Iskandar Abdul Samad, Iskandar Abdul
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TEACHERS’ ELICITATION: INVITING STUDENTS TO SPEAK Usman, Bustami; Ayouni, Nour; Samad, Iskandar Abdul; Fitriani, Siti Sarah
EduLite: Journal of English Education, Literature and Culture Vol 3, No 1 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.505 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/e.3.1.51-65

Abstract

This study describes the implementation of teachers’ elicitation in speaking class of English Department of Ar-raniry Islamic State University. It attempts to investigate types of elicitation used by the lecturers in speaking class and the most frequent type. The participants of this study were five lecturers of speaking classes and hence ten teaching sessions were video-recorded and transcribed in order to analyze lecturers’ utterance that indicates teachers’ elicitation. Quantitative and qualitative method were employed where the data were obtained from observation and interview by means of video recorder, field-notes, observation sheet and interview guide. Technique of data analysis was followed Miles’s & Huberman’s (1992) model including data reduction, data display, and conclusion. The results of this study revealed six types of elicitations; elicit:inform, elicit:confirm, elicit:agree, elicit:commit, elicit:repeat, and elicit:clarify were used by the lecturers in teaching speaking. It is also found elicit:inform was the most frequent type of elicitation used which reached 72.23%. This indicates that the lecturers frequently used elicitation to invite students to speak.
THE INVESTIGATION OF QUESTIONING MODIFICATIONS USED IN EFL CLASSROOM Fitriani, Siti Sarah; Makhsum, Cut Aulia; Samad, Iskandar Abdul
Journal of English Education Vol 1, No 2 (2016): JEE
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (752.371 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/jee.v1i2.174

Abstract

Questions raised by a teacher as a part of teacher talk is important to stimulate students’ participation in English Foreign Language (EFL) classroom interaction. The questions posed by teachers in the classrooms are sometimes modified when they notice that the students have difficulties in understanding the questions. This study investigated four types of questioning modifications –repetition, narrowing by means of clues, rephrasing with alternative or “or-choice” questions and wait-time– proposed by Chaudron (1988) used by a teacher in one bilingual senior high school in Banda Aceh. Six sessions (altogether 480 minutes) of classroom observation were conducted. A dominant questioning modification type was indicated as a result of the analysis of video recordings from the observations. In addition, the reason of the teacher to use the dominant type of questioning modification is also discussed in this paper.
Non Native Speakers’ Rhetorical Commonalities in Writing Script Introduction Section Samad, Iskandar Abdul; Usman, Bustami; Rizkanisa, Novalia; Fitriani, Siti Sarah
Lingua Cultura Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Lingua Cultura Vol. 12 No. 2 (In Press)
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21512/lc.v12i2.2475

Abstract

This research analyzed the rhetorical pattern (RP) of script Introduction section written by undergraduate students at four selected universities in Aceh. Information about the RP of introduction section had been found in literature, including the work of Indonesian students in general. However, specific information about the RP of the work of EFL students in Aceh was not determined yet. The main aim of the study was to explore whether Acehnese studentsperformed the exact pattern of written Academic English. Understanding the RP of this section was important because it helped readers to have a description of the whole script. A qualitative method was applied in this study to draw the RP through the content analysis. The data were taken from twenty undergraduate students’ scripts at four selected universities. CARS model was used to analyze all the data. In general, the result shows a unique RP of the Introductionsection by Acehnese students where RP of introduction section maintains the circular way of thinking.
PROVIDING INDIRECT CORRECTIVE FEEDBACK: A Technique to Reduce Errors in Students’ Writing Samad, Iskandar Abdul; Rahma, Endah Anisa; Fitriani, Siti Sarah
Journal of English Education Vol 1, No 2 (2016): JEE
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1045.667 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/jee.v1i2.147

Abstract

This experimental study aims at investigating the application of Indirect Corrective Feedback (ICF) in teaching writing recount text. The subjects of the study were tenth graders of SMAN 1 Meulaboh who are chosen randomly. The instrument used is writing tests. This study focuses on giving ICF on students’ recount writing in terms of grammatical features of the text. Accordingly, there are eight error aspects included in the analysis; these are verb, noun ending, spelling, word form, word order, pronoun, missing and unnecessary word. The findings indicate that Indirect Corrective Feedback helps students to reduce errors in eight aspects. It is shown from the decreased mean score of errors in the post-test ( = 12.17) which was lower than the mean score of errors in the pre-test (  = 27.07). Verb was the aspect reduced mostly in students’ recount texts (56) followed by word order (18), word form (16), spelling (14), pronoun (12), noun ending (11), unnecessary word (8), and missing word (3). From t-test analysis in the post-tests of both groups, this study found that t-counted was higher than t-table (1.823 ˃ 1.68). Thus, H0 was rejected. The result confirmed that Indirect Corrective Feedback can significantly improve the students’ writing achievement by the reduction of errors.  
Cross Cultural Rhetoric Awareness of Undergraduate Thesis Introduction Section Written by Acehnese EFL Students Usman, Bustami; Rizkanisa, Novalia; Samad, Iskandar Abdul; Muslem, Asnawi
Script Journal: Journal of Linguistic and English Teaching Vol 3, No 1 (2018): April
Publisher : Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Widya Gama Mahakam Samarinda University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24903/sj.v3i1.138

Abstract

Abstract: This study investigated cross cultural rhetoric awareness of introduction section by Acehnese EFL students. This study aimed at describing the rhetorical pattern and determine the cross cultural rhetoric awareness by looking at the rhetorical pattern in Introduction section. A qualitative method and content analysis were used in this study which analyzed the Introduction section. The data of this research was English undergraduate thesis written by ten Acehnese students as the documentation was applied as the instrument. The data were collected from two Islamic institutes in Aceh. The research was conducted by using documentation analysis. The result of the analysis demonstrated that the English writings by Acehnese students maintained the inductive style and the idea of the paragraph is circular. However, the use of markers is enough to be considered. The conclusion led to the rhetorical pattern of the Acehnese students which is in oriented style. Indeed, the implication of the finding showed that the students’ cross cultural rhetoric awareness toward English writing convention, especially in academic writing, is low
The Influence of First Language Toward Students Achievement in Learning English Fitriani, Siti Sarah; Prasetyaningsih, Dwi Rahayu; Samad, Iskandar Abdul
Jurnal Pencerahan Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Maret 2017
Publisher : Majelis Pendidikan Daerah (MPD) Aceh dan Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.27 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/jp.11.1.8021

Abstract

In an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom, most of the time the teacher cannot avoid the use of mother tongue in teaching and learning activities. This happens in some countries whose English is not their native language, including Indonesia. This paper examines the influence of first language used by a teacher in an Indonesian EFL classroom. The teacher and six tenth graders from a science classroom were involved in this study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to gather in-depth data. The data were then analysed qualitatively based on the steps by Miles and Huberman (1984): data reduction, data display and data conclusion or verification. The findings indicate the teacher’s and the students’ perspectives on the use of first language in EFL classroom. Most of the students agreed the teacher includes the first language in their English classroom as it positively helps them in learning the target language. In addition, the teacher supports the students’ view because the inclusion of the first language in EFL classroom is considered a way to solve the students’ problem in learning the target language
The use of podcasts in improving students’ speaking skill Bustari, Ahmad; Samad, Iskandar Abdul; Achmad, Diana
(JELE) Journal Of English Language and Education Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Mercu Buana Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (291.355 KB) | DOI: 10.26486/jele.v3i2.256

Abstract

 AbstractPodcast is a digital recording which contains a recorded programs from television, radio, and interviews. Many researchers have discussed about the podcast as an alternative teaching media to support students developing their speaking skills. This research article aims at finding out if there is a significant improvement on students’ speaking skills by using this Podcast. Class XI IS3 was chosen as the sample of this study with total 30 students. This pre-experimental study employs pre-test and post-test. These tests are provided in the form of oral tests. The data from these tests were then calculated by using statistical formulas. The result showed that the post-test score was higher than the pre-test. The finding showed that there was a significant improvement of the students’ speaking skills performance after undertaking treatments. Thus, podcast media can be used as one of the alternative media in teaching English especially speaking skill in EFL classes. 
INVESTIGATING RURAL STUDENTS’ STRATEGIES IN ENGLISH LEARNING Gani, Sofyan A.; Khairisman, Khairisman; Samad, Iskandar Abdul
International Journal of Education Vol 11, No 1 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : UPI Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/ije.v11i1.12836

Abstract

Students’ strategies in learning English attract many EFL researchers’ attention. The objective of this study was to find out rural students’ strategies in English learning. The study was conducted in three different senior high schools in Teunom Sub-District of Aceh Jaya regency. The research used a quantitative method by employing survey design. The modified Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) questionnaire developed by Oxford was used as an instrument to obtain required data. The population of this survey was all classes in the three schools. Three classes of each school were randomly chosen from the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth grades. Therefore, 136 students of nine classes became the sample of this research. The collected data were analyzed through a quantitative procedure by using a statistical formula to find the percentage of each statement. The results showed that the students employed a variety of strategies in learning English. The most common strategy employed was metacognitive followed by social, affective, memory, cognitive, and compensation.
EFL Students’ Writing Style in the Script Introduction Section Rizkanisa, Novalia; Samad, Iskandar Abdul; Usman, Bustami
Journal of ELT Research 2017: Journal of ELT Research, Vol. 2, Issue 2
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22236/JER_Vol2Issue2pp139-150

Abstract

This study investigated the rhetorical pattern (RP) of the introduction section of the scripts written by Acehnese undergraduate students studying in four different universities in Aceh. The focus of this study is on three elements: placement of the thesis, patterns of idea, and metadiscourse markers of the introduction section. Literature has reported a number of findings regarding the RP; however, information about this in undergraduate level, particularly in state universities in Aceh, is still limited. This study was conducted qualitatively by employing content analysis to identify the RP. A number of introduction sections of students’ scripts from four selected universities in Aceh were collected and analysed. The result shows the dominance of the three elements in the introduction section.
Standing, Active vs Sitting, Torpid: a Management Decision Usman, Bustami; Champion, Ibrahim; Muslem, Asnawi; Samad, Iskandar Abdul
AT-TA'LIM Vol 25, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15548/jt.v25i1.378

Abstract

The aim of the study is to investigate the pros and cons of standing while working and studying. A qualitative research was employed where the data taken from education practitioners and students interested to learn and support the introduction of standing desks. The finding of the study show that students and sedentary workers now spend up to 85% of their waking hours,(+/-13.5 hrs/day), sitting viz: sitting at meals, sitting in transportation, sitting in schools or offices, sitting watching TV or looking at a handphone or an i-pad plus sitting whilst watching sport or playing computer games. Even if standing in classes became the default behaviour in all classes it could only result in a maximum of about 20 extra hours of standing per week during semesters and thus could only reduce the amount of time spent sitting by a maximum of 14% of waking hours to 71% of waking hours. The height of Standing Desks should be at the elbow height of the  person concerned ie about 1.00m for senior high school and university students and adults. For primary school students the desk height for the standing desk is about 75cm – ie. the same as the desk height for normal sitting desks for adults. The study also did a small survey of educators, 66% of whom would support the introduction of  standing desks.  Finally the study found that 72 % of the students and their teacher supported the introduction of standing desks. It is hoped that some schools and offices will take the initiative to introduce standing desks on a larger scale.