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INTENSIFICATION OF SOCIAL CAPITAL THROUGH RITUAL CAPITAL IN INDONESIA Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 8 No. 1 (2020): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

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Abstract

Kepercayaan, norma-norma, jejaring sosial dan tindakan kolektif dalam interaksi sosial menunjukkan persepsi dan perilaku masyarakat dalam pembangunan di desa. Dalam konteks pedesaan, modal sosial dapat diintegrasikan dengan pelbagai pendekatan pembangunan yang melibatkan komunitas lokal. Artikel ini akan mengkaji tentang proses terbentuknya modal sosial melalui modal ritual yang menunjukkan hasil rekonstruksi nilai-nilai kolektif sebagai kearifan lokal sehingga terintegrasi dengan pelbagai pendekatan pembangunan di desa. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi kasus pada tradisi Seri Kodoba masyarakat Desa Limau di Kecamatan Galela Utara, Kabupaten Halmahera Utara, Provinsi Maluku Utara, Indonesia. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kepercayaan, norma, jejaring sosial dan tindakan kolektif dalam tradisi Seri Kodoba menjadi kekuatan sosial menghadapi pelbagai tantangan globalisasi, Masyarakat Ekonomi Asean (MEA), dan Revolusi Industri 4.0.
RITUAL CAPITAL FOR RURAL LIVELIHOOD AND SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto; Sasongko, Gatot; Wiloso, Pamerdi Giri
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 25 No. 2 (2019)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (568.86 KB) | DOI: 10.7226/jtfm.25.2.115

Abstract

Sustainable livelihood approach has been a strategic approach that can improve the economy of rural communities and create harmonization of socio-cultural, economic, environmental and political development through policies. However, it is holistic and contextual, enabling the existence of different capital characteristics formed based on the community's culture. The Indonesian context shows that customary rituals of the community in Kakara and Limau villages in North Halmahera Regency are forms of capital that mobilize claims and access to capital such as natural, human, physical, financial, and social capital. This article aims to describe the ritual capital in rural livelihood for sustainable tourism development. Key informants involved were leaders of community, traditions, religion and rural government and they were interviewed to obtain in-depth information about the ritual capital. The results indicate that the ritual capital was integrated with the rural tourism development, enhancing the capabilities of the customary community in the Kakara and Limau Village to access other capital. This finding supports the argument explaining that ritual capital is a livelihood asset in the context of tourism development in North Halmahera Regency, Indonesia. 
Persepsi, Modal Sosial, dan Kekuasaan Aktor dalam Perumusan dan Implementasi Kebijakan Pariwisata Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto
PAX HUMANA Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Yayasan Bina Darma

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Abstract

Mengkaji kebijakan pariwisata sama halnya dengan mengkaji kebijakan publik. Proses perumusan dan implementasi kebijakan pariwisata tidak terlepas dari perspektif para aktor yakni subjektifitas pembuat kebijakan pariwisata. Pembuat kebijakan memiliki kewenangan atau kekuasaan untuk memperjuangkan kepentingannya menjadi kebijakan pariwisata (RIPPARDA). Dalam proses memperjuangkan kepentingan tersebut, aktor dapat memanfaatkan modal sosial dan kekuasaannya. Persepsi aktor dapat berupa pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan aktor. Sedangkan modal sosial aktor dapat berupa jaringan, norma dan kepercayaan. Disisi lain, kekuasaan aktor dapat berupa kekuasaan normatif, kekuasaan renumeratif, dan kekuasaan koersif. Persepsi aktor pada tahap perumusan kebijakan pariwisata menjadi sangat esensial ketika aktor dituntut mampu menganalisis permasalahan pariwisata dan menetapkan strategi untuk menyelesaikan masalah dengan tepat. Sedangkan modal sosial, sering digunakan aktor untuk memperjuangkan pelbagai kepentingan menjadi kebijakan pariwisata. Selain itu, aktor juga dapat memanfaatkan kekuasaannya dalam proses perumusan dan implementasi kebijakan pariwisata. Hasil tinjauan pustaka ini memperkuat argumen bahwa tidak hanya komunikasi, sumber daya, disposisi dan birokrasi yang sangat esensial dalam perumusan dan implementasi kebijakan pariwisata, akan tetapi persepsi, modal sosial dan kekuasaan aktor juga menjadi aspek yang sangat esensial dalam proses perumusan dan implementasi kebijakan pariwisata.Reviewing the tourism policy as well as by reviewing public policy  The formulation and implementation of tourism policy can not be separated from the perspective of the actors spesifically subjectivity tourism policy makers.  Policymakers have the authority or power to fight for their interests into tourism policy. Perception of actors can be the knowledge, attitudes and actions of actors While social capital can be a network of actors, norms and beliefs. On the other hand, the power of actor can be normative power, power remuneration, and coercive power. Perception of the actors on the stage of formulation of tourism policy is essential when the actor supposedly able to analyze issues in tourism and establish a strategy to resolve the problem. Whereas social capital, are often used actors to fight various interests into tourism policy. In addition, the actor also can take advantage of its power in the formulation and implementation of tourism policies. The results of this literature review strengthen the argument that not only communication, resources, disposition and bureaucracy which are essential in the formulation and implementation of tourism policies, but perceptions, social capital and power of the actor is also an aspect that is essential in the formulation and implementation of tourism policy.Keyword: Perception, Social Capital, Power, Public Policy.
Evaluation of the Implementation of Tourism Policy Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto; Wiloso, Pamerdi Giri; Sasongko, Gatot
JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik) Vol 21, No 1 (2017): May
Publisher : Magister Administrasi Publik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4289.657 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jkap.16751

Abstract

This purpose of the study is to  evaluate the  implementation of tourism programs in Bobale Island, Kakara Island, Tagalaya Island and Meti Island in North Halmahera District. The study is based on a model developed by George Edward III, and used qualitative methods to collect and analyze data.  Data collection techniques used included in-depth interviews, observation and study of the documents. Results of the study showed that resources, communication, disposition and bureaucratic structure are the main factors that influence the implementation of tourism policies are. Nonetheless, this study also showed that public support through public participation in the implementation process is also an important factor that determines the success of tourism policy. To that end,   community support or community participation should be an important factor that must be taken into account in the formulation of development priorities of Tourism development Master plan for North Halmahera District government.
SOCIAL CAPITAL AND LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION: TOURISM ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN A REMOTE AREA OF NORTH HALMAHERA, INDONESIA Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto; Sasongko, Gatot; Wiloso, Pamerdi Giri
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 9, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.34627

Abstract

This article aims to describe the capability of public access to social capital as a form of livelihood diversification through tourism entrepreneurship. This idea was originated from the optimization of the tourism sector and the creative economy by the local government since 2017, aiming to encourage creative entrepreneurship in tourism, creative multimedia, and coffee shop businesses. This study was conducted in a qualitative approach; thus, primary and secondary data sources were used to analyze the data. The primary data was obtained through in-depth interviews and observations, while the secondary data was obtained from document studies. In this case, the in-depth interviews were conducted with the entrepreneurs. The participants involved as key informants had various backgrounds in tourism entrepreneurship such as travel agent and tour guide service, creative multimedia service, and coffee shop business. Furthermore, field observations were done based on activities or events, aiming to observe the process of involvement of these entrepreneurs in regional tourism activities during the events of ?Torang Angkat Sampah? in 2017, ?Tanjung Bongo Festival? in 2017, ?North Galela Festival? in 2018, ?Wonderful North Halmahera? in 2018, and ?O Molulu Ma Akere? in 2019. The secondary data used was the Medium Term Program Plan of the Local Government Agencies of the Regional Tourism Department of North Halmahera Regency after there was a policy of creative economy development elaborated in the bureaucratic structure changes at the Regional Tourism Department. The results show that the availability of infrastructure, accessibility of information and transportation, and the capability of access to social capital were such a stimulus for the diversification of people?s livelihoods to run tourism, creative multimedia, and coffee shop businesses. Through social capital, entrepreneurs were strengthened by their social relations with various communities to have more consumers while also maintaining the business sustainability.
BISNIS SENI KERAJINAN PERAK Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto; Prabawa, Titi Susilowati
KRITIS Vol 25 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Center for Sustainable Development Studies - Fakultas Pascasarjana Interdisiplin UKSW

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Abstract

The silver handicrafts industry in the Celuk Village is growing rapidly along with the development of Bali's tourism sector. The number of tourists visiting Bali has increased from time to time and it affects the increase of souvenir purchases number, including silver-crafts. Celuk Viillage is a traditional Balinese village that has changed into a tourist attraction with its trademark in the form of gold and especially, silver. The sustainability of the silver handicraft industry in Celuk Village is supported by the harmony of the collaboration between entrepreneurs and craftsmen in running the business. This research found that the Celuk Village silver handicrafts industry shows ability to develop and maintains its business, also to face many different challenges. The entrepreneurs and craftsmen in Celuk Village not only from local residents but also include migrants from outside Bali. This paper describes the habitus, realm, capital (social, cultural, economic and symbolic capital) and practice through Pierre Bourdieu’s perspective. The explanation is based on the empirical experience of local and migrant populations as craftsmen and entrepreneurs when pioneering, developing, and maintaining silver-craft business in Celuk. The research found that different from the locals, who can utilize social capital and cultural capital when pioneering, use economic capital when developing business, then symbolic capital in sustaining business, the access of the migrants to economic capital and symbolic capital is very limited. Therefore migrants use social capital and cultural capital when pioneering, developing and sustaining their business. Regarding to Bourdieu, the difference findings between local and migrants in Celuk Village shows that there is a fight over resources (capital) in the realm, and it forms a new habitus which is differentiation in social stratification between locals as dominant and migrant entrepreneurs as subordinate entrepreneurs.
AKTIVITAS BOM IKAN DAN PRODUKSI MINUMAN KERAS TRADISIONAL DALAM PERSPEKTIF PEMBANGUNAN BERKELANJUTAN DAN PENDEKATAN PARIWISATA BERBASIS MASYARAKAT Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto
KRITIS Vol 25 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Center for Sustainable Development Studies - Fakultas Pascasarjana Interdisiplin UKSW

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Abstract

This Study aims to identify the potential of tourism as well as the various activities that have a negative impact on the environment, economic and social in Tunuo village. Furthermore, this study communicate these issues in a sustainable development perspective and community based tourism approach. This study used a qualitative method with case study approach. Observation, in-depth interviews are used to obtain the data. Triangulation technique is also used to obtain valid information. This study was conducted in North Halmahera since the end of 2014. The Finding of this study is a push and pull factors such as education, employment, needs, revenue, market demand and resources availability. Through this research, tourism development can be a strategy to suppress all the problem that has a negative impact on the environment, social and economic in Tunuo Village.
Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pembangunan Pariwisata Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto; Kudubun, Elly Esra
Cakrawala Vol 6 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Cakrawala

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Abstract

Penelitian ini fokus menguraikan proses peralihan bentuk partisipasi dari tingkat individu menjadi kelompok serta proses pengorganisasian kelompok Museum Pemerhati Sejarah Perang Dunia Ke II menjadi pengelola Museum Trikora dan Sejarah Perang Dunia Ke II di Wawama Daruba untuk mencapai tingkatan partisipasi kekuatan publik dalam pembangunan pariwisata Kabupaten Pulau Morotai. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Kualitatif melalui pendekatan studi kasus. Teknik Focus Group Disscussion (FGD) digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi kendala yang dihadapi kelompok dalam proses pencarian maupun operasional museum mini. Teknik trianggulasi digunakan untuk memeriksa kesesuaian data hasil wawancara mendalam, data hasil observasi dengan data hasil studi dokumen milik Kelompok Museum Pemerhati Sejarah Perang Dunia ke II sehingga memperoleh informasi yang valid dan kredibel.
INSTITUTIONAL SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS OF COMMUNITY-BASED TOURISM (CASE OF KASBI COMMUNITY IN NORTH HALMAHERA ) Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto; Sasongko, Gatot; Wiloso, Pamerdi Giri
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 6 No. 3 (2018): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.973 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.20744

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the sustainability of the implementation of the concept of community-based tourism especially in the Tourism Community in North Halmahera Regency known as "Kasbi". The research method used is qualitative with a case study approach. The results of this study indicate that contextually in North Halmahera Regency, participation and partnership are very essential in achieving sustainability in the implementation of the concept of community-based tourism. Thus, local tourism institutions need support from various stakeholders to achieve sustainable development goals.