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Kajian Budaya Fotografi Potrait dalam Wacana Personalitas Iskandar, Andang; Sobarna, Cece; Mulyana, Deddy; Risagarniwa, Yuyu Yohana
PANGGUNG Vol 24, No 3 (2014): Identitas dalam Bingkai Seni
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v24i3.127

Abstract

ABSTRACT Portrait Photography is a representation of similarity in the form of two-dimensional human fi- gure. Portrait photography gives a personal good indication of the owner’s portrait, portrait subjects and photographers. Personality photographic work representing one’s personal character. This study aims to explain the problems of cultural studies in the discourse on photography portrait personality. This research method using literature review of the literature both books, journal articles and research reports, especially portrait photography in cultural studies. The study provides an overview of cul- tural studies on four issues for portrait photography: first, photography as a representation. Portrait is where negotiations between the photographer with the subject of self-representation (model). Se- cond, diaspora photographers. Photographers Indonesian Chinese (Peranakan) as cultural brokers in the post-colonial period. The difference between the Peranakan culture and totok also distinguished in the profession of social groups in studio photography. Third, the identity of the portrait. Family’s photo album as a way structured ourselves, and cultural identities through ritual memory. Fourth, photography as a medium of cultural domination. Photography is a meaning synthesis of subject and object photos. Keywords: cultural studies, portrait photography, personality, discourse  ABSTRAK Fotografi potrait merupakan representasi kemiripan figur manusia dalam bentuk dwimatra. Fotografi potrait memberikan indikasi personal baik pada pemilik potrait, sub- jek potrait maupun fotografer. Personalitas karya fotografi yang mewakili pribadi bahkan karakter seseorang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan permasalahan kajian buda- ya pada fotografi potrait dalam wacana personalitas. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode kajian pustaka dari berbagai literatur baik buku, artikel jurnal dan laporan pene- litian fotografi khususnya potrait dalam kajian budaya. Hasil penelitian ini memberikan gambaran empat permasalahan kajian budaya pada fotografi potrait yaitu pertama, foto- grafi sebagai representasi. Potrait merupakan tempat negosiasi antara fotografer dengan representasi-diri subjek (model). Kedua, diaspora fotografer. Fotografer China Indonesia (peranakan) sebagai broker budaya di masa poskolonial. Perbedaan budaya antara per- anakan dan totok dibedakan juga dalam kelompok sosial profesi dalam studio fotografi. Ketiga, identitas dalam potrait. Album foto keluarga sebagai sebuah cara untuk menstruk- turisasi diri, identitas dan budaya melalui ritual ingatan. Keempat, fotografi sebagai me- dia dominasi budaya. Fotografi adalah sintesis pemaknaan dua subjek yang-memotret dan yang-memandang. Kata kunci: kajian budaya, fotografi potrait, personalitas, wacana
A pragmatic study of speech as an instrument of power: Analysis of the 2016 USA presidential debate Gusthini, Misyi; Sobarna, Cece; Amalia, Rosaria Mita
Studies in English Language and Education Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (792.521 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/siele.v5i1.6906

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This research was aimed at analyzing the speeches of Donald Trump and of Hillary Clinton in the USA Presidential candidates’ debates as instruments of power. The data is a presidential final debate video of Trump and Clinton made in September 2016 which has been converted into a transcript. The data analyzing technique is divided into three steps: 1) describing the context, 2) analyzing the illocutionary acts, and 3) analyzing the power dimensions. The results of this research show that the speakers use the speech act as an instrument of power with classifications of representative, commissive and expressive. In this regard, the researchers found that the speakers demonstrated their power to try to convince the voters in their society to trust them to be the president. The research results also showed that the usage of speech in debate as an instrument of power can influence the voters especially on Election Day.
The Prospect and Future of Youth Kroncong Group at Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia in Bandung Supiarza, Hery; Sobarna, Cece; Sukmayadi, Yudi; Mulyadi, Raden Muhammad
Harmonia: Journal of Arts Research and Education Vol 18, No 1 (2018): (Nationally Accredited, June 2018)
Publisher : Department of Drama, Dance, and Musik (Sendratasik), Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/harmonia.v18i1.11775

Abstract

This article discusses the prospect and future of youth Kroncong group at the Indonesia University of Education or Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia in Bandung. The focus of research subject in this study is one particular Kroncong group namely Orkes Kroncong De Oemar Bakrie. By examining the society’s appreciation towards the group performances and by implementing the triangulation techniques; results show that the group can be seen as a representative of youth Kroncong group in Bandung. Based on research from 2000 until 2017, it can be concluded that University-based Kroncong group is more excelled not only in the music industry, but also in the music development and the music organization. The group is considered as a role model and parameter for other youth Kroncong group in Bandung.
“Jamaican Sound Keroncong”: A Communication Study on the Spread of Keroncong in the Young Generation in Bandung Supiarza, Hery; Sobarna, Cece
Humaniora Vol 10, No 1 (2019): Humaniora
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21512/humaniora.v10i1.5236

Abstract

This research discussed Jamaican Sound Keroncong (JSK) as a communication media in the global era. The problem of research was that keroncong music tended to be unknown by most young people in Bandung, and it was lost almost a century among them. This research aimed to examine the communication between the structure, agents (SirIyai), and sub-agents (Crispy Crue/the fans), and the appreciation of the keroncong community in Bandung for their performances. Spredlay ethnographic methods were applied. SirIyai was trusted informants and participatory observations, and in-depth interviews were carried out within one year. The research finds that; (1) SirIyai creates a communication media product under the name of JSK as the binding structure between SirIyai as the agent and CCI as the sub-agent; (2) the development of the internet creates dynamics and generates communication space; (3) communication of musical instruments is the basic idea of JSK product creation as communication media; and (4) there is a fundamental change of the old keroncong communication system to that of the youth keroncong in the global era. SirIyai is considered as the role model of the recent keroncong communication and becomes the parameter of creativity of musical mixture of global music era in Bandung.
Toponimi Nama Tempat Berbahasa Sunda di Kabupaten Banyumas Sobarna, Cece; Gunardi, Gugun; Wahya, Wahya
PANGGUNG Vol 28, No 2 (2018): Dinamika Keilmuan Seni Budaya dalam Inovasi Bentuk dan Fungsi
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v28i2.426

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe continuous changes of society have brought some impacts to the name of a place. Even though it is only a name, it actually deals with the cultural perspective of the surrounding communities. Currently, toponym becomes important for society as a part of identity formation processes including for the Sundanese. Beside spoken in West Java and Banten, Sundanese language is also spoken by Central Java communities who live in western areas such as Cilacap, Brebes, and Banyumas regencies. In Cilacap and Brebes regencies, Sundanese language is still an effective language for daily communication. However, in Banyumas regency, this language undergo changes. In fact, the Sundanese language in Banyumas is a quite unique since the archaic words such as pineuh  (sleeping) and teoh (below) are still found. This area still keeps its oral tradition such as the story about the history of the place names. By employing dialectology theory to the data collected from the field, this study of the place name is an effort to strengthen an identity as the place name can be understood as a symbol rooted on the history of the place in its local culture. This tradition contributes toward a sustainability of the place name along with their cultural values.Key words: place names, local wisdom, identity   ABSTRAKPerubahan masyarakat yang terus-menerus berpengaruh pada perubahan penamaaan tempat di suatu daerah.Tidak hanya sekadar nama, dalam penamaan sebuah tempat terkandung pandangan  masyarakat pemiliknya. Saat ini, toponimi menjadi bagian penting dalam kehidupan manusia sebagai bagian dari proses pembentukan identitas. Selain di wilayah Jawa Barat dan Banten, bahasa Sunda digunakan pula oleh sebagian masyarakat Jawa Tengah yang berada di bagian barat, seperti Kabupaten Cilacap, Brebes, dan Banyumas. Di wilayah Kabupaten Cilacap dan Brebes bahasa Sunda sampai sekarang masih digunakan. Namun, di wilayah Kabupaten Banyumas, bahasa Sunda mengalami penyusutan. Padahal, bahasa Sunda di wilayah tersebut cukup menarik, yakni masih ditemukan kata-kata arkais, seperti pineuh ‘tidur’ dan teoh ‘bawah’. Wilayah ini juga masih menyimpan banyak tradisi lisan, di antaranya adalah ihwal cerita terjadinya nama tempat. Dengan menggunakan teori dialektologi terhadap data yaang dikumpulkan di lapangan, pengkajian nama tempat ini merupakan sebuah upaya yang strategis dalam rangka penguatan jati diri bangsa karena nama tempat dapat dipahami sebagai tanda yang mengacu pada cerita dan sejarah yang berakar pada budaya lokal. Tradisi ini berkontribusi terhadap kelanggengan nama berikut nilai-nilai budaya di dalamnya.Kata kunci: nama tempat, kearifan lokal, jati diri
CITRA HATÉ 'HATI' DALAM METAFORA ORIENTASIONAL DALAM BAHASA SUNDA Meganova Lyra, Hera; Sobarna, Cece; Djajasudarma, Fatimah; Gunardi, Gugun
Metalingua: Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa Vol 14, No 2 (2016): METALINGUA, EDISI DESEMBER 2016
Publisher : Balai Bahasa Jawa Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (127.103 KB) | DOI: 10.26499/metalingua.v14i2.193

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THIS paper describes image schemas produced by orientational metaphors of apart of body, heart (haté), in Sundanese language. A cognitive semanticconceptual study of Lakoff and Johnson (1980) supported by Cruse & Croft(2004) and Saeed (2003) is used to describe and analyze the data. This studyused descriptive method in which the data source were got from oral and writtendata. The result shows that there are eight types of image schemas of orientationalmetaphor of heart, a body part, namely: a) space image schema; b) power imageschema; c) fire image schema; d) colors image schema; e) journey image schema;f) form image schema; g) size image schema; and h) wound image schema. AbstrakDALAM tulisan ini dideskripsikan skema citra yang dihasilkan oleh metafora orientasionalbagian tubuh haté ‘hati’ dalam bahasa Sunda. Metode deskriptif dan kajian konseptualsemantik kognitif Lakoff dan Johnson (2003); Cruse & Croft (2004); dan Saeed (2003)digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis data yang bersumber dari datalisan dan tulisan. Hasil analisis data ditemukan delapan jenis skema citra metaforaorientasional bagian tubuh haté ’hati’, yaitu (1) skema citra ruang; (2) skema citrakekuatan; (3) skema citra api; (4) skema citra warna; (5) skema citra perjalanan; (6)skema citra bentuk; (7) skema citra ukuran; dan (8) skema citra luka.
FUNGSI INDEKSIKAL REFERENSIAL DAN NONREFERENSIAL PADA KONSTRUKSI DIATESIS BAHASA JEPANG (REFERENTIAL AND NONREFERENTIAL INDEXICAL FUNCTIONS IN JAPANESE VOICE CONSTRUCTIONS) Otsuka, Hiroko; Suganda, Dadang; Purwo, Bambang Kaswanti; Sobarna, Cece
Metalingua: Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa Vol 16, No 1 (2018): Metalingua, Edisi Juni 2018
Publisher : Balai Bahasa Jawa Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1489.492 KB) | DOI: 10.26499/metalingua.v16i1.123

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Penelitian ini membahas fungsi dan makna indeksikal konstruksi diatesis bahasa Jepang. Dalam tradisi linguistik Barat, konstruksi diatesis merupakan piranti untuk menyatakan makna proposisional mengenai hubungan di antara partisipan dengan situasi yang digambarkan verba. Dengan menggunakan kerangka indeksikal referensial dan nonreferensial, penelitian ini mencoba menjelaskan fungsi konstruksi diatesis bahasa Jepang bermakna  nonproposisional. Fungsi dan makna indeksikal dijelaskan melalui pengontrasan paradigmatis  terkait makna konstruksi yang membentuk seperangkat opsi terbatas dalam penentuan pilihan penutur. Penelitian ini menjelaskan bahwa indeksikal referensial berfungsi pula menyatakan makna evaluatif penutur seperti ‘stance’ afektif/emotif terhadap partisipan peristiwa yang selama ini oleh peneliti dianggap dinyatakan melalui indeksikal nonreferensial. Penelitian ini menjelaskan pula bahwa makna indeksikal nonreferensial konstruksi diatesis bahasa Jepang dapat mencakup sikap mental yang meliputi sikap menjaga citra diri, sikap menimbang rasa orang lain dan sebagainya. Hasil penelitian membuktikan bahwa fungsi indeksikal referensial maupun nonreferensial pada konstruksi diatesis bahasa Jepang berhubungan erat dengan kehidupan sosial budaya Jepang. 
THE MODE OF ‘MUST’ IN THE MODALITY OF NECESSITY IN ENGLISH AND ITS EQUIVALENTS IN INDONESIAN Setiawan Nugraha, Deden Novan; Sobarna, Cece; Mahdi, Sutiono; Darmayanti, Nani
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Sampurasun Vol. 4 No. 2 - 2018
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Pasundan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (660.636 KB) | DOI: 10.23969/sampurasun.v4i02.856

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The analysis of this research basically concern issue of the cultural in the context of the mode of ‘must’ in the modality of necessity in English and its equivalents in Indonesia. The method used in this research is descriptive research method. The data taken in the form of written language manner with consideration that written manner shows more consistent characteristics  in usage of the sentence structure and word choice as well. The data is taken from  novels in English and also in the form of its translation in Indonesian. Syntactically, the result of the analysis shows thatthe mode of ‘must’ is actualized in modal forms (modals/modal auxiliaries) refers to ‘the rules for modal verbs’. Modal patterns, in general, used M + Vinf,  where modals are always followed by infinitives or main verbs. Semantically, the mode of must is the expression of logical necessity and belongs to an epistemic modality that has a subjective meaning of certainty. The disclosure of epistemic modalities is indicated by the arising of the speaker's certainty involving his knowledge or his beliefs. The equivalent mode must in Indonesian becomes 'harus' .  
The Malangese Mask Wayang:The Process of Art Commodification at Asmorobangun Art Center, Pakisaji, Malang Wibowo, Arining; Priyatna, Aquarini; Sobarna, Cece
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 11, No 1 (2019): Komunitas, March 2019
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v11i1.18478

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The article aims to describe the process of commodification of the Malangese Mask Wayang Art at Asmorobangun Art Center, Pakisaji Sub-district, Malang, Indonesia. Asmorobangun Art Center is one of the surviving art centers engaged in the efforts to preserve and develop the Malangese mask wayang art. The data used in this qualitative study were collected by means of interview, observation, and examination of relevant documents. The results show that the process of commodification of the Malangese mask wayang art manifests in three practices namely the gebyak senin-legian mask wayang performances, art tourism packaging, and mask production. Commodification has transformed the art into commodities/products that are part of the local tourism industry.
Pola Permainan Alat Musik Keroncong dan Tenor di Orkes Keroncong Irama Jakarta Supiarza, Hery; Setiawan, Deni; Sobarna, Cece
Resital: Jurnal Seni Pertunjukan (Journal of Performing Arts) Vol 20, No 2 (2019): Agustus 2019
Publisher : Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24821/resital.v20i2.2459

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Penelitian ini mendiskusikan pola permainan alat musik keroncong dan tenor serta penerapannya  pada lagu ?Cente Manis? dan ?Sambel Cobek?. Kedua alat musik ini merupakan identitas keroncong gaya Jakarta. Penelitian dilakukan dengan pendekatan kualitatif deskriptif dan data dikumpulkan melalui observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ditemukan bahwa asal mula istilah alat musik keroncong berasal dari bunyi alat musik itu sendiri. Istilah tenor merujuk pada istilah suara laki-laki tertinggi. Ditemukan juga teknik permainan alat musik keroncong dan tenor yaitu teknik rasguaedo (prung), strumming, arpeggio dan dengan cara dipetik satu-satu pada setiap senar. Teknik memainkan alat musik keroncong dan tenor tersebut  meliputi pola permainan dobel engkel, dobel balik, format dan gaya lama. Permainan keempat pola tersebut bergantung pada lagu yang akan dibawakan dan kesepakatan para personilnya. The Approach of Orff-Schulwerk for Prospective Music Teachers in Kindergarten Schools. The topic in this article focuses on the application of Orff-schulwerk for university students as prospective teachers in school, including kindergarten. Orff-schulwerk can be seen as an approach to music education. In related to primary education, this approach focuses on the children needs and develops children musicality through necessary activities (elemental) in music and movement. Some questions in this article are: 1) what kind of Orff-schulwerk that can be used by prospective teachers in the learning process at kindergarten? 2) what benefits can be obtained by teacher candidates through the application of the Orff-schulwerk approach? And 3) how do prospective teachers who use this approach can understand their role in learning? The method used in this study is action research. The findings in this research are prospective teachers understand that: 1) Orff-schulwerk can be used in related to exploration ? imagination ? creation that involving music and movement; 2) this approach is useful for developing student musicality in the learning process in kindergarten; and 3) in this approach, prospective teachers are acted as facilitators who can create an atmosphere of learning that stimulate students? imagination and creation. This study concludes that the Orff-schulwerk approach should be mastered by prospective teachers who teach in schools, including kindergarten. By having an understanding of this approach, both theoretically and practically, prospective teachers not only enhance their knowledge but also support the national education goals, namely the students? character building in schools.Keywords:  Orff-Schulwerk; music education; kindergarten teachers