Khairunnisa Azani Meilinasary, Khairunnisa Azani
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Antibiotic Sensitivity in Pseudomonas aeruginosa of Diabetic Patient’s Foot Ulcer Apridamayanti, Pratiwi; Meilinasary, Khairunnisa Azani; Sari, Rafika
Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research (PSR) Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Directorate of Research and Community Engagement, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (15.981 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/psr.v3i2.3289

Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients are at risk to have the diabetic ulcer. The main reason for DM’s patient with ulcer complication to be treated and healed in hospital is bacterial infection. One of many bacteria that infects diabetic ulcer is Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This conditian can be treated by antibiotic. The using antibiotic is often inaccurate causing the microbe resistance. To choose the right antibiotic, it needs to test the antibiotic’s sensitivity towards Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The aimed of this study was to determine the sensitivity of antibiotics against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Sample was taken from diabetic ulcers swab with grade III and IV Wagner. The identification of bacteria was managed using the biochemical test and Gram staining test. Antibiotic sensitivity was determined by Kirby Bauer method. Antibiotics that were found still sensitive towards Pseudomonas aeruginosa included ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, imipenem, levofloxacin, meropenem, ceftriaxone, and cefotaxime, whereas cefadroxil and amikacin were resistant. Antibiotics that can be used for Pseudomonas aeruginosa in diabetic foot ulcer patients are ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, imipenem, levofloxacin, meropenem, ceftriaxone, and cefotaxime.  
Selectivity Index of Alpinia galanga Extract and 1’-Acetoxychavicol Acetate on Cancer Cell Lines Da'i, Muhammad; Meilinasary, Khairunnisa Azani; Suhendi, Andi; Haryanti, Sari
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev10iss2pp95-100

Abstract

Previous research stated that galangal (Alpinia galanga) extract has a potential as cytotoxic agent with active compound of 1?-Acetoxychavicol Acetate (ACA). The objective of this study was to determine the selectivity of ethanol extract, ethyl acetate fraction, and methanol fraction of of galangal, and ACA on cancer cell lines. Cytotoxic activity was carried out using the MTT method on T47D breast cancer, WiDr colon cancer, HeLa cervical cancer, and Vero normal cell lines. The results showed that galangal ethanol extract and its fractions had selectivity index equal to or less than 2 on cancer cells. Meanwhile, ACA had selectivity index more than 3 on T47D cell and HeLa cell. ACA showed a strong cytotoxic activity against cancer cells T47D, HeLa, and WiDr with IC50 values of 3.14, 7.26, and 12.49 ?g/ml, respectively. Based on data, it could be concluded that ACA was the most selective to inhibit T47D cell with a selectivity index of 6.6.Keywords: 1?-Acetoxychavicol acetate, galangal (Alpinia galanga), selective index, cytotoxic