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi56.6.2016.330-7

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Background The increasing prevalence of primary hypertension has motivated researchers to identify influencing factors, one of which is noise. There have been few studies on a relationships between noise exposure and blood pressure in children, and none have dealt exclusively with adolescents.Objective To assess for an association between noise exposure at school and blood pressure in adolescents.  Methods To identify noisy and quiet schools, the mean noise levels of 192 senior high schools in Medan were measured using sound level meters. One noisy school and one quiet school were randomly selected for inclusion (mean noise levels of  68.2 and  53.8 dB, respectively). Students from both schools underwent blood pressure measurements by mercury sphygmomanometer. Their Body weights and heights were obtained for body mass index calculations. Subjects filled questionnaires and their parents were interviewed regarding history of illnesses.Results Of the 271 adolescents recruited, 136 (50.2%) were from the noisy school. Adolescents from the noisy school had higher mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures [121.6 (SD 13.87) mmHg and 71.1 (SD 8.15) mmHg, respectively], than those from the quiet school [111.8 (SD 12.61) mmHg and 63.8 (SD 8.05) mmHg, respectively]. After adjusting for other factors, noise had a significant, moderate, positive association with systolic and diastolic blood pressures [β = 0.452; B = 6.21 (95% CI 3.86-8.55) mmHg; and β = 0.473; B = 4.18 (95% CI 2.41 to 5.94) mmHg, respectively].Conclusion Adolescents from a noisy school have a greater risk of higher systolic and diastolic blood pressures than those from a quiet school.
Association between the frequency of disposable diaper changing and urinary tract infection in children Daulay, Meirina; Siregar, Rosmayanti; Ramayani, Oke Rina; Supriatmo, Supriatmo; Ramayati, Rafita; Rusdidjas, Rusdidjas
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 53 No 2 (2013): March 2013
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (112.323 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi53.2.2013.70-5

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Background Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most commoncause of fever in children. Less frequent disposable diaper changingis thought to be a cause ofUTI in children. While wearing a diapei;the perinea! area becomes damp with urine allowing bacteria tomigrate from the anus to the external urethral orifice.Objective To assess for an association between the frequencyof disposable diaper changing and urinary tract infections inchildren.Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in thechildren's outpatient clinic of Haji Adam Malik Hospital fromApril to June 2010. Urine culture was performed in children withsuspected UTI who wore disposable diapers every day. Subjects'ages ranged from 2 months to 2 years 6 months, with samplesmatched and collected by consecutive sampling. Diagnosis ofUTIwas based on urine cultures with bacterial count 2:: 105/mL. Eightychildren were followed in this study and divided into two groups:positive (n=40) and negative (n=40) urine cultures. Chi squaretest was use d to analyze the association between the frequency ofdaily disposable diapers changing during a one week period andthe urine culture results.Results The frequency of daily disposable diapers changing in80 subjects was as follows: < 4 times (22.5%), 4-5 times (40%),and 2::6 times (37.5%) . The frequency of daily disposable diaperchanging in children with positive urine culture was as fo llows:< 4 times (1 8 out of 40), 4-5 times (22 out of 40), and 2::6 times(O out of 40); (P < 0.0001). The most common bacterial speciesfound in urine cultures was Escherichia coli.Conclusion Lower frequency of daily disposable diaper changingis significantly associated with higher UTI incidence in children.
Relationship between children’s and parents’ blood pressure Nasution, Desy Aswira; Rusdidjas, Rusdidjas; Supriatmo, Supriatmo; Ramayati, Rafita; Ramayani, Oke Rina; Siregar, Rosmayanti
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 54 No 4 (2014): July 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (87.017 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi54.4.2014.202-5

Abstract

Background A family history of hypertension is a risk factor forhypertension in children. Past studies have reported a significantrelationship between elevated blood pressure in children andhypertensive parents.Objective To assess for an association between blood pressure inchildren and that of their parents.Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in 90 childrenaged 6-18 years in Baringin Village, Panyabungan, from May toJune 2010. Subjects were collected by consecutive sampling.Classification of hypertension was based on Fourth Task ForceGuidelines by measuring blood pressure, height, and weight. Weused Student's T-test to analyze numerical data. Simple linearregression was used to investigate the relationship between bloodpressures of children and their parents.Results Of the 90 participants recruited, 24 boys and 17 girlshad hypertensive parents. The mean systolic (SBP) , diastolic(DBP) and arterial blood pressure (MABP) were significantlyhigher in children with hyperten sive parents than in childrenwith normotensive parents [ (SBP 116. 7 (SD 7 .07) vs. 87 .1 (SD13.57) mmHg; P=0.0001), (DBP 77.8 (SD 8.33) vs. 51.8 (SD11.70) mmHg; P=0.0001), (MABP 90.7 (SD 7.41) vs . 63 .6(12.10) mmHg; P=0.000 1] . There was a significant relationshipbetween elevated SBP in boys and their fathers, as indicated bythe correlation coefficient (r =0.806; P=0.0001).Conclusion The blood pressure is significantly higher in childrenwith hypertensive parents than in those with normotensiveparents. There is a correlation between SBP in boys and that oftheir fathers.