Erna Siaga, Erna
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POTRET BUDIDAYA PADI LEBAK OLEH PETANI LOKAL DI KECAMATAN PEMULUTAN, OGAN ILIR, SUMATERA SELATAN Lindiana, Lindiana; Lakitan, Benyamin; Herlinda, Siti; Kartika, Kartika; Widuri, Laily Ilman; Siaga, Erna; Meihana, Meihana
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 5, No 2 (2016): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (42.182 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.5.2.2016.264

Abstract

Lindiana, et al. Rice Cultivation Images by Local Farmers in Pemulutan District, Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra. JLSO 5(2):153-158. Plans and efforts in increasing rice productivity at riparian wetlands can be commenced by introducing relevant technologies; however, the selected technologies should be based on real needs or problems faced by local farmers. As a pre-requisite, if the needs and problems are not comprehensively understood, government intervention to introduce new technology may not be effective since the technology may not be relevant or affordable to local farmers. Objectives of this research are to analyze characteristics of the wetlands, farmer?s adoption capacity, and technological preferences. The research was conducted in five villages at Pemulutan District. Qualitative Grounded Theory and Quantitative Survey were employed through dialogues with 100 local farmers.  Results of the research indicated that any effort to increase riparian wetland productivity should consider the unpredictability of flood occurrences and prolonged drought. These unfavorable conditions have limited local farmers to only grow rice once per year. Local farmers were almost solely depending on rice and cultivation of other crops were rarely observed, except limited vegetables grown on elevated border of paddy fields.
PLANT GROWTH OF EGGPLANT (Solanum melongena L.) IN VITRO IN DROUGHT STRESS POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL (PEG) Siaga, Erna; Maharijaya, Awang; Rahayu, Megayani Sri
BIOVALENTIA: Biological Research Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24233/BIOV.2.1.2016.29

Abstract

Drought stress is one of the important issues related to the global warming that demand for the development of drought tolerant crops. Eggplant is one of the agricultural commodities which can be developed in dry land so plant growth of eggplant need to be learned. The objectives of this study were to study the effect of several concentrations of polyethylene glycol (PEG) on the in vitro growth of eggplant, and to find the drought tolerant eggplant accessions in dry land. The experiment  was conducted at the Laboratory of Tissue Culture, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Bogor Agricultural University. The experiment was laid on a completely randomized design with one factor. The factor was eggplant accessions. The results showed that PEG in vitro media significantly affected the survival percentage, the percentage of callus, developed the bud and the number of leaves of eggplant. Callus in eggplant explants as a way of avoiding drought stress.
Internal Versus Edge Row Comparison in Jajar Legowo 4:1 Rice Planting Pattern at Different Frequency of Fertilizer Applications Kartika, Kartika; Lakitan, Benyamin; Sanjaya, Nanda; Wijaya, Andi; Kadir, Sabaruddin; Kurnianingsih, Astuti; Widuri, Laily Ilman; Siaga, Erna; Meihana, Mei
AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 40, No 2 (2018): JUNE
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture University of Brawijaya in collaboration with PERAGI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v40i0.1715

Abstract

Jajar legowo 4:1 cropping pattern has been adopted by rice farmers; however, there has been limited information on the comparison between internal and edge rows. In addition, the effects of timing and frequency of fertilizer applications on rice cultivated at riparian wetland also have to be understood. In this research, both single and split applications of fertilizer were employed. The single fertilizer applications were applied at 15 days after transplanting (DAT) (T1), 30 DAT (T2), 45 DAT (T3); and the split applications were 15+30 DAT (T4), 15+45 DAT (T5), 30+45 DAT (T6), and 15+30+45 DAT (T7). Results of this research indicated that crops in the edge rows produced higher leaf area index but those at internal rows produced higher dry weight biomass. Split fertilizer application to three times (T7) increased the weight of grains and number of filled spikelet but did not affect other shoot and root growth traits. Overall, fertilizer application increased leaf chlorophyll and nitrogen content. Jajar legowo 4:1 planting pattern and split fertilizer application to three times are recommended for increasing yield in rice cultivated at riparian wetlands.
Shoot and Root Growth in Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Exposed to Gradual Drought Stress Widuri, Laily Ilman; Lakitan, Benyamin; Sodikin, Erizal; Hasmeda, Mery; Meihana, Mei; Kartika, Kartika; Siaga, Erna
AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 40, No 3 (2018): OCTOBER
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture University of Brawijaya in collaboration with PERAGI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v40i0.1716

Abstract

Drought condition during the dry season is a major constraint for intensifying agricultural activities at riparian wetlands in Indonesia, particularly for annual vegetables, including common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Besides inhibiting growth and reducing yield, drought also causes alteration of the shoot and root growth and development. The objective of this study was to evaluate responses of common bean to three durations of drought stress and the bean ability to recover after termination of the stress treatments. Gradual drought stress treatments were imposed by withholding all water sources to the treated plants. Three durations of drought stress imposed were 4, 8, and 12 days. The ability of the stress-treated plants to recover was evaluated at 7 days after termination of each treatment. The result of this study revealed that common bean was able to tolerate and recover from gradual water deficit for up to 8 days; however, prolonged water deficit for 12 days inhibited the growth of above-ground organs in common bean. Despite root regrowth during the recovery period, plants previously treated with 12 days of drought were unable to recover but those treated with shorter drought stress period were able to recover.
Inclusive and Ecologically-Sound Food Crop Cultivation at Tropical Non-Tidal Wetlands in Indonesia Lakitan, Benyamin; Lindiana, Lindi; Widuri, Laily I.; Kartika, Kartika; Siaga, Erna; Meihana, Mei; Wijaya, Andi
AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 41, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture University of Brawijaya in collaboration with PERAGI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v40i0.1717

Abstract

Productivity and cropping intensity on non-tidal wetland in South Sumatra are considerably low and has been underutilized up to now. The majority of farmers in this ecosystem are smallholders with limited adoption capacity on introduced technologies and modern agricultural practices. The objectives of this research were (1) to comprehensively capture multidimensional constrains that restrained local farmers in increasing their agricultural productivity; and (2) to identify, assess, and develop substantially-relevant, financially-affordable, and socially-acceptable agricultural technologies and practices for smallholder farmers to increase productivity. This research was organized in three main activities: qualitative research employing Grounded Theory procedure, quantitative questionnaire-guided survey, and a series of laboratory and field experiments. The research results indicated that the main constraints in increasing productivity and cropping intensity on the non-tidal wetland in South Sumatra include (1) unpredictable flooding occurrence and low soil nutrients content (agronomic constraint), (2) low financial and technology adoption capacity of local farmers (economic constraint), and (3) public policy has not significantly escalated farmer?s motivation to increase food production (social and institutional constraint). This research suggests that multidimensional (technical, financial, ecological, and socio-cultural) approaches should be integrated in collective efforts for sustainably intensifying food production on the non-tidal wetland.