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THE EFFECT OF BASELINE COMPONENT CORRELATION ON THE DESIGN OF GNSS NETWORK CONFIGURATION FOR SERMO RESERVOIR DEFORMATION MONITORING Yulaikhah, Yulaikhah; Pramumijoyo, Subagyo; Widjajanti, Nurrohmat
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 51, No 2 (2019): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (146.707 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.44914

Abstract

The condition of the geological structure in the surrounding Sermo reservoir shows that there is a fault crossing the reservoir. Deformation monitoring of that fault has been carried out by conducting GNSS campaigns at 15 monitoring stations simultaneously. However, those campaigns were not well designed. With such a design, it took many instruments and spent much money. For the next GNSS campaign, it should be designed so that the optimal network configuration is obtained and the cost can be reduced. In the design of deformation monitoring network, sensitivity criteria become very important for detecting the deformations. In GNSS relative positioning, the baseline components are correlated, but this correlation is often ignored. This research examined the effect of baseline component correlations on the design results of the GNSS configuration of the Sermo Fault network based on sensitivity criterion. In this case, the western side of the fault was taken as a reference, while the other side as an object moving relatively against the western side. This study found that the baseline component correlation affects the results of GNSS network configuration. Considering the correlation could result a sensitive network configuration with a fewer baseline; therefore, the cost and time of field surveys can be reduced. It can be said that the baseline component correlation needs to be taken into account in the configuration design of deformation monitoring network.
PALEOSTRESS ANALYSIS TO INTERPRET THE LANDSLIDE MECHANISM: A CASE STUDY IN PARANGTRITIS, YOGYAKARTA Husein, Salahuddin; Sudarno, Ignatius; Pramumijoyo, Subagyo; Karnawati, Dwikorita
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 2, No 2
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3334.175 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.7251

Abstract

Paleostress analysis on the landslide boundary faults is able to explain the sliding mechanism. This method is particularly useful to study a paleolandslide. About 30 striated fault planes from the Parangtritis paleo-landslide, located in the Yogyakarta coastline, were analyzed to define their principle stress axes. The eastern boundary fault, named as the Girijati Fault, was the main fault responsible for the mass movement and leaving a considerable steep cliff. It moved normal in a left lateral sense with ENE – WSW extension and dragged the rockmass southward, creating a NNW – SSW extension along the Parangtritis Fault and turn it into the western boundary fault. The rockmass slided along the stratigraphic contact between the underlying Nglanggran Formation and the overlying Wonosari Formation, created a semi-circular crown cliff as the northern boundary and produced some isolated topographic highs of the thrust block near the toe. Keywords: Paleostress, landslide boundary, fault, paleolandslide
Interpretation of Dynamic Sediment Characteristic Based on Microtremor Analysis in Prambanan Region, Sleman Yogyakarta and Klaten Central Java, Indonesia Hesti, Hesti; Pramumijoyo, Subagyo; Wintolo, Djoko
Jurnal Geofisika Vol 16 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Geofisika
Publisher : Himpunan Ahli Geofisika Indonesia (HAGI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2054.212 KB) | DOI: 10.36435/jgf.v16i1.24

Abstract

Yogyakarta earthquake on Mei 27, 2006 caused Prambanan area get quite severe damage marked by damageof resident house and Prambanan Temple.This study was conducted using data of microtremorsingle station and Yogyakarta earthquake 27 May 2006. Data were analyzed with microtremor HVSR methods to get the value of the dominant frequency (fo) and amplication (Ao).Furthermore, calculated the value of peak ground acceleration (PGA) in the layers of sedimen bedrock and seismic vulnerability index (Kg) to get ground shear strain value. Prambanan area has a dominant frequency (fo) value ranges from 0.63-6.78 Hz. Ground shear strain valueranges from 3,55.10-5 - 4,04.10-2.Each of these factors is then mapped with a division of 4 zones is very high, high, medium, and low.Based on the analysis of all these factors Prambanan area is an area that is vulnerable to the risk of earthquake events.
Evaluation of strong ground motion for Yogyakarta depression area, Indonesia Thant, Myo; Pramumijoyo, Subagyo; Hendrayana, Heru; Kawase, Hiroshi; Adi, Agus Darmawan
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 2, No 2
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2212.371 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.7249

Abstract

The probabilistic seismic hazard maps are developed for Yogyakarta depression area. The earthquake catalog of ANSS (1970-2007) is taken into account with the complement of NEIC (USGS, 1973-2007) and the records of BMG (2000-2004). On the basis of seismicity of the area, tectonics and geological information, the seismic source zones are characterized for this area. The seismicity parameters of each seismic source are determined by applying the classical Gutenberg-Richter recurrence model, regarding the historical records. The attenuation relation for Yogyakarta depression area cannot be evaluated since the sufficient strong ground motion records are not available for this region. Therefore the attenuation relations which were developed for other territories as Europe and Japan are used for the present hazard calculation by validating, using the aftershocks records, modeling the peak ground acceleration maps for the recent event, 27 May, 2006, Yogyakarta earthquake inserting the damage area distribution pattern. The probabilistic seismic hazard maps are finally developed by using the McGuire (1976) EQRISK computer program by modifying for the present purpose. The seismic hazard maps expressed in term of peak ground acceleration are developed for the recurrence intervals of 10, 50, 100, 200 and 500 years
GEORADAR INVESTIGATION AT THE KEDULAN TEMPLE EXCAVATION SITE, KALASAN, YOGYAKARTA Husein, Salahuddin; Samodra, Saptono Budi; Pramumijoyo, Subagyo; Astuti, Wahyu
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 2, No 1
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2649.483 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.7234

Abstract

Kedulan Site is the buried and ruined 9th century Mataram Hindu Kingdom temple, located in Tirtomartani Village, Kalasan District, Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta Special Province. This temple was incidentally discovered by sand diggers on 24 November 1993 under several meter thick of fluvio-volcanic deposit of the modern Merapi. Several technical studies were needed to carefully excavate the temple, including geology and geophysical approaches. One of the geophysical method have been applied was ground penetration radar (georadar). This method uses radar technology to obtain a continuous profile of the shallow sub-surface and thus allows scientists to image soil substratums based on differing dielectric constants. Georadar investigation by Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, was conducted on 4 December 2007. The main purpose was to identify the location of the outer stone fence as an estimation to define the temple site area to be excavated. About one line was chosen to cross the site in north-south direction in a distance of 328 m. Two runs were completed on the same line but different courses, i.e. forward and backward, where one was checked with another. The result indicates the presence of the outer stone fence was possibly buried in a depth of 7 m. It was located about 40 m distance outside the inner stone fence. Assuming the fences were quadrangle relative to the main temple, hence it is estimated that the site area to be excavated is about 13.830 m² and total 96.808 m³ gravels and sands to be removed.
ESTIMATION OF MAXIMUM EARTHQUAKE MAGNITUDE OF EARTHQUAKE POTENTIALS FOR YOGYAKARTA DEPRESSION AREA, INDONESIA Thant, Myo; Pramumijoyo, Subagyo; Hendrayana, Heru; Kawase, Hiroshi; Adi, Agus Darmawan
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 2, No 1
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (623.84 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.7231

Abstract

Maximum magnitudes of earthquake potentials are estimated for Yogyakarta depression area by using the faultlength and earthquake magnitude relations for fault specific seismic sources. For estimation of maximum earthquake magnitude, the fault specific seismic sources are modeled as 18 normal faults and 6 strike-slip faults sources referring the geological map of McDonald, 1984 and Rihardjo et al., 1995. For the present area the subduction zone earthquakes are expected to happen in the offshore region regarding the study on the seismicity of the region and the focal mechanisms of the past earthquakes. So three area sources are also assumed for this region and the possible maximum earthquake magnitudes for these sources are determined by probabilistic approaches.
ESTIMATION OF S-WAVE VELOCITY STRUCTURES IN YOGYAKARTA BASIN, INDONESIA Naing, Tun; Pramumijoyo, Subagyo; Kawase, Hiroshi
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 1, No 2
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2134.492 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.7228

Abstract

For the theoretical simulation or prediction of strong ground motion, it is prime importance to get information of underground structures, especially for sedimentary layers overlying on bedrock, like in Yogyakarta Basin. The Standard Penetration Test, Spectral Analysis of Surface Wave (SASW) and other geotechnical properties are used to estimate S–wave velocity structures in this basin. SPT tests were conducted at nine sites and SASW measurements were performed at seventeen sites. As a result, the S-wave velocity structures of top 30 m depth had been evaluated in each site. The average shear wave velocity v30 s had been successful estimated and the sites are classified into three types; soft soil, medium dense soil and hard soil. All sites where SPT performed are on soft soil according to their v30 s . However, according to v30 s from SASW measurements, 10 sites are located on medium dense soils type, 5 sites on dense soils and 2 sites on soft soils. The acceptable equivalent S-wave velocitystructure is observed by comparing the results from SASW and geotechnical approach in Imogiri, Bambang Lipuro, Pundong (Watu, Pranti) and Pandak (Wijirejo) areas. Keywords: Ground motion, underground structure, sedimentary layer, SPT, SASW, Pundong
PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF LOCAL SITE CONDITON IN YOGYAKARTA BASIN Naing, Tun; Pramumijoyo, Subagyo; Kawase, Hiroshi
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 1, No 1
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (461.218 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.7223

Abstract

The Yogyakarta Basin can be defined as NE – SW elongated depression zone of 20 km in width and 45 km in length, trending from Yogyakarta City in north to the Indian Ocean in south. The local geologic and soil conditions have a great influence on the intensity of ground motion and earthquake damage. Local site effects play an important role in earthquake-resistant design and must be accounted for on a case by case basis. Local site conditions can profoundly influence all of the important characteristics such as amplitude (peak acceleration, velocity and displacement), frequency content and duration of strong ground motion. The extent of their influence depends on the geometry and material properties of subsurface materials. Therefore, subsurface investigation was carried out through nine boreholes throughout the basin. Based on drill-logs, collected samples and laboratory test results, the subsurface soil profiles of nine areas in the basin are simplified for future strong ground motion simulation. Five subsurface layers in Tampuran, Krajan areas and six subsurface soil layers in Watu, Jl. Parangtritis, Wijirejo areas and seven layers in Jl. Parangtritis, Karang Semut, Bambang Lipuro areas and eight layers in Pranti area, have been simplified and the geotechnical properties of each layer have been evaluated as well. Keywords: Basin, Yogyakarta, depression, ground motion, earthquake.
Mineral paragenesis and fluid inclusions of the Bincanai epithermal silver-base metal vein at Baturappe area, South Sulawesi, Indonesia Nur, Irzal; Idrus, Arifudin; Pramumijoyo, Subagyo; Harijoko, Agung; Imai, Akira
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 3, No 1
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2830.054 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.7179

Abstract

The Baturappe prospect located at southern part of Sulawesi island, Indonesia, is a hydrothermal mineralization district which is characterized by occurrence of epithermal silver-base metal deposits. The mineralization is hosted in basaltic-andesitic volcanic rocks of the late Middle-Miocene Baturappe Volcanics. More than 20 units of quartz – base metal veins are distributed in the area, and one of the most significant is the Bincanai vein. This study is aimed to characterize the mineral paragenesis and to elucidate the physicochemical conditions of the formation of the deposit on the basis of mineral assemblage and fluid inclusion mictrothermometry. Sulphide assemblages in the vein indicate an intermediate sulfidation state epithermal; beside galena and sphalerite as the early stage minerals, chalcopyrite, tennantite, and tetrahedrite are also identified as the later stage. Microthermometric study of fluid inclusions in quartz indicates formation temperature of the vein ranges from about 230 to 280°C Histogram of homogenization temperature suggests that there are two generations of hydrothermal fluid responsible for the ore mineralization in the vein; the higher temperature range represents formation temperature of the base metal (galena, sphalerite), while the lower temperature range is correlate with the precipitation of the rest relatively lower temperature sulphides (chalcopyrite, pyrite, tetrahedrite, tennantite, polybasite, and Bi-Ag-Cu-Fe-bearing sulfide). The sequence is also consistent with the mineral paragenetic. The mean of salinity (2.0–2.5 wt.% NaCl eq.) indicates that fluid responsible for the mineralization in the Bincanai vein is relatively low-salinity fluid.
Study on mineralogy and chemistry of the saprolitic nickel ores from Soroako, Sulawesi, Indonesia: Implication for the lateritic ore processing Sufriadin, Sufriadin; Idrus, Arifudin; Pramumijoyo, Subagyo; Warmada, I Wayan; Imai, Akira
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 3, No 1
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1714.386 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.7178

Abstract

An investigation of mineralogy and chemistry of saprolitic nickel ores developed on ultramafic rock with different serpentinization degree from Soroako, Sulawesi has been conducted using X ray diffraction, thermal analysis, FTIR, and ICP-AES. The implication for the processing of these ores under acidic media was also studied. Weathering of unserpentinized peridotite in the Soroako west block produces saprolitic ore containing minerals such as relict olivine, goethite, quartz, talc with minor serpentine and smectite; whereas the weathered materials overlaying serpentinized peridotite in the Petea area are mainly composed of residual serpentine with lesser chlorite, maghemite, and remnant pyroxene and amphibole. Chemical analysis determined by ICP-AES demonstrates that west ore is higher in Si, Mg, and Ni, as compared to that Petea ore. Conversely, Fe and Al concentrations are higher in Petea ore than in west block ore. SEM-EDX examination reveals that olivine, talc, serpentine and goethite are the Ni-bearing phases occurring in west block ore; while serpentine is the principal host for Ni in the Petea ore. Chemical leaching under sulfuric acid reveals that olivine has highest dissolution rate in the west ore followed by serpentine; while talc, pyroxene, and iron oxides have slow dissolution rates. In contrast, serpentine in Petea ore is easily dissolved and is followed by chlorite; whereas amphibole, pyroxene, and maghemite are difficult to leach. Quartz is present in both ores and it seems to be undissolved during the chemical leaching. It is shown that Ni recovery from Petea saprolitic ore is higher than that of West Block ore.